Despite the popularity of Santa potatoes, many gardeners do not even know about the existence of this variety. And it’s in vain - the Santa variety has a good taste, high yield, unpretentiousness in care and storage. It is grown both by agricultural firms and private farms, and some agronomists do not even have an idea about the name of this variety.
Santa belongs to the mid-early table varieties. The vegetative period from the first germination to harvest takes 80–90 days. The potato yield is high, from 27 to 50 t / ha, varies depending on the region, soil nutritional value and cultivation techniques. Root crops are beautifully shaped, the skin is smooth, yellow, rather thin, but at the same time dense and serves as a reliable protection against damage.
The variety is zoned for a specific climatic zone, including the Volgo-Vyatka, Central, West Siberian, Lower Volga, Far Eastern and Northern regions. Potato bushes are erect, low, intermediate type, the root system is well developed. The leaves are simple, have a rich dark green color. The flowers are white, large in size, collected in small corollas. 15–20 potato tubers are formed under each bush, the harvested roots are well stored. To get a good harvest, you need to feed the plants in a timely manner with complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter.
Oval-shaped Santa potato tubers weighing 100-150 grams
Santa is a rather thermophilic variety, so its planting should be started only after the threat of frost has completely passed. A not too hot temperature and moderate air humidity are optimal for plants. In hot and dry conditions, the growth of tubers stops.
The main features of the variety:
The Santa variety was originally bred in Holland; it was added to the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1993. The variety is thermophilic, therefore, it is planted only after the soil has completely warmed up. First, the soil is loosened and the remains of plants and other excess substances are selected from it, then a small amount of old humus or ash is laid out in the holes. The depth of the holes is no more than ten centimeters, the distance between the potato tubers is 35–40 cm. The row spacing should be wide.
Potatoes of this variety prefer moderately moist soil, so they need to be watered quite often. Ideally, it is worth organizing a drip irrigation system that will provide the soil with the necessary moisture without the risk of its erosion. During the season, it is necessary to apply mineral and organic fertilizing twice to the soil. Abundant nitrogen fertilization should be avoided, otherwise the increased growth of tops will begin, and the development of tubers will significantly slow down. It is better in total, add balanced mineral complexes and diluted bird droppings or mullein to the soil.
Santa potatoes are planted to a depth of no more than 10 cm
The Sante variety does not show a tendency to degeneration, but experienced farmers still recommend renewing the seed every 5-6 years. Collect it from the most productive bushes, without signs of damage by pests or viruses. Selected plants are marked ahead of time, after harvest they are sorted, dried and stored separately. Thorough drying of the tubers after harvesting is a prerequisite that must be observed when growing these potatoes.
The variety is practically not susceptible to mechanical damage, therefore it tolerates mechanized harvesting well. It is practically not affected by such diseases as scab, mosaic viruses, cyst nematode and potato cancer, but it can become infected with late blight. To prevent this disease, planting areas should be regularly treated with special preparations and potatoes should not be planted for a long time in the same area. Excessive watering can result in a disease such as black leg, and potato tops can be affected by aphids or the Colorado potato beetle.
Potatoes have a pleasant and rich taste, they cook quickly. During heat treatment, the tubers do not darken and retain their original shape. The Santa variety can be used for preparing semi-finished products, chips and vegetable mixtures, baking, stuffing. Due to its low starch content, it is not suitable for mashed potatoes.
Following these simple rules will help you get a good harvest of Santa potatoes.
Santa's potatoes must be harvested in a timely manner and dried thoroughly
Santa's potatoes have many positive qualities - they are tasty, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes, are not picky to care for and are resistant to most dangerous diseases. However, when planting potatoes on unsuitable soil or violating cultivation techniques, there is a risk of getting complete disappointment instead of a rich harvest. Therefore, if the features of your site do not allow you to grow Santa, it is better to stay on some other variety.
Every summer resident who cultivates potatoes wants to grow a variety that will yield a crop at the earliest possible date. To do this, you need to plant early potato varieties. At the disposal of modern farmers there is such a variety of potatoes with early ripening of tubers that it is sometimes difficult to make a choice. To solve this problem, you need to familiarize yourself with the description of each variety, find out their differences. In this article we will try to answer these questions.
Hardworking gardeners try to grow various varieties of potatoes on their plots. Of course, the goal is one - to find exactly the variety that would suit your taste and was unpretentious in cultivation. Both domestic and foreign breeders work to help vegetable growers.
Several decades ago, Dutch scientists from Aqriko UA developed a potato variety called Santa. After passing the tests, Santa was included in the State Register of Russia and since 1993 has been successfully grown in our country. The variety is zoned for many climatic zones. The regions of admission are:
Sante potatoes are zoned for many climatic zones
The Santa potato is a tall plant with erect or semi-erect stems that are covered with medium-sized dark green leaves. The flowers are medium-sized, white. The root system is well developed.
Tuber weight can range from 100 to 150 g. The shape of the root crop is mostly oval, but can be rounded-oval. The yellow colored rind has a smooth surface. The skin can be called thin, but at the same time it is quite dense, which helps to tolerate transportation well and contributes to long storage. Small numerous eyes are evenly distributed over the entire surface. The pulp is light yellow, dense in structure. The cut does not darken for a long time. The tuber contains from 10 to 14% starch.
