How to care for begonias: root, tuber, hybrid flowers


The most unpretentious begonias are root. They do not need to arrange a dormant period like tuberous. However, the roots require maintenance all year round. They are fed in winter, but less often than in summer; pruned in the spring. Regardless of the species, all begonias grow well and delight with their decorative properties at high air humidity in combination with unfilled soil. In this connection, there are nuances of watering: as the soil dries up, only in the pan, you cannot spray the leaves. How to care for a flower correctly in order to grow it as beautiful as the photo in floriculture magazines?

Origin of begonias and distinctive features

In nature, there are more than 1,000 species of begonias. The largest number of varieties is found in South America, in second place is Asia (India, the Himalayas, Sri Lanka), in third place is the western part of Africa. There is an assumption that it is Africa that is the birthplace of begonias, from here they spread to Asia and America. In the wild, plants are found in humid subtropics and mountains.

Begonia in the wild

The family was first described by the French botanist Charles Plumier. In 1683, under the leadership of the intendant of the French colonies, Michel Begon, he went on an expedition to the islands of the Caribbean. There, the scientist discovered plants that were not known at that time, gave them a description and named them after the organizer of the trip.

The begonias known today are very different from each other in size, shape, color of leaves and flowers. Some are perennial, others are annual. There are herbaceous and shrub begonias, with a creeping or thickened rhizome. But there is also something in common that unites these plants into one family.

Characteristic features of begonias:

  • all types of begonias have an asymmetrical, oblique leaf;
  • flowers - monoecious;
  • perianths - brightly colored, unequal;
  • the fruit with seeds looks like a box;
  • all begonias grow in approximately the same natural conditions: diffused sunlight, high humidity, temperature + 13 ... +22 ⁰C.

Video: a wealth of species and colors of a flower

Begonias - flowers for apartments, gardens and offices

As an ornamental crop, begonia has been developing since 1856, when breeders began to create its hybrids. Tuberous large-flowering varieties have appeared, the most famous are bred in Belgium. Keeping these plants at home is not too difficult, otherwise they would not be so popular. Begonias are grown in the open field and on window sills, they are used for landscaping living quarters and offices, in compositions and separately. Flowers are planted in baskets and pots to decorate walls, furniture, and also used as ground cover plants. The ever-flowering varieties are suitable for any flower garden, even carpet. Tuberous varieties are grown on balconies, verandas, in closed courtyards.

Begonia as a decoration of buildings

Home care has its own nuances, for example, tuberous need a period of rest. All begonias love humid air, but cannot tolerate damp soil. However, any novice florist can grow this plant. After all, if something went wrong, and the begonia began to dry out, you can take a stalk or leaf and start growing the begonia again, taking into account past mistakes. The culture is able to reproduce even with a piece of leaf, which very quickly turns back into a lush and beautiful houseplant.

Root begonias varieties

Eternally flowering

The main difference between the species is constant flowering. For the summer, you can plant such a plant in the garden, for the winter, take it into the house, and everywhere it will bloom all year round. These are perennial herbaceous begonias. External signs, in addition to constant flowering, are rounded leaves and a small height: tall - up to 36 cm, undersized - from 8 cm.Many varieties have been bred with green or burgundy leaves, white, yellow, pink or coral flowers, which, in turn, are terry (in the form of roses) or simple.

Examples of plants in the photo

Coral

Indoor herbaceous begonias bloom in early spring and fully live up to their name. The flowers are colored in different shades of red, and the branched peduncles hanging under the weight of the buds are very similar to corals. The leaves also look romantic: elongated, matte, with specks, denticles at the edges resemble the wings of angels. The most impressive begonias look in pots on stands. They are very unpretentious in leaving. The height of the bush is up to 90 cm.

Flower stalks resemble corals in shape and color

Deciduous begonias

The species is famous for its decorative leaves, and the flowers of deciduous begonias are small and inconspicuous. Often these are non-flowering perennials. They differ from other species by their capriciousness. So, leafy ones cannot be kept outdoors, that is, these begonias love greenhouse conditions, high humidity, and diffused light. At the dacha or on an open balcony, they will die. The main feature of the species is large (15–20 cm) and beautiful leaves. They can be decorated with colored pearl spots, exquisite patterns, contrasting colors, silvery sheen or mother-of-pearl shimmer. The stems are pubescent, the reverse side of the leaf usually has a red tint.

