In addition to the usual red color for tomatoes, more and more multi-colored varieties are emerging. Heart of Gold is one of these unusual varieties of tomato, loved by gardeners for its properties.
This tomato owes its name to its appearance. The bright orange or yellow fruits grow into a symbolic heart shape. Tall, sturdy bushes are successfully grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
These tomatoes are characterized by early ripening and high productivity.
Several pieces simultaneously sing on one brush. According to the description, the height of a bush grown in greenhouse conditions can reach 1 meter.
Having planted these tomatoes once, a person tries to preserve the culture in his garden for the next years. Harvested seeds are great for planting next season.
For the first time, these tomatoes were bred in 1999 in Russia by the breeder of the research center Yuri Panchev. At first, the variety was intended for cultivation under cover, but after 2 years it was adapted to the conditions of open beds. Outdoor plants are more compact, slightly less tall than greenhouse specimens.
In the northern regions of the country, the Golden Heart is recommended to grow in greenhouses.
The cultivation of these varietal fruits has many positive aspects.
Unpretentious seedlings practically do not need additional influence, except that they need to be formed. The bush has many small green leaves and twigs, which are partially removed for better air and light access to the ripening vegetables.
When buying planting material in a store, you should contact only trusted, reputable firms.
To multiply the variety, you need to take ripest and largest sample and extract seeds from it... There is no need to rush to pick an unripe tomato: the more ripe and softer it is, the better.
Harvesting is carried out in several stages: first, the planting material is separated from the pulp, then washed, and then dried. The easiest way to separate seeds from everything else is during the fermentation process. If you pour the vegetable with water in advance and cover the dish with a foil loosely, after a while the necessary contents will sink to the bottom on their own.
The characteristics of the selected fruit should correspond as closely as possible to the defining qualities of the variety for better purity and preservation in the future.
Seedling harvesting falls on last days of February or early March.
Seeds collected by hand are pre-aged in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 12 hours. Then they are dried and immersed in the soil by 2 centimeters, sprinkled with earth on top and watered a little. The room should be warm and humid. At first, the sprouts are covered with a transparent film.
Sprouts with 2-3 leaves, dive into separate containers.
The most optimal period for planting grown plants in the soil is mid-May... By this time, the earth is warming up well, the threat of frost has passed. Planting in a greenhouse can be carried out already in the end of April.
Immediately before planting, the bed is poured with boiling water, fertilizer (superphosphate or wood ash) is placed in the prepared holes.
In order for tomatoes to grow well and bear fruit, it is necessary for them take care of... The plant is provided with:
A typical fruit of the Golden Heart weighs 90-120 grams... Individual specimens may grow up to 300 g... The first crop is harvested 85 days after rooting.
The variety bears better fruit if it is planted in soil with low acidity.
Each seedling is located forty or fifty centimeters from another seedling. Spraying flowers with a mixture of water and boric acid also has a beneficial effect on the result.
Experienced gardeners recommend cut off stepsons only at the beginning (up to the first brush), otherwise the yield indicators of the bush will decrease.
The described variety is not very susceptible to various diseases common to all tomatoes. But carrying out prevention still does not hurt.
The development of late blight, which is fatal for tomatoes, prevents timely pruning of foliagetouching the ground. The disease develops mainly in cold and rainy summers.
The risk of infection after the method used is significantly reduced, but it is necessary to observe the measure in it. Overdoing it, you can harm the bush and reduce the number of ovaries. Also, vegetable crops will benefit from treatment with preparations containing copper.
Fresh air is a preventive measure against the formation of top rot.
If fungal formations are seen on the deciduous cover and stem, then it is considered a well-known and effective method of combating them. manganese solution.
Resisting pests consists in spraying these bush plantings ammonia solution... Helps to cope with aphids and spider mites soapy water... If simple folk remedies are ineffective, then chemical preparations are used.
Not only beauty has earned the Golden Heart its recognition among those who annually grow it in their garden. The reason for this is its exquisite taste, generous fruiting and other properties.
