It is convenient when there is always fresh greens at hand - the dishes cooked with it become more aromatic and tastier, so you can often find dill on the windowsill among prudent housewives. At home, this unpretentious plant feels no worse than in the garden, and with good care it gives a lot of lush greenery.
It would seem that even inexperienced gardeners should not have any questions about how to grow dill at home: after all, you just need to sow seeds in a pot with soil and do not forget to water the seedlings, removing the weeds. But in fact, instead of the expected dense thickets of fragrant dill, thin pale blades of grass, practically without aroma, sway sadly in the pot. What's the secret? How to plant dill at home and get greens that are no worse than those that are sold on the market all year round?
For the purpose of growing dill at home, gardeners most often choose the early ripening variety Gribovsky
To grow dill at home, you will need:
Video about growing aromatic dill
For the purpose of growing dill at home, gardeners most often choose the early ripening variety Gribovsky. This variety of dill is not picky about care, resistant to temperature extremes, high yield and disease resistance. Its greenery has a strong aroma. In order for Gribovsky dill to produce a good harvest at home, it is enough to sow it in fertile soil and prevent weeds from appearing.
The following varieties are also suitable for growing on a windowsill: early-ripening Grenadier, mid-ripening Richelieu with bluish-green fragrant leaves, late-ripening Kibray with beautiful wide leaves. Gardeners are also cultivated at home and southern varieties, which have a more spicy taste, but are more finicky.
And late bush varieties do not have time to ripen in the beds over the summer.
Since there is no special variety of dill intended for growing on the windowsill, when choosing a seed, the main attention should be paid to the ripening time. It is important not to be mistaken here: although early varieties give green mass in a very short time, they quickly stretch into flower stalks and are worse leafy than late-ripening varieties. And late bush varieties (Gourmet, Salute, Russian size) do not have time to ripen in the beds over the summer, but they are great for growing at home. Such dill on the window forms dense, well-leafy bushes, from the axils of which all new shoots are formed.
In the garden, dill can grow on almost any soil, but successful cultivation of dill at home is possible only in a fertile soil mixture, which must be prepared in advance. To do this, in the fall, you should prepare loose garden soil and mix it before sowing with purchased neutral soil for indoor plants. Select a container for crops of a sufficient size so that the dill is not cramped, and do not forget about the drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
Since dill seeds take a long time to germinate due to the high oil content, they must be soaked for 20 hours before sowing in warm water through which oxygen is continuously passing (for example, using a compressor from an aquarium). Another option is to simply place the seeds in warm water for two days and change it to fresh water every six hours.
For best results, you can make grooves a centimeter deep in the ground, spill them with water and lay the prepared seeds on the bottom.
Seeds can be sown directly on the surface of the moistened earth, without grooves and pits, sprinkling with peat mixed with humus on top. Sufficient seeding rate is 0.3 g per 1 square decimeter of soil. For best results, you can make a centimeter deep groove in the ground, spill them with water and place the prepared seeds on the bottom. From above, dill seeds are sprinkled with dry earth from the edges of the grooves, so that a dense crust does not form on the soil surface, which prevents the emergence of seedlings. Cover the container with crops with cellophane and put it in a dark place with a temperature of about +20 degrees for a week.
After cutting, the stems and leaves of dill do not regrow: in order to continuously cut fresh greens, sow seeds on the vacating area of your micro-vegetable garden every three weeks.
Growing dill at home, first of all, you need to remember that this plant is very fond of light. Place the crops on a light windowsill, and in winter, provide additional lighting for the dill by installing fluorescent lamps at a height of 50 cm above the plants. On the windowsill, it is enough to turn on the lamps in the morning for five hours, but if the boxes with dill are in the back of the room, the lighting should last at least fifteen hours.
Video about growing dill on a windowsill
Dill care rules at home:
The dill needs to be watered regularly, especially paying attention to watering during seed germination
Growing at home can be more or less hassle depending on what time of year you plant the dill. The easiest way to grow dill on a window is from March to August, since planting and without additional lighting form lush greenery, provided there is fertile land and a light windowsill. In the autumn-winter period, without additional illumination, the plants will stretch and fall, which means that you will have to pay more attention to them, and the costs of growing will increase due to the consumed electricity.
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In winter, the human body is acutely deficient in vitamins. To eliminate vitamin deficiency, you can build a small garden bed and grow greens right on your balcony. Today, dill remains a popular type of greenery. The reason for this success lies in its beneficial effects on the body. It contains a large amount of vitamins, when they enter the body, it is possible to restore the lack of vital microelements. In this article, we will consider the rules for growing dill from seeds on a windowsill.
The dream of a year-round summer cottage is more than real, make the beds right in the apartment - on the kitchen window. You can build a beautiful garden on the windowsill with your own hands at any time of the year - the main thing is to choose the right plants. If you want to enjoy the greenery all year round, think over the combinations of crops, the sequence of ripening and regularly add new seedlings. Find out what is better to plant at home and how to beautifully arrange a mini-garden in the kitchen.
