Palm trachikarpus: home care, reproduction, species: Fortune (photo)


Houseplants

Trachycarpus (lat.Trachycarpus) Is a genus of the Palm family, which includes nine species native to East Asia. Most often, representatives of the genus can be found in Japan, China, Burma and the Himalayas.
In culture, trachycarpus are grown everywhere, including in the room. Trachikarpus are the most common palm plants on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and Crimea, as they are the only species that can withstand temperatures as low as -10 ˚C for a long time.

Planting and caring for trachycarpus

  • Bloom: grown as a decorative deciduous large size.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light, light partial shade.
  • Temperature: during the period of active growth - 18-25 ºC, in winter - 10-12 ºC.
  • Watering: infrequent and moderate, when the substrate dries to a depth of 2-3 cm.
  • Air humidity: increased. The leaves of the plant should be washed with a damp sponge once every 2 weeks, but it is undesirable to spray the plant.
  • Top dressing: the plant from April to August is fed once every 3 weeks with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer for palms at half the dosage indicated in the instructions. Fertilizers are not applied in winter.
  • Rest period: not pronounced, but growth and development slow down in winter.
  • Transfer: young plants - annually, adults - once every 3-4 years; in old palms, the top layer of the substrate is changed annually in the pot.
  • Reproduction: shoots, less often seeds.
  • Diseases: gray and black rot.
  • Pests: mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects, aphids and thrips.

Read more about the cultivation of trachycarpus below.

Botanical description

The trachycarpus has a straight trunk, covered with fibers from dead leaves, reaching a height of 12 to 20 meters in nature. In room culture, it grows no higher than 2.5 m.Long, often prickly petioles, oblong-rounded leaves can reach 60 cm in diameter.They are divided into segments: in some species, the division goes to the very base, but in some plants the leaves are separated up to half of the leaf plate. The underside of the leaves is covered with a bluish bloom. Trachycarpus blooms with fragrant yellow flowers, collected in a brush, however, flowering does not occur at home. In nature or in a greenhouse, flowers are replaced by bunches of black-gray fruits, reminiscent of small grapes.

Caring for trachycarpus at home

Growing conditions

It is easy to grow trachycarpus at home: this plant is surprisingly unpretentious, and if you create good conditions for it, it will be easy to care for it.

In the photo: Palma trachikarpus on the street

The trachycarpus fan palm is light-requiring, but tolerates any level of lighting. If you place it near the south window, in the summertime it will need shading from direct sunlight in the afternoon and regular ventilation of the room. However, keep the trachycarpus away from drafts. For the plant to develop symmetrically, rotate the pot 180 ˚ every two weeks.

If you have the opportunity to take a trachycarpus to a summer vacation outdoors, try to accustom him to sunlight and wind gradually.

The optimum temperature for trachycarpus in summer is 18-25 ˚C. The plant does not like heat and at a higher temperature, it stops its growth, and the tips of its leaves turn brown, which does not add to the plant's attractiveness. In winter, trachycarpus loves to rest at 10-12 ˚C, but if you cannot create such conditions, the palm tree will survive the winter and warm.

To maintain the decorative effect of trachycarpus, dead, broken or too drooping leaves should be cut off, but only as many leaves can be removed in one year as the plant is able to reproduce. If the trachycarpus leaves turn yellow, there is still no reason to remove them, as they still nourish the plant. It is not necessary to prematurely cut off the leaves that have acquired a brownish tint. But the side shoots should be removed, unless you are going to do vegetative propagation of trachycarpus.

Watering and feeding

Drought-resistant trachycarpus requires neither frequent nor abundant watering. Excessive moistening of the substrate can provoke putrefactive processes in the roots of the palm tree. To prevent this from happening, allow the substrate to dry out between waterings 2-3 cm deep. Water for moistening the soil is used settled or passed through a filter, since the plant does not tolerate chlorine.

