It seems that recently we knew only a few varieties of bell peppers. We didn’t have time to blink, and there are already hundreds of them, choose for every taste. And fastidious gardeners choose. They are looking for large-fruited, tasty, fruitful. Many people stop at the orange-fruited Big Mom.
The history of modern varieties of pepper is being written before our eyes. And while many traditionally grow the well-deserved Gift of Moldova or the California miracle, others try to keep up with the novelties. But to do this is already unrealistic: for example, in 2018 more than fifty new varieties and hybrids appeared. Meanwhile, Big Mama's pepper is in its eighth year. In 2011, at the request of the Aelita agricultural company, the variety was registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation.
As you know, from English the word "Big" is translated as "big", which indirectly indicates a large-fruited variety. Almost at the same time, "Aelita" created a whole family of "big" ones: in addition to the mother, it includes Big Dad, Big Girl and Big Boy, which differ mainly only in the color of the fruits. Pepper Big Mom is officially approved for cultivation in all regions of the country, without exception. In warm areas, it is planted in open ground, in cooler areas - in film and other types of greenhouses. The border passes approximately at the latitude of Saratov. It is possible to grow this pepper in the Moscow region without shelter, but not very reliably.
Pepper Big Mama grows in the form of a semi-spreading bush of medium height. So, in unprotected soil, the growth of a bush stops at marks of 60–70 cm, in greenhouses they can reach a meter height. Leaves are dark green, normal size, slightly wrinkled. The stems are quite stable, but it is advisable to tie them up during the fruiting period. The root system is powerful.
There are so many fruits on the bushes that they push each other apart
The fruits are located on the bushes in a drooping state, that is, with the tops down, in shape - between cuboid and cylindrical, with a strong shine. In a state of technical ripeness, the peppers are colored dark green, when fully ripe, they are orange. The color transition, in comparison with many well-known varieties, occurs rather quickly. The fruits are large, with an average weight of 120 g, some specimens can grow up to 200 g. The wall thickness is about 7 mm, there are three or four seed nests. The pulp is juicy, fleshy.
In terms of ripening, Big Mom pepper is early ripe. The first fruits are ready for consumption about four months after sowing the seeds for the seedlings. Until full ripening, that is, reaching biological ripeness, when the seeds ripen and the fruits acquire a full orange color and a characteristic bouquet in taste and aroma, it takes another two to three weeks.
The taste of the fruit is assessed by the tasters as excellent. The direction of use is universal: peppers are good fresh, straight from the bush, their shape is convenient for stuffing, the taste is wonderful both in any cold and hot dishes, and in various preparations. Fresh peppers keep well and hardly lose their flavor when frozen. In addition to the high content of ascorbic acid, which is typical for any variety of pepper, orange-fruited varieties have an increased content of carotene, iron and potassium.
The fruits are almost equally tasty both in the technical and biological stages of ripeness.
The yield for greenhouse cultivation is about 7 kg / m2... The variety is of commercial importance, appreciated by farmers who grow vegetables for sale: the crop is easily transported without losing the presentation and taste of the fruit. The variety is relatively cold-resistant, but, like all peppers, with a prolonged decrease in temperature below 12-14 aboutFrom the bush it stops growing, after which it can get sick and die. Disease resistance is above average.
Thus, the main advantages of the variety are:
Not all of the new varieties of pepper that have appeared over the past decade have turned out to be really better than the few old varieties that have been around for a long time. In this respect, Big Mom is different for the better. So, his yield is comparable to that of the California Miracle pepper, but the latter is approved for use only in one region. It is head and shoulders above the old Belozerka variety in yield, the fruits of which are also characterized by excellent taste. It is much tastier than the Gift of Moldova and more large-fruited than the Swallow. Thus, Big Mom pepper is worthy of the popularity that it has won among amateur gardeners in all regions of the country.
Growing Big Mom pepper is no more difficult than most other similar varieties; it does not require any special measures. Sowing seeds directly into the garden is possible only in the southernmost regions, but since it is impossible even there before the beginning of May, the harvest will be ready only by autumn, which is completely uninteresting. Therefore, the seedling stage is required. Seeds are sown in cups about three months before the expected date of transplanting seedlings into the garden.
So, if you try to grow this pepper in the middle lane without shelter, you should sow seeds on March 10-15: it is still dangerous to plant peppers in open ground before June 5-10. In the presence of a greenhouse, the timing is highly dependent on its quality. In any case, the seedlings should be planted in the ground, warmed up to at least 15 aboutC, and night air temperatures should not drop much below this value. It should be quite warm during the day.