Today, more than a thousand varieties of tomatoes can be grown. In this variety, yellow-fruited varieties occupy a special place due to the content of a large amount of carotene and decorative appearance. Tomato "Golden Heart" according to the description of the variety, photos, reviews and characteristics of experienced summer residents, is considered one of the proven tomatoes grown in the open field of the Central European part and the south of Russia. In cold regions, the variety is suitable for planting only under cover.
This year is not a tomato one. I sowed many new varieties, grew wonderful seedlings, planted them in the ground, but May ruined everything. Returning cold weather, a parade of planets, an approaching comet, insufficient experience - I can't say which factor was decisive, but the harvest is extremely meager.
Tomato Golden Heart
However, there are tomato joys. One of the varieties that did not require any tricks and dances from me at all was 'Heart of Gold'.
This wonderful variety was bred by the Russian breeder Yu. I. Panchev and is recommended for all climatic regions. The variety was registered in 2001. I have the seeds from Agrofirma AELITA LLC.
Tomato 'Heart of Gold', seeds
The tomato is declared as an ultra-early ripening variety. Bushes are undersized, 5-7 fruits on the bunch.
Tomato brush 'Golden heart'
I have been growing this variety for several years already. What makes you happy?
Pulp tomato 'Golden heart'
The pulp of tomatoes is rich yellow, sunny, dense, fleshy. The increased beta-carotene content makes these tomatoes enjoyable for my liver.
I sowed 'Golden Heart' along with all the tomatoes on 03/06/2020, and on the 11th, loops with a germination rate of 100% already appeared. Further - everything is like everyone else: on March 21st - a pick, on April 5th, transplanted into a nursery, on May 2, the tomatoes went into open ground. There were no lunges with seedlings.
The May weather disasters slowed down the growth of tomatoes, but in June, despite the contrasting temperatures, it actively began to grow. Almost daily rains did not interfere, but delighted the 'Heart of Gold'.
Tomato bush 'Heart of Gold'
For me, this variety is very successful - the combination of a decent appearance, sufficient yield and excellent fruit taste suits me.
Tomato 'Golden heart'
This variety is also excellent in conservation, the pulp in marinades and pickles remains dense, the skin is not coarse.
But ... the expected fruit in the form of a heart did not work, although this does not spoil the variety at all. The variety is very susceptible to soil fertility and growing conditions. Therefore, in order to obtain significant yields, it is necessary that the place of cultivation of tomatoes meets the following requirements:
Combination of yellow and red
All tomatoes from one bush
But ... the expected fruit in the form of a heart did not work, although this does not spoil the variety at all.
The variety is very susceptible to soil fertility and growing conditions. Therefore, in order to obtain significant yields, it is necessary that the place of cultivation of tomatoes meets the following requirements:
After harvesting the predecessor, they begin to cultivate the soil, since the rapid growth and high yield of this variety largely depends on this. The tillage process can be divided into the following stages:
The variety can be propagated by seedlings or by sowing seeds into prepared soil. The first method is more profitable, because it allows you to get a larger yield and shorten the growing period for the fruits of this variety. Seedlings can be bought on the market or grown using the following technology:
If the variety is planned to be grown in a greenhouse, then the seedlings must be planted in the soil no later than the end of April. When growing seedlings in open ground, it is advisable to plant them not earlier than the end of May. The main thing is that the plants do not suffer from recurrent frosts. Planting seedlings consists of the following works:
Plants of this variety should be watered regularly according to the following scheme:
As soon as the planted seedlings get stronger in a new place, you need to immediately start fighting weeds. After all, weed vegetation grows very quickly and can drown out young tomato plants. Weeds should be controlled immediately after emergence on the surface. At this time, they do not have a powerful root system and to destroy weeds, it is enough to weed to a depth of 1-2 cm. In the future, throughout the entire cultivation time of this variety, the destruction of weeds should take place in a timely manner and without damaging the tomato plants. The maximum permissible weeding depth is 6-8 cm. If perennials (wheatgrass, wormwood, euphorbia) prevail among the weeds, then it is better to use the Roundup herbicide against them (47-50 ml for 8.5-10 liters of water). This treatment should be carried out in the fall before the main tillage or a few weeks before the seedlings are planted.