In the summer, a couple of times a month, the trachycarpus leaves should be washed with warm water, covering the substrate in the pot with a film, and in the winter it is advisable to wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. It is undesirable to spray trachycarpus, especially in the cold season. To increase air humidity, use a household humidifier or place containers with water near the palm tree.

In the photo: Cultivation of trachycarpus

The leaf plates are cleaned of dust and stains with a piece of flannel moistened with a 5% solution of oxalic acid, followed by rinsing off the solution under a warm shower. Then the leaves are wiped dry. Do not use chemicals to polish the plate even specially designed for this.

Trachycarpus is fed with solutions of complex mineral fertilizers for palms, enriched with microelements. Fertilizers at half the concentration indicated by manufacturers are applied once every three weeks during the period of active growth - from April to August.

Transfer

The trachycarpus is transplanted only as needed, when its roots appear from the drain holes of the pot. Young plants usually require an annual transplant, mature ones are transferred to new dishes once every three to four years, and large trachycarpuses do not like to be disturbed, so they change the top layer of the substrate 5 cm thick in their pot every spring. carried out by the transshipment method with the preservation of the maximum amount of substrate on the roots.

The soil for the plant needs a loose, permeable, with a pH of 5.6-7.5. Water should pass through it in a matter of seconds. Optimal substrate for trachycarpus should consist of equal parts of compost soil, humus, turf and coarse sand or perlite. Palm grows well and in a substrate of two parts of sod land, two parts of wet peat, two parts of leafy soil and one part of sand or perlite. Those who do not like to mess around with the preparation of the substrate can purchase ready-made soil for palm trees at the flower shop. Any of the substrates must be disinfected in the oven, microwave, or spilled with a strong solution of potassium permanganate two weeks before transplantation.

Place a thick layer of drainage material on the bottom of the pot and carefully transfer the trachycarpus with an earthen root ball to the pot, then fill the remaining space with fresh substrate. Keep in mind that you cannot deepen the lower part of the trunk: the palm tree should be in the new pot at the same level as it grew in the old one. After transplantation, the trachycarpus is watered and placed in partial shade for several days. A plant transplanted into a fresh substrate will not need additional fertilizing for 1-1.5 months.

Reproduction of trachycarpus

Trachycarpus propagates by seeds and shoots. Seed breeding method very laborious and time-consuming, besides, trachycarpus seeds lose their germination during the year. But if you have got hold of fresh seed, spread it in January or February in cups of seedling soil, cover the container with glass, and after a month or two you can see trachycarpus shoots. For growth and development, seedlings will need bright diffused light, moderate watering and a temperature in the range of 20-22 ˚C. In the first year, under favorable conditions, trachycarpus from seeds can form up to 5 leaves. The division of the leaf plates into segments will begin to occur at the stage of 5-7 leaf formation.

In the photo: How to grow trachycarpus in a pot

Separation of processes Is a much more reliable method of breeding trachycarpus. Each plant of this genus forms basal shoots in conditions of high humidity. In dry air, the trachycarpus does not form processes.

As soon as the shoot reaches 7 cm in diameter, it is separated from the trunk of the mother plant at the point of narrowing with a sharp sterile instrument and completely freed from the leaves. The cut is treated with a fungicide and a root formation stimulant, and then the shoot is planted in a substrate of equal amounts of coarse sand and perlite. For successful rooting, the plant needs partial shade, a temperature of at least 27 ˚C and slightly damp soil. Usually, the formation of the root system occurs in 6-12 months. As soon as the cutting is rooted, it is planted in a substrate for an adult trachycarpus.

Pests and diseases

Diseases and their treatment

As a result of chronic waterlogging of the substrate, trachycarpus can be affected by gray or black rot, and sometimes its leaves turn yellow or become covered with brown spots. It is necessary to fight fungal infections with the help of fungicidal preparations, but it is much easier to prevent the development of the disease by observing a balanced watering regime than to try to restore its lost health.