Any pepper doesn't like a pick, and neither does Big Mom. It is better, if there are no problems with the southern windowsill, not to get involved with sowing seeds in a common box and the subsequent transplanting of seedlings. It is more reasonable to immediately sow seeds in separate cups with a capacity of 300-350 ml. Seedlings need 12-14 hours of daylight hours: you may first need artificial lighting. In general, seedling care is carried out in a traditional way for peppers. Before planting in the ground, hardening is mandatory.
Several blossoming flowers on seedlings are the norm
Pepper Big Mom is planted according to the scheme 35 x 50 cm, it is possible and a little freer. Deepening of seedlings during planting should be excluded. If the real warmth has not come, and the seedlings have already bloomed, you need to build a temporary shelter, but plant it in a garden bed. Mulching the soil with a thin layer of humus or peat chips will help fight possible drying out.
Peppers are generally hygrophilous, and Big Mom stands out in this regard: in order for the fruits to grow really large and juicy, watering should not be skipped, the soil should always be moderately moist. In this case, waterlogging must not be omitted. This variety is fed in the garden bed three times: 10–12 days after planting the seedlings, immediately after mass flowering, and when the first fruit is found, which begins to acquire color. You can use both organic and mineral fertilizers, but do not overdo it with nitrogen.
The bushes of this pepper almost do not form, they only remove everything that grows below the first fork. Before the fruit begins to grow, the stems hold the bush perfectly, but then they need support: the stems are tied to stakes in several places. Since the variety is early ripe, almost all fruits can even reach a state of biological ripeness in the garden, but there is not much point in this: green peppers are also quite suitable for cooking various dishes, and removing them in this state facilitates the growth of the next.
Big mama pepper is one of the best representatives of the new generation of peppers. It can be grown in all regions, it is not difficult to do, and the fruits are of very high quality.
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Today there are a lot of varieties of pepper, but summer residents have always singled out the Big Mama view as one of the best ones (photo 1). It has many advantages over other peppers, so gardeners often choose it. What are the strengths of this species and why is it so attractive?
The characteristics of the Big Mama variety, its yield literally surpass all the expectations of gardeners, reviews about it give the impression that this species does not have any drawbacks with which it could compromise itself in front of competitors.
Last spring, I planted only 2 varieties of pepper. This is more fun for me than the real goal of growing peppers, say, for harvesting for the winter.
I have already told about one variety of almost black color HERE.
Now it's Big Girl's turn.
You always want to get a really tasty variety. After all, in the fall, the grid of the same Swallow costs 3 kopecks - what's the point of hunching over for it?
I bought these seeds precisely because the manufacturer promises us a real sweet thick-walled (almost Bulgarian) pepper.
What does the manufacturer write to us?
Pepper - early ripe... This is also one of the first characteristics that I look at, because in the Leningrad region the summer is extremely short, if at all present.
That's how many seeds we put in a bag.
To germinate seedlings, I really like to take boxes from Cherry tomatoes, which I collect in winter. They are convenient because they initially have holes in the lid and bottom. While the sprouts are babies, I don't open the lid, and when they grow up, it looks like this
The package says that the plants grow up to 1 meter in height. No, they are not, they are much lower.
It can be safely called undersized. I didn't even have to tie them up or support them.
There were a lot of peppers, but the summer pumped up, as a result of which it was impossible to wait for maturity. Just a few peppers have ripened. But they were delicious.
I'll show you what has grown.
As you can see, the color is not at all the same as in the picture, but I am no longer surprised by anything.
Very rarely, the result coincides with what the manufacturers paint for us on the packages.
This is how he is in the cut.
In the spring I gave part of the seedlings to my girlfriend. She was very pleased with the Big Girl. She has more peppers ripened.
They taste just great.
You can see other reviews of vegetable and flower seeds in my profile.
Bell peppers are one of the favorite vegetables of many people from different countries. The passion for a sweet and juicy fruit also came to Russia, where over time they began to breed varieties for cultivation in its characteristic climatic conditions. One of these varieties is the Big Girl pepper. It is worth noting an interesting feature that the variety has its own so-called "relatives", consisting of varieties: "Big Mom", "Big Dad" and "Big Boy". True, the fruits of these varieties differ in color. But judging by the numerous positive reviews, it was "Big Girl" that won the hearts of gardeners due to its taste. In this article, you can get acquainted with the Big Girl pepper by the photo and description, find out what its yield and reviews of gardeners and summer residents are, find out the peculiarities of its cultivation, both in the ground and in the greenhouse.
Early maturing, undersized, thick-walled, high-yielding sweet pepper variety for growing in open ground and film shelters. The period from germination to maturation is 105-110 days.
Closed bush, 60-65 cm high, does not require formation.
