What is Cantaloupe Melon


Today, a large number of melons are known, including this variety. It perfectly tolerates the cool and humid summer season in Europe. Cantaloupe's second name is cantaloupe. Outwardly, the plant is distinguished by oval or slightly flattened shapes, the fruits are yellowish or orange, the foliage is dark green. A lot of juice and pulp stand out on the cut.

What is Cantaloupe?

The plant belongs to the pumpkin family. The bushes are powerful, with large creeping foliage. Fruit weight reaches one and a half kilograms. The melon is covered with a striped, somewhat embossed rind.

The variety is widely known in Western Europe and America. Candied fruits of excellent quality are made from its fruits, delicious jam is brewed. In addition, Cantaloupe is enriched with carotene, which increases its value. It is used in the preparation of some dishes, because the berry has a strong aroma and pleasant aftertaste. Hence the second name of the melon - musk.

The variety does not have any special requirements for growing, it is resistant to most diseases.

Cantaloupe belongs to the mid-season, it is not recommended for long-term storage, but it has good transportability.

Cantaloupe came to the territory of Russia from Italy.

Advantages and disadvantages of cantaloupe

To begin with, it is necessary to recall that this berry is considered the ancestor of almost all varieties grown in Europe, and one of the close relatives of Central Asian cultures.

Among the positive qualities are the following:

  • the coarseness of the retina on the peel does not allow the fruit to crack due to excess moisture;
  • the culture easily tolerates wet and not very warm summers;
  • compared to Asian varieties, Cantaloupe ripens two to three times faster;
  • the plant perfectly resists powdery mildew - a disease inherent in all melons and gourds in the rainy season;
  • has excellent taste.

Among the shortcomings, one can note this - short storage. For this reason, the melon is recommended to be eaten for three weeks after harvest.... With longer storage, the fruits lose their attractiveness.

The chemical composition of the fetus

It is appreciated not only for its taste, but also for its useful properties. According to certain indicators, for Cantaloupe there is no equal among other fruits. Most of all it contains:

  • ascorbic acid;
  • carotene;
  • inosine;
  • fiber;
  • silicon.

For example, it contains the most carotene, a lot of sucrose. Cantaloupe has a higher sugar level than watermelon.

The presence of iron in cantaloupe is almost twice as high as chicken meat and seventeen times higher than milk. The presence of vitamin C is also highlighted, which is three times ahead of watermelon in its quantity.

Cantaloupe is recommended for those suffering from obesity, cholesterol, hair loss. The presence of Inosine in the product prevents such diseases from progressing.

The potassium present in the berry stabilizes blood pressure, so that the fruit can be eaten by hypertensive patients. The low calorie content of the fetus allows it to be included in the diet.

A positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract was noted, because the beneficial components of the fetus are absorbents for toxins and quickly remove them from the human body.

Melon peel is used in the preparation of nourishing masks for the skin of the face.

The best varieties of Cantaloupe

Breeding work on the development of new varieties continues rather successfully. The most promising are the following:

Iroquois

Another cultivar bred from an Eastern American plant. A powerful plant has long lashes and large leaves of a dark green hue. The ripening period is average. The fruits have a coarse mesh on the skin, oval in shape, their weight reaches 1.7 kg. Keeping quality is normal, the harvest should be removed in a timely manner so that the melons do not overripe. Differs in good disease resistance;

Blondie

One of the new medium-ripening varieties. The plant perfectly gets used to new climate features, soil composition indicators, and moisture level. Fruits are small, flattened or oval. Their weight does not exceed six hundred grams. The variety has good resistance to root rot;

Charente

Known all over the world. The fruits are lightweight - from six hundred grams to one kilogram. Charente is similar in performance to other melons, but the main feature is its strong and persistent aroma and piquant aftertaste. It is grown only in France, in protected ground conditions. More often it is used as an additional ingredient;

Gaul

The result of the work of Israeli breeding specialists. Outwardly, the variety resembles Cantaloupe. It does not make any special requirements for growth conditions, it equally tolerates an increased level of humidity and a dry period, and is resistant to cold weather. Mid-season variety with pistachio-colored pulp. The fruits are not very large. The main value lies in a good immune system and the ability to adapt to different climatic conditions;

Oksana

Another hybrid. It is known for its bright yellow pulp, excellent juiciness with a characteristic sourness. Full ripening period is from two to one and a half months.