First of all, think over the container for planting plants. It all depends on what you want to get - a decorative mini-garden for decoration or just a harvest. For the first option, come up with a design based on the photos suggested in the section below. For the second, almost any container is suitable:
For fast-growing greenery, you can use a short-lived container, and for plants that will grow for a long time, choose solid containers. If the pot is ugly or old, look at the options and ideas for decorating the pots with your own hands.
To care for pets in the garden on the windowsill, buy a spray bottle for spraying plants, a small watering can, scissors for pruning fruits and herbs.
If the arrangement is going to be decorative, look for pot plant care kits that include miniature shovels, rakes, and other tools. Such inventory will decorate a toy mini-cottage.
To create greenhouse conditions that increase and accelerate seed germination, use plastic caps or bags.
Small plants with compact root systems can be grown in window beds. These are tomatoes and cucumbers of certain varieties, sweet and hot peppers, herbs and some other vegetables and fruits. If you don't want a vegetable garden, make an exotic garden with dwarf lemons and tangerines. If there is no room at all, create a mini potted garden.
Greens for growing in an apartment can be bought in specialized stores all year round. Study the label carefully: ripening period, sowing and care features.
The simplest greens for a indoor mini-garden - watercress... It is a spicy herb with a delicate green, bluish or yellowish hue. The taste of young leaves, depending on the variety, is similar to mustard, radish or horseradish. Watercress is rich in vitamins, invigorates and strengthens the immune system. Young shoots are eaten. The seeds germinate quickly, and after a couple of weeks you can harvest by cutting with scissors.
Dill - traditional greens. For growing dill on the windowsill, abundant-leaved varieties that do not throw away the umbrella for a long time are suitable. It is better to choose mid-ripening species, since early ripening loses its attractiveness faster.
Parsley - the favorite and most demanded spice in the kitchen. In the kitchen garden, on the kitchen windowsill, you can grow almost all types of leaf parsley with your own hands. Curly low varieties look beautiful.
Basil attracts with strong spicy aroma and original taste. Low-growing and decorative varieties are suitable for growing on the window, for example, "osmin", "marquise", "dwarf". They grow quickly and look neat.
Onion on the windowsill, everything was grown in early childhood, using a jar of water. This method cannot be called decorative, moreover, banks take up a lot of space. For seed pots, look for fast ripening varieties. Onion-chives will overcame well, it is beautiful, has a delicate aroma and quickly pleases with the result.
Mint fills the room with a soothing aroma, its leaves are added to tea and various dishes. Mint is a perennial plant, having planted it once, you can not think about a new sowing for a long time. In order for the bush to look beautiful, it must be properly shaped. Compact varieties for growing in pots: Pennyroyal, Pearl, Ceremony.
To make the vegetable garden on the windowsill useful, learn how to plant sorrel, rosemary, savory, lemon balm in winter. Feel free to plant oregano, cilantro, thyme, stevia.
You should not count on a rich harvest of vegetables for homemade preparations. But the miniature fruits are pleasing to the eye and ideal for table decoration.
Cucumbers - a classic of the dacha genre. Self-pollinated hybrids are the best cucumber varieties for growing on a windowsill, otherwise you will have to manually pollinate the flowers. If the windows face north, look for shade-loving views. For an apartment garden, they recommend:
Cucumbers love space, so choose a free container - about five liters of volume are needed for one seedling. Cucumbers need light and warmth, it is especially important to neutralize the lack of natural phenomena in winter.
In order to beautifully arrange the garden on the windowsill, it is important to correctly form the bush, providing high support. Be sure to pinch the vine and remove the whiskers so that the plant does not waste energy on them and fructifies faster.
Tomatoes - an ideal plant for a mini-garden in an apartment. For growing tomatoes on a windowsill, look for dwarf varieties with small fruits. Tomatoes collected in bunches look beautiful. Suitable varieties:
Place pots of tomatoes on lighted windows, use additional lighting so that the light period is 13-16 hours a day. Eliminate drafts and cold watering. To grow from seeds for a long time, it is easier to buy ready-made seedlings.
Pepper - the favorite of "window summer residents". On the windowsills, as in ordinary gardens, sweet and bitter varieties of pepper are grown. Breeders have developed small varieties that are ideal for the kitchen and do not require complex maintenance. Among them there are fruit and ornamental species with fruits of different shapes and shades.
This culture is easy to grow from seeds even for a beginner - we have detailed instructions on growing indoor pepper, take it into service.
What else to grow on a windowsill in winter, spring, summer and fall to enjoy and decorate your home?
To distract your child from the computer, build a mini-cottage with him on the window in his room or in the kitchen.
To make a children's garden on the windowsill for beginners, which in the future the child will deal with independently, choose pets that do not require complex care and a lot of time. Ideally, plants should:
Do not plant too many plants, focus on decoration. For kids, you can come up with a small fairy tale with a hut and heroes who will take part in the care and harvesting.