Sweet pepper Marya is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Fruits are drooping, prismatic, large, dark green at the stage of technical ripeness, dark orange at biological ripeness, weighing 100-150 grams, juicy, of excellent taste without bitterness. Wall thickness 6-8 mm. This pepper is suitable for fresh consumption, canning, lecho preparation, home cooking, freezing.
Yield pepper Marya: up to 5 kg of fruits from 1 sq. meter of planting (subject to agricultural technology).
Advantages of the variety: abundant and long-term fruiting, high taste and technological qualities.
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The species is designed for planting in private gardens, while the type of soil protection depends on the climatic conditions of the region. In the south, good yields are noted in open beds. In the middle lane, Siberia or the Urals, Big Boy sweet peppers should be grown under a greenhouse or in greenhouses.
The growing season of the variety is 105-115 days, after the appearance of green shoots.
Sowing seeds is carried out 60-70 days before the planned transfer to the garden. For the middle lane, the sowing period falls on March, and planting in the ground in May or early June.
It is advisable to place 3-4 bushes for each square meter of the greenhouse. It is recommended to plant seedlings of Big Fight pepper according to the scheme of 0.5 m between rows and 35 cm in a row.
Necessary crop care includes:
Big Boy is a versatile variety suitable for greenhouse and outdoor cultivation. In colder climates, excellent greenhouse harvests have been recorded. Residents of the middle lane can plant according to the gardener's lunar calendar, which is released every year. Ready seedlings are planted in open ground, provided that the night frosts have stopped. Therefore, an approximate time period of 70-80 days has been determined.
In order for Big Boy to give a good harvest, he needs to provide the following conditions:
Already in a state of technical ripeness, pepper can be eaten, because at this time the largest amount of vitamins is concentrated in it.
Every owner of a personal plot, who grows sweet peppers himself and makes preparations for the winter, knows how advantageous multi-colored fruits look in glass jars, how appetizing they are on the table. Yellow peppers, orange peppers, brown peppers, black peppers, and even white bell peppers are held in high esteem by farmers and consumers.
Between peppers of different colors, the difference is not only in color, but they also differ in taste and nutritional profile. Breeders have bred fruitful and pest-resistant varieties of sweet peppers for open ground. When choosing seeds, you need to pay attention to the characteristics on the package, among which there is necessarily a description of the beginning of the fruiting time.
It is impossible to determine the best varieties of yellow peppers due to the fact that every vegetable plant produces them for specific purposes. Someone needs a vegetable to preserve or just eat, and someone grows it for sale. However, guided by the numerous reviews of vegetable producers, the Golden Miracle pepper can be distinguished.
And how beautiful the bright yellow fleshy pepper is in the salad! So far, it is not so often found in the areas, although it deserves due attention.This variety is called "Golden Miracle". The universal high-yielding variety of bell pepper Golden Miracle has been very popular among farmers for more than 10 years.
The culture is distinguished by good adaptive abilities and has a wide scope of use. Read about the main advantages of the variety, as well as the rules for growing, below.
The characteristic of the culture positions the vegetable as mid-season. According to the description of the pepper, the Golden Miracle needs careful care from the gardener or farmer.
Fruits that have reached maturity have:
IMPORTANT! With such a characteristic of fruits and productivity, the variety occupies a leading place in its cultivation.
Recommended for fresh use, home cooking and canning.
Although this plant belongs to thermophilic cultures, it is nevertheless cultivated without any particular difficulties on all continents (except Antarctica).
In terms of industrial cultivation of Bulgarian vegetables, China has been the leader for several years, Mexico is in second place, followed by the United States.
Bell pepper fruits with a yellow flesh color are more popular from the aesthetic point of view, that is, with their magnificent coloration. The taste of orange and yellow vegetables has nothing special, they even stand a step lower than red fruits. But yellow peppers are best for filling and winter preparations.
Yellow bell peppers are dominated by carotenoid pigments and very little lycopene. It is also distinguished from its congeners by the high content of the valuable mineral potassium.
Due to this, this herbal product is recommended to be included in the diet for the elderly and with heart disease.
In addition, yellow bell peppers contain more phosphorus than others, which is very important for healthy bones, kidneys and cell growth.
The largest amount of valuable substances in the product is concentrated in the seeds, near the stalk and white pulp. As a rule, people throw these parts away.
Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B9, C, E, K, PP. Macronutrients: potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus. Trace elements: iron, manganese, copper, selenium, zinc. Fatty acids: Omega-3, Omega-6, Omega-9.
In addition, bell peppers contain proteins, fats, carbohydrates, essential oils, dietary fiber, water and ash. Interestingly, this herbal product is classified as a natural antidepressant. The fact is that it contains the hormone of joy - serotonin, for which chocolate is also famous.
Only, unlike the latter, its use does not cause the deposition of fat in the body.