Growing features

For planting melons, experts recommend choosing areas that are separate from other crops. They should be well lit and warmed up by sunlight, not exposed to cold winds. It is best to opt for the southern slopes.

Planting seeds and caring for the first shoots

Melons are planted in two ways - in the ground or by the seedling method. The second option is most often used in areas with cold climates. Before planting, the soil should warm up to eighteen degrees Celsius. The soil should be light, water and air permeable. In the autumn season, it is recommended to add organic matter to the garden at the rate of five kilograms per square meter.

After sowing or planting seedlings, it is recommended to cover the beds with plastic wrap to create protection from insects. But before flowering, it must be removed. Watering is essential, especially in hot weather.

Water should not stagnate between rows. This can harm the stems and future fruits. Water should be poured under or near the stem.

Weeds should be carefully removed until the melon forms creeping stems. But you have to be careful. The sprouts strongly resemble clover and can be easily confused. As soon as the bush gets stronger, it itself will begin to survive the weeds.

Pinching, feeding and forming a bush

To make the plant more branched, it must be pinched. This will help the bush to form lateral branches. It is necessary to feed during active growth using nitrogen formulations. At the end of flowering and when the ovary of melons appears, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are applied.

To prevent the stems from curling along the ground, they can be tied up. Experienced gardeners use low trellises, only for the resulting fruits you will have to think about support.

Using Cantaloupe

In addition to the usual fresh consumption of food, excellent candied fruits and jam are made from Cantaloupe. This is caused by short storage times. They are made from berries and dried fruits, but this process is rather complicated and long.

The culture, although it differs in medium-sized, but very tasty fruits, is still popular not only for industrial cultivation, but also for personal plots. It is considered the only species successfully grown in Russia.


Cantaloupe is a plant of the pumpkin family. This type of melon is also called "musky", "Thai" and "American". Today, a large number of cantaloupe is grown in Thailand.

The fruits look like this: they are covered with a dense striped skin and have an oval shape (see photo). In length, such melons reach an average of about 20 cm. Under the skin of a yellow-green color with a kind of brown "mesh" is juicy pulp of bright orange color.

India and Guinea are considered the birthplace of this plant.


Melon Cantaloupe - what is it?

When choosing a tasty and unusual summer delicacy in the store, you should pay attention to the Cantaloupe melon, the description of which resembles a pumpkin. Its fruits stand out among other varieties in appearance, taste and cultivation characteristics. The plant belongs to the Pumpkin family, the Cucumber genus. It is correct to call the fruits of this vegetable pumpkins. Cantaloupe also has other names - cantaloupe or American melon.

Melon Cantaloupe - history

Some botanists believe that cantaloupe is the ancestor of all modern melon varieties grown in Europe. The history of the origin of Cantaloupe dates back about two millennia:

  1. Since ancient times, it has grown in the territory of modern Central and East Asia, being the usual food of the indigenous people.
  2. The Cantaloupe melon came to Europe from Armenia in the XIV century during the Crusades. The fruits were brought as a gift to the Pope, who highly appreciated the taste and aroma of the berry and ordered to grow it on his estates in Cantalupi. The name of the variety was derived from the Italian province.
  3. From Italy, the melon quickly spread to other European countries, and later to America.
  4. In pre-revolutionary Russia, the delicacy traditionally adorned the tables of the nobility. Even a special variety was bred - the cantaloupe Moscow melon.
  5. Until the 90s of the last century, the fruits gradually began to disappear from the field of vision of breeders, but then gardeners again turned their attention to a variety with an interesting taste and unusual appearance.

What does Cantaloupe melon look like?