Image Gallery: Deciduous Begonias

Varieties of tuberous begonias

These begonias are grown in shady corners of the garden or on balconies. Their flowers are very beautiful, depending on the variety, they look like a rose, carnation, daffodil, peony, camellia. Stems are fleshy, translucent; leaves are asymmetrical, cordate. Under the ground, a rhizome that has grown in the form of a tuber is hidden. In the open field, begonias bloom from June to September, and in the room from spring to December, then a dormant period begins. The ground part dries up, and the tuber is stored until the next season.

Photo gallery: Tuberous begonias

Elatior or hybrid begonias

Hybrid begonias were bred in England by crossing two types: root Socotran (from Socotra island in the Indian Ocean) and tuberous. The result is a very beautiful plant, similar to a tuberous plant, but with a common root. Blooms in winter. For the compactness of the bush and the abundance of flowers closely spaced in several tiers, this begonia is called a bouquet in a pot. With good care, Elatior blooms not only in winter, but almost continuously, for several months in a row. The most famous varieties: Elatior Borisas, pleasing with pink double flowers with white edging, and Elatior Baladin with flowers of different shades of pink: from white to red.

Photo gallery: Begonias Elatior

Ampel begonias

Another type of luxurious houseplants that have been growing in popularity in recent years. This group includes root, tuber, and hybrids. One feature unites them - hanging shoots, strewn with flowers of various shapes and colors: white, yellow, red, orange, pink. Bright asymmetrical foliage also looks impressive. Ampel varieties are planted in balcony boxes, pots, tall flowerpots.

Photo gallery: Ampelous begonias

Conditions for keeping begonias depending on the season - table

Root begonias in such conditions will bloom all year round or for many months (depending on the variety). For tuberous begonias, this table is only partially suitable. In autumn, they are cut off and put away for the winter in a dark and cool place (+12 ⁰C). Water once a month, only slightly moistening a strip of soil along the edge of the pot. At the end of February, they are exposed to the window, they begin to water and feed, like all other flowering varieties.

Video: Tuberous begonias: dormancy and cultivation

Planting begonias

In Europe and the USA, it is customary to buy flowering begonia, and after it has faded - to throw it away. But for Russians, this option is not suitable, we like to transplant, feed, change pots. Begonias are transplanted in the spring, it is during this season that you need to buy them. Without transplanting into nutrient soil, purchased begonia will soon die. Indeed, in the store version, peat serves as the soil, and the plant lives at the expense of nutrient solutions. Therefore, immediately after the purchase, the begonia must be transplanted.

In the same store, along with a flower, you must purchase:

  • drainage (expanded clay pebbles);
  • soil (for begonias, violets or universal for flowering peat-based crops);
  • perlite, or vermiculite, or sphagnum moss (for additional looseness of the soil, but not necessary);
  • a pot 3-4 cm wider and deeper than the one in which begonia is sold; required: pallet and drainage holes.

From an excess of water in a pot, the roots of begonias rot, the flower dies. Therefore, the soil needs loose, breathable, water in it should not stagnate. In addition, begonias love acidic and fertile soil. It is not recommended to take soil from the house, in the country or in the forest. Such soil is almost always infested with diseases and insects, and its acidity is unknown.

Photo gallery: What you need for a begonia transplant

Begonia transplant stages:

  1. Take a new pot and pour the drainage into it in a layer of 2-3 cm.
  2. If there is an additional baking powder (sphagnum, perlite, vermiculite), then add a few spoons to the pot (depending on the size of the pot and begonias).
  3. Remove the begonia from the old pot, shake off the peat or soil a little from the roots.
  4. Set the flower so that it is at the same depth and cover with fresh soil.

Video: How to transplant begonia

After transplanting a home, not a store-bought begonia that has overwintered in an apartment, a radical pruning of the bush is necessary. All shoots are removed, leaving three to four. In some varieties, only one stem grows, so you don't have to remove the excess, you just need to shorten it. Strongly elongated bare stems with leaves on the crown, cut to a third. After that, the lower dormant buds will wake up, and young shoots will also begin to grow. As a result, a lush bush will grow again.

