Vigna Caracalla

Garden vines can transform incredibly large areas in a short time by draping them, while they amaze with their diversity. Vines include both exotic and classic cultures. The plant of the cowpea caracalla, which is also called snail grapes, belongs to the exotics. Its stems can grow up to seven meters in length, and among the rest, this liana stands out for its very unusual flowers, which outwardly resemble a snail. This plant is widely grown not only in gardens, but also indoors, and it is remarkable both for its unusual flowers and spectacular leaves. It quickly and easily braids almost any support.

Features of the cowpea caracalla

Vigna caracalla is a very spectacular and unusual plant. All the beauty of this curly liana cannot be described in words, it is so unusual and spectacular. A flowering plant looks the most spectacular and exotic. Among the people, he has several more names, namely: "corkscrew flower", "snail grapes" and "grape snail".

The perennial vine vigna caracalla is part of the legume family. The length of the climbing stems can be up to 500-700 cm. The leaves of the plant are particularly beautiful. Tripartite leaf plates of a dark green hue have thin pointed tops. They form a dense lace background against which unusual flowers look especially luxurious. The glossy surface gives the foliage even more beauty.

The most "exotic" part of the caracalla cowpea is its flowers. The large bract has an elongated shape, while it is curved and twisted in such a way that it bears a vivid resemblance to a corkscrew or a snail. During flowering, gorgeous large inflorescences are formed on the stems, consisting of flowers that are twisted into tight spirals. The racemose inflorescence is rather dense and large. Flowering is observed during all summer months, and even at the beginning of the autumn period. At the same time, at any time on the shoots, you can see both already opened flowers and only buds that are tied.

The color of flowers in snail grapes is also unusual, watercolor. It is almost impossible to find a bush on which there would be monochromatic inflorescences. Almost all varieties are distinguished by the fact that their flowers are colored in 2 or 3 tones, while they have soft smooth transitions. Flowers can be colored in various combinations of shades such as pink, yellow, purple, white, cream and purple. Unusual flowers stand out not only for their shape and color, but also for their delicate, very pleasant aroma, which is perfectly felt up close. The scent of this exotic liana is very similar to the scent of hyacinth.

The cowpea caracalla blooms for a long time. As a rule, flowers on a bush can be seen throughout the summer and early fall. The liana blooms in July, and stops blooming immediately after the first frost, because it turns out to be detrimental to the heat-loving plant.

In place of the wilted flower, a fruit is formed in the shape of a pod. Inside it are beans that can be eaten. The fruits of the cowpea caracalla are known all over the world under the name "Mexican beans".

Snail grape "Vigna caracal"

Vigna caracalla in landscape design

Vigna caracalla is a spectacular vine that is not particularly hardy. Outdoors, it can only be cultivated where it comes from, namely in Central and South America. In those regions where winters are frosty, planting vines in the ground is not done. The fact is that in a harsh climate, it grows very poorly and may even die, since it needs a stable temperature and certain conditions for normal growth. However, it is quite possible to cultivate it as a potted garden plant.

This plant is most commonly used as:

  • balcony culture;
  • a potted liana dug in the garden in the warm season;
  • decor of recreation areas and terraces.

Snail grapes grow and develop fully when grown in a pot. He quickly braids any support, attaching to it with his antennae. The vine grows incredibly fast, in just 24 hours it can grow to a height of about 30 centimeters. In this regard, it is necessary to carry out regular pruning, which helps to curb the exuberant growth of exotic.

This spectacular culture is used for:

  • decoration of walls and hedges;
  • the formation of green screens, as well as living screens;
  • for cultivation as an ampelous plant;
  • disguises;
  • creating the effect of a blooming cascade, waterfall or fountain.

Please note that the plant must be in the same place throughout the season. You cannot transfer it from one place to another. The fact is that the stems of the liana are distinguished by their fragility, so they can easily break. In this regard, before moving the bush to the garden, you must first choose a suitable place for it.

With the onset of cold weather, the vine is cut off and brought into a heated room. But if you wish, you can use it as a summer flyer. And after the plant dies from the first frost, it is simply thrown away. For perennial and one-year-old cowpea caracalla, you need to take care of almost the same, the only difference is the frequency of fertilization.

