Santa potatoes: description and characteristics of the variety


Despite the popularity of Santa potatoes, many gardeners do not even know about the existence of this variety. And it’s in vain - the Santa variety has a good taste, high yield, unpretentiousness in care and storage. It is grown both by agricultural firms and private farms, and some agronomists do not even have an idea about the name of this variety.

Santa potatoes: variety description with photo

Santa belongs to the mid-early table varieties. The vegetative period from the first germination to harvest takes 80–90 days. The potato yield is high, from 27 to 50 t / ha, varies depending on the region, soil nutritional value and cultivation techniques. Root crops are beautifully shaped, the skin is smooth, yellow, rather thin, but at the same time dense and serves as a reliable protection against damage.

The variety is zoned for a specific climatic zone, including the Volgo-Vyatka, Central, West Siberian, Lower Volga, Far Eastern and Northern regions. Potato bushes are erect, low, intermediate type, the root system is well developed. The leaves are simple, have a rich dark green color. The flowers are white, large in size, collected in small corollas. 15–20 potato tubers are formed under each bush, the harvested roots are well stored. To get a good harvest, you need to feed the plants in a timely manner with complex mineral fertilizers and organic matter.

Oval-shaped Santa potato tubers weighing 100-150 grams

Santa is a rather thermophilic variety, so its planting should be started only after the threat of frost has completely passed. A not too hot temperature and moderate air humidity are optimal for plants. In hot and dry conditions, the growth of tubers stops.

The main features of the variety:

  • Potato tubers are rather large, neat, oval or round-oval in shape. Weight ranges from 100 to 150 grams.
  • The starch content is low - from 10 to 14.2%. Most often this variety is used for making French fries.
  • There are quite a few eyes, but they are located superficially and are almost invisible.

Main characteristics

The Santa variety was originally bred in Holland; it was added to the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1993. The variety is thermophilic, therefore, it is planted only after the soil has completely warmed up. First, the soil is loosened and the remains of plants and other excess substances are selected from it, then a small amount of old humus or ash is laid out in the holes. The depth of the holes is no more than ten centimeters, the distance between the potato tubers is 35–40 cm. The row spacing should be wide.

Potatoes of this variety prefer moderately moist soil, so they need to be watered quite often. Ideally, it is worth organizing a drip irrigation system that will provide the soil with the necessary moisture without the risk of its erosion. During the season, it is necessary to apply mineral and organic fertilizing twice to the soil. Abundant nitrogen fertilization should be avoided, otherwise the increased growth of tops will begin, and the development of tubers will significantly slow down. It is better in total, add balanced mineral complexes and diluted bird droppings or mullein to the soil.

Santa potatoes are planted to a depth of no more than 10 cm

The Sante variety does not show a tendency to degeneration, but experienced farmers still recommend renewing the seed every 5-6 years. Collect it from the most productive bushes, without signs of damage by pests or viruses. Selected plants are marked ahead of time, after harvest they are sorted, dried and stored separately. Thorough drying of the tubers after harvesting is a prerequisite that must be observed when growing these potatoes.

The variety is practically not susceptible to mechanical damage, therefore it tolerates mechanized harvesting well. It is practically not affected by such diseases as scab, mosaic viruses, cyst nematode and potato cancer, but it can become infected with late blight. To prevent this disease, planting areas should be regularly treated with special preparations and potatoes should not be planted for a long time in the same area. Excessive watering can result in a disease such as black leg, and potato tops can be affected by aphids or the Colorado potato beetle.

Potatoes have a pleasant and rich taste, they cook quickly. During heat treatment, the tubers do not darken and retain their original shape. The Santa variety can be used for preparing semi-finished products, chips and vegetable mixtures, baking, stuffing. Due to its low starch content, it is not suitable for mashed potatoes.

Advantages:

  • early and amicable ripening of tubers;
  • high productivity;
  • simplicity in care and resistance to mechanical damage;
  • excellent taste and versatility of potatoes;
  • resistance to most dangerous diseases.

