The fact that you can find different varieties of apricot seedlings on sale does not stop gardeners from wanting to grow them on their own. The idea of u200b u200bmaking a large tree from a small bone, for some it occurs because of the high price of seedlings, for others - for the sake of experiment. Fearing that the apricot will not grow, gardeners are looking for a solution to this problem on the Internet. The following material will allow you to avoid mistakes in growing seedlings from seed at home.
On this issue, the opinion of practitioners of growing seedlings of gardeners was divided. Some believe that a good apricot tree adapted to the climate can be obtained from the seed. Others argue that seedlings are best grown by grafting on stone fruit crops. The option with a bone will be successful if you know some of the subtleties of breeding them.... Otherwise, the apricot will turn out to be "wild".
The stone method allows you to grow as many seedlings as you like. By subsequently selecting the strongest plants, you can get trees superior to their parents in taste and fruit size. It is best to take seeds from apricots that grow in your area as planting material.... If there is such an opportunity, you can order planting material from gardeners living in the Northern regions or Siberia.
Apricots growing in harsh climatic conditions will take root well in any region. When buying apricots on the market for cultivation, choose domestic fruits, they must be ripe and large. It is very difficult to grow imported varieties, but for the sake of experiment you can try... The resulting bones do not need to be split; it is enough to wash and dry them.
For growing seedlings, bones of hardy and self-fertile varieties should be taken. Heat-loving varieties will not work, they will not withstand the climate of this zone. It is better to give preference to frost-resistant trees. The most suitable varieties for the Moscow region:
Apricots bred on the basis of the Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences will feel good. Due to their biological characteristics, these varieties are distinguished by their hardiness and good adaptability. The varieties most adapted to the conditions of the given strip:
Gardeners manage to grow seed apricots, even under the conditions of the harsh Siberian winter... The hardening of seeds and deep planting will help to achieve the survival rate of seedlings. It is very difficult to grow an apricot in Siberia, since in winter the ground freezes in places up to 2-2.5 meters. The most winter-hardy varieties for this region:
The conditions for growing apricots for these regions, in contrast to the South-East, require special conditions for planting, care and shelter for the winter.
It is preferable to plant frost-resistant varieties, otherwise the seedlings may die. Be sure to cover for the winter.
In the description above, it was already mentioned that it is better to take Far Eastern or Siberian apricot varieties as planting material. They are easier to germinate and take root better. If southern and Asian varieties are planted, they will freeze or grow very weak. For planting, take ripe, unspoiled fruits... The pulp should separate well from the stone. There should be no traces of mold, worms and chips inside the apricot. The removed bones must be washed with water. To prevent the bones from becoming moldy during storage, they need to be treated with hydrogen peroxide and dried.
Bones are planted in the soil in the fall, if this is done in the summer, they can be destroyed by rodents. Several seeds are sown at once, since not every one will grow. In order for the seedling to be hardened, it is necessary to produce artificial or natural stratification.... The procedure will allow you to grow strong and hardy seedlings for the northern regions from seeds without any problems.
Natural stratification is carried out in the month of January-February. The bones must be placed inside the container with drainage holes. Cover them with raw sand, bury them in the ground, or just leave them outside... Artificially, the hardening procedure is carried out in the refrigerator. The container with sand and seeds is moistened, placed on the shelf of the refrigerator until spring.
For good pollination, it is better to plant several varieties at once. In dry weather, do not allow the soil to dry out. With an excess of moisture, you need to loosen the ground more often, this measure will save the roots from decay.
The first year the plant is not disturbed. When spring comes, pinch the top... Until autumn, the seedling is watered, fertilized and loosened. For the winter, they are covered with spruce branches. In the spring, the shelter is removed. The formed twigs are pinched again. If the growth of the seedling stretches in one direction, it can be tied up.
A biennial plant is transplanted into open ground to a new place in autumn or early spring. Landing sequence:
The growth of the apricot must be constantly monitored. Patient and caring gardeners will surely grow a beautiful apricot seed garden. The fruits will look special, and their taste will be unique.... Thanks to the efforts, do-it-yourself apricots will become the pride of the gardener.
The growth of the tree depends on proper care. Therefore, it is so important to follow some rules. The entire growing period of a seedling requires more care than a perennial tree. The more effort will be spent on leaving, the more generous the harvest can be expected. General rules for caring for seedlings grown from seed:
Further care for a plant grown from a bone is the same as for a seedling purchased from a nursery. A tree grown in this way is more adapted to harsh climatic conditions. Such apricots are unpretentious, do not require special agrotechnical methods of care.
