For me, the time from the beginning of August to the end of September is the phlox time. Although many cultures bloom during this period, my gaze catches in flower beds, first of all, the caps of paniculata phlox. There are plants with more spectacular flowering, there are plants with an amazing flower shape, but you can't order your heart!
And I'm not the only one. At phlox exhibitions both in Moscow and in St. Petersburg, I meet many amateurs, those who were captured by this flower. Phlox paniculata for its almost 300 years in the gardens of Europe took off many times at the height of fashion, and then disappeared from sight for a long time. Now a new flowering of this perennial has come.
Stable interest from amateurs is caused not only by novelties, which breeders provide in abundance, but also old varieties, and even, one might say, historical ones, some of them are more than 100 years old. Where to see all this variety? Of course, at exhibitions and fairs. In St. Petersburg, the World of Phlox exhibition pleases every year in the House of Gardeners; at the Eurasia Exhibition and Convention Center, many collectors also offer a variety of varieties.
In Moscow, exhibitions are traditionally held at the All-Russian Exhibition Center, on Novinsky Boulevard 22, in the Biological Museum named after K. A. Timiryazev ... You understand, when I found myself in the capital at the end of July, I could not help but visit the phlox festival at the Moscow Flower Growers club. The "Phlox" section was created in 1964 by N. I. Berlizov.
Over the years, a lot of experience has been accumulated in the selection of Phlox paniculata, many varieties have been preserved. It is a pity that it is forbidden to photograph exhibition specimens in the capital. Many visitors would like to have pictures as a souvenir of the luxurious bouquets or for comparison with their own varieties. By the way, at our exhibition in the House of Gardeners, curator S. Voronina only welcomes interest in her favorites.
The exhibition is not only an opportunity to get acquainted with the varieties, but also an occasion to discuss your impressions with other visitors, meet amateurs and make new friends among collectors. Club member M.I. Sidina made a short report on P.G. Gaganov - the author of the famous varieties of phlox, many of which were presented at a separate stand.
They are so good that foreign firms do not hesitate to pass them off as their own. In the hall it was possible to talk with the owner of an extensive collection V.Ya. Surikova, with a big fan of phlox O.V. Baukina, with a connoisseur of varieties N.K. Kvyatkovskaya. Nelly Konstantinovna is the author of two excellent books about the estates of Marfino and Ostafyevo near Moscow. She treats the authors of phlox and the history of varieties as carefully as she treats objects of art.
Several new seedlings are presented to the audience every year. Undoubtedly, not only I drew attention to the novelties presented by E.F. Kulikov. Evgeny Fedorovich is the owner of a collection of rare decorative deciduous plants, which numbers several hundred items. Another passion is phlox. At the moment, his personal collection of Phlox paniculata has about 90 varieties. The collection is replenished every year. And hundreds of seeds are sown every year.
The best are selected from a large number of seedlings. Sometimes it turns out from 5 to 10 copies worthy of showing at exhibitions. I am sure that soon a purple-crimson "Heat" will appear in our flower beds, glowing with a bright carmine eye. The inflorescence is round, medium in size and density, does not fade. The Etiquette looks very elegant - it is white with a bluish tint, the tube is pink-lilac. The flower is rounded with wavy petals.
The inflorescence is oval-conical, large, dense. The Northern Lights seedling is very good. It is white with purple shadows along the edges of the petals and with a bright crimson eye, the petals are slightly wavy. The bush is powerful with large, rounded-conical inflorescences. MF Sharonova has a cultivar with the same name, but its flower diameter is up to 3 cm. E. Kulikov received his first cultivar "Snegiri" in 1998.
The name of the village in the Moscow region, where the garden plot of Evgeny Fedorovich is located, became the name of the flower. The variety is bright crimson, like the breast of a bullfinch, does not fade. The petals are wavy. The inflorescence is oval-conical, large, of medium density. The bush is beautiful, durable, compact. It is winter-hardy, resistant, grows rapidly, long-lasting flowering.