Disadvantages:

  • sensitivity to temperature and soil nutrition;
  • frost intolerance.

Agronomist tips and reviews

Following these simple rules will help you get a good harvest of Santa potatoes.

  1. Santa loves sunshine, so do not choose a shade planting site.
  2. The soil should be oxygen-rich, fertile and light.
  3. It is optimal to plant potatoes in an area where legumes, cabbage, radish or phacelia grew.
  4. The site allocated for planting must be dug up in the fall and immediately before disembarking. It will not hurt to apply mineral fertilizers.
  5. Potatoes can be planted only when the danger of frost has passed. It is recommended to plant in late April - early May, but the best option would be to land after the May holidays. During this period, the soil is already warmed up to 10 cm deep, and the risk of frost is reduced to almost zero.
  6. Be sure to remove weeds from the area where the potatoes are planted. Carry out the harrowing procedure twice a season. Pay proper attention to watering, especially during the flowering period. However, do not overdo it, otherwise there is a great risk of rotting tubers.
  7. Timely destroy pests - in particular, the Colorado potato beetle. Treat with insecticides if necessary.
  8. Harvesting can begin 80 days after the first shoots appear. Do not over-harvest the potatoes to avoid insect damage to the tubers.

Santa's potatoes must be harvested in a timely manner and dried thoroughly

Reviews about potatoes

Related video: how to prepare Santa potatoes for sprouting

Santa's potatoes have many positive qualities - they are tasty, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes, are not picky to care for and are resistant to most dangerous diseases. However, when planting potatoes on unsuitable soil or violating cultivation techniques, there is a risk of getting complete disappointment instead of a rich harvest. Therefore, if the features of your site do not allow you to grow Santa, it is better to stay on some other variety.


Ultra-early and early potatoes - varieties with photos and descriptions, reviews

Every summer resident who cultivates potatoes wants to grow a variety that will yield a crop at the earliest possible date. To do this, you need to plant early potato varieties. At the disposal of modern farmers there is such a variety of potatoes with early ripening of tubers that it is sometimes difficult to make a choice. To solve this problem, you need to familiarize yourself with the description of each variety, find out their differences. In this article we will try to answer these questions.


History and description of the Santa potato variety, photo of the fruit

Hardworking gardeners try to grow various varieties of potatoes on their plots. Of course, the goal is one - to find exactly the variety that would suit your taste and was unpretentious in cultivation. Both domestic and foreign breeders work to help vegetable growers.

Several decades ago, Dutch scientists from Aqriko UA developed a potato variety called Santa. After passing the tests, Santa was included in the State Register of Russia and since 1993 has been successfully grown in our country. The variety is zoned for many climatic zones. The regions of admission are:

  • Central
  • Northern
  • Northwestern
  • Volgo-Vyatsky
  • Nizhnevolzhsky
  • Ural
  • West Siberian
  • Far Eastern.

Sante potatoes are zoned for many climatic zones

The Santa potato is a tall plant with erect or semi-erect stems that are covered with medium-sized dark green leaves. The flowers are medium-sized, white. The root system is well developed.

Tuber weight can range from 100 to 150 g. The shape of the root crop is mostly oval, but can be rounded-oval. The yellow colored rind has a smooth surface. The skin can be called thin, but at the same time it is quite dense, which helps to tolerate transportation well and contributes to long storage. Small numerous eyes are evenly distributed over the entire surface. The pulp is light yellow, dense in structure. The cut does not darken for a long time. The tuber contains from 10 to 14% starch.


Growing features

Mid-season Santa is not a particularly whimsical variety, but it is necessary to know certain features of agricultural technology.