Gardeners, based on their observations, note: the fruits of such trees are less likely to get sick and are practically never wormy. Ripe apricots will taste different from their parent varieties. Thanks to such experiments, it is possible to obtain a variety that is unique in its characteristics. The tree will begin to bear fruit in 5-7 years.... If the seeds are planted after the first harvest, even more resistant seedlings of the second generation will grow. The presented material can be a great idea for a profitable business for growing apricot seedlings in your country house for sale.
Growing an apricot from a stone will definitely lead to a harvest, and this will take place in 5-6 years. But, firstly, it will be a couple of years later than when buying a ready-made seedling and, secondly, if cuttings of the desired variety are not grafted onto the grown seedling, it is not at all a fact that it will bear fruit with the same apricots as the one, from which the bone was taken.
In any case, to grow apricots in this way, you should take seeds only from the fruits of local, zoned varieties.
Despite the fact that many gardeners are doubtful about the idea of growing apricot from seeds, they do not argue with the fact that the resulting trees, if done correctly, will be more unpretentious. And, of course, there is a plus in the fact that you can plant at least a dozen seeds (after all, they will most likely get as a free supplement to the purchased fruits!), And then choose the best specimens from the seedlings received for planting in a permanent place.
The seeds are waste material, and the seedlings will turn out to be almost free.
Unlike the more familiar apple and pear trees, the risk of getting a completely wild apricot from the stone is minimal. Perhaps it will produce even better fruits than the mother tree. But it is impossible to predict this in advance, therefore, rootstocks are most often grown from the seeds, and then apricots of the desired varieties are grafted onto them.
The next stage of growing apricot at home is stratification, which involves hardening the seeds by exposing them to a temperature close to zero, and it is permissible to carry it out both before planting the seeds and after.
The first option provides for the phased implementation of the following actions:
How to harden already sown apricot pits correctly:
Not all the seeds that the gardener sprouts will be able to maintain germination.
Experts assure that autumn planting is preferable to spring planting. This is due to the fact that the seeds undergo natural stratification. With the onset of spring, the seed begins to germinate without outside help, thus, it turns out, get rid of weak and non-viable sprouts.
But regions with cold climates should give preference to the spring option, since the seed can simply freeze in the garden. In addition, you need to soak the seed in advance in order to germinate faster.
The fruit of the apricot tree, or apricot, is a unique and delicious fruit. It contains a lot of useful elements: phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, provitamin A, many acids and important microelements. To grow an apricot tree yourself and get a good harvest, you need to know about the correct choice of seed for growing and further care for the seedling.
As a starting material, a regional fruit of the first harvest is suitable, that is, one that is successfully grown in your area and firmly tolerates all the natural and climatic conditions of your area. A non-regional apricot may not give a good harvest or will not take root at all.
You buy local first ripe apricots from summer residents, specifying the variety and taste characteristics. Eat them with pleasure, but don't throw them away. Do not forget to pay attention to the fact that the bone is easily separated from the fruit pulp - this is a sign that it is ready for future planting.
You also need to decide if you would like the seed to be sweet or bitter. A seed with any flavor profile is useful: both sweet and bitter seeds contain a large amount of fatty acids, minerals and vitamins. At the same time, the bitter bone contains more vitamin B17.
Selected seeds of only ripe fruits are washed well under running water, dried and stored in a ventilated place with a low humidity. It is better to collect a lot of seeds, since not all of them will be able to sprout in the spring.
The best time for planting is late autumn before the first severe frosts, or mid-spring. If you decide to plant the bones closer to the middle of autumn, then there is a high probability that the bones will be eaten by rodents.
It is better to plant apricot pits in a garden or vegetable garden than the decision to grow a tree at home, since this process will harden the seedling, and it will be able to withstand any bad weather in the future, while home ones may not survive the first cold weather.
The choice of a place for planting a future tree is not critical. It can be anything, since you will subsequently have the opportunity to transplant the seedling to another place after it is sufficiently strong.
Before the autumn planting, the seeds are pre-selected. To do this, they are placed in water for about a day. Those that flared up are immediately eliminated, since they are empty inside, and nothing will come of them.
Everything that has passed the selection is placed in a previously prepared trench 5-6 cm deep. Humus, straw, sand, black soil are laid out at the bottom of the trench, then bones are placed, then they are sprinkled with the same composition, and sprinkled with earth on top.
