The remarkable medicinal properties of aloe were already known to the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt, and despite the rapid development of medicine and pharmacology, this plant has not lost its popularity even in our time: aloe is still considered the elixir of youth, beauty and health.
It really deserves your attention. Skip the description if you only need information on planting and care, but be sure to check out the photo of the dichondra! You will see that the plant is a tropical herbaceous vine. Judging by the reviews, it can grow up to 2 meters in length - this is in "harsh" conditions. Interestingly, in warm regions, where in winter the temperature does not drop below -10 degrees, it usually stretches up to 6 meters.
The shoots of the dichondra are thin, creeping, emerald or silver in color. On them there are many beautiful rounded leaves, on the surface of which there is a light fluff. It is the leaves that give the plant a special appeal, since the berries are unsightly - they are small and rather pale. Flowers also have no decorative value.
One of the most unpretentious plants to care for is tiger aloe. Home care for the plant includes:
The answer to the question: "Is it possible to pinch a tiger aloe?" depends on the purpose of the procedure. Formative pruning is unnecessary for the succulent. But it is worth regularly removing dried shoots so as not to spoil the decorative look. A pinch of tiger aloe rejuvenates the plant. Even for such an unpretentious plant as variegated aloe, home care requires constant attention. In this case, the plant can live up to 15 years.
The transplant is carried out in spring or autumn, preferably by the “transhipment” method. It is important not to allow the root ball to rest against the walls of the pot. It is recommended to replant young plants once a year, for adults it is enough once every 2 - 3 years. For transplanting, it is important to use a larger container each time. The pot is preferably wide, but not deep. It is advisable to stop watering 2 weeks before transplanting.
With a plant like tiger aloe, leaving is not a big deal. The succulent plant tolerates the planting process well, as well as transplanting into a new pot. An important point - after transplanting, the flower does not need to be watered for 1 week. It is advisable to plant a young plant in the center. For an adult flower, the succulent must be positioned along the growth vector, that is, with the roots to the opposite wall of the pot.
It all depends on what exactly needs to be obtained in the end. Since the healing properties of plants are approximately the same, it does not matter which one to choose. It's a good idea to have both flowers at home. They are unpretentious and require only periodic watering. At the same time, they tolerate drought well.
Thus, common aloe and vera are excellent plants to grow. At home, they do not reach large sizes. Low maintenance requirements allow you to possess several varieties of this crop at the same time. However, aloe vera seeds or sprouts are slightly more expensive in specialty stores.
The healing properties of aloe have been known for more than 3000 years, and therefore are time-tested. Leaves, which are cut in winter and early spring, are used as medicinal raw materials. The minimum length of aloe leaves to be cut is 15 cm.
Aloe preparations have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, choleretic, anti-burn and wound healing effects, enhance the secretion of the digestive glands, improve appetite and digestion. A very valuable property is its ability to increase the immunoreactive capabilities and protective functions of the body, to enhance the recovery processes in damaged tissues [1, 12].
Aloe juice is widely used in folk medicine. The juice kills microbes: staphylococci, streptococci, diphtheria, typhoid and dysentery bacillus. Outwardly, in the form of irrigations and lotions, the juice of fresh leaves is used to treat purulent wounds, trophic ulcers, burns, abscesses and boils. Used for rinsing with diseases of the oral cavity and gums.
In gynecological practice, a tampon moistened with fresh aloe juice is inserted into the vagina with erosion of the cervix. Three-fold infusion of juice into the nostrils drop by drop at intervals of hours stops the development of acute rhinitis. Compresses with aloe juice for radiation-induced scalp dermatitis relieve pain, improve tissue regeneration and hair growth [1, 12].
Fresh aloe leaves and juice contain essential oils, resinous substances and anthraglycosides (aloin, nataloin, rabarberon, emodin), enzymes, phytoncides and vitamins. Anthraglycosides impart laxative properties to aloe like senna, rhubarb and castor oil.
Aloes (one stripped off aloe juice) is used for chronic constipation, one gram at night. The laxative effect occurs through In the alkaline medium of the rectum in the presence of bile, anthraglycosides are split into arabinose and aloe-emodin and cause copious soft stools [1, 12].
Attention! The use of large doses of sabur and aloe juice can inhibit peristalsis and cause inflammation of the colon. Sabur is contraindicated in diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
Aloe juice is taken 1 teaspoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals for chronic gastritis, accompanied by constipation, gastric ulcer, after dysentery and to increase the body's resistance against infectious diseases.
At home, aloe juice is produced from indoor plants - large leaves are crushed, passed through a meat grinder, squeezed out, filtered through dense material or several layers of gauze and boiled for 3 minutes. The juice is used freshly squeezed, as it loses its activity during storage.
By the way, the juice from the leaves of aloe is part of some diuretics.
Nutritional formula for depletion. For malnourished patients and children, a nutritional mixture is prepared containing 100 grams of aloe juice, 500 grams of walnuts, 300 grams of honey and juice. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day half an hour before meals.
With pulmonary tuberculosis a mixture of 15 grams of aloe juice, 10 grams of cuff juice, 100 grams of butter (pork fat or goose fat), honey and cocoa is recommended. Take at lunch and in the evening for 1 tbsp. spoon with a glass of hot milk as a tonic.
Ready-made preparations from tree aloe (in pharmacies): dry extract of sabur in pills, the dose per intake is not more than 0.1 gram; thick extract of striped aloe, also use 3 times a day before meals, tincture of sabur, 3 times a day before meals.
