How I made a mini-garden for greenery on an open veranda and saved space in the garden


The year before last, we redesigned our summer cottage, making room for a gazebo. As a result, there was a problem of lack of land for planting plants. More specifically, there is no room left for greens, which I really love to grow and use in the preparation of food and drinks.

Spied on the Internet

I tried to find a solution to how other people place plantings on small plots on the Internet, hoping to find there good recommendations for the efficient use of land plots. I opened site after site, but everything that was advised did not work for me. Then on one of the pages I saw a picture of flowers growing in plastic bottles. “This is the solution,” flashed through my head. Since we always bring store water to the dacha for drinking and cooking, a lot of 5-liter containers have accumulated in the shed. A large veranda, glazed on three sides, is attached to our dacha house. It is located on the sunny side, so there is enough light in the room. “Putting two and two together,” I immediately understood where and in what my greens would grow. I want to share an effective way that I experienced last year.

Making mini-beds

The first thing I did was go to the barn and took out some 5 liter plastic bottles. Using the example of one container, I will tell you what I did next.On one of the sides of the bottle with a marker, I drew a future hole in the entire surface area, and then carefully cut it out with a sharp knife along the markings. The frame is ready. A layer of drainage expanded clay was poured at the bottom of the "bed", after which she filled the bottle with fertile soil almost to the top. Now the bed itself is ready.

Landing

I started planting in new beds in April, because the veranda is the same greenhouse. For dill, lettuce and parsley, I allocated 3 bottles each. In the usual way, but having reduced the distance between the rows to 5 cm, I planted this greenery in the first bottles, a week later - in the second, and a week later - in the third. Thus, when on the first "beds" the greenery ran out, on the second it was already quite large, and on the third it was just emerging. The vacated containers can be planted with a new batch of plants, because in the veranda they are less susceptible to external influences and develop very quickly. In the remaining "beds" I planted lemon balm, peppermint, sage, spinach and basil. She put everything on benches along the walls and poured it from a small watering can.

What happened

When the plants sprouted, they began to water as usual, as the soil dries up. The aroma on the veranda was simply divine. I read that spinach repels mosquitoes by the smell of its essential oils. Indeed, these insects were not on the veranda last summer. The place has become very beautiful, and we called it "our greenhouse." I loved to relax and drink tea surrounded by my green pets. Another plus was that for a bunch when cooking, now I did not have to go out into the garden, everything was at hand. Making tea with mint and lemon balm, I simply pinched off the leaves from the bushes.

Recommendation

The method of planting in 5-liter bottles from under water or another drink I have tested I recommend to everyone. Such "beds" can be placed on balconies, loggias and even in urban kitchens. They are also suitable for growing fresh greens in winter.


Rules for planting cucumbers in plastic bottles

Planting cucumbers in 5 liter bottles is one of the new, interesting technologies for growing garden crops, in which you can not only significantly save space, but also get a high-quality harvest. One of the difficulties of this process is the correct timing of planting. Experienced vegetable growers recommend choosing days for planting that are favorable according to the gardener's Lunar calendar, so that growing cucumbers in plastic bottles is as effective as possible.


Growing greens in five-liter bottles - garden and vegetable garden

BOTTLED CUCUMBERS - CONVENIENT AND PROFITABLE

All gardeners have heard how to plant and grow cucumbers. However, there are always those who approach the process creatively. The reasons are different: I want fresh vegetables, but there is no summer cottage, or the climate is not very favorable for growing, etc. This is how a new method appeared - planting cucumbers in plastic bottles, which turned out to be convenient and effective for many vegetable growers.

Plastic bottles have already been adapted for different needs. The method of growing seedlings in them is widespread. Such containers are convenient, lightweight and practically free.
Planting cucumbers in plastic bottles allows you to grow a vegetable on the balcony in an apartment. Successful experiments on the cultivation of vegetables on the balcony are already known, but previously boxes or buckets were used for them. Such a container does not look very presentable and requires a lot of space for placement. And the plastic one is more compact, perfectly transmits the sun's rays, the plants in it feel very comfortable.
The seedlings produced in bottles can be planted both in the country in the open ground and in the greenhouse. Moreover, the plants are placed there along with the bottle.
If you have open ground, you get a mini-plate that will promote faster growth of cucumbers, which will allow them to ripen even during a not too long summer. Or, in the case of early varieties, enjoy the crispy vegetable in June.
How to grow cucumber seedlings
The plastic rim of the bottle will help:
protect the plant from the bear, in the fight against which summer residents often lose
save water when watering. In this case, water flows directly to the roots without spreading over the surface.
rid the seedlings of weeds, they will not interfere with the normal growth of cucumbers and the development of their root system, and also will not "take away" minerals useful for development from the vegetable.
In the case of greenhouse planting, you change the planting soil annually, excluding the formation of pathogens in it, so the plants will be healthy and strong, which is the basis for an excellent harvest.
Preparing the landing site