There are many impressions from the Moscow exhibition, and even more desires. I would like to embrace the immensity, to have everything that I saw. It's a pity, the site is not rubber, you have to moderate your appetite ... But I still brought a dozen varieties!
Irina Plekhanova, florist,
Every summer, starting from the very first in my life, I spent at our old dacha in the "Bullfinches" near Moscow, among the simple country flowers - peonies and phloxes. Today, when I have my own house with a garden, the first flowers planted were the very phloxes brought from my mother from the dacha.
When I breathed in the scent of blooming bushes, the scent of my childhood, the dormant love for them flared up with renewed vigor. Gradually, year after year, phloxes more and more filled the garden with a multi-colored round dance, and in the evenings - a heady fragrance penetrating through open windows into all corners of the house.
And once it became clear that the number of varieties can be called a collection. From that moment on, I had an interesting task - the search for information about what is actually growing in me, and who created this beauty.
A lot has been written about phloxes, but for a florist who is keen on phloxes, this is still not enough. Information about the rare varieties available in the collection has to be collected bit by bit from a variety of sources.
In the book by G.K.Tavlinova "Phloxes" detailed descriptions of varieties are given, in the book by G.M. Dyakova with the same name there are excellent photographs by which it is easy to compare the varieties, but in these two editions neither the authors of the varieties, nor the year of their creation to find. You can refer to the catalog "Varieties and seedlings of phlox paniculata" of the phlox section of the Club "Flower growers of Moscow", but it contains only the names of the originators, without initials, and a brief description, the year of introduction is not always put down, many new varieties do not exist at all, not to mention seedlings ... Everything is in the book by E.A. Konstantinova, but the number of varieties is limited by the volume of the book. Old editions are very rare, it is problematic to get them.
A search on the Internet gives about the same results - several good sites, many good photographs of the varieties of popular and widespread. The rarities are mostly discussed on the forums, but there are more rumors than reliable information. In periodicals, something interesting is sometimes found, but not often, since magazines are printed for lovers of different cultures.
And people who love phloxes want to know not only the name of the variety and the name of the breeder, but also some moments of his biography, the history of the creation of specific varieties, their further fate and other small details, at first glance, insignificant, but warming the soul of a collector sick with phloxes ...
Having visited the annual phlox exhibition at the Moscow Flower Growers Club on Novinsky Boulevard, I received a lot of new information for myself. On the first day of the exhibition, small rooms could hardly accommodate all visitors, but on the second day it was calmer, and there was an opportunity to communicate with amateurs and breeders.
Without a doubt, everyone liked the seedlings of Evgeny Fedorovich Kulikov. Natalia Leonidovna Teplova has a gorgeous, you can't put it another way, the “Shimmering” variety. One of the rare varieties "Ivan Susanin" by Zinaida Grigorievna Zakharova, the author of the famous "Mashuni", was also exhibited.
With pleasure I once again admired the absolutely unique variety "Margri" by MF Sharonova, the handsome "Blush" by BV Kvasnikov, the magnificent "Sandro Botticelli" by Y. A. Reprev.
The whole stand of the exhibition was dedicated to the great Russian breeder Pavel Gavrilovich Gaganov. The varieties, which have long become classics, gathered together, riveted attention, and, of course, I wanted to look at each individual flower to determine whether the same grows in my garden or not.
In general, the exhibition made a strong impression and, to the delight of the collector, was able to provide answers to some questions. There is also a result - the list for replenishing the collection has already been drawn up. Ahead - further searches for old varieties and the acquisition of new products. And I am absolutely sure that paniculate phlox will always bloom in Russian gardens, and their aroma will also remind other generations of childhood, summer, the joy of life.
Read about phlox:
• Phlox, care and varieties
• What type of phlox to choose and how to get them in your garden
• Growing Phlox Drummond
• Interesting flower arrangements for the garden with phlox
• Beautiful flower arrangement in a garden dominated by phlox
The exhibition is held at the State Biological Museum named after K.A. Timiryazeva.