Planting winter rye like green manure in autumn
Sweet bell pepper is a product that does not have strict restrictions on its use. However, there are nuances that should be taken into account by some categories of persons. The ascorbic acid content of peppers can irritate the stomach lining.
The variety is grown by direct planting of seeds in the soil of a greenhouse or bred using seedlings. Seed stock in the northern regions is planted in mid-February. If the farmer lives in the southern part of Russia, then this period is shifted to the first days of March.
The planting material must first be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or special preparations, and then germinated. The seeds are treated with stimulants, soaked in water, placed on a cotton rag, covered with gauze on top.
Seedlings are grown in boxes with fertile soil. The first shoots appear in 5 days. In the room where the boxes with seedlings are located, the temperature must be maintained at +20 ° C.
Although pepper is called sweet, the amount of sugar in its composition is negligible. Bell pepper is a dietary food, and it is also one of the favorite vegetables of vegetarians.
According to the characteristics and description of the variety, the Golden Miracle pepper needs special care. This is especially true for seedlings.
After the emergence of 1-2 true leaves at the seedlings, the time for picking comes. Seedlings need to be transplanted into individual pots. In May-June (greenhouse or OG), at the age of 70 days, the grown seedlings are ready for planting in a permanent place.
The optimal planting pattern is 50x35 cm. A garter is required. It is desirable to form a plant in 2 stems. The best predecessors are pumpkin and legumes (except for beans), beets, cabbage, carrots.
Never place pepper beds next to cucumber beds.
The Golden Miracle pepper is popular for its fresh taste, crunchy texture and juicy flesh.
According to the description of the pepper, the Golden Miracle needs careful care from the gardener or farmer. The culture needs moderate and timely watering. It is strictly forbidden to allow the soil to dry out. Increased vigilance must be exercised when the first fruits appear. Watering is associated with the taste of the culture; it is advisable to choose warm, settled water.
Since the root system of the pepper is located close to the surface of the earth, the loosening procedure should be carried out carefully.
To eliminate the risk of root damage, it is recommended to add sawdust to the soil. If you pay attention to feeding, the plant will be grateful that it will manifest itself in a rich harvest. Use an organic compound as fertilizer.
Growing plants, every mountain grows with the characteristics of the growers of every crop. But even having fulfilled all these conditions, one can face various ailments of the culture, which seriously affect the harvest.
Tomato planting lunar calendar in february 2020
The pepper belongs to the family of the Passionovs and suffers from the same ailments as his other presenters. The only difference is that it reacts more or less to certain diseases. What kind of ailments can affect the ring:
Bacterial. Viruses The main reason for all emerging illnesses is violation of the rules of walking and leaving.
Another important point is the maintenance of food, since the lack of nutritional elements causes a significant part of the illness.
Carrying out preventive measures is obligatory to give positive results. It is well known that avoiding a problem is the best solution. Percents also have some recommendations for the prevention of diseases.
The first preventive measure is carried out by the autumn - the earth is digged about 25 cm in depth. This is a standard procedure that will allow you to destroy most of the common diseases and pests. They will simply perish in the frost.
The second important step in growing the peppers is the observance of the rules of freedom of movement. They cannot be squeezed for two years in a row in the same place. And also they do not survive after the other Paslenovs. Otherwise, the disease accumulates and the risk of injury tends to 100%.
The third important procedure is the correct watering. The drip irrigation system will be ideal.
Overwhelming leads to rotten phenomena in the plant, therefore it is necessary to do it very carefully and if it rains a lot, then it is better to stop the watering.
Even adherence to these simple rules can prevent up to 90% of all possible illnesses. And now we will consider the main diseases and measures to combat them.
Treating pepper diseases is a rather troublesome task, so it is better to pay due attention to preventive measures.
It is best to use copper-containing fungicides, which include:
Technical maturity is dark green in color. At this moment, it is too early to rip off. As soon as yellowed areas are noticeable, the pepper can be used for food and for canning. Fully ripe can be considered a fruit that has acquired a dark or bright yellow glossy color.
Pepper should be cut off with great care so as not to damage other fruits and fruiting stems. Due to long-term fruiting, the harvest occurs as it ripens.
Even if suddenly frosts come in the fall, you can not worry about the missing crop, pick it and leave it in a warm place, this variety tends to ripen at home.
Pepper Golden miracle is often found in summer cottages. The variety is considered versatile and high-yielding. A real find for lovers of this culture.
Pepper is rich in vitamins, can be stored for a long time, and is resistant to various diseases and pests. Pepper is a popular crop; the Golden Miracle variety deserves special attention.
It can be consumed fresh, used for preservation. The variety has proven itself well, many gardeners prefer it.