From the botanical description, it becomes clear that the Cantaloupe melon variety combines the qualities of pumpkin and melon:

  1. The fruits are tied on powerful stems creeping along the ground with large dark green leaves decorated with carvings of veins.
  2. Melons themselves can be different: round, oval and slightly flattened. The shape depends on the variety and growing conditions.
  3. Melon Cantaloupe, which rarely exceeds 30 cm in diameter, has an average weight of 0.5 to 1.5 kg. There are also specimens weighing more than 4.5 kg.
  4. The peel of the fruit is gray-brown, covered with a relief mesh pattern.
  5. The pulp has a rich, bright orange color, which makes the fruit look more like a pumpkin in the section.
  6. A distinctive feature of the variety is its pronounced musky aroma, which is highly appreciated by gourmets both raw and cooked. Cantaloupe melon is used to prepare desserts, jams, candied fruits.
  7. The variety is not picky about growing conditions, therefore it can grow in warm and temperate climates. Ripening terms - July, August.

Where does Cantaloupe melon grow?

Although the name of the fruit has Italian roots, the correct answer to the question of where the Cantaloupe melon came from is the countries of Asia. There it has been grown for thousands of years. However, due to its high adaptive abilities, the delicacy is now cultivated:

  1. Throughout Europe, especially in southern countries and areas with temperate climates.
  2. Almost everywhere in South and North America.
  3. The Cantalupa variety is also becoming popular in Russia in areas up to the Ural Mountains.
  4. Industrial vegetable plantations are located in Thailand, from where the fruits are delivered all over the world.

What is Cantaloupe melon crossed with?

Having met a sweet vegetable for the first time, ordinary people think that the orange melon Cantaloupe is a hybrid of several plants. However, the most popular varieties were bred many centuries ago without interspecific crossing. Scientists obtain modern subspecies through selection with other varieties of melons for the desired taste or resistance to certain climatic conditions.

Is Cantaloupe melon tasty or not?

In Russia, unlike many European countries, especially France and Italy, the Cantaloupe melon, which tastes different from its counterparts, is less popular. Although gourmets value it directly for its taste, eating it raw and adding it to desserts and sauces:

  1. The flesh of the vegetable is very tender and does not have hard veins.
  2. The palate ranges from moderate to rich-sweet depending on the variety, with a distinct honey flavor. Both those with a sweet tooth and those who do not tolerate a sugary sweet aftertaste will be able to choose their favorite variety.
  3. A pronounced musky aroma with a honey tint is highly appreciated as an addition to the taste.

Nutritional value

Cantaloupe is rich in nutrients and provides a wide range of important vitamins and minerals.

It's especially rich in vitamin C, a water-soluble vitamin that helps prevent disease and boosts immune function (2Trusted).

Some types also contain high amounts of vitamin A, a trace mineral that is essential for healthy vision, skin cell turnover, and growth and development (3Trusted).

In addition, cantaloupe contains antioxidants, which are compounds that fight cell damage. Antioxidants in melons include gallic acid, ellagic acid, and caffeic acid (4Trusted).

One cup (156 grams) of diced melon, such as cantaloupe, contains the following nutrients:

  • Calories: 53
  • Carbohydrates: 13 gr.
  • Cellulose: 2 gr.
  • Protein: 1 gr.
  • Vitamin C: 64%
  • Vitamin A: 29%
  • Potassium: 9%
  • Folate: 8%
  • Niacin: 7%
  • Vitamin B6: 7%
  • Magnesium: 5%
  • Thiamin: 5%
  • Vitamin K: 3%

By comparison, 1 cup (170 grams) of honeydew, another type of cantaloupe, contains the following nutrients (5):

  • Calories: 61
  • Carbohydrates: 15 gr.
  • Cellulose: 1.5 gr.
  • Protein: 1 gr.
  • Vitamin C: 34%
  • Vitamin A: 2%
  • Potassium: 8%
  • Folate: 8%
  • Niacin: 4%
  • Vitamin B6: 9%
  • Magnesium: 4%
  • Thiamin: 5%
  • Vitamin K: 4%

It is noteworthy that the nutritional compositions of the musk varieties are very similar. However, cantaloupe contains significantly more vitamin A and vitamin C than honeydew melon. It also contains fewer calories and carbs and slightly more fiber.