Optimal conditions

Liana vigna caracalla is one of the light-loving cultures. If you choose a place for her, even with a little shading, then this will have an extremely negative effect on her appearance: the foliage will fade and begin to fly around, the stems will be very elongated, the flowers will be small, and the flowering itself will be difficult to call abundant. In this regard, it is recommended to give preference to the most illuminated places on the terrace, in the open ground, and on the balcony.

Also remember that a place suitable for such an exotic must be very warm and cozy, it must have reliable protection from cold drafts. When the air temperature drops to 3 degrees, the plant may die. And at zero degrees, there is an active dying off of the stems of snail grapes. However, if the frost was not too strong, and after it warm weather sets in, then the roots will give new young shoots.

Pay particular attention to the choice of soil mixture for a given plant. It must pass air and water well, be of high quality, loose and contain a large amount of nutrients. For planting vines, you can purchase a ready-made universal soil mixture in a specialized store, but if you wish, you can prepare the substrate yourself.

Planting cowpea caracalla

For planting cowpea caracalla, you should choose a roomy large container. Note that there should be fairly large drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Also, a thick drainage layer must be laid out at the bottom, for this you can use shards, large expanded clay and gravel. Install the bush so that the root collar is flush with the surface of the substrate, it cannot be buried. When transplanting, try not to damage the root system and keep the clod of earth intact.

The bush is transferred to open ground only when the threat of spring return frosts has passed. Typically, this time falls in May or June.

If you need this liana for horizontal gardening or to fill a fairly large area, then it is buried in the soil together with the pot. To do this, dig a hole that will correspond to the size of the pot, while at the bottom you need to make a good drainage layer.

Caring for cowpea caracalla

Since the caracalla cowpea is very fast growing, it will require special attention from gardeners.


The plant is not afraid of a short drought. However, in order for it to bloom magnificently and effectively, it is necessary to ensure that the soil mixture is always moist. After a short time after watering, be sure to empty the excess water from the pan. Make sure that no liquid stagnation occurs in the soil mixture. Moisten the substrate only after the top layer has dried. If you grow snail grapes as a perennial, then in winter water it more rarely and sparingly, the soil mixture should be only slightly moist.

Top dressing

Since the vine grows very quickly and is large in size, it will need frequent feeding. If you grow a vine as a perennial, then you need to feed it 1 time in 20-30 days. Bushes grown as annuals are fertilized once a week. A combined mineral and organic fertilizer is suitable for the caracalla cowpea. At the very beginning of the growing season, the bush can be fed with nitrogen. For the rest of the dressings, it is recommended to use universal fertilizers or mixtures for flowering plants.


Take care in advance of a reliable support for the caracalla cowpea. However, it can be used to create a cascade with plinths or for growing as an ampelous crop. For this vine, it is recommended to use stretched rows of twine or a special net. Shoots climb up such supports very quickly, clinging to them with antennae. There are permanent supports (for example, wooden lattices), as well as temporary ones, which are installed for one season.

You do not need to tie up the lianas. The fact is that it is securely fixed on the support, clinging to it with antennae. The plant grows rapidly and braids the support literally before our eyes. However, in order for the plane to be filled efficiently and completely, you will need to direct the stems in the right direction.


You should be especially careful about pruning. From the very beginning of the growing season, you need to regularly pinch the tops of young stems. Thanks to this, the flowering will be more lush and spectacular. As the bush grows, when it fills the entire area allotted for it, you will have to regularly trim the stems to the required size, and you will also need to cut off excess antennae.

Winter care

If you want to grow cowpea caracalla as a perennial crop, then in winter it will have to be in a heated room. After the plant from the street is brought into the room, it stops growing and developing. The bush goes into a dormant state. For wintering for such a vine, it is recommended to choose a room with an air temperature of 5-12 degrees.

After it starts to get colder outside, you should prune the vines. To do this, its shoots are shortened to 0.2–0.3 m, while the green mass must be completely removed. If in the summertime the bush was dug into the ground along with the pot, then it should be carefully dug up and the same pruning carried out as described above. Carefully clean the outer surfaces of the container from residual soil.

Diseases and pests

Vigna caracalla is highly resistant to fungal diseases. However, if a bush infected with powdery mildew or rust grows nearby, then the plant can become infected from it. If the vine is grown on a closed terrace or balcony, then it will be more susceptible to damage by whitefly and spider mites. To get rid of pests, it is recommended to increase the level of humidity in the air and treat with a suitable insecticidal agent.