The most baby plant - watercress, its quick shoots inspire further experiments. Children love small tomatoes and citrus fruits with mini fruits.It is better to refuse hot pepper, so that the temptation to taste the harvest does not end in tears.
In order for the vegetables and greens grown on the windowsill to feel like in the beds in a full-fledged vegetable garden, you need to create all the necessary conditions for them.
Most plants like it in the kitchen - it's warm and humid all year round. The pots are always in sight, which means you will not forget about caring for them.
Of course, you can just grow greens and vegetables in ordinary flower pots, the taste and benefits will not change in any way, but why not turn the mini-garden into a fairy tale by playing the composition in an interesting way.
Scooping ideas for decorating a garden on the windowsill in the photo, do not be afraid to add your own additions and zest to the design. You can first draw a diagram, indicating on it the arrangement of cultures and decorative elements - a fence, a house, benches, a ladder, and animal figures.
When creating mini-beds, do not forget to take into account the possibility of the proximity of different cultures. For example, cucumbers and tomatoes require different air humidity, so you should not grow them in close proximity.
To fit more containers on the window, use racks, shelves and hanging shelves. They are convenient for undersized specimens and greenery.
A miniature vegetable garden decorates the kitchen in winter and summer, and organic greens can be added to soups and salads. It is very convenient when you need literally a few parsley leaves for broth or a mint leaf for tea.
Such a hobby is very exciting and does not take much time, like a real dacha or a decorative garden on a personal plot. If it is interesting to arrange a composition, then the kitchen will become more comfortable, and the guests will have something to show.
Cucumbers, peppers, carrots and even strawberries! All this can be grown on a balcony or windowsill and there is fresh, eco-friendly, and most importantly, free vegetables and fruits all year round. Right now, we'll tell you how to set up a mini-garden in a city apartment.
Growing food in a city is popular all over the world. So, Britta Riley lives in a tiny apartment in New York. She came up with a vertical hydroponic vegetable garden. It takes up little space and produces a good harvest. Britta talked about her innovation at TED.
In the West, if a product is labeled eco, bio or organic, it means two things. Firstly, these products are grown, harvested and processed in accordance with environmental standards, that is, without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, growth stimulants and other "nasty". They have been certified, and serious organizations have guaranteed their quality. Secondly, organic products are much more expensive than conventional ones.
In Russia, the “clean food” market is just emerging. Biocertification and control systems have not yet been formed. And the difference in prices between organic products and ordinary vegetables and fruits sometimes reaches 1,000%! Therefore, for us, the most eco, bio and organic are products grown by our own hands.
But not everyone has dachas and relatives in the village. What should urban children do, who are accustomed to seeing potatoes washed and in nets, and greens in vacuum packages? Grow vegetables and fruits directly on the balcony or windowsill.
In addition, you may need fertilizers, top dressing, a thermometer and a vessel for settling water (house plants are watered with water at room temperature, separated from chlorine).
You can plant dill in an apartment at any time of the year. But if events take place from October to early spring, then fluorescent lamps will be needed. The most suitable time to grow a crop is from March to August. Then leaving does not present any special problems, and extra light is not required.
You will need such equipment:
The optimal time for sowing dill in a container is from mid-spring, when daylight hours have increased well.
To sow dill at home, you must follow the following sequence of actions:
Important. Dill can be planted both in rows and in scattering. The method of planting does not affect germination. In theory, seeds that are quite large can be placed in the wells one at a time, but this is time-consuming. When sowing a small amount of seeds, they can be evenly spaced, eliminating the need to thin out the seedlings.
It is not difficult to take care of sprouted dill seeds, the main thing is not to forget that dill is quite sensitive to the lack of light. Therefore, it is extremely important to provide him with sufficient lighting, it is best to grow this culture on a windowsill, in this case, the sun's rays will fall on him.
In the event that dill is grown in winter, you need to provide it with additional lighting with fluorescent lamps, which must be placed above the seedlings at a height of about half a meter. In the event that dill grows on the windowsill, it will be enough to turn on such lamps in the morning, for five to six hours. If it is located in the back of the apartment, where natural light does not enter, the lamps should be turned on for at least fifteen hours a day. In order to avoid stretching the sprouts, it is imperative to turn the box in different directions. As for watering, it should be moderate enough. The most important thing is to keep regular watering during seed germination.
Do not forget about the mandatory feeding of dill, which must be carried out every two weeks. The temperature at which dill grows well is eighteen degrees, but even at eight degrees, provided there are no drafts, dill will grow well. If the room where the dill grows is hotter than twenty degrees, the dill may begin to stretch upward, becoming lethargic and lifeless. Therefore, you need to provide him with additional lighting to avoid this.
Growing dill in at home - a simple process that takes place from March to August, when natural light is available to the maximum.