There have been so many varieties of cucumbers recently that it is almost impossible to understand them. Some gardeners prefer the good old Vyaznikovsky and Muromsky, others quite justifiably plant modern hybrids. Among them, a group of Dutch breeding hybrids stands out, most often showing high yields with very good taste. One of the representatives of this group is the cucumber Kibria F1.
The Kybriya cucumber was bred in the Netherlands by Rijk Zwaan. This was at the beginning of this century, and in 2011 the hybrid was registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation. The regions of admission are North-West and Central, but this cucumber is grown almost everywhere, since it is mainly planted in greenhouses.
If the greenhouse is heated, Cybriya is grown year-round: in fact, this hybrid was obtained for this purpose. In summer, in warm regions, it is sometimes planted in unprotected soil, but more often greenhouses or hotbeds are still used. The hybrid is popular both among ordinary summer residents and small farmers, and among specialists of large greenhouse complexes.
Cucumber Cybria is one of the indeterminate plants, the lashes grow medium or long, branching strongly. Leaves are of normal color and size. Flowering type - female: each node contains from 1 to 3 female flowers. The hybrid is parthenocarpic, the presence of bees for pollination is not required. Moreover, it has been shown that in case of accidental pollination of flowers by insects, the quality of products deteriorates: curved and small fruits are formed. That is why it is not recommended to plant Kibriya in unprotected soil.
Cybria is not a bunch cucumber, but the number of greens on the bushes is already large
Zelentsi are oval, short, dark green with small light stripes, covered with medium-sized tubercles. They have white soft pubescence, thin peel, medium-dense pulp. The length of the marketable fruit is 10–11 cm, the weight of the cucumber is from 70 to 90 g.
The Kybriya cucumber is considered early ripening: the first fruits are harvested 40–45 days after germination, normal fruiting begins in 49–57 days. It has a very high yield (up to 19.3 kg / m2), exceeding that for the popular cucumbers Courage and Alice. Resistant to most diseases: cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew, cladosporiosis.
The taste of Zelentsov is characterized as good, the purpose is universal. Cucumbers do not have a bitter taste, crunch when used. Product quality remains high throughout the entire fruiting period. The fruits are used for salads and canning. The crop tolerates transportation well, it is well stored in a cool place.
The appearance of cucumbers is not like "from the picture", but very worthy
The advantages of a hybrid are:
The disadvantages of Kibria are considered to be the high cost of seed material, low resistance to root diseases and excessively high air temperatures.
Like any varieties and hybrids of cucumbers, Cybriya can be grown both through seedlings and by direct sowing of seeds in a garden bed. The seeds for sale have already been trained, so they can be sown even dry. The most that can be done is to soak them for a few hours, but this is not necessary. Depending on the direction of use, the timing of sowing seeds varies greatly. So, in heated greenhouses, you can grow this hybrid in winter, and for this purpose the seeds are sown in pots in December, and in January the seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse garden. Most ordinary summer residents in our country do not have such an opportunity, therefore they grow cucumbers in the summer.
In an ordinary greenhouse, cucumbers are planted in most regions in May. This month, you can sow seeds in the garden, and in order to get the harvest earlier, start growing seedlings in April. There are no peculiarities in caring for the seedlings of this hybrid: it is important not to let it stretch out, and you can transplant the bushes into the greenhouse with at least 3-4 true leaves, even with 1-2, if only the stem is short and thick, and warm weather is established in the greenhouse ...
The seedlings may have only one leaf, but it is important that they are stocky and with intact roots.
Leave at least 20 cm between the plants of this hybrid, about half a meter between the rows, but it is better not to place more than 3-4 plants per square meter. Almost all gardeners grow Kibriya on trellises, bushes begin to form soon after planting seedlings. The stems are helped to climb up, periodically tying them up. The first four side shoots are pinched, then only the weakest stepchildren are removed, the rest will be tied to the harvest. When the main stem reaches the top of the trellis, it is gently guided downward; pinch the top only in the second half of summer or earlier, allowing 4–5 more leaves to form.
It turns out that the principles of forming bushes in a greenhouse are not so complicated.
Regimes of watering and feeding are common for greenhouse cucumbers. They try to use organic fertilizers, feeding them twice a month. Water only with warm water, not allowing the soil to dry out. The greenhouse must be ventilated, trying not to allow the air temperature to rise above 28-30 aboutFROM. If possible, pick cucumbers daily, preventing them from overgrowing, in extreme cases - twice a week.