Reproduction methods

Growing from seeds

Vigna Caracalla can be grown from seeds. To begin with, they are poured with warm water for one day. A small container is filled with a fertile soil mixture, after which the seeds are buried in it by 10–20 mm. From above, the container is covered with glass or film, and transferred to a well-lit and warm place. After the formation of the third true leaf plate, the seedlings are picked into separate pots.

Vigna Caracalla from seed.

Reproduction by layering

In the summer, pick a strong, healthy stem and anchor it to the surface of the mix you fill a small pot with. Carry out regular moistening of the soil mixture in the pot and after a while roots will appear on the shoot. After that, it is cut from the parent plant and planted in a permanent pot.


Cuttings are harvested in the autumn, combining it with full pruning. Fresh cuttings are planted in individual containers. The roots on the cuttings will grow back after 15–20 days. In winter, they are kept in a cool room in which they slow down their growth and development. With the onset of spring, the cuttings quickly turn into lush bushes.

Vigna Caracalla. Blooming Vigna Caracalla.

In encyclopedias of indoor plant species, the following classification is most often adhered to:

Wealth of indoor plants

Bulbous plants

Florists love bulbous house plants for their beauty, unusual appearance. Of interest is the part of the flower that is responsible for the reserves of water and nutrients. This is an onion. The development of these unpretentious plants does not depend on the season.

The most famous representatives of the species:

  • hyacinth
  • hippeastrum
  • amaryllis
  • crinum
  • zantedeschia
  • caladium:
  • pancratium
  • vallot.

Indoor trees

Home trees grown in large pots or tubs can create a small oasis in your apartment or office. Large plants up to 1 m in height increase the level of humidity in the room, cleanse them of dust particles and bacteria.

Indoor trees

Indoor trees include:

  • a coffee tree
  • plants grown in bonsai style
  • codiaum
  • dracaena
  • olive Tree
  • ficus
  • hibiscus
  • fat woman
  • abutilone.

Bromeliad plants

There are about 50 species of bromeliads. This is a herbaceous exotic plant, its flower has the shape of a gutter. Water is drained along it, along a funnel. The leaves of the plant reach a length of 50 cm. Popular types:

  • acanthostachis
  • ehmeya
  • bilbergia
  • tillandsia
  • vriezia
  • sandersonia.

Additional Information. Bromeliad is considered one of the first flowers to be brought from America to Europe.

Ampel plants

The word "ampelous" comes from the German language and literally means "hanging vase" for flowers and loaches. An ornamental plant is called an ornamental plant, the stems of which either spread upwards or spread along the floor. Representatives of the species are placed in hanging baskets, pots.

Varieties and names of ampels:

Decorative deciduousBudra, ivy, tradescantia, fittonia.
Beautifully bloomingColumnaea, eschinanthus, duchenea, fuchsia.
SucculentsSedum, lash-shaped aporocactus.

Laurel plant in history, myths and legends

The famous Ovid in his "Metamorphoses" tells that Apollo, who lived among people, fell in love with the nymph Daphne and constantly pursued her. Once, after defeating the serpent Python, Apollo met the young God of Love Eros with a bow and arrow and made fun of him: “Why do you, kid, need a bow and arrows? Do you think you will surpass me in the art of shooting? " This mockery offended Eros, and he sent two arrows in revenge. The first, the arrow of love, pierced Apollo, and the second - killing love - hit Daphne.

Since then, Daphne has always run away from Apollo. No amount of contrivance helped him.Exhausted by suffering, eternal persecution, Daphne turned to her father Peney and Earth to take her image from her. After these words, she turned into a laurel bush (it is curious that in Russia until the 18th century, the bay leaf was called "Daphnia" ("laurel" in Greek - "Daphne"). The saddened Apollo since then began to wear a wreath of evergreen laurel.

In Greece, dwellings were decorated with laurel leaves to refresh the room. Laurel branches were placed in the mattresses so that prophetic dreams could be dreamed. There was a belief that laurel saves from a lightning strike. So, the fact is known that the Roman emperor Tiberius, during the thunderclaps, put on a laurel wreath and crawled under the bed.

Laurel noble (Laurus nobilis) Is a subtropical tree or shrub, a species of the genus Laurus (Laurus) of the Laurel family.