A painful condition can occur as a result of the location of the trachycarpus in full shade, in a draft or in direct sunlight in the summer heat. Slowing growth and yellowing of leaves in a palm tree causes a deficiency in its substrate of nutrients. The leaves of trachycarpus also turn yellow under conditions of too high a temperature and from watering the substrate with hard water, and as a result of the complete drying of the earthy coma, the palm tree stops growing and sheds its leaves. However, if you adhere to our recommendations in the maintenance of trachycarpus, it will never hurt.

Pests and the fight against them

The large succulent leaves of trachycarpus are a delicacy for sucking pests. Mealybugs, scale insects, aphids, thrips and spider mites bite through them and feed on the cell sap of the plant. Today, in any flower shop or garden pavilion, you can purchase effective remedies against these pests, among which the insectoacaricides Actellik, Akarin, Fitoverm and other drugs that destroy insects and arachnids parasitizing on indoor plants have proven themselves well. Treatment of trachycarpus with pesticides is carried out in the open air, since drugs against pests are toxic to humans. Mealybugs and scale insects must be manually removed from the plant before spraying.

Types and varieties

At home, you can find several types of trachycarpus:

Trachycarpus fortunei

The most famous plant of the genus, reaching a height of 12 m in nature, but in culture its growth is much more modest - only about 2.5 m. The trunk of the plant is covered with a coarse fur coat of the remains of the stalks of dead leaves. Dark green on the upper side and covered with a silvery bloom below, the leaf blades are deeply divided into many segments. Trachycarpus blooms with yellow fragrant flowers, collected in a brush, however, flowering does not occur at home.

In the photo: Trachycarpus fortunei

Trachikarpus two-segment

The most popular species in indoor floriculture is up to 2.5 m high and 20-25 cm in diameter. At the top of the trunk covered with the remains of dead stalks is a crown of 12-15 large fan leaves, dissected to the very base.

Trachycarpus Wagner (Trachycarpus fortunei Wagnerianus)

A species that is rarely found in our apartments, but is a common houseplant in Japan, China and Korea. This palm tree, reaching a height of 7 m in nature, has dense dark green leaves on rigid petioles. The plant is resistant to low temperatures and gusts of wind.

In the photo: Trachycarpus fortunei

Trachycarpus martiana

A plant with an almost bare trunk, not characterized by frost resistance. The leaves of this palm are lush, dissected into 60-70 segments. In regions with warm climates, this species can be grown outdoors.

Trachycarpus high (Trachycarpus excelsa)

The most frost-resistant species of the genus, widely cultivated everywhere. The leaves of this palm are tough, with a bluish bloom, the trunk is wide, scaly at the bottom. In the open field, the plant can reach a height of 16 m, but at home only three.

In the photo: Dwarf Trachycarpus (Trachycarpus nanus)

Dwarf trachycarpus (Trachycarpus nanus)

A very interesting variety with a deeply penetrating root system, but reaching a height of only 50 cm. Its leaves are round, fan-shaped, with a bluish bloom.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Palm family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Indoor plants Ornamental deciduous Indoor trees Palms Palm (Arecaceae) Plants on T


Pandanus

The pandanus plant (Pandanus), or pandanus is a plant from the Pandanov family. It includes about 750 different species that live in the tropics of the Eastern Hemisphere. Most often, these tree-like plants are found in South Asian countries, in western Africa, as well as in Hawaii, Australia and the Polynesian islands. Madagascar is home to about 90 species of pandanus.

These plants are highly adaptable, so they can live in a wide variety of areas: near water bodies, in the highlands, in swampy forests and even near volcanoes. Inhabitants of countries where pandanuses grow, use their large leaves for building roofs or weaving household items. Parts of some plants of this genus are used in traditional medicine. In addition, the fruits, foliage and young shoots of the pandanus species can be found in many Asian cuisines. They are used as an ingredient in many dishes, as well as flavoring and food coloring.