Exhibition opening hours: June 2 from 10-00 to 18-00, June 3 from 12-00 to 21-00. Museum ticket offices close in 30 minutes. before the end of the exhibition.
One of the most beautiful phlox species, it blooms from May to June and from August to September. The first bloom is usually more lush than the second. Among other varieties, the flowers are distinguished by snow-white petals, diluted with purple cilia at the base. For this unusual combination, our experts included Bavaria in the rating of the best phlox varieties.
The plant can grow up to 17 cm high. Each stem ends with a peduncle with one or two flowers. Their color is usually pink, white, purple. Gardeners love to plant phlox Bavaria on stone terraces and between slabs of garden paths. The plant prefers dry, loose soil. The minimum cost of a Bavaria seedling is 170 rubles.
A popular plant species made it to our ranking of the best phlox due to its unprecedented resistance to severe temperature changes. The flower calmly tolerates both heat and severe frosts. Their bloom is always observed in July-August. It does not depend on weather conditions and temperature jumps.
Customers praise Bonita's phloxes for their lovely bright pink flowers. They note that their presence in the garden is very pleasing to the eye and uplifting. Gardeners believe that the best place to plant this species is along the garden path. There flowers and feel good and look harmonious. You can buy a seedling for 80 rubles.
The dark green foliage of Red Wings resembles needles intertwined. The flowers are pink in color with dark red elements in the center. We have selected the variety in the ranking of the best phlox for its versatility. These flowers look great both in a group planting and in a single plant. Experienced gardeners prefer to plant the view on rocky flower beds and slopes.
Phloxes of this variety thrive best in loose soil. However, it should not be too fertile and moist. Flowers like a hill where water will not accumulate. Red Wings usually bloom in May-June. According to customer reviews, this is one of the most beautiful flowers. You can buy a plant at a price of 340 rubles.
The variety was included in our rating due to the unusual shape of the petals. They resemble the blades of a turntable and have a purple-violet gradient color. The height of the bush can reach 16 cm.Flowering usually occurs in the second half of May
The pronounced aroma spreads over several meters and creates an inviting atmosphere around itself. Buyers love the way the plant covers the area in the form of a colored carpet. We consider the flower to be the best option for those who like it brighter and more aromatic. The minimum cost of a plant is 195 rubles.
The flower belongs to creeping phlox. Among its congeners, the variety stands out for its purple-pink matte flowers. It is impossible not to notice him in the garden. The magical coloring attracts the eye and gives an unforgettable aesthetic pleasure. It is possible to admire the flowering during the period May-June (mid-month).
Atropurpurea is liked by buyers for the bright contrast of the yellow center with juicy leaves. The plant can survive in the shade, but will not please the owners with lush flowering. The flower belongs to the oldest garden forms and to this day enjoys justified popularity among gardeners. The price of this phlox is 170 rubles.
Planting of perennial plants is possible from spring to autumn inclusive. It should be planted in a previously prepared fertile soil. Bring peat, rotted manure, compost, ash to the beds. Saplings are planted without deepening the roots. straighten roots and crush the soil well. Water abundantly. For better development of seedlings, you can put arcs and cover the seedlings with spunbond or other covering material. Saplings are tied to pegs. In the summer, weed beds are weeded. Plants are mulched in the second, third year, with peat, rotted manure, compost.
Phlox is most susceptible to powdery mildew, which covers plants with a white unpleasant bloom. The peak of infection occurs in mid-July-August. To avoid infection, prophylaxis is carried out. To do this, in October, before winter, phlox is treated with a solution of copper sulfate (1%) or Bordeaux liquid (1%). At the beginning of summer, spraying with fungicidal preparations is periodically carried out.
When the first signs of the disease occur, it is necessary to treat the plants several times (after 7-10 days) with a solution of soda ash and soap (2 tablespoons of soda, 50 g of soap per bucket of water), Bordeaux liquid or copper-soap solution.