Mid-season Santa is not a particularly whimsical variety, but it is necessary to know certain features of agricultural technology.
Potatoes, like other garden crops, need watering, loosening, weeding. In the period before the emergence of shoots, there is a high probability of the appearance of a large number of weeds on the ridges. Therefore, the soil is carefully loosened, all weeds are removed so that they do not drown out the shoots of potatoes. Loosening also contributes to better air permeability of the soil, therefore, it is carried out after watering.
The variety is drought-resistant, but this does not mean that you can forget about watering. Santa gives good results precisely with moderate watering. If there is enough moisture from precipitation, you can do without watering. In dry summer, potatoes are watered based on the state of the plants. This is especially important during the budding period and at the peak of flowering bushes, when tubers are forming on the stolons. The leaves on potatoes should not be allowed to wilt, but if this happens, urgent and high-quality watering is required. In the period after flowering and before maturation of the tubers, the need for moisture is minimal.
Top dressing begins to be applied (if necessary) during the period of emergence of potatoes, when the bushes begin to pick up buds and at the peak of flowering. The usual fertilizer is diluted mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20), and ash is also added during the flowering period.
Hilling of potatoes is mandatory, which is usually carried out twice. The first time, when the sprouts of potatoes will be up to 10 cm high, the second time - when the bushes are up to 15 cm, but before the flowering of the plants. Hilling after rains or watering, it will be more effective. Use hoes, hoes or use special units.
Hilling provides a comfortable environment for the formation of stolons and tubers, the growth of the root system. Within a few days after hilling, the bushes begin to grow rapidly, the color of the leaves becomes brighter, plantings are pleasing to the eye.
Optimal harvest time - when dry, sunny weather was established and all the bushes withered. If the weather is humid, after harvesting, the tubers should be spread out to dry for several hours.
Sante potatoes are best stored in plastic or wooden containers. at a temperature of + 2 ... + 5 ° С. The keeping quality indicator for this variety is 92%, which distinguishes it from others. Humidity in storage areas should not exceed 70%.
Among the numerous and varied varieties of potatoes, you always want to choose the most delicious, the most productive, with a long shelf life and good resistance to diseases. And these are not only dreams. One of the varieties that requires minimal maintenance is potatoes with the affectionate name Zhuravinka. Judging by the photos, reviews and descriptions of vegetable growers, this choice met their expectations.
The plant is of medium height (40-50 cm), rather compact due to erect shoots. The leaves are small, rounded, slightly wavy along the edge, dense. The corolla of the flower is red-violet.
The tubers are round or oblong-oval. The average length of the fruit is 8 cm, weight is 90–150 g. The peel is of medium thickness, slightly rough, the flesh is light yellow, sometimes creamy. It boils well when cooked.
The variety was bred at the Belarusian Research Institute of Potato Growing. Included in the State Register of Russia in 2005, zoned for the Volgo-Vyatka, North-West and Central regions. It is also successfully grown in the southern regions.
The yellow pulp of Zhuravinka potatoes boils well
Some of the features of this potato are worth knowing:
Zhuravinka gives good yields and keeps well
When growing Zhuravinka, special attention should be paid to the following points:
One of the disadvantages of Zhuravinka potatoes is susceptibility to Colorado beetles. Black spots on tubers that are difficult to scrape off are the most noticeable sign of rhizoctonia. The development of late blight is promoted by a moist environment Medvedka gnaws young shoots, damages tubers
Zhuravinka is a medium late potato, that is, the harvest is harvested 110–120 days after germination. This period in the middle lane falls on the end of September. Potatoes should be harvested on a dry, sunny morning.
The tubers have a rough skin, so drying must be thorough so that not a single gram of moisture remains on the tubers. This procedure is the key to good storage of the crop.
The tubers endure mechanical damage without consequences, all the wounds received during digging will heal, and the potatoes will lie perfectly all winter.
Zhuravinka is great for deep-fried potatoes
The crop is used to make chips loved by many. The high starch content (14.6–19.6%) allows you to prepare a fluffy puree even without milk. When fried, this variety is no less tasty: crispy crust and tender crumbly pulp. Ideal for casseroles.
For salads, these tubers are not the best option, they can be boiled. Although there is also a way out. Slightly undercooked tubers are left in boiling water for several minutes, they will "reach" and not boil over.
Zhuravinka needs light, medium soils. Humidity likes uniform. Overflow, like drying out, cannot stand. Considering that the variety is multi-tuberous (I grew it, then there are 20 or more tubers in the bush - but in the end its taste did not suit me), then the fertilization should be appropriate, but does not like an overdose of nitrogen.
There is a variety Zhuravinka, we refused it, although it is a resistant variety to late blight, it still had not too large tubers.
The Zhuravinka potato variety is excellent for growing in central Russia. A high yield will be well preserved in the cellar. Delicious dishes can be prepared from this potato, however, it should be borne in mind that the tubers are well boiled.