The laurel branch, like the laurel wreath, is considered a symbol of glory, victory and peace. From the name of this plant came:

  • Names: Laurus, Lawrence, Laura, Lorenz
  • The word "laureate" means "crowned with laurel"
  • Expressions: "to reap laurels" - to enjoy the fruits of your success, "to rest on your laurels" - to stop striving for further victories, to be content with what has been achieved.

Laurel was considered a sacred tree, laurel wreaths adorned the heads of the winners in Ancient Greece. Laurel leaves are widely used as a spice (bay leaf).

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Eggplant: why it tastes bitter - N21, p. 3
Whitefly: control measures - N12, p. 3
Mustard: infusion for the protection of vegetable plants - N13, p. four
Daikon: When to Dig - N19, p. 2
Zucchini: the ovaries fall off (under-pollination) - N12, p. five
Cauliflower: features of agricultural technology - N18, p. four
Cabbage: leaves turn yellow (bacteriosis) - N12, p. nine
Potatoes Lugovskoy, Picasso - N16, p. 22
Potatoes: virus - N19, p. 3
Potatoes: Alternaria - N12, p. 10 scab - N21, p. four
Potatoes: planting before winter - N21, p. 3
Potatoes: leaving - N12, p. four
Potatoes: black leg - N12, p. four
Beautiful vegetable garden: experience - N21, p. five
Cruciferous flea (ate mustard) - N15, p. nineteen
Shallots: leaving - N14, p. 12
Onions, garlic: shelter for the winter - N21, p. nineteen
Onions: leaves turn yellow (onion fly) - N13, p. four
Bow: winter landing - N19, p. 2
Onions: spots on leaves (tobacco thrips) - N14, p. 10
Carrots: powdery mildew - N17, p. 2
Vegetables: preparation of the store - N17, p. 8 purchase for safekeeping - N18, p. five
Vegetables: crops in August - N15, p. 2
Vegetables: seedlings - N12, p. eleven
Vegetable crops: protection by non-chemical means - N17, p. five
Mittlider vegetable garden - N20, p. 4-5
Vegetable garden: experience - N21, p. eighteen
Vegetable garden: watering - N15, p. 3
Cucumber Little Leaf - N22, p. 3
Cucumber: melon aphid - N14, p. four
Cucumber: heterotic hybrids - N15, p. 21
Cucumber: nutritional deficiency - N12, p. 10
Cucumber: how to get a good harvest - N12, p. eleven
Cucumber: leaves with small spots (mite) - N14, p. four
Cucumber: downy mildew - N14, p. eleven
Empty cucumbers inside - N12, p. nine
Pepper: top rot of fruit - N14, p. five
Lettuce: autumn sowing - N17, p. 2
Beets: when to dig out - N17, p. 21
Beets: scab (will it be stored) - N19, p. 2
Beets: varieties, care, feeding - N22, p. four
Tomato in the greenhouse: virus - N22, p. 4 N12, p. five
Tomato: beetle larvae harm - N17, p. five
Tomato: leaves curl (stress) - N12, p. five
Tomato: Fusarium wilting - N14, p. five
Tomato: seed treatment with aloe juice - N20, p. 22
Tomato: top dressing in July - N13, p. 3 application of stimulants - N15, p. five
Tomato: top rot - N13, p. five
Tomato: sow in a garden bed or for seedlings - N21, p. 2
Tomato: flowers dry up (reasons) - N13, p. 2
Tomatoes in the greenhouse: mite - N18, p. 10
Tall tomatoes: planting, agricultural technology - N20, p. 9-12
Pumpkin: whether there are no female flowers to pinch the whips - N13, p. 2
Beans: leaving - N13, p. five
Zucchini: fruits are bitter - N14, p. eleven
Garlic: bottom rot, fusarium - N12, p. nine
Garlic: one-tooth - N18, p. 10
Garlic: preparing cloves for planting - N19, p. five
Garlic: late planting
Garlic: landing - N17, p. 3