Description of the Trachikarpus palm

The plant is often found on the shores of the Crimea. It belongs to frost-resistant species and can easily withstand temperatures down to -10 ° C. Some specimens reach a height of 12 meters.

The trunk diameter is about 20 cm, it is covered with fibers of dead leaves of a dark brown color. In old palms, the trunk becomes bare in the lower part, smooth and shiny. The places of attachment of the leaves are clearly visible on it. At the top is a lush crown.

The leaf is fan-shaped and reaches a length of 70 cm, radially dissected. The petiole is the same length.

The inflorescence is meter-long, racemose. Flowers are yellow or orange. When pollinated, green fruits appear, after ripening they turn black.


Growing subtropical plants outdoors. The northernmost palm tree in the world. Trachycarpus wagnerianus

The most northern palm tree in the world is the squat hamerops. Under natural conditions, this palm tree grows in Europe, at a latitude of about 42 degrees and further south. But now many palms grow not only in natural conditions, but also where they are planted by enthusiasts, in the so-called "border" areas. As a rule, in these regions the climate in winter is rather mild and allows palms and other exotics to grow. Thanks to the warm Gulf Stream, winters are quite mild along the Atlantic coast all the way to the North
the polar circle. Palm trees, cordilins, tree ferns grow even in Norway. And as it turned out, palm trees grow even in Iceland, where, with the exception of the central regions, zone 7.In Hamerops magazine I saw a photo of Wagner's trachycarpus growing near a hot spring at a latitude of 67 degrees. It is just south of the border of the Arctic Circle. Imagine a picture when a green palm tree grows in almost complete darkness, among the snows. It looks fantastic. According to the author of the photo, hot
the source has no practical effect on the air temperature of the place where the wagnerianus grows. I was also interested in the temperature in Iceland in winter. For this I looked at the weather archive for Reykjavik. As it turned out, there is not just zone 7, but zone 7b. Only once did I see a decrease in temperature to -19.3 C. The rest of the time below -10 C temperatures were not observed. Apart from the cold summer and very short daylight hours in winter (almost polar night), Iceland has pretty good conditions for trachycarpus.
Wagner. Therefore, I am not surprised that it grows there. But nevertheless, it really can be considered the most northern palm tree in the world.Trachycarpus wagnerianus So what is this mythical palm tree growing almost in the Arctic? There is not much information about Wagner's trachycarpus on the Internet. For a long time this palm was unknown among palmaholics.
was not distributed. But times are changing, and now this palm is becoming more widespread. This is facilitated by its unique qualities, which we will talk about later. Wagnerianus does not occur in the wild. Apparently it was artificially bred in Japan and comes from Fortune's trachycarpus. And the Japanese are known to be masters of working miracles. So they created a miracle palm tree.

Wagner's trachikarpus possesses such remarkable qualities: - excellent frost resistance, leaves are not damaged even in frosts of -15 -18 C (according to the Belgian "frost test" even at -20 C). Frost resistance of wagnerianus is 7-8 C higher than that of forchun

One American wrote that there was no damage in zone 6a at -23 C - it can withstand low negative temperatures for a long time (very important for our winters) - it grows well in both humid and dry climates from Iceland to
Costa Rica - leaves and stems are so strong that they do not bend under the weight of snow or ice - excellent resistance to winds - the main enemies of trachycarpus forchuna - the root system practically does not rot on soils with poor drainage - the crown recovers very quickly, even if it is completely damaged frosts - the leaves are shorter than those of the forchun, if the forchun leaves have a diameter of up to 70 cm, then the wagnerianus has about 40 cm (which means it is easier to cover with such a compact crown) -
attractive appearance at a very young age, the palm tree looks like a bonsai - seeds germinate easily even at room temperature (up to 95% of seeds) - easily tolerates transplantation - good growth rate. When planted in open ground, it adds about 30 cm of trunk height annually

But this is subject to reaching the size at which the trunk appears - excellent resistance to diseases and pests. In zone 7, there is enough
mulch the soil with a layer of mulch (pine bark, needles) 10 - 20 cm. The depth of the mulch depends on the size of the plant and the climate. It does not grow as fast as trachycarpus forchuna, but quite quickly. Outwardly, wagnerianus is more beautiful than fortune, it looks very compact. Wagnerianus reaches a height of 6 meters. In general, this is palm # 1 for Ukraine, western and southern Russia.