You can develop your own recipe for preparing soil for planting, based on personal experience. Its main condition is porosity and looseness, so that it has good air permeability. If you are a novice gardener, you can use ready-made soil that is sold in the store and is designed for growing seedlings or vegetables.
How to prepare containers for seedlings
The most common recipe for self-preparation consists of 4 components taken in equal parts:
ordinary soil that can be dug up in the garden
rotted foliage from any tree other than oak and willow
peat
drainage mixture. You can adapt sunflower husks, egg shells or sphagnum moss for it.
Birch ash will not interfere in the soil. Be sure to fill it, if there is such an opportunity, then you are guaranteed a rich harvest.
Always try to prepare high-quality soil, then the cultivation of cucumbers in bottles will take place without complications, the seedlings will develop healthy, and the harvest will be on time.
Plastic bottles for the vegetable garden
Bottle use options

The next step is to deal with the preparation of plastic containers. Bottles are suitable for this with a capacity of 5 or 2 liters. Plants in five liter will feel more comfortable. In such a bottle, you can plant several seeds or seedlings, while in a 2-liter bottle no more than one.
Bottles are prepared simply - just cut off the top (1/3). You will have a plastic pot and a lid for it. In the bottom, you need to organize holes to ensure the outflow of excess moisture if you accidentally overdo it with watering. Fill the resulting containers with prepared soil, shake it a little. Make sure that the soil border is below the cut edge by a few centimeters. Now you can plant germinated seeds or previously prepared seedlings, several pieces in each bottle. When planted in five-liter containers, the maximum number of plants is 5 pieces.
The resulting pots of cucumbers can be placed on the balcony in a place prepared for this or transported to a summer cottage for digging into the soil. The container is buried in the ground for about 2/3, it is worth covering the top with the lids remaining from the pruning in order to create greenhouse conditions for seedlings for growth and to protect them from low temperatures at night. When the cucumbers are strong, the cover is removed.
An unusual way to grow vegetables
For planting in the ground, it is recommended to make more holes in the bottle or remove the bottom altogether, leaving only the side rim.
Plastic bottles are also good for seedling production. To do this, the container is not cut across, but along, removing one wall of the bottle. Fill the container with soil and sow germinated seeds. By the way, this method of breeding seedlings is effective for any crops. In such plastic plantations, it is convenient to grow greenery on the balcony - it will always be at hand and fresh.
The original bottle can be used by cutting it in half. For this, it is better to take a 2-liter. Soil is poured into the "funnel" - a part of the bottle with a lid - and germinated seeds are placed there, and water is poured into the "glass" and a funnel is placed there. The level of the poured water should reach the neck of the plug, of course, remove it. You get an individual autowatering system for each pot you make yourself. It is convenient, beautiful and compact.
Planting cucumbers in bottles
Cucumber care

Cucumbers are delicate plants, they love warmth, but they do not tolerate direct sunlight well, therefore, if a vegetable is grown on the balcony, then it is worth providing it with a comfortable place to grow.
Caring for cucumbers planted in a bottle is almost identical to the usual one.
Water the plants only with water heated to room temperature. 2 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the plants begin to feed using a weak fertilizer solution. It is recommended to start with 15 g of potash and 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate, 5 magnesium sulfate, diluted in a bucket of water. Water the seedlings carefully, being careful not to hurt the leaves. After 10 days, you can feed with manure, which is diluted with water in proportions of 1:20.
When grown in a greenhouse or on a balcony, you need to take care of the formation of cucumber lashes. The operation is done when the real 3rd sheet appears. It is carefully cut, being careful not to damage the stem. A lateral lash will begin to develop from the axillary bud of the second leaf in 5 days. The second pinching is done later on the 5th or 6th sheet, the third - after another 2 new sheets.
Try to keep the plants out of the draft to avoid powdery mildew.
An unusual way to grow cucumbers
Watch the color of the leaves. If yellow spots begin to appear on them, this may be an indicator of a spider mite disease. Treat the plant immediately, otherwise the leaves will dry out. For this purpose, you can use prepared infusions of garlic (5 chopped slices, pour boiling water and insist for about 6 hours) or onion peels (a 0.5 liter jar with peels is poured with hot water, insisted and diluted 1: 2). The infusions are filtered and sprayed with them on the underside of the cucumber leaves, where the pest is located.
Timely activities and vegetable care will guarantee you an excellent harvest.


Growing tomatoes in bottles

Tomatoes are planted in bottles for growing on the balcony when the seedlings reach the age of 50-60 days. Hardening, despite all its usefulness, can be neglected, since the plant will develop in indoor plants. Now prepare the container for planting. Cut off the bottom of a plastic liter container (by about a third). You only need the neck part of the bottle. Remove the grown seedling bush from the glass and place it in the cut bottle so that the roots are in the container and the top comes out. Now fill the container with fertilized, good quality soil and water the plant abundantly. It is convenient to hang the structure like a flowerpot.

You can plant sown plants in five-liter containers. There, the plant will develop until the fruit is harvested.