Begonia care

Watering

The top dried layer is loosened. And only when the earth dries out to a depth of 1–2 cm, can it be poured into the pallet. The ideal way is to place the pot in a container of water until the earth is completely saturated. Then the pot is returned to the tray, the excess water that has flowed into it is drained. The frequency of watering depends on the conditions in which the begonia is kept: on a sunny window, an open balcony, in a garden. It is watered in the open air every day, in an apartment, on a shady closed balcony - once every 2-3 days. The condition of the soil should serve as a guide. Water is necessarily softened. To do this, it is filtered and defended.

Water for irrigation of begonias can be softened and made acidic with peat: 1 kg of peat in a cloth or gauze bag is insisted in 10 liters of water for a day.

In addition, begonia is demanding on air humidity, but you cannot spray its leaves. There are several ways of more gentle moisturizing: put cups of water next to the flower or pour sand, peat, expanded clay, moss into a tray and always keep this filler moist. In winter, a damp cloth is placed on the nearest radiator.

Top dressing

Even ever-flowering begonias react to the changing seasons. In autumn and winter, it becomes darker and cooler on the windowsills. The plant slows down growth. If you feed it during this period, the stems will stretch out strongly, the leaves will become tender and sensitive to diseases and pests. Therefore, begonias are often fed in summer, and once a month in winter.

The frequency of feeding depending on the season - table

Video: How to care for begonias

Why isn't begonia blooming?

This question will never arise for a grower who follows all of the above rules. If all the conditions are created for the begonias: diffused light, watering without waterlogging and drying out the roots, the required temperature, regular feeding, then it will bloom exactly as much and even longer than the variety should. That is, the ever-flowering ones are decorated with flowers all year round, Elatior - in winter, all other varieties begin to bloom in spring throughout the summer.

If only one nuance. Begonias are not long-livers, they delight with beautiful foliage and abundant flowering for only 2-3 years, and then you need to take a stalk or leaf and plant a new begonia... The old one will grow and bloom no more.

Reproduction of begonias

Shank

For rooting, cut off the apical stalk 6-10 cm long

  1. Cut off the cutting with a top 6–10 cm long.
  2. Powder the cut area with crushed wood, activated carbon or ash.
  3. Plant in moist, loose begonias soil and cover with a jar.
  4. Water when the soil dries into the pan, like a regular begonia.
  5. With a favorable outcome, the cutting will take root and grow in 2–4 weeks.
  6. Gradually accustom the plant to the air in the room. You can put a peg under the neck of the jar so that at first you just ventilate the mini-greenhouse, and after 2-3 days you completely remove the jar.
  7. If the cutting is dry or rotten, repeat the experiment with another cutting.

All begonias that have stems can be propagated in this way.

Sheet

If the leaves of the begonia are medium-sized, you can grow a new plant from the leaf.

  1. Cut off a healthy leaf at the cutting edge with a sharp knife.
  2. Put the leaf in water with activated charcoal (1 tablet per glass of water).
  3. If the stalk begins to rot, you need to cut it to a healthy place and change the water.
  4. As soon as young roots are formed, plant in a permanent pot.
  5. When new begonia begins to grow, the leaf will dry out.

This method is good for begonias with small leaves. Large ones take root very badly, since they require a lot of nutrition, and young roots cannot cope with this task. Therefore, begonias with large leaves are propagated by leaf segments.

Part of the sheet

The first way

The leaf is cut into segments, each has at least one vein

  1. The leaf is cut into segments in the direction from the central vein to the edges. Each segment should have 1-3 veins.
  2. Lay the pieces of leaf on top of wet sand or peat, you can stick them into the ground with a cut down.
  3. Cover with a plastic bag or put each segment in a separate container and cover with jars.
  4. Keep the soil moist.
  5. The first shoots may appear in 1-3 months.
  6. Gradually accustom the begonia to the air in the apartment and remove the shelter.

On the sheet, cuts are made across the veins

Second way

  1. Make cuts across the center vein and the thickest veins.
  2. Spread the leaf out over wet begonias.
  3. Press down with pebbles.
  4. Cover the pot with plastic wrap and place in the same place where adult begonias grow.
  5. Keep the soil moist.
  6. When sprouts appear, gradually remove the shelter.

Young plants appeared in the places of incisions

Tuber

Tuberous begonias are also best propagated by cuttings or leaves. Manipulating tubers is very risky, you can lose the whole plant.