Trachikarpus: growing and care

Trachikarpus - interesting and promising for gardening palm trees, are now widely used for landscaping streets in countries with subtropical and temperate climates, as well as tub and pot plants in cooler climates. Read more about the appearance, features of growth in the wild of various types of trachycarpus on the page Trachikarpus.

Trachycarpus Fortune is the most widespread in culture.(Trachycarpus fortunei), it has long been grown for its durable fibers, which are used to make ropes and ropes, clothes and shoes, mats and other household items. In addition to applied use, trachycarpus has undoubted decorative qualities. This fan palm came to Europe in the middle of the 19th century and began to be grown as a beautiful exotic greenhouse plant.

In nature, Fortune's trachycarpus can reach 10-12 meters in height, but in culture it grows much lower. The trunk is covered with a brown thick coarse coat formed by the remnants of petioles of old leaves. Fanned, deeply divided into many segments, hard leaves, dark green above and with a silvery bloom below, give a special decorative effect. The palm tree willingly blooms with long branchy yellow fragrant tassels even in greenhouses, but at home flowering is extremely rare, since only young specimens that have not reached the flowering age can be grown here. Flowering is replaced by clusters of bluish-black fruits, resembling bunches of small grapes in appearance. Fruit setting is only possible when male and female specimens are grown together.

It turned out that this species, in addition to decorativeness, has other invaluable qualities - it is the most cold-resistant and unpretentious palm tree. A case was recorded when several specimens of Fortchun's trachycarpus were able to survive a cold snap to -27.5 ° C in Plovdiv (Bulgaria) during the harsh winter of 1993. It grows well in open ground on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, where it gives abundant self-seeding.

In room culture, trachycarpus are also unpretentious, but due to the large final size of this species, only young specimens are grown at home. The advantages of this type of palms include the absence of thorns on the leaf stalks.

Lighting... Trachikarpus can grow in all light conditions, from bright to semi-shaded, but prefers a bright location next to south-facing windows. In a room in direct sunlight, the leaves will overheat in summer, so it is necessary to protect the plant from the scorching sun and ensure good ventilation of the room. In the summer, it is recommended to take the palm tree out into the open air, gradually accustoming it to sunlight.

Temperature... In summer, the optimum temperature of the content is + 18 + 24 ° C, the trachycarpus does not tolerate heat well and stops growing at high temperatures. If the temperature is too high for trachycarpus, the tips of the leaves can turn brown. In winter, it is preferable to maintain cool conditions - like a subtropical plant, it is advisable for trachycarpus to rest at a temperature of + 6 + 12 o C. But if it is impossible to arrange a cool winter, this palm tree will also endure warm room conditions. You can not rush to remove trachycarpus from the street in the fall before the onset of freezing temperatures, but it is better to protect potted plants from frost.

Watering plentiful in summer, after the top layer of the soil dries up, avoiding stagnation of water in the soil and sump. In winter, watering is reduced according to the conditions of detention (the darker and cooler, the less abundant watering), but the earthen coma is not brought to complete drying. It is advisable to periodically arrange a warm shower for the plant, which will free the leaves from accumulated dust and prevent severe tick damage.

Air quality... The optimum air humidity is about 50-60%, it is especially important to ensure high humidity during the heat. But trachycarpuses tolerate the low air humidity of our apartments quite well. At any time of the year, the palm tree must be in a well-ventilated area, in warm weather - preferably outside.