  1. This potato is very light-loving, does not tolerate thickened plantings. The root system is well developed, so it is recommended to maintain a distance between plants of at least 40 cm. The distance between the rows of potatoes should be at least 60 cm. With such plantings, Santa gives a high yield.
  2. The soil should warm up well, you should not rush to plant potatoes. For a rather thermophilic Santa, a comfortable soil temperature is + 8ºC… + 9 ºC. With early planting (especially in areas of risky farming), seedlings will appear for a long time, and the likelihood of damage to tubers by possible return frosts is also high.
  3. It is necessary to control the planting depth of tubers: on sandy ones up to 8-10 cm, on loams up to 6-7 cm.
  4. Do not overuse nitrogen fertilization. With sufficient fertilization in the fall, this stock will be enough for Santa for the entire season.
  5. It is imperative to carry out weeding of ridges, as well as hilling potatoes.

Potatoes, like other garden crops, need watering, loosening, weeding. In the period before the emergence of shoots, there is a high probability of the appearance of a large number of weeds on the ridges. Therefore, the soil is carefully loosened, all weeds are removed so that they do not drown out the shoots of potatoes. Loosening also contributes to better air permeability of the soil, therefore, it is carried out after watering.

The variety is drought-resistant, but this does not mean that you can forget about watering. Santa gives good results precisely with moderate watering. If there is enough moisture from precipitation, you can do without watering. In dry summer, potatoes are watered based on the state of the plants. This is especially important during the budding period and at the peak of flowering bushes, when tubers are forming on the stolons. The leaves on potatoes should not be allowed to wilt, but if this happens, urgent and high-quality watering is required. In the period after flowering and before maturation of the tubers, the need for moisture is minimal.

Top dressing begins to be applied (if necessary) during the period of emergence of potatoes, when the bushes begin to pick up buds and at the peak of flowering. The usual fertilizer is diluted mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20), and ash is also added during the flowering period.

Hilling of potatoes is mandatory, which is usually carried out twice. The first time, when the sprouts of potatoes will be up to 10 cm high, the second time - when the bushes are up to 15 cm, but before the flowering of the plants. Hilling after rains or watering, it will be more effective. Use hoes, hoes or use special units.

Hilling provides a comfortable environment for the formation of stolons and tubers, the growth of the root system. Within a few days after hilling, the bushes begin to grow rapidly, the color of the leaves becomes brighter, plantings are pleasing to the eye.


Harvesting and storage

Optimal harvest time - when dry, sunny weather was established and all the bushes withered. If the weather is humid, after harvesting, the tubers should be spread out to dry for several hours.

Sante potatoes are best stored in plastic or wooden containers. at a temperature of + 2 ... + 5 ° С. The keeping quality indicator for this variety is 92%, which distinguishes it from others. Humidity in storage areas should not exceed 70%.


Zhuravinka potatoes: description of the variety with photos and reviews

Among the numerous and varied varieties of potatoes, you always want to choose the most delicious, the most productive, with a long shelf life and good resistance to diseases. And these are not only dreams. One of the varieties that requires minimal maintenance is potatoes with the affectionate name Zhuravinka. Judging by the photos, reviews and descriptions of vegetable growers, this choice met their expectations.

Description of the Zhuravinka variety and photo of the fruits

The plant is of medium height (40-50 cm), rather compact due to erect shoots. The leaves are small, rounded, slightly wavy along the edge, dense. The corolla of the flower is red-violet.

The tubers are round or oblong-oval. The average length of the fruit is 8 cm, weight is 90–150 g. The peel is of medium thickness, slightly rough, the flesh is light yellow, sometimes creamy. It boils well when cooked.

The variety was bred at the Belarusian Research Institute of Potato Growing. Included in the State Register of Russia in 2005, zoned for the Volgo-Vyatka, North-West and Central regions. It is also successfully grown in the southern regions.