  1. At the end of February, after a dormant period, remove the tuber from the pot.
  2. If there are children, separate them and put each in a separate pot.
  3. If there are sprouts on the tuber, it is divided with a sharp knife so that each segment is with a sprout.
  4. Sections are powdered with charcoal or ash.
  5. Deepen the tuber pieces by half (sprouts up, slices down).
  6. Cover with a jar, keep the soil moist.
  7. When the stems are 7 cm long, bury the tuber completely.

Begonia tubers with sprouts

Seeds

Against the background of the fact that begonias reproduce well vegetatively, growing from seeds is an illogical decision. However, flower growers also use this method, if neither at home nor friends have the desired variety. Then you can buy seeds in a store or from breeders and try to grow a gorgeous flower from the smallest seed. Sowing seeds is done in December-January, so that begonias bloom by the spring-summer.

  1. Spread the seeds over wet begonias or in peat tablets. Press the seeds to the ground, but do not bury them.
  2. Arrange a mini-greenhouse: cover with foil, place in a disposable container with a lid, etc.
  3. After 2 weeks, if the soil does not dry out and does not become waterlogged, seedlings will appear.
  4. Transfer the seedlings to the lightest window or supplement the illumination with lamps. Gradually remove the shelter.
  5. When 2-3 true leaves appear, each plant can be transplanted into a pot.

Video: Propagation of begonias by seeds

Begonia diseases - table

Photo gallery: Begonia diseases

Begonia pests - table

Photo gallery: Begonia pests

The spider mite settles on the back of the leaf. This microscopic pest can destroy the entire plant.

Scabbards live on stems and leaves, covered from above with wax shells, similar to shields

Consequences of improper begonia care - table

Photo gallery: The consequences of improper begonia care

While demanding to care for, begonia is a plant that beginners can learn from. If you make a mistake and the flower dies, you can always cut off a stalk or leaf and grow a new begonia. But even with proper care, these plants do not last long. After 2–3 years of active growth, decorative properties are lost: the stems become bare, the leaves become small, dry out, begonia does not bloom. Rejuvenation or planting of a new young plant is required.

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I live in Siberia. I have my own house and my own plot) In the articles I share my experience, I learn something myself with you)

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Indoor begonia: growing and caring for a flower

Among the many indoor plants there are those that are known to any person who is in the slightest degree fond of floriculture. They have long lived on our windowsills, they could be seen even in peasant huts. Such plants are often called "grandmother's". One of them is home begonia.

  1. Description of begonia
  2. Species diversity
  3. Decorative foliage begonias
  4. Tuberous begonias
  5. Ever-flowering begonias
  6. Conditions required for begonias
  7. Home begonia: the intricacies of care
  8. Features of caring for tuberous begonias
  9. Care for ever-flowering begonias and elatior begonias.
  10. Reproduction of begonias
  11. Seed propagation
  12. Propagation by cuttings
  13. Reproduction by dividing the rhizome
  14. Begonia transplant
  15. Plant diseases, common pests of begonias
  16. Frequent problems
  17. A bit of mysticism and medicine

Difficulties in describing begonia

The first scientist to describe begonia was Michel Begon. It was his name that immortalized an incredible tropical flower. The new plant was found in the late 17th century in the Antilles. Then the ever-flowering relative of the Antillean begonia was found in the forests of Brazil, in India - the royal one, and the first tuberous species is of South American origin.

Begonia blooms very picturesquely

At first, begonias were bred only in conservatories and greenhouses. But the breeders were so carried away by the multifaceted and malleable plant that somehow imperceptibly they bred about 2 thousand hybrid varieties. Among them there are those who can live in the garden, and those who are registered on the windowsill. There are begonias that bloom all year round, without flowers at all, completely falling asleep in winter, and evergreen, miniature and huge, ampelous and upright growing. As they say, there is begonia for any, even the most demanding taste. But all, sometimes not very similar begonias, have several common features:

  • the presence of unisexual flowers located in groups (usually 1 female and 2 male)
  • fleshy stems
  • asymmetrical leaves.