You need to feed the variety with various fertilizers with the advantage of using organic matter:
The variety needs proper shaping of the bush. There are several ways of forming, but the simplest is the way of forming a bush into one stem:
For better care of the bushes and easier harvesting of fruits, you need to tie up the tomato plants. The garter should be carried out as soon as the planted seedlings take root. To do this, you need to prepare in advance a sufficient number of wooden pegs and twine. These pegs are driven into the soil at a distance of 33-35 cm from the plant and a garter is made as it grows. You can build a trellis, consisting of several stakes, which are hammered in a row of tomatoes at a distance of 2 m from each other. From above, the stakes are connected with a crossbar, to which the twine is attached.
The variety is quite resistant to disease, but can suffer greatly from such a pest as the Colorado potato beetle. The homeland of this pest is Mexico. An adult beetle has a length of 9-13 cm and a width of 7-8 cm.In winter, the pest is located in the soil at a depth of 5 to 50 cm.When spring comes and the soil warms up to + 13 degrees, the pest comes to the surface and begins to search for potato plantations or other crops of the Solanaceae family. Having found such plants, the pest starts laying eggs, which are mainly located on the underside of the leaf. One female can lay up to a thousand eggs during the season. The larvae that appear over time begin to feed intensively and are able to destroy the entire aerial part of the tomatoes in 4-5 days. Control measures:
The picking of tomato fruits is started when the fruits of this variety are fully ripe. Cleaning should be done regularly at intervals of 2-3 days. You need to pick fruits that are ripe with a typical skin color and no signs of rot on the surface of the tomatoes. The harvested crop must be sorted by size and put into boxes. To store fresh tomato fruits for 1-2 weeks, it is recommended to set the room temperature at + 1 + 3 degrees.
Hardened, strong tomato seedlings can be planted in open ground no earlier than mid-May. If you plan to transport plants, then the box is covered with polyethylene - this will help protect the seedlings from sudden temperature changes and drafts. There is no need to water the tomatoes before the trip.
Before planting in open ground or greenhouses, you can prepare the soil: pour hot water over the holes and pour a mixture of superphosphate and wood ash into them (1 tablespoon in each is enough). When planting in pre-prepared holes, tomato seedlings are placed together with a lump of earth in which it grew. After that, it must be dug in and watered.
You can see how the Golden Bull Heart tomato seedlings are planted in the photo. Judging by the reviews, plants cannot be placed too close. The row spacings are made more than 60 cm wide, 50 cm are left between the seedlings. No more than 3-4 plants are planted per 1 m 2.
The bushes grow tall, so a garter is indispensable. This will prevent the possible fall and breakage of the stems under the weight of large tomatoes. The stem is tied to a rope as it grows. Also, many recommend removing the lateral processes: it is better to leave 1-2 main stems.
Watering the Golden Heart of the Bull is necessary as soon as the topsoil dries out. For irrigation, take warm, settled water. If there is a tank at the summer cottage, then it is better to first draw water into it. In the absence, many adapt old baths for these purposes.
The experience of cultivating yellow-fruited tomatoes is of interest.
I was lucky when all the seeds of the Golden Heart tomato, acquired by chance, sprang up together. The seedlings have grown surprisingly strong with a luxurious root system. Transplanted in early June to the beds. At the end of summer, I was struck by a bountiful harvest of even, dense fruits, some of which turned yellow on the bushes. The taste is excellent.
Victor, 42 years old, Rostov-on-Don
I planted Golden Heart tomatoes for several seasons. I still admire the good fruiting and pleasant taste of the beautiful yellow fruits. We preserve them, freeze them, so we enjoy gourmet products all winter.
Tomatoes with the expressive name "Golden Heart" leave no one indifferent. Subject to the correct agricultural technology, it is possible to get a decent harvest of pleasant-tasting fruits with a decorative orange-yellow color.