Apricot, pear: weevil damages - N17, p. 7
Actinidia, lemongrass: pruning - N17, p. eight
Actinidia: pruning - N15, p. eight
Cherry plum: fruits shrink (rejuvenating pruning) - N20, p. 7
Cherry plum: fruits dry up - N15, p. 7
Aronia: pruning - N22, p. 7
Bacterial fruit burn - N12, p. 7
Black elderberry: agricultural technology - N19, p. 10
The tops of the trees dry up: reasons - N13, p. 6
Cherry black weevil - N15, p. 7
Cherry dropped the ovary: reasons - N13, p. eight
Cherry: leaves turn yellow (coccomycosis) - N13, p. 7
Cherry: causes of overgrowth - N20, p. eighteen
Pear Williams winter - N22, p. 8 Ilyinka - N15, p. 11 Starkrimson, Carmen - N19, p. nine
Pear: rootstock growing, planting, care, crown formation - N15, p. 6-7
Pear: orange spots on the leaves (rust) - N14, p. eighteen
Pear: scab - N14, p. eight
Hollow: how to close up - N21, p. 6
Blackberry (kumanika): reproduction - N19, p. eight
Blackberry: agricultural technology, care - N16, p. 21 planting, care, pruning - N22, p. 7
Garden protection in autumn - N20, p. eight
Mustacheless strawberries: reproduction - N20, p. nineteen
Remontant strawberries - N15, p. eight
Strawberries: brown spot (leaves turn red) - N18, p. 7
Strawberry: virus (leaf rugosity) - N20, p. nineteen
Strawberries: harmful by the scoop - N20, p. 21
Strawberries: ants, slugs harm - N14, p. eight
Strawberries: why cut the leaves - N13, p. nine
Strawberries: how to fertilize the soil before planting - N15, p. eight
Strawberries: tick - N12, p. 7
Strawberries: barren flowers - N14, p. eighteen
Strawberries: reproduction - N12, p. 7
Strawberries: shelter for the winter - N21, p. nineteen
Strawberry nematode - N13, p. nine
Goose - N13, p. 7
Fruit tree bark: fungus treatment - N18, p. eight
Bark beetle - N20, p. 7
Gooseberry: agricultural technology - N19, p. 10
Gooseberry: Anti-aging Pruning - N20, p. eighteen
Gooseberry: sawflies - N20, p. nineteen
Raspberry Diamond: planting, care, reproduction - N19, p. nine
Raspberry dries up (wilt) - N15, p. eight
Raspberry: verticillosis - N19, p. eight
Raspberry: viruses - N15, p. 10
Raspberry: protection against freezing - N16, p. nine
Raspberry: when to cut - N14, p. 7
Raspberry remontant: pruning - N20, p. eighteen
Raspberry: septoria (shoots crack) - N18, p. eight
Raspberry: purple spot - N14, p. eight
Raspberry: phyllostictosis (spots on leaves) - N17, p. eleven
Fallen leaves: spraying - N21, p. 7
Walnut: bacteriosis - N22, p. 22
Walnut: fruit storage - N21, p. nine
Autumn cleaning of the garden - N18, p. nineteen
Re-grafting of young trees - N14, p. 21
Peach: curly leaves - N19, p. eight
Peach: shelter for the winter - N18, p. 19 N20, p. eighteen
Pinching of fruit trees - N17, p. 7
Fruit trees: top dressing - N12, p. eight
Fruit trees: when to warm for the winter - N21, p. nine
Winter watering - N18, p. 6
Winter vaccination - N21, p. 10
Vaccination by budding method - N12, p. 18-19
Trunk circles: leaving - N17, p. 10
Saplings: frost protection - N21, p. nine
Plum Kirk - N18, p. 7
Plum: agricultural technology, varieties, crown formation - N16, p. eight
Plum Pan - N21, p. 7
Plum: coccomycosis - N15, p. 18 polystygmosis - N16, p. 19 red spot - N14, p. eighteen
Plum: heat stress (as if fried) - N19, p. 7
Plum moth: control measures - N15, p. 11 N15, p. eighteen
Black currant: pruning - N18, p. 7 leaving, grafting - N16, p. 18 agricultural technology - N12, p. eight
Black currant: the berries seem to be boiled - N15, p. 7
Currants: powdery mildew (non-chemical control measures) - N12, p. nineteen
Currant glass case - N19, p. 7
Cuts: processing - N21, p. 7
Old garden: care, pruning - N21, p. eight
Aphids - a dangerous garden pest - N13, p. 8 N14, p. nineteen
Aphids and mites: non-chemical control measures (horseradish) - N16, p. eighteen
Khrushch: control measures - N20, p. 7
Sweet cherry, apple tree: the first leaves fall (bukarka) - N12, p. 7
Sweet cherry: gommosis (gum flow) - N19, p. 7 moniliosis - N18, p. 7
Sweet cherry: why it does not bear fruit - N21, p. 10
Rosehip: powdery mildew - N17, p. 19 orange spots (rust) - N15, p. eleven
Summer apples: harvesting - N14, p. 21
Apple moth - N22, p. eight
Columnar apple tree: how to distinguish a seedling - N17, p. 19 crown formation - N13, p. 21