Professionals have adopted a classification of begonias by root type:

  • tuberous, they bloom beautifully and spend the dormant period in the form of a tuber (begonia elatior)
  • with a thickened rhizome that easily divides, these are species with variegated leaves (royal begonia)
  • bushy plants that do not reproduce by dividing the root (ever-flowering begonia).

This classification method is difficult and not always convenient. In amateur floriculture, begonias are usually divided according to the type of plant use: decorative flowering potted plants, decorative leafy plants and decorative flowering indoor plants.

Decorative flowering potted begonias usually have a tuberous root, stems can be straight and drooping in ampelous forms. Leaves are succulent, usually monochromatic, jagged or wavy along the edge. These begonias are bred to see wonderful blooms.

Tuberous begonias have gorgeous flowers

Flowers are striking in color: different shades of white, yellow, pink, red, orange - there are two-color varieties. The form is also diverse: simple, semi-double, terry. The peculiarity of this group is that after flowering, the plant is either thrown away or sent to rest: they dig up and store the tuber.

Decorative-leaved begonias will not please with flowers. But beautiful abundant foliage will decorate your home all year round. And the choice of leaves is huge. Size - from one and a half to 35 cm.

The brightest representative of decorative-leaved begonias is royal

The shape is an asymmetrical heart, an elongated oval, like a grape leaf or a star. The texture is smooth and glossy, matte, hairy or warty. The variegated color includes the entire spectrum of greenery, red, yellow and orange colors with transitions and undertones, spots and specks.

Begonia leaves contain phytoncides. They purify and heal the air, destroy harmful microorganisms. Begonia is especially effective against staphylococcus.

Decorative flowering begonias are evergreens that combine the beauty of leaves and a bright, though not as magnificent as tuberous, flowering... These are tall bushes (up to one and a half meters) or ampelous forms. The beauty of plants is that they do not need rest, but they grow and often bloom all year round.

Caring for begonias is easy

Begonia is not the most capricious flower, it is easy to care for it if you know its habits. And they are not so exotic for a Tropican. The only difficulty is fiddling with tubers.

Begonia improves immunity and performance, and also helps relieve fatigue. This flower is brought up not only at home, but also in the office. Begonia activates and enhances mental activity.

For beautiful begonia flowers, you can endure her every whim

And I must also say that begonias do not belong to long-lived plants. They will not live next to you for 10 years, like a ficus or a palm tree, too delicate. But begonia easily and willingly multiplies. So you can always continue the life of your beloved flower in its offspring.

Some members of the begonia family

Begonia is almost a thousand full-fledged species and two thousand hybrids. And the selection continues, every year new varieties of this tropical plant appear. With richer flowers, brighter leaves and improved characteristics. But there are basic varieties that have already proven themselves well in cultivation. Most of us are familiar with many of them, for example, with the royal begonia. Let's talk in more detail about the most famous varieties of this plant:

  • Royal begonia is a typical representative of the decorative foliage group, originally from India. The plant is distinguished by large (about 30 cm) brightly colored leaves. The color ranges from deep green to reddish brown. A leaf plate of a characteristic shape: an asymmetrical heart or a snail. Jagged jagged edge. Royal begonia hybrids differ in color: there are red-yellow, mint-green, chocolate-brown leaves. The flowers are inconspicuous, they are recommended to be removed.
  • Among the variegated begonias there are ampelous, for example, the imperial one. Its medium-sized (10 cm) leaves have a red underside, and a green-white velvet upper. This begonia does not bloom, the variety is bred because of the abundant and beautiful foliage.
  • Ever-flowering begonia is a root and bushy variety. It is cultivated as a garden and houseplant. At home, this begonia is ready to bloom all year round. It has small (5 cm) shiny, rounded leaves. Flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter are simple or double, red, pink, white.
  • Coral begonia belongs to upright, evergreen and root varieties. Its shoots grow up to 2 meters and often need support. The leaves are elongated, white-silvery specks are scattered over the green field. The plant blooms all year long, a panicle of 30-60 small coral flowers blooms on the peduncle.
  • Tuberous begonia has simple or double flowers, at least 5 cm in size. The shape resembles a rose, carnation or peony. They can be white, pink, yellow, red or orange, and also combine these colors. The leaves are brittle with a serrated edge of medium size (from 10 to 25 cm).
  • The ampelous variety of tuberous begonia is drooping, it has thin and long (up to half a meter) hanging stems and peduncles. They bloom in brushes of white, pink and orange rather large (5 cm each) flowers. This species needs rest, after a period of growth, the aerial part dies off.
  • Another ampelous variety - salivary begonia - belongs to evergreens. Its red-pink flowers are much smaller (1.5 cm), but they bloom in winter, when the tuberous begonia is not growing.
  • High begonia (elatior) is a tuberous hybrid that can only grow in the house. The stems of the plant are thin and brittle, reddish in color. The leaves are shiny, rounded. Elatior blooms in autumn and winter. The flowers are large, about 5 cm. The petals can be white, yellow, red or orange, in some varieties they combine two colors.
  • Begonia Borisas belongs to the elatior hybrids. Her bush blooms with double flowers. The color of the petals is two-tone. Delicate pink or red-cherry color is replaced by a white edging from the center of the inflorescence to the edges.