Do not plant the bones too superficially, as in this case birds can peck them. But too deep a landing is not acceptable. The relatively middle arrangement will harden the seeds, leaving the strongest representatives for the shoots.
Spring planting, unlike autumn planting, implies several nuances. Seeds undergo stratification, that is, long-term storage of seeds at a certain temperature for their further fruitful germination. The same process goes through the seeds planted in the fall, only in a more natural way.
Around the end of January, the bones are placed in a box of wet sand, which is then lowered into the cellar or refrigerated until April. The storage temperature should always be + 2 ° C, and the sand should always be moist.
Or, at the beginning of March, the seeds can be soaked in water for three days, changing the water every day and avoiding souring.After the bones are saturated with moisture, they are placed in wet sand, lowered into the cellar, and in April they are planted in the same way as in the autumn.
How to grow apricot seedlings from the seed by planting in open ground is shown in the following video:
In the spring, when the first leaves and stalk appear, future trees must be protected from birds, rodents, cats and other living creatures by making shelters from clipped plastic containers, which will serve as a fence for delicate seedlings.
They do not require complex care - watering every two weeks (or more often, depending on the temperature) and loosening the earth around the stem. Over the summer, the seedling matures, and in the fall it can be transplanted to another place.
It should be borne in mind that at least two seedlings must be left in the garden to ensure good pollination. They must be planted at a distance of 3-4 meters from each other.
The place for further transplanting can be any, but it is better that it is not too shady, so that the fruits are better poured. Dig a hole, fill the bottom with a mixture of humus, black soil, grass, tops and other organic matter, sprinkle the litter with earth. After that, spread the roots of the seedling and thoroughly fill the entire planting hole with earth.
In the first year, at the beginning of spring, the tree is pruned, removing dried twigs and shoots. Further care consists in abundant watering in the summer, once every couple of weeks. The root part is covered with sawdust or grass to avoid drying out. Five years after planting, the tree should give its first harvest.
The home process is not much different from a regular planting, so you already have the information you need to have a successful growing experience. However, there are several nuances that will be highlighted below.
There are no specific conditions for the choice of soil. You can purchase both ordinary soil and peat. Before planting, the soil mixture must be well moistened with settled running or rain water.
For the first time, an ordinary plastic cup is enough, but as the seedling develops, it will need to be transplanted into a deep pot, since the root system of the apricot tree is quite long. It is better to choose a pot from natural environmentally friendly materials. A wooden barrel, earthen pot, or stone pot works well.
To plant, you need to stock up on the required number of plastic cups or special nurseries that are sold in gardening stores. You also need to stock up on drainage, which is placed at the very bottom of the glass. On top of the drainage, a moistened soil mixture is laid, in which a germinated seed is planted.
Home-grown seeds also go through a stratification period that lasts about 100 days, and the same selection as described above. After the hardening period has passed, the germinated planting material is planted in plastic cups with a hole in the bottom so that excess liquid can drain out.
In this video, the gardener talks about growing an apricot tree at home:
Home-grown apricot trees need constant care. It is very important to feed, rid the tree of various pests, as well as diseases.
Various diseases and pests can reduce the yield of any tree, including apricot. Moreover, there are different types of diseases.
Diseases caused by viral or bacterial infections:
Diseases caused by fungal infections:
Beware of eggs and larvae of such pests as aphids (deforms the leaves), moth (its caterpillars settle inside the fruit, eat the pulp, accelerating decay), fruit striped moth (caterpillars eat buds and shoots), weevil (spoils inflorescences, leaves, in summer - fruit). Treatment with a solution of laundry soap and insecticidal agents is effective against pests.
It is best to feed the tree in the fall, after the leaves have fallen, so that the soil can be enriched with useful nutrients and is ready for spring.
The best way to apply fertilizer is by root dressing. Wood ash, peat, sawdust with sand, eggshells are used as top dressing. During the summer, it is useful to feed young seedlings with nettle infusion mixed with manure.
An apricot seedling will require frequent replanting: a young tree must be replanted once a year, a grown one every 4 years, and the diameter of the pot will increase by 10 centimeters each time. Keep in mind that a home-grown tree is likely to die in the first frost if you decide to transplant it outdoors.
You need to know that the seed contains the genetic information of many generations, as a result of which it is not always possible to grow a tree with a similar harvest from planting materials collected from a tree with large and beautiful fruits.