Photo for the article by I.V. Matveev
In the 1950s, with the opening of a new territory of the Garden on Vorobyovy Gory, gradually the collections of perennials from the Aptekarsky Ogorod, including the collection of phlox, moved to a new location. Later phloxes came from other points of selection and introduction, as well as from abroad. Many amateur flower growers have become friends of the Garden. On the basis of the collection, the researchers of the Garden G.P. Olisevich (entomologist), A.S. Slutch (chemist, entomologist), E.Z. Mantrova (agrochemist), V.G. Sergeeva (phytopathologist), G.I. Moseev (phytopathologist) carried out cultural studies, carried out scientific work, the results of which were published in the Proceedings of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University, Bulletins of MOIP and GBS of the USSR Academy of Sciences, in the journals "Floriculture", "Garden and Vegetable Garden", "Protection of Plants" and other publications.
Moscow amateur breeders provided great assistance in replenishing the collection: P.G. Gaganov, M.F. Sharonova, V.N. Groshnikov, A.G. Markov, Yu.A. Reprev, O. A. Kapelkina, T.N. and A.V. Kololenkov, G.V. and I.N. Kruglov, E.F. Kulikov, M.I. Sidina, N.L. Teplova, O.B. Shevlyakov, who presented their best varieties to the Botanical Garden in different years. New interesting varieties f. paniculata were also obtained from a breeder from St. Petersburg - O.K. Kudryavtseva. These phloxes have become part of the Garden's history.
In 2014, for the first time in the history of culture, the All-Russian scientific and practical meeting on phlox "Phlox-2014" was held in the Botanical Garden. The reason for organizing and holding the event was a significant event - the 100th anniversary of scientific selection work with phlox in the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov. Specialists-researchers, employees of botanical gardens of Russia and the CIS countries, as well as amateurs who are keen on this culture, took part in the work of the Meeting.
At present, the collection of phloxes of the Moscow State University Botanical Garden includes 21 species, 3 subspecies, 8 varieties, 475 varieties are most fully represented in the collection of phlox paniculata. Work with the collection is developing in different directions and covers a complex of experimental research and experimental breeding work, as well as work to improve the methods of phlox agrotechnics.
Since 2010, on the basis of the collection, a study of the species and racial composition of parasitic stem nematodes has been carried out, helminthological and microbiological observations of the development of effective measures to identify and control phytohelminths on representatives of the Phlox genus, to study the effect of soil temperature on the infection of plants f. paniculate stem nematodes Ditylenchus Dipsaci.
Also, research work is being carried out on the diagnosis, prevention and control of other organisms that harm phloxes with the simultaneous testing of modern protective agents of various effects.
The features of vegetative reproduction of phloxes in spring, summer, and autumn are studied with the possibility of obtaining the maximum number of units of planting material with the preservation of varietal traits with a minimum amount of time, with the use of root formation stimulants and without them, as well as the study of the effect of phytohormones on the timing of the beginning of flowering, the quality of flowering and its duration. ...
In 2014, a preliminary macro- and micromorphological study of phlox varieties of the paniculate line (group) "Feelings" was carried out. The results of the work are published in scientific journals.
For the period 2010-2020. about 50 new seedlings of paniculata phlox were identified and described, obtained both from free pollination and from crossing of different varieties. New seedlings are distinguished by decorative and good economic and biological characteristics, have a high reproduction rate, have great vitality, are not susceptible to fungal diseases, and tolerate adverse weather conditions well. Some of the seedlings have already received names and were presented at the annual specialized exhibitions of phlox in the State Biological Museum. K.A. Timiryazev. Interesting samples were obtained as a result of various mutations, both natural and induced, under the influence of colchicine and urea nitro derivatives. Experiments on the effects of gamma rays on seeds, rooted cuttings and mature plants are incredibly exciting and unpredictable. Interspecific crosses also bring surprises.
One of the unusual seedlings, from which there are already interesting offspring, ‘Anthocyanin’ (2010) - "red stem" phlox in spring, and the shoots and leaves are red, with an increase in average daily temperatures, the bright pigmentation of the leaves is gradually "erased", but still remains noticeable during flowering.