What are the types of begonias: elatior, coral, ampelous and others (photo)

Royal begonia with heart-leaf Royal begonia with snail leaf Begonia Borias Ever-flowering begonia High begonia (elatior) Imperial begonia Tuberous begonia Coral begonia Drooping begonia Salivary begonia

Video: Conditions and care for begonia


Terry begonia - the queen of the home garden

Begonias belong to the category of indoor plants with succulent leaves shaped like small bushes. The pedicels of these plants have female and male flowers. Above the petals of female flowers, a seed capsule appears, which has a triangular shape.

There are many types of begonias, such as decorative flowering and decorative leafy. Begonias bloom throughout the summer. But there are begonias that bloom in autumn and winter. Terry begonia occupies a special place among these plants.

Features of terry begonia

Flowering plants such as begonia will add beauty to any windowsill, balcony, flower bed or garden. Its variety is simply striking in its sophistication and originality. Begonia can be creeping. In this case, it is ideal for a balcony.

Begonia, which has tuberous rhizomes, is suitable for flower beds and gardens. A low begonia will look good in a flowerpot on the windowsill. A large begonia, with or without a stem, is planted in the garden. At the same time, flowers of amazing double, camel-shaped and even simple forms will simply captivate everyone who admires begonia.

Terry begonia is a type of begonia that is often found in our regions, which belongs to an ornamental plant species. It blooms from spring to late autumn. But there are also ever-flowering begonias. For the winter, the leaves of this plant species do not die off.

Terry begonia got its name among the common people because of the flower petals, which look like terry at the edges. The flowers themselves are very delicate, unusually colorful from white and pastel pink to bright orange or deep red.

Begonia is easy to care for. It is important to provide the plant with high humidity, but in no case should it be sprayed and, in general, care should be taken that water does not get on the begonia leaves. Watering should be abundant, especially in the spring-summer period; in winter, watering should be reduced to moderate.

Do not forget about feeding the plant. Begonia is quite thermophilic, but it should be protected from direct sunlight, and from bright light in general.

The best habitat for begonias is partial shade. Although there are also species that prefer a sunny place.

Begonia can become the queen of your home garden, and with proper care for this delicate plant, it really will become it, and every day it will delight you with its extremely beautiful flowering. In order for the plant to retain its attractiveness, it is important to follow the basic rules of care and create optimal conditions for its existence.

Growing container and soil

Well-fired clay pots with miniature drainage holes in the bottom are suitable for growing. Such containers are distinguished by porous walls, due to which air will penetrate into the earthen lump. As a result, the roots of your terry begonia will breathe.

If you decide to buy a new clay pot, be sure to soak it before planting. It is enough to wash the old pot in soapy hot water or boil it with baking soda.

As for the soil, it should be light, loose enough and rich in organic matter. Arrange drainage at the bottom of the pot to avoid excessive waterlogging. Often, such mixtures contain peat, greenhouse soil, sifted river sand and other fertilizers.

Temperature control and lighting

Terry begonia requires a moderate temperature. In this case, a high temperature is undesirable. In winter, it should not drop below +15 degrees.

Begonia needs bright lighting, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. If you are buying a potted begonia and decide to put it on a windowsill, periodically turn the pot over in relation to the sun.

Frequency and rules of watering

In summer, begonias need abundant watering. In this case, it is important to avoid stagnant water. Do not forget that the water for irrigation will have to be defended first. Do not expose flowers to water. Water the begonia twice a week during the summer. If it gets very hot, start watering it every day.