If you are frustrated that you have not been able to grow a tree with certain characteristics, try grafting a more “successful” specimen into it. However, in order to avoid this nuisance, it is necessary to plant a large number of seeds at a time in order to choose the best seedling in the future.
The whole growing process is very exciting and entertaining. The main thing is not to forget about the timing of planting, monitor the temperature during stratification, take care of seedlings and mature trees, loosen the soil, whitewash in autumn and spring, timely cut apricots and spraying. All preventive measures will help you keep the tree healthy and fruitful.
After germinating apricot seeds in pots, you can transplant them into open ground or get a beautiful decorative home tree.
Learn how to make blackberry jam without cooking and how to store dessert.
How to remove lipstick from white and colored clothes and remove a stain without a trace? The answer is in this article.
Visit http://poryadok-v-dome.com/sovety/santehnika/smesitel-dlya-vannoj.html for helpful tips on which mixer is the best for your bathroom.
Planting apricot seed in pots does not require complex work:
Planting is carried out in the spring, after the end of stratification.
For full growth and development, an apricot requires light, warmth and timely watering:
The hardened sprouts are transferred to the open ground in the garden area. If you plan to grow apricots at home, they are transplanted into a more spacious pot (since the growing root system will require more and more space). In the future, domestic trees are transplanted about once a year, "giving" them an ever more spacious tub.
[note] Healthy adult apricots in the garden area bring abundant harvests, delighting the owners with juicy fruits. Homemade apricots in pots, of course, do not bear fruit, but they are a stylish interior decoration for an apartment or office. Even at home, apricot trees can grow up to one and a half to two meters in height. [/ Note]
Video about the features of growing an apricot tree from a stone and about the rules for caring for a plant:
Eating a fragrant, sweet apricot, bought in the market or brought from a neighbor, you probably wondered: is it possible to grow an apricot from a stone? We answer: you can. But only the same tree does not have to grow from the seed of this sweet and fragrant fruit. In other words, an apricot seed will give a tree similar to both "mom" and "dad" and "grandmother" and great-great ... (everything is like people).
But only the same tree does not have to grow from the seed of this sweet and fragrant fruit.
In other words, an apricot seed will give a tree similar to both "mom" and "dad" and "grandmother" and great-great ... (everything is like people).
Wild boar will grow - possibly tastier, and more productive, but not the same as the mother tree.
Therefore, growing an apricot from a stone is not a guarantee that you will get a tree with the same characteristics from where the fruit was taken from. It's always an experiment. But the experiment is fascinating, not troublesome, and its result will be a surprise, albeit a delayed one. Therefore, we suggest you learn how to grow an apricot from a stone, so as not to get into a mess and prevent elementary mistakes.
You can grow an apricot from a stone at home, but you can propagate it vegetatively, through the stock, or buy a seedling of a specific variety in the nursery. Each of the methods has its own advantages and disadvantages.
- It's cheap, practically - free, you can plant an unlimited number of seeds, engage in your own selection, choosing the most persistent specimens
- There is a high probability that you will get a high-yielding tree, although it will be wild (poles)
- Apricot grown from seed turns out to be more adapted to your soil and climate
- Such apricots (like the "apricot on apricot" scion) very often suffer from bark damage in winter - these are cracks in the forks, burns, annular lesions near the root collar.
Therefore, it is better to graft an apricot stalk on a plum (cherry, blackthorn), and use the seeds from the fruits of this tree to grow young apricots. And already such trees will be resistant to your climate.
Although grafting fruit trees is a separate topic.
- Fruiting an apricot grown from a stone will not necessarily be the same fruit as its "mother"
There are several points to consider when choosing. Take slightly overripe, large fruits, the seeds of which are well separated from the pulp. This is a guarantee that the kernel inside the stone is not bitter, and the fruits will grow delicious.
Take only zoned varieties adapted for your region, in extreme cases - varieties of more "northern", cold-resistant apricots. Do not start planting apricots from seeds obtained from fruits from the southern regions: they will freeze out. And forget about huge Turkish, Spanish and other overseas apricots.
It is best to plant apricot pits in late autumn. Although there are landing options in summer and spring.
Some Michurinians advise to adhere to the principle "from the mouth to the garden." That is, he ate the pulp, and immediately planted the bone. The method is good for its simplicity, but it has two significant drawbacks:
- for better germination, the bones should lie down so that the nucleoli are dried
- rodents love apricot pits, and will take them out of the garden by winter.