The re-grafted apple tree died: reasons - N14, p. 21
Apple tree Simirenko: how to increase winter hardiness - N14, p. eighteen
Apple tree: cultivation on sandy soil - N18, p. 21
Apple tree: red fruit mite - N13, p. eight
Apple tree: lack of trace elements - N17, p. 10
Apple tree: heat stress - N19, p. eight
Berry groves: pruning - N18, p. 18 propagation by cuttings and layering - N18, p. eighteen
Berry crops: frost protection - N17, p. 6

Abdula: characteristic of the variety - N17, p. 17
Varieties of selection by S. Gusev, planting, care of seedlings, crop load - N16, p. 10-14
Slit sleeve - N21, p. 17
Protection against wasps - N14, p. 24
Protection before harvesting - N13, p. 17
How to grow biennial grape vines - N19, p. eleven
How to shorten an extended sleeve - N16, p. 17
Codryanka: light leaves (chlorosis) - N13, p. nine
Shoot banding - N22, p. 17
Laura does not give growth - N12, p. eight
Pruning, sub-winter watering - N18, p. 17
Oidium - N21, p. eleven
Fruitful and non-fruiting stepchildren - N14, p. 17
Platovsky: characteristics of the variety, care - N21, p. eleven
Weak shoots: what to do - N12, p. 17
Rizamat: what to do with vines without flower brushes - N12, p. eight
Saplings with one or two shoots - N20, p. 17
Gray rot - N19, p. eleven
Shelter for the winter - N19, p. 17
Vaccination Care - N15, p. 17
Chubuki: storage - N19, p. eleven

rare plants
Amaranth flour: application - N19, p. nineteen
Batat: digging, storage - N19, p. four
Hawthorn - N22, p. 23
Black elderberry: application - N18, p. 22
Sesame: how to grow - N19, p. 3
Melissa and mint: tea recipes - N19, p. eighteen
Melotria - N22, p. five
Sea buckthorn: oil preparation - N22, p. nineteen
Black nightshade - N19, p. nineteen
Garden purslane: medicinal properties - N22, p. nineteen
Celery: seed application - N18, p. eleven
Spilantes - N20, p. 22
Stakhis - N19, p. five
Cumin - N17, p. four
Chufa - N22, p. five
Rosehip: agricultural technology, useful properties - N22, p. eighteen

Ornamental crops, flowers
Aquilegia: powdery mildew - N17, p. sixteen
Amsonia, gaura (autumn flowers) - N21, p. 12-13
Badan: why it doesn't bloom - N13, p. 13
The lawn has lost its decorative effect whether to mow in the winter - N21, p. fifteen
Heliotrope, meadowsweet: how to get seeds - N15, p. fourteen
Dahlia: how to preserve tuber roots - N19, p. fourteen
Hibiscus: pruning - N14, p. 15 why it doesn't bloom - N15, p. sixteen
Hibiscus: aphid - N14, p. fifteen
Hippeastrum: red burn (disease) - N13, p. sixteen
Wisteria - N17, p. 12
Hydrangea: top dressing - N17, p. 13
The Decembrist does not bloom well - N21, p. sixteen
Willow loosestrife - N15, p. fifteen
Dichondra ampelous - N13, p. fifteen
Doronicum: rejuvenation - N17, p. sixteen
Zamioculcas - N17, p. fifteen
Iva matsuda - N17, p. 13
Iris: varieties, reproduction, agricultural technology - N12, p. 14-15
Camellia: planting, leaving - N15, p. sixteen
Campsis: freezing - N13, p. fourteen
Clematis: when to plant - N16, p. 15 reproduction in plastic bottles - N13, p. fourteen
Houseplants that are not demanding for watering - N13, p. sixteen
Laurel noble: growing in a room - N19, p. sixteen
Daylily: agricultural technology, care - N15, p. 12-13
Lilies: Asian, Oriental, etc. - N14, p. 14-15
Lily lavender (ixiolirion) - N19, p. fourteen
Decorative bow - N17, p. fourteen
Mallow: how to speed up flowering - N13, p. fifteen
Mattiola - N21, p. fourteen
Perennials from seeds - N22, p. 14-15
Petunias: growing in containers - N18, p. 15 how to save until spring (cuttings) - N18, p. fifteen
Platycodon (shirokolokolchik) - N22, p. sixteen
Purslane - N13, p. 12
Ground cover perennials - N19, p. 12-13
Plants blooming in August - N16, p. sixteen
Plants blooming in early summer - N12, p. 12-13
Plants blooming in September - N18, p. 14-15
Plants blooming in the middle of summer - N14, p. sixteen
Rose: powdery mildew - N19, p. fifteen
Miniature roses: preparation for winter - N19, p. fifteen
Roses: classification - N20, p. 15-16
Saintpaulias do not bloom reproduction by leaf cuttings care (questions and answers) - N18, p. sixteen
Lilac: cuttings - N15, p. fifteen
Strelitzia does not bloom - N15, p. sixteen
Succulents - N17, p. fifteen
Tui as a fence - N17, p. sixteen
Byzantine chisel (woolly stachis) - N13, p. 12
Filamentous yucca: leaves turn yellow - N13, p. 13