Attention! Aloe preparations are contraindicated for hemorrhoidal and uterine bleeding and for pregnant women, with inflammation of the kidneys or bladder.
Centenary and aloe vera are completely different species of this unpretentious succulent, and not one plant, as some mistakenly believe. You can distinguish them on several grounds.
First of all, the plants are completely different in appearance. The centenary outwardly resembles a tree, it has a trunk from which fleshy leaves extend. Aloe vera has sharp, thick leaves that grow straight from the root.
The second difference is the leaves of succulents: in the agave, they are thinner, narrower and smaller. Therefore, the tree-like aloe has less useful juice and pulp.
What both types of aloe have in common is the small needles at the edges of their leaves and, of course, the medicinal properties of the plants, for which both are widespread and famous.
In order to grow a persimmon from a seed for planting, it is necessary to prepare several seeds, preferably different fruits. This increases the likelihood that some of them will necessarily grow. After all, a frozen fruit with lifeless seeds can be caught. For example, if you leave a dozen seeds for germination, you can get up to 8 good shoots, from which you can choose stronger plants that turn into fruit-bearing trees.
The result depends on the planting material. Ripe fruits should be purchased. Do not take frozen or overripe fruits, which are often found on street counters. The fruit should have an intact skin. It is better to take a not quite ripe fruit that will ripen successfully at home in a warm place.
The stone should be taken only from a ripe and soft fruit. They are carefully separated from the fruit, washed and dried. The prepared bones are washed with running water. It is better to disinfect the seeds before planting. This will protect them from diseases and pests. The bones are placed in a slightly colored solution of potassium permanganate for two to three days. If the seed is not suitable for germination, it will float to the surface. You can simply soak the seeds in warm water for a few hours.
At the first stage stratification needs to stimulate the growth of the future seedling. To do this, it is necessary to treat the bones with an epin solution or a special bioregulator, which can be bought in a specialized store. If not, then you can use aloe juice. It is squeezed onto a napkin and persimmon seeds are wrapped in it. Then the wet napkin is placed on the top shelf of the refrigerator for 1.5 months. Throughout this period, it is necessary to moisten the napkin with water, maintaining constant humidity. This will harden future seeds.
In the second stage scarification should be extremely careful and careful. The main task at this stage is to destroy the seed coat. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the core. The procedure can be done with a small sandpaper. She carefully handles the bone on the sides and on top. Scarification can be dispensed with, but it helps to speed up the germination process.
Stage Three includes preparation of mail. Here, a rule is followed that applies to all seeds. The soil should be light, air and moisture permeable. Ordinary versatile fertile soil is fine. Vermiculite can be added to it. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to pour a little expanded clay as drainage. Don't forget about the hole in the bottom of the pot.
The main task of the fourth period - plant a bone. This is done simply. The bones are placed on the surface, sprinkled with a layer of soil 1 centimeter high. The earth is lightly watered, moistening it. After that, the container where the seeds were planted is placed in a dark and warm place, creating a greenhouse environment. To do this, cover the container with something. A cap, a piece of glass or plastic is suitable as a material. The easiest and most affordable option is to place the pot in a plastic bag.
The above manipulations are best done in early spring, since persimmon is a winter fruit. For successful seed germination, the plant needs to create favorable conditions by providing the appropriate temperature. Do not forget about proper care. The bottom of the container needs to be heated, make sure that the plant is shaded. During the heating season, the sprout can be put on the battery. It is also necessary to maintain constant soil moisture. Condensation must be systematically removed from glass and plastic. From time to time you need to ventilate the plant, make sure that mold does not appear. Drafts should be avoided, as persimmon loves warmth.
The whole process of seed germination takes about a month. It is very important not to miss the moment when the bones hatch. They should not rest against the film. They are immediately freed from the bone shell, which is located on the sprout itself. Not all seeds can germinate. The most viable shoots will hatch. This happens in about 10-15 days. If during these days the sprouts have not hatched, then you should not wait any longer, there will be no result. Better to start over.
After the seed has germinated, it is easy to care for the plant. The container with the sprout is placed in the light. It should be bright, but the direct rays of the sun should not fall. It happens that the bone remains at the end of the sprout. It must be carefully removed with a knife, tweezers, needle or scissors. If this is not done, the plant will disappear. When the bone sits very tightly, it is sprayed with warm water, wrapped in a bag and placed in a warm place overnight. It will steam out, and it will not be difficult to remove it.
The sprouts should be watered periodically. It is good to feed them with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. If the plant is not fertilized, then the young tree may die, and the leaves will turn yellow.
Persimmon sprouts sprout quickly. If several sprouts have hatched, they need to be planted in separate spacious containers when permanent leaves appear. When the seedling gets stronger, the root system and leaves develop, it is transplanted to a permanent place. For these purposes, a small pot is suitable, about 10 centimeters in height. If the container is too large, the soil will oxidize and the roots will rot. For the plant to be healthy and strong, to grow well, the soil and the pot must be of high quality.
If there is a fear that the plant will die from hypothermia, then at first the sprouts can be covered with glass jars. From time to time they need to be opened, ventilated and sprayed. The plant will harden and get used to the environmental conditions.
Considering all the stages of growing persimmons at home, we can say that there is nothing complicated in this. It will take about 4 months and a young full-fledged plant will appear, which will attract guests. And you can boast that you have grown a persimmon from a stone. In any case, you can try. It's easy and affordable if you follow the rules. But in order for the plant to grow full-fledged, you need to take good care of it. But you can read how to properly care for persimmon in our separate article.