Landing terms and rules

Planting onions in a prepared container is not difficult. Drainage is laid out on the bottom - expanded clay or brick (broken) is perfect. It is necessary so that the water does not stagnate, but seeps through the stones easily. A fertile substrate is laid next. It should be tamped down before the first holes start.

On the poured ground, the bulbs are laid out, having previously cut off the growth point.

So she will begin to release green leaves faster. The cut end should be placed exactly in the hole made. The torches serve as a kind of cork, the earth does not have the ability to fall out. Soil is poured next, up to a new layer of holes. The process is repeated until all the holes are completely filled with the bow and the space between them with earth.

After planting, the flowerpot should be placed on a deep pallet. It is needed so that moisture after watering does not overflow over the edges. There are no deadlines as such. Planting can be carried out at any time of the year, due to the fact that such plantings will be located and grow at room temperature, in most cases unchanged throughout the year.


Ways to use plastic bottles when planting cucumbers

The technology is suitable for growing crops in different conditions. The landing option depends on them:

  • along with the bottle
  • in a plastic rim
  • under the hood.

The method is selected taking into account the goals of growing cucumbers in plastic bottles, opportunities. Before planting, they study each one, evaluate the possibilities of the place allocated for the culture.

Drop off with the bottle

In a five-liter jar, cut off half across or along. Drainage holes are arranged at the bottom so that excess moisture does not stagnate. They are covered with crushed eggshells and other loose material. Then - the prepared soil mixture.

We sit in a plastic rim

When the seedlings reach maturity, the container is used in two ways:

  1. Planting in the ground with a bush.
  2. The plant is removed along with the lump, and the bottle is reused.

In the first case, contact with hazardous substances, pest larvae is excluded. Get rid of them completely in the open field. Reduces the likelihood of damage to the bush, root system.

We plant under the hood

To grow cucumbers under five-liter bottles, you need to do the following:

  1. The bottom and top of the container are cut off.
  2. The resulting cylinder is immersed in the ground (greenhouse, open beds), leaving a height of 10 cm above the surface.
  3. The soil mixture is poured inside. thoroughly moisturize.
  4. Sow seeds.
  5. Cover with a cut neck, which is tightened with a lid.

The cover is convenient to use for watering, airing seedlings. The cap can be removed when the plant reaches a sufficient height, a constant temperature of the soil and air is established outside. Ultra-early self-pollinating varieties are suitable for planting.

On the balcony

It is possible to grow cucumbers under these conditions in traditional “boats” (containers are cut along). Pots are also convenient. To do this, the upper part of the bottle is cut off and, turning it upside down, is lowered into the second half. The lid is pre-unscrewed. To accommodate more pots, they are hung at different heights. The seedlings will be able to rode along the ropes.

In the open field

For such conditions, two methods are suitable:

  1. Planting cucumber seedlings under a bottle buried 10 cm in the ground.The neck remains open. If the temperature is low, cover with lutrasil.
  2. Seedlings are grown at home, in greenhouses in five-liter bottles. Before planting, carefully separate the bottom, the upper third. The container and a lump of earth are moved into the prepared hole.

In the greenhouse

To get an early harvest of seedlings, cucumber seeds can be planted like this. On the beds, the top layer of earth is removed on the bayonet of a shovel. Fill with rotted horse manure mixed in equal proportions with straw. Sprinkle with half of the removed soil, spill with hot water, cover with foil. After 3 days, you can dig in a plastic jar with seed. Cover with lutrasil, film. When the bushes are strong enough, the temperature will be established, the shelter is removed. They tie up.


Cucumber care

Cucumbers are delicate plants, they love warmth, but they do not tolerate direct sunlight well, therefore, if a vegetable is grown on the balcony, then it is worth providing it with a comfortable place to grow.
Caring for cucumbers planted in a bottle is almost identical to the usual one.

Water the plants only with water heated to room temperature. 2 weeks after the emergence of seedlings, the plants begin to feed using a weak fertilizer solution. It is recommended to start with 15 g of potassium and 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 g of superphosphate, 5 magnesium sulfate, diluted in a bucket of water. Water the seedlings carefully, being careful not to hurt the leaves. After 10 days, you can feed with manure, which is diluted with water in proportions of 1:20.

When grown in a greenhouse or on a balcony, you need to take care of the formation of cucumber lashes. The operation is performed when the real 3rd sheet appears. It is carefully cut, being careful not to damage the stem. A lateral lash will begin to develop from the axillary bud of the second leaf in 5 days. The second pinching is done later on the 5th or 6th sheet, the third - after 2 more new sheets.
Try to keep the plants out of the draft to avoid powdery mildew.

Watch the color of the leaves. If yellow spots begin to appear on them, this may be an indicator of a spider mite disease. Treat the plant immediately, otherwise the leaves will dry out. For this purpose, you can use prepared infusions of garlic (5 chopped slices, pour boiling water and insist for about 6 hours) or onion peels (a 0.5 liter jar with peels is poured with hot water, insisted and diluted 1: 2). The infusions are filtered and sprayed with them on the underside of the cucumber leaves, where the pest is located.

Timely activities and vegetable care will guarantee you an excellent harvest.


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