Transplant and soil composition... Trachycarpus is unpretentious to the composition of the soil mixture, it is only important to make a well-drained mixture. You can use ready-made soil for palm trees with the addition of perlite and turf soil. The proportion of sod land should increase gradually as the palm grows. It is recommended to carry out transplants only by careful transshipment, without disturbing the root coma. Young specimens are transplanted every 1-2 years, older ones - every 3-5 years.

Top dressing... To fertilize trachycarpus, use complex fertilizers for palms with microelements. Feeding can only be carried out during the active growing season of the plant, from spring to autumn.

Reproduction possible only by seeds. Seeds germinate quickly and amicably, usually within 1-2 months. Bottom heating is optional. It is better to sow seeds in January-February so that the sprouted sprouts do not suffer from a lack of light. Seedlings and young plants develop quite quickly, 5 leaves can grow in a year. The division of the leaf blade into segments begins at about 5-7 leaves.

Pests... Trachikarpus is resistant to pests, but if care is not followed, from a lack of light and drying out of an earthen coma, a strong tick damage is possible. It is also affected by mealybugs and scale insects.


Hamerops palm propagation with side shoots

Trachikarpus forchuna is a plant whose name, translated from Greek, literally means "rough fruit" (trachys - rough, karpos - fruit).

This is a relatively unpretentious member of the palm family. The natural habitat of this palm tree is quite wide: it can be found from the Himalayas to Eastern China.

She firmly tolerates the cold, but her growth is slow.

Trachikarpus forchuna is a fan palm tree with a straight trunk and reaching a height of 20 meters. 2.5 meters is the limit of the house palm trachikarpus forchuna. The palm is called fan-shaped because of the arrangement of the leaves. The leaves are dissected, oval in shape, and collectively they look like a fan when opened. This "fan" is about 60 centimeters in diameter.

Palm is a fruitful plant. The fruit is a blue-black berry, the size of which reaches 1 centimeter in diameter. Trachycarpus fortuna is a cultivated plant in New Zealand and Canada.

In general, this type of palm can be called one of the most common in the natural environment of Southeast Asia, where its age can reach 150 years.

In indoor conditions, the plant lives much less - about 20 years.

To grow a healthy trachikarpus forchuna plant at home, you must carefully follow the requirements for:

  • Lighting
  • Temperature
  • Watering
  • Air humidity
  • Soil
  • Top dressing
  • Pruning

Lighting

Palm trachikarpus forchuna is able to survive even in direct sunlight or in a darkened room, but direct sunlight oppresses the plant, and an overabundance of shade can also adversely affect it. Yellow spots on the leaves will signal that the palm is receiving an overabundance of light. The best option for trachycarpus fortune is bright, but diffuse lighting.

In summer, the palm tree can be moved to fresh air. However, this movement should not be abrupt. If, after a long stay in the room, the palm tree is immediately exposed to direct sunlight, then you can ensure that the leaves of the plant will fall off.

The same can happen if you constantly move the tree from the room to the street and back. A good option for trachycarpus fortune would be a place that is well lit, but where there is no wind. Such a place can be a porch of a house or a terrace.

Temperature

During those periods when the palm tree is gaining growth and development, the temperature around it should be maintained in the range of 18 to 25 degrees.

When the growing season has passed and the dormant stage begins, the temperature can be lowered to 15 degrees. In general, the palm tree is comfortable in the cool when it is winter outside, and it prefers warm summer, but not hot.

Cold resistance in a palm tree is formed only after the formation of a trunk in the tree.

A large amount of water is required for a palm tree only in summer, and then when the soil on top dries out excessively. Trachikarpus forchuna is able to withstand drought. But she does not need an excess of water.

Too much moisture will cause root rot and the plant may die. The palm tree will tell you about an excess of water with darkened leaves and rot, which can be seen.