Soil, weeds,
Irrigation water: how to reduce hardness - N17, p. eighteen
Groundwater (pear dries up) - N17, p. 7
Saline soil - N19, p. 21
Green fertilizer (green manure) - N13, p. 10 N16, p. five
Compost: preparation - N19, p. 4 questions-answers - N19, p. 21
Summer watering and feeding, signs of starvation - N13, p. eleven
Manure: how to prepare for application to the soil - N18, p. eleven
Rehabilitation of the soil after uprooting a tree - N20, p. 21
Quail litter: how to use - N13, p. 24
Soil: how to make your own analysis - N18, p. 10
Plant residues: what to do with them - N18, p. 9 p. 11 N20, p. five
Siderata - N17, p. 11 peas - N18, p. 9 mustard - N18, p. 21 winter sowing - N19, p. four
Weeds in a strawberry bed: herbicides - N17, p. four
Weeds in the garden: control methods - N15, p. 4-5
Weeds: how to get rid of (experience) - N13, p. 10
Complex fertilizers - N15, p. eighteen
Fertilizers: question - answer - N16, p. four
Fertilizers: how much is contained in a spoon, glass - N13, p. 3

Country design
Reservoir - N13, p. 22
Rustic style - N17, p. 22
Fireplace - N12, p. 23
Mosaic panel in the bathhouse - N14, p. 22
New picture frames - N21, p. 23
Flower stands in the garden - N22, p. 22
Benches in the garden - N19, p. 22

Seasonal cooking
Adjika: recipes - N16, p. 24
Quince: fruit drying - N14, p. 21
Sweet potato: recipes - N22, p. 23
Hawthorn: blanks - N19, p. eighteen
Jam from plums, from pears - N13, p. 22
Raisins: method of preparation from grapes - N16, p. 24
Zucchini: dishes and preparations - N14, p. 23
Berry pies - N12, p. 23
Holiday recipes - N22, p. 10-12
Cucumber salad for the winter - N17, p. nineteen
Cauliflower: dishes - N15, p. 23
Apples: freezing - N13, p. nineteen
Candied apple fruits - N16, p. 23
Apple cider vinegar: preparation, medicinal recipes - N16, p. 23

Animals, birds,
Praying Mantis - N16, p. five
Tree frog - N12, p. 24
Hoverfly - N14, p. 10
Predatory insects (who ate aphids) - N13, p. eighteen
Wasps: how to get rid of - N15, p. 21
Dragonfly - N13, p. eighteen

Fisherman to fisherman
In Jordan and other catfish - N17, p. 23
Capitalism is not a fishing companion - N13, p. 23
Quocation of catfish on the Lower Volga - N19, p. 23 N20, p. 23
Halfway to the loach - N21, p. 22-23
Burbot from the cod family - N15, p. 22
The fish will endure everything - N13, p. 23

Watch the video: C. Monteverdi - Vespro Della Beata Vergine 1610. Alta Capella ensemble

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