Cucumber Kibriya F1 is intended for greenhouse cultivation, including all year round. This hybrid is one of the most important industrially, is grown by commercial organizations, but is often found among ordinary summer residents. Its most important advantage is its very high yield combined with good commercial properties of the fruit.
Experienced vegetable growers have learned to increase yields using some tricks:
To ensure a high yield, make the right bedding using rotted sawdust, cut dry grass or rotted straw. Organic litter helps to warm up the soil in a short time, and when it decomposes, the culture receives additional nutrition.
Parthenocarpic hybrids have been gaining more and more popularity in recent years. Here is the hero of our today's review, the cucumber "Kibriya F1", one of those. In the unpredictable Russian summer, he is guaranteed to set fruit and produce a harvest.
Kibriya F1 is the result of the work of Dutch breeders (Rijk Zwaan). This hybrid is distinguished by the early ripening of the crop - from full germination to the formation of the first fruits, it takes 38 to 45 days. Suitable for growing in exhaust gases and greenhouses.
Bushes are indeterminate, vigorous, branched. At the nodes, 2-5 ovaries are formed. The flowering type is female. The green leaves are of medium size.
Zelentsy are small, their length does not exceed 10-12 cm, diameter is up to 3.75 cm, weight is from 70 to 90 g. The shape is oval. Dark green surface with short longitudinal light stripes covered with medium-sized tubercles. Pubescence is white. The pulp is juicy, crispy, medium density, without voids. The taste is excellent, without bitterness.
The main advantages are high resistance to powdery mildew, cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic virus, short-term cold snaps and heat.
Cons: vulnerability to root rot (fusarium, rhizoctonia, pithium), high cost of seeds, the need for regular feeding.
The harvested crop is well suited for canning (pickling and pickling) and fresh consumption. The keeping quality and transportability are excellent.
Since 2011, the variety has been listed in the State Register of the Russian Federation for the 2nd and 3rd light zones. It is suitable for growing not only in the spring-summer, but also in the winter-spring turnover.
Marketable yield per season - from 13.6 to 19.3 kg per 1 m2.
You can immediately sow seeds or plant grown 1-month-old seedlings in the phase of 2-4 leaves in open ground in the second half of May, when the ground warms up to +14 C. The optimal planting density is no more than 3 plants per 1 m2.
The bush is formed into one main lash. Side shoots should be removed in a timely manner. The first 4-7 sinuses on the main stem are blinding. When the plant reaches the ceiling, it is thrown over the trellis and pinched after the development of 4-5 leaves. This approach avoids excessive thickening and obtains the largest number of ovaries.
To obtain the maximum yield, greens are recommended to be harvested daily. If you do this every other day, then the total yield will decrease by 15-20%. It should also be noted that for this hybrid, regular feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers is of great importance. They should be performed at least once every 2 weeks.
Watering should be regular (as the topsoil dries up). During the period of active fruiting, the bushes require more moisture. Before budding, 5 to 10 liters of water heated to +21 C per 1 m2 are consumed.
Immediately after the end of irrigation, and in the exhaust gas and after the next rain, the surface is loosened in order to prevent the formation of earth crusts. Along the way, weeding is carried out.
The variety has many advantages over many other varieties of this vegetable crop.
The real colonel took the strongest sides from the "parents"
Hell's strawberries are appreciated by gardeners for long-term fruiting and fragrant berries.
The variety has a lot of positive qualities. But before planting, you should also familiarize yourself with the shortcomings of culture.
In the second wave, the strawberries are much smaller than in the first.
Disease and pest resistance
In regions with little snowy winters and unfavorable conditions, it needs shelter
Check out these articles as well
Gunnar F1 cucumbers have a lot of advantages, so they are considered one of the best for growing for sale and for personal needs. Here are Gunar's main benefits:
A varietal variety of cucumber called Kibriya is an innovative and very promising variety that is characterized by excellent yields and very tasty fruits of good quality. This variety was bred in Holland, the authorship belongs to the company Rijk Zwaan. Dutch breeders bred this crop in 2009.
This crop is a promising variety of early ripening vegetable crops. Ripe fruits are harvested 40-50 days after planting.
The culture does not require pollination. Great for outdoor cultivation and greenhouses. Vegetables are intended for growing both in private households and on a large industrial scale.
You can grow such fruits in several turns: in the winter - spring period, spring - summer and summer - autumn.
Vine-type plant, requires a mandatory garter. For these purposes, a mesh, trellis or any other support is suitable. The plant, according to the description of the indeterminate type, is tall, the plant has only a female type of flowering. On one shoot, from 2 to 5 fruits can be set.