Cantaloupes are packed with vitamins and minerals. Cantaloupe contains more vitamins A and C than the honey variety, but otherwise the two types of cantaloupe are similar in nutritional value.


Content

Common melon is an annual herb with creeping rounded-faceted stems equipped with tendrils. The leaves are large, alternate, without stipules, round-ovate or palmate-lobed, on long petioles. Flowers are bisexual, pale yellow. There are plants with male flowers or both. Perianth double, 5-membered (calyx and corolla - 5-lobed). Several staminate flowers are located in the axils of the leaves, they contain 5 stamens. Pistillate flowers are single, on short pedicels. Ovary inferior, of 3 accrete carpels.


Harvesting

The average ripening period of the Cantaloupe melon is 60-70 days, while from the moment the fruit ovary appears until the removable ripeness is reached, it takes about a month. Fruiting is quite amicable, begins in the second half of August and lasts until mid-September. In good weather conditions, all left fruit ovaries can ripen. A sign of ripeness is the strong musky aroma that the ripe fruit emits.

It is not worth delaying harvesting, as the aroma will weaken over time. Stalk cracking is another sign. In an overripe melon, it may disappear completely.

Collect and transport the harvested melons carefully, avoiding blows. Cantaloupe has a limited shelf life, so the harvested fruit must be consumed or processed within 3 weeks.


Cantaloupe is a rather unpretentious plant, so those who want to plant it on their site will not have any special worries about growing it.

However, there are some nuances of planting seeds and further care for seedlings that you need to know about in advance.

Planting seeds

Seeds are usually planted directly in prepared beds. If the region has a fairly short summer season, then this cultivated plant is best grown in greenhouses or greenhouses, because cantaloupe is a thermophilic plant.

If the seeds are planted in open ground, then immediately after planting, a mini-greenhouse is built over the beds: transparent polyethylene is pulled over the wire frame. Such a greenhouse can be left over this crop until the first flowers appear on the lashes. But then it should be removed so that flying insects can pollinate the ovaries.

Care for the first shoots

When the seedlings actively sprout, then they should still be given attention. The main agrotechnical measures that are necessary when caring for cantaloupe:

  • watering
  • weeding
  • lash formation (pinching)
  • feeding.

Watering and weeding

Watering the lashes of this type of melon should be a lot, especially if the weather is dry, hot, but you should not allow stagnation of moisture in the soil, especially between the rows - stagnant moisture can damage not only the foliage, but also the shoots.

In the hot time of the day, the foliage of the plant drops, withers, so inexperienced gardeners believe that the melon does not have enough water and begin to actively water it. But this is not worth doing - in the evening it will go back to normal by itself. When watering, water must be applied next to the lashes so that moisture does not get on either the stems or the foliage, so as not to damage them.

While the young plants are still small, you should regularly weed all the weeds that will clog the melon. And when the lashes grow enough, they themselves will not allow the weeds to grow.

Top dressing

For the entire period of growth and ripening of fruits, only a couple of dressings should be made.

For the first time, fertilize the soil near the root system with ammonium nitrate before buds appear on the melon, which will allow the melon culture to grow vegetative mass.

After the cantaloupe has bloomed, a top dressing containing P and K should be added under it. This fertilizer will allow the root system to grow faster and to set cantaloupe fruits.

Usually this type of melon is used fresh for food, however, unusually tasty and aromatic candied fruits are made from it, and jam is made.

However, the shelf life of its fruits is short, so it practically does not tolerate transportation, and only gardeners themselves prepare various homemade preparations from it.

You can also dry cantaloupe, but the process itself is quite complicated. And culinary experts use the ripe fruits of cantaloupe in the preparation of various confectionery products.


Watch the video: Muskmelon - Know the Benefits! By Dr. Bimal Chhajer. Saaol


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