When watering a palm tree, you should make sure that no water gets into the crown. This is all the more true when the temperature around it is low. At this temperature, watering should be done once every 2-3 weeks. Water intended for watering a palm tree must be cleaned of chlorine, for this it must be defended for at least a day. Also, the palm tree does not like hard water.

Air humidity

High air humidity (70-80%) will be most comfortable for trachycarpus forchun. If the humidity is less, this is not critical for a given palm, the main thing is that it should be at least 50%. Spraying the palm is not recommended because it can cause fungal growth.

This likelihood increases if the plant lacks light and heat. You can increase the humidity level by placing water next to the palm tree. If you nevertheless decide to spray the tree, then this should be done with warm water and only once a month.

Leaves can also be moistened with a sponge dipped in water.

This is not to say that trachycarpus forchuna is capricious in relation to the soil. However, some conditions should be observed when preparing land for growing this palm tree. The soil must contain turf, compost, humus and sand. The proportions of these components are 1: 1: 1: 1.

To check if the soil is suitable for growing trachycarpus fortune, you need to observe how it behaves after watering. If after a few seconds (2-5 seconds) after entering the pot, the water comes out of the special holes of the pot, then the soil is selected correctly.

If water is retained in the soil, then it is not suitable for growing trachycarpus forchuna. That is, the main requirement for the soil is good air and water permeability.

Top dressing

It is necessary to feed trachikarpus fortune only at the moments of growth and active development, which fall on the spring and summer periods. In spring and summer, feeding is carried out once every three weeks.

You can fertilize with dressing for indoor plants, only divide the concentration in half. The best option would be to use a fertilizer in granules, which has a long effect.

When the growing season passes, there is no need to feed.

Pruning

Trimming to shape the trachycarpus is not needed. Leaves that have dried or broken are subject to removal. If new shoots appear, then they are advised to be removed, since they will damage the growth of the main shoot.

Leaves that are yellow or have a brownish tint cannot be cut off until they are completely dead. This is due to the fact that dying leaves are a source of nutrients that the palm tree takes from them.

When pruning, you need to be very careful not to damage the trunk.

These are the basic requirements of trachycarpus fortune at home /

In the first years of a palm tree's life, it has to be replanted quite often. Move the tree to a larger pot once a year as the root system grows. The transplant is recommended in April.

When moving the plant to another container, you should not destroy the earthen lump from the previous pot. The older the trachycarpus fortune is, the fewer transplants will be required.

Adults undergo movement once in three years.

As for the reproduction of trachycarpus forchuna, it occurs by the seed method. When buying seeds of a future palm tree, you should definitely pay attention to the time of collection of these seeds.

After all, the seeds of trachikarpus forchuna too quickly lose their ability to germinate. Each subsequent month takes 10% of this ability.

After making a purchase, you need to be prepared for the fact that you will need to plant seeds immediately.

This can be achieved by creating a greenhouse or a special heating system. To ensure faster germination of seeds, sawdust, previously steamed, moss, sand should be added to the soil.

If done correctly, sprouts will appear in 60 days.

Thus, it is not so difficult to grow a trachycarpus fortune palm at home. You just need to carefully study the requirements for caring for the plant, and it will delight you with its healthy flowering appearance.

It is cultivated almost everywhere in premises and greenhouses, as well as in open ground in subtropical regions. Trachikarpus is the most common of the palms that grow on the Black Sea coast of Crimea and the Caucasus. This popularity is due to the fact that trachycarpus is the only palm tree that can withstand temperatures down to 10 degrees below zero.

General information

This fan palm trachycarpus has a straight trunk, which in natural conditions can reach from 12 to 20 meters in height, in conditions of domestic maintenance, the height of the palm is not more than 2.5 meters. The trunk is covered with dry fibers, remaining bases from dead leaves. The leaves have an oblong-rounded outline and reach a diameter of 60 centimeters.