Cybria is a vine-type cucumber that requires a garter
The bushes are powerful, the leaves are medium dark green in color.
The fruits are elongated in the shape of a cylinder, neat and identical in size, weighing no more than 90 grams, the rind is soft, rich green. The tuberosity is high, but the tubercles are not prickly. The pulp is juicy and firm, sweet and aromatic. Inside, there are fruits without voids. The absence of bitterness in the fruit is genetically determined.
The yield is very high. Observing all the recommendations for growing and care, vegetable growers collect up to 13 kg. vegetables from one square meter.
The purpose of the fruit is universal. Vegetables with excellent taste characteristics are delicious fresh in a salad. But they look even better in jars for the winter. Cucumbers are small and flavorful, perfect for pickling and pickling in the winter. The taste of pickled fruits is excellent: they are juicy and crunchy.
The plant is completely unpretentious to care for. Has good drought-resistant and cold-resistant capabilities. Withstands temperature extremes well.
The Kibriya variety has a very high yield.
The variety is endowed with high resistance to downy mildew and olive spot. Also, the culture has an average resistance to the common mosaic virus.
The advantages of this variety are beyond doubt:
The fruits have a presentable appearance and tolerate transportation well.
The disadvantages of the culture include only a relative predisposition to root rot, the demand for fertilizing, and the high cost of seeds.
This variety can be grown in two ways: seed and seedlings.
The soil for cucumbers must be harvested in advance in the fall. To do this, the site for the future planting of cucumbers is removed from last year's plants and weeds, then humus is added and only then dug up.
Any organic fertilizer is suitable: mullein, chicken droppings, peat. The plant is very fond of all kinds of feeding. The yield of the crop directly depends on them.
You can fertilize throughout the growing season. In addition to humus and organic matter, you can add superphosphate, nitrogenous agents, urea solution. As a preventive measure, you can spray the bushes with a decoction of beet or potato tops. It is strictly forbidden to apply chlorine-containing fertilizers.
There are also certain requirements for seeds. It is best to purchase glazed seeds, they are already disinfected and treated with growth activators. But such seeds are certainly much more expensive than ordinary seeds.
The seeds can be processed independently. To do this, they are first kept in a solution of potassium permanganate, then they are germinated in a humid and warm environment (in gauze or cotton bags). Already germinated seeds need to be hardened by taking them out into the cold. After all these procedures, you can safely plant seeds in the soil. The main word now belongs to the weather conditions.
Planting seeds in open ground must completely exclude the possibility of night frosts.
It is also important to observe the crop rotation of plants. For the harvest of cucumbers to be plentiful, vegetables should be planted after tomatoes, legumes and potatoes. These vegetables must not be planted after cucumbers for at least 4 years.
The seed is planted in well-loosened soil in pre-prepared holes to a depth of no more than 3 cm.
2-4 seeds are planted in each hole. If they all sprout, then it is imperative to thin them out. No more than 2-3 plants are placed on one square meter.
In the future, caring for the plant consists in timely watering, cleaning weeds, loosening the soil and feeding.
Watering must be done daily in the evening.
It is necessary to water the bushes daily in the evening with warm, settled water. But you can not allow excessive stagnation of water under the bushes. Such stagnation can provoke root rot. The usual garter of plants serves as the prevention of such rot, because the less the bushes are in contact with the soil, the less likely is the root rot.
After watering in the evening in the morning, you should thoroughly fluff the soil in the area to provide the plant with oxygen.
Harvesting should be done daily, avoiding the overgrowth of the fruits, because the most delicious and sweetest are small, not overgrown vegetables. Ripe vegetables are picked carefully so as not to damage the ovary. Store vegetables in a cool place with good ventilation.
The varietal variety is rarely sick and is rarely affected by pests.
But still, the reviews of vegetable growers indicate the possibility of damage to plants by aphids, whiteflies, spider mites and thrips.
To combat aphids, contact insecticides are used. Thrips should be destroyed by systemic insecticidal agents. The most troublesome is the fight against the whitefly. Such a pest is difficult to destroy.
Of course, you can try to destroy it with insecticides, but it is better to pay due attention to the prevention of such a pest: do not allow high temperature and humidity - ideal conditions for an insect. To combat spider mites, special preparations of acaricides are used.
Kibriya cucumbers will provide you with an excellent harvest of ripe fruits of excellent quality, which will suit your taste both fresh and canned. And unpretentious care allows even the most novice gardeners and summer residents to grow crops.