In the summer, collect the bones, peel them from the pulp, dry them slightly and put them in a bag in a dark, dry place. Immediately before planting the seeds, they are soaked in rain or boiled water for 1-2 days, periodically changing the water.
Before the onset of frost (October-November), the seeds are sown in the ground. In order to be on the safe side and not to "hammer" the ground, the garden bed can be prepared in early autumn, and then covered with a bag or plastic, so that the ground in this place does not freeze.
— into the grooves with subsequent seedlings. In this case, a groove is made with a depth of 2-3 cm. Why is it so shallow? It is very important for an apricot that the root collar is not buried in the ground.
In addition, the strongest, most resilient trees grow from apricots that have simply fallen to the ground, where no one bury them. The seeds of such fruits undergo a real winter hardening, without shelter.
Shallow planting of apricots will allow you to identify "sissies" and "frozen" - in the spring they will not rise, and you do not need them.
If the winters in your area are very harsh, you can plant a little deeper (maximum - 6 centimeters). Leave a small distance between the bones - about 10 centimeters. Do not cover the beds, if they are very dry - first spill the ground with water.
In the spring, the planting should emerge. The first year, apricot seedlings grow in the same place. It is not necessary to feed them, except that closer to autumn with phosphorus fertilizers - so that the shoots become lignified better and the tree overwintered.
In the second year, the best seedlings are chosen and planted in a permanent place.
— in the pits to a permanent place. Apricot does not like transplants. Each apricot transplant inhibits its development. For example, an apricot from a rootstock bears fruit already in the third year, from a stone without a transplant - on average for the fifth, with a transplant - only in the 7th.
After 5 years of age, the apricot is not transplanted. Therefore, there is a reason to plant an apricot seed in a permanent place.To do this, make a shallow round fossa, and lay out a dozen bones in a circle (so that there is something to choose from).
A year later, after the first wintering of the seedlings, one, the strongest, is chosen, the rest are removed / transplanted.
— there is another way to plant apricot pits. You can learn more about it from this video:
3) Planting pitted apricots in spring.
If in previous cases the apricot kernel was naturally hardened by frost, then here it will be necessary to create artificial conditions for hardening (to stratify the seeds).
To do this, around January, the apricot seeds are placed in boxes with wet sand (the boxes should have drainage holes at the bottom). The boxes are placed in a refrigerator, a cellar, buried in the ground - in a word, they create conditions close to winter ones.
The seeds are planted in the ground in April - the same as during the autumn planting.
In principle, you can grow an apricot from a seed in a pot - like seedlings for spring planting. But it is better not to pamper the tree ahead of time in warm home conditions, and not to occupy yourself with unnecessary work.
The apricot grown from the stone in the first year of life must be protected not so much from frost as from birds, rodents, hares and other animals, for which a young shoot is a delicacy.
Remember that apricots are demanding on light and heat, so they are allocated sunny or slightly shaded areas, not in the lowlands. The distance between two trees must be at least 4 meters. In one garden, it is recommended to plant at least 3-4 apricots for better pollination.
Apricot can hardly be called whimsical to the composition of the soil - rather, it is picky about its structure. The soil for the apricot should be loose, light. On heavy soils, the soil for planting pits is prepared specially from a mixture of earth, sand and peat.
To do this, the above-mentioned mixture is poured into the planting hole with a slide, a seedling is placed on the top of the slide, and its roots are straightened along the slopes. Next, carefully fill the hole with the mixture to ground level, making sure not to sprinkle the root collar of the apricot. The tree is well watered.
In general, apricots, like all fruit trees, need to be watered rarely, but abundantly - 1-2 times a month.
In the future, caring for an apricot grown from a stone will be no different from growing other apricots.
So, if you are wondering - will an apricot grow from a stone, - we answer: it will grow! But what qualities he will have is unknown.
therefore most often a certain variety is grafted onto apricots grown from stone (a cut twig from neighbors, from a nursery). And if you like experimentation, wait until the apricot grown from the stone begins to bear fruit.
It is possible that it is your bone that will be happy and will give a fruitful, large-fruited, excellent tree!
In conclusion, we offer your attention a video on how to grow an apricot from a stone, from a Ukrainian gardening enthusiast:
Tatiana Kuzmenko, member of the editorial board Sobcor of the Internet edition “AtmAgro. Agroindustrial Bulletin "