The leaf blade is divided into segments almost to the base, although in some species it is only half a leaf. On the back of the leaves there is a light-colored bluish bloom. The leaves are attached to long stalks that can be covered with thorns.

The trachycarpus palm grows very slowly. This allows you to keep it in apartments and private houses, because until the palm tree reaches its maximum height, it can take more than 10-15 years.

Best of all, of course, these beautiful plants will feel in rooms with a lot of free space - greenhouses, conservatories, office spaces and large private houses. Before purchasing a trachycarpus palm, like any other plant, it is imperative that you familiarize yourself with the rules for its maintenance and care.

For example, the Liviston palm, according to the rules of maintenance and care at home, which can be found here, is slightly lighter than the trachycarpus palm.

The same date, rapis or hoveu, is also brought up with caution. It's a palm tree! While small, still nothing, but as it grows up, it will take up the whole room.

An exception is perhaps made only for hamedorea, which rarely reaches gigantic proportions.

Of course, palm trees, monsters, dieffenbachia and other "indoor giants" are more common in large private houses, not to mention offices or greenhouses.

But I want to note that in the conditions of city apartments it is possible to grow a palm tree without much damage to the living space.

Trachikarpus grows rather slowly, and until it reaches its peak of development, it will take more than one year. So it's worth a try.

A little about the plant

Illumination

  • It is best to keep the plant in bright southern rooms, where it will not be too hot in winter. Ideally, it would be something like an unheated or poorly heated foyer. There have been cases when a flower was planted directly in the open ground, and it developed there without any problems.
  • This is a very light-loving plant. Especially young individuals are sensitive to the shadow. Adult large individuals can live in the shade without harm to themselves and do not require bright light.
  • It is better to stick to a temperature of 16-22 degrees. Small and unsharp deviations of 5-7 degrees are permissible.
  • When buying a young plant, take care of the right land for it. It should include sod, leafy earth and humus in a ratio of 2: 2: 2, it is also worth adding one share of sand. The older the palm grows, the more soil should be in the pot. Ready-made soil "For dracaena" or "For yucca" is suitable for her.
  • With the change of seasons, irrigation regimes also change. In spring and summer - abundant, but rare (once every 5-6 days), in winter - moderate. Do not allow the earth to dry out.
  • Important! If suddenly the leaves begin to turn yellow from a lack of moisture, they should be cut off, but only so that a dry strip remains above the green area.
  • In the summer, spraying is added to watering. In winter, they are also held, but less often. Instead of spraying, other methods of increasing air humidity can be used.
  • Regular feeding is required in spring and summer. For this, special fertilizers are used for palm trees (including yucca and dracaena).
  • In order to provide the trachycarpus with abundant uniform foliage, try to periodically turn the pot in different directions towards the light.
Trachycarpus wagnerianus.

Bloom

  • to soften the thick shell of seeds, they must be soaked for two days in warm water
  • for additional processing, the seeds can be placed in a zircon solution
  • prepare the soil from sand, moss, charcoal
  • the pot for the future palm must have a drainage layer
  • place the seeds in the ground at a depth of 2-3 cm
  • the pot with sprouts should be in the temperature range from 25 to 30 ° C, you can equip a greenhouse or constantly heat the pot
  • the shoots that appear after about two months must be transplanted into a spacious pot with multi-component soil.

Types of home hovei with photos and names

Howea belmoreana

The culture is multi-stemmed with green feathery leaves. It grows 2-3 meters high. An adult palm has up to 20 leaves on each trunk. Highly decorative look.

Howea forsteriana

The culture is distinguished by the stiffness of the trunk in adulthood. The leaves are feathery, long, dense. In contrast to the Belmora hovea, the leaves of this species are less hanging and have a more pronounced vertical arrangement on the trunk.


Watch the video: All Trachycarpus species A-Z in 6th year planted out.


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