The yellow pulp of Zhuravinka potatoes boils well

Characteristics of this late-ripening potato

Some of the features of this potato are worth knowing:

  • the variety is planted in the middle lane - at the end of May, in the southern regions - in mid-April or even earlier.
  • this potato has a rather long dormant period - the eyes start to grow later than many other varieties. This means that you don't have to break off too early shoots.
  • it is distinguished by friendly germination, uniform growth and good yields even in unfavorable weather. About 15-18 tubers are formed in the bush (sometimes up to 25)
  • ripening period - medium late / late
  • yield - high (up to 700 kg from 1 are)
  • taste - good, starch content - high, up to 19.6%
  • tubers are perfectly stored until spring in cellars and basements (the safety of harvested tubers is 93%).

Zhuravinka gives good yields and keeps well

Care features

When growing Zhuravinka, special attention should be paid to the following points:

  1. Vegetable growers do not recommend planting these potatoes in nitrogen-rich soil. Also, when feeding, you do not need to abuse fertilizers with a high content of nitrogen compounds.
  2. The bush forms numerous tubers, which should have enough space. Therefore, a distance of 65–75 cm is left between the rows, 25–30 cm between the plants.
  3. The tops do not tolerate drought well. In the absence of watering and rain, the bushes begin to shed their leaves. At the same time, it is impossible to water the plants "in reserve" - ​​waterlogging of the soil can lead to the development of late blight.
  4. This potato is resistant to such a terrible disease as potato cancer. In addition, the variety is not affected by the golden nematode, it resists the common scab, "black leg", but can get late blight, rhizoctonia, suffers from the Colorado potato beetle and the bear.

Photo gallery: what can prevent Zhuravinka's potatoes

One of the disadvantages of Zhuravinka potatoes is susceptibility to Colorado beetles. Black spots on tubers that are difficult to scrape off are the most noticeable sign of rhizoctonia. The development of late blight is promoted by a moist environment Medvedka gnaws young shoots, damages tubers

Ripening dates and harvesting

Zhuravinka is a medium late potato, that is, the harvest is harvested 110–120 days after germination. This period in the middle lane falls on the end of September. Potatoes should be harvested on a dry, sunny morning.

The tubers have a rough skin, so drying must be thorough so that not a single gram of moisture remains on the tubers. This procedure is the key to good storage of the crop.

The tubers endure mechanical damage without consequences, all the wounds received during digging will heal, and the potatoes will lie perfectly all winter.

Zhuravinka is great for deep-fried potatoes

The crop is used to make chips loved by many. The high starch content (14.6–19.6%) allows you to prepare a fluffy puree even without milk. When fried, this variety is no less tasty: crispy crust and tender crumbly pulp. Ideal for casseroles.

For salads, these tubers are not the best option, they can be boiled. Although there is also a way out. Slightly undercooked tubers are left in boiling water for several minutes, they will "reach" and not boil over.

Reviews of vegetable growers

Zhuravinka needs light, medium soils. Humidity likes uniform. Overflow, like drying out, cannot stand. Considering that the variety is multi-tuberous (I grew it, then there are 20 or more tubers in the bush - but in the end its taste did not suit me), then the fertilization should be appropriate, but does not like an overdose of nitrogen.

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=6617&start=105

There is a variety Zhuravinka, we refused it, although it is a resistant variety to late blight, it still had not too large tubers.

https://fermer.ru/blog/10804/derevenskaya-kartoshka-122362

The Zhuravinka potato variety is excellent for growing in central Russia. A high yield will be well preserved in the cellar. Delicious dishes can be prepared from this potato, however, it should be borne in mind that the tubers are well boiled.

  • Svetlana Litvakova
  • Print
  • >
  • Vegetable growing>
  • Zhuravinka potatoes: a late variety for the middle lane, receiving good reviews


Watch the video: Harvesting 5 Different Container Grown Sarpo Potato Varieties: Blight Resistant Yield Comparison


Previous Article

Butterfly Migration Info: What To Plant For Migrating Butterflies

Next Article

Elsanta Strawberry Facts: Tips For Elsanta Berry Care In The Garden