In the fall, reduce the intensity of watering and reduce it to a minimum for winter. During this period, the plant will be dormant.

Moisture level and feeding

Begonias need high humidity. But it is better not to spray it so that brown spots do not appear on the leaves. If necessary, use a humidifier or spray around the flower.

Like most plants, terry begonia needs feeding. Even during the propagation of the plant, special additives are used that are introduced into the soil. Feed the begonia with mineral fertilizers once a week.

Begonia can become a real queen in your home. Considering its unpretentiousness, it will be a real gift for connoisseurs of the beauty of the world of flora. Follow simple requirements and your terry begonia will delight you for a long time.


Reproduction of begonias

Shank

  1. Cut off the cutting with a top 6–10 cm long.
  2. Powder the cut area with crushed wood, activated carbon or ash.
  3. Plant in moist, loose begonias soil and cover with a jar.
  4. Water when the soil dries into the pan, like a regular begonia.
  5. With a favorable outcome, the cutting will take root and grow in 2–4 weeks.
  6. Gradually accustom the plant to the air in the room. You can put a peg under the neck of the jar so that at first you just ventilate the mini-greenhouse, and after 2-3 days you completely remove the jar.
  7. If the cutting is dry or rotten, repeat the experiment with another cutting.

All begonias that have stems can be propagated in this way.

Sheet

  1. Cut off a healthy leaf at the cutting edge with a sharp knife.
  2. Put the leaf in water with activated charcoal (1 tablet per glass of water).
  3. If the petiole begins to rot, you need to cut it to a healthy place and change the water.
  4. As soon as young roots are formed, plant in a permanent pot.
  5. When new begonia begins to grow, the leaf will dry out.

This method is good for begonias with small leaves. Large ones take root very badly, since they require a lot of nutrition, and young roots cannot cope with this task. Therefore, begonias with large leaves are propagated by leaf segments.

Part of the sheet

The first way

  1. The leaf is cut into segments in the direction from the central vein to the edges. Each segment should have 1-3 veins.
  2. Lay the pieces of leaf on top of wet sand or peat, you can stick them into the ground with a cut down.
  3. Cover with a plastic bag or put each segment in a separate container and cover with jars.
  4. Keep the soil moist.
  5. The first shoots may appear in 1-3 months.
  6. Gradually accustom the begonia to the air in the apartment and remove the shelter.

Second way

  1. Make cuts across the center vein and the thickest veins.
  2. Spread the leaf out over wet begonias.
  3. Press down with pebbles.
  4. Cover the pot with foil and place in the same place where adult begonias grow.
  5. Keep the soil moist.
  6. When sprouts appear, gradually remove the shelter.

Tuber

Tuberous begonias are also best propagated by cuttings or leaves. Manipulating tubers is very risky, you can lose the whole plant.

  1. At the end of February, after a dormant period, remove the tuber from the pot.
  2. If there are children, separate them and put each in a separate pot.
  3. If there are sprouts on the tuber, it is divided with a sharp knife so that each segment is with a sprout.
  4. Sections are powdered with charcoal or ash.
  5. Deepen the tuber pieces by half (sprouts up, slices down).
  6. Cover with a jar, keep the soil moist.
  7. When the stems are 7 cm long, bury the tuber completely.

Seeds

Against the background of the fact that begonias reproduce well vegetatively, growing from seeds is an illogical decision. However, flower growers also use this method, if neither at home nor friends have the desired variety. Then you can buy seeds in a store or from breeders and try to grow a gorgeous flower from the smallest seed. Sowing seeds is done in December-January, so that begonias bloom by the spring-summer.

  1. Spread the seeds over wet begonias or in peat tablets. Press the seeds to the ground, but do not bury them.
  2. Arrange a mini-greenhouse: cover with foil, place in a disposable container with a lid, etc.
  3. After 2 weeks, if the soil does not dry out and does not become waterlogged, seedlings will appear.
  4. Transfer the seedlings to the lightest window or supplement the lighting with lamps. Gradually remove the shelter.
  5. When 2-3 true leaves appear, each plant can be transplanted into a pot.


Watch the video: BEGONIA PLANT CARE, How to Grow and Propagate Begonia Cuttings - Garden Tips in English


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