It is hard to imagine that 30 years ago no one even thought of growing tomatoes in the gardens of our region. But now, on the contrary, it is difficult to find a vegetable garden in which tomatoes are not grown.
Tomatoes - these are delicious salads, wholesome juice, incredible ketchups and all kinds of winter preparations.
Everyone has long been convinced of the benefits of tomatoes from their own experience: good health, a wonderful complexion, a desire to do something useful for humanity - all this gives a vegetable garden with tomatoes. It is clear that the point here is not only the richness of the fruit with vitamins and mineral salts.
For example, recently, scientists told us that a substance was found in tomatoes - lycopene, thanks to which the tomato becomes orange-red, - this substance has biological activity, neutralizes free radicals and other toxic substances. So now, without tomatoes, a vegetable garden is not a vegetable garden.
Breeders, seeing such a craving for tomatoes, immediately set to work. Previously, growing tomatoes in our region was a very troublesome business, after all, a tomato is a southern plant. Now they have developed new varieties that make it easier to work with this plant: high-yielding, early maturing and cold-resistant, disease-resistant, moreover, tolerating increased soil acidity and even drought. The latter quality is important not only for the southern regions, but also for ours, for those gardeners who choose their plots only once a week.
Each gardener sets his own goals and objectives for growing tomatoes. Some are grown for sale, others - to feed a large family with fresh vegetables and make more preparations for the winter; some like to amaze themselves and their neighbors with exoticism or to show some unusual tomato at an exhibition. There are varieties for all tasks.
Today there is an incredible number of tomato varieties for literally every taste. Now there are tomatoes, white, green, yellow, orange, pink, red of all shades, brown, striped and speckled. In addition to color, they have different fruit shape, size and taste, different shape and height of the bush, purpose, they also differ in resistance to different growing conditions and different diseases.
A gardener from Sweden has put together a collection of varieties in which we have hitherto unseen tomatoes. For example, there are fruits that, in cross-section, give a silhouette of a chamomile, or ampelous tomatoes, whose stems hang down. They can be planted in hanging vases in the room, in the loggia, on the balcony. True, the seeds of such varieties are only in Sweden.
Every year every reputable seed company offers many new varieties, some of which are well-forgotten old varieties. It is clear that it is impossible to list them. We can only talk about some noteworthy new products. True, advertising of varieties offers them exclusively in an excellent degree as the most - the most productive, tasty and unpretentious in the world, etc. Sometimes there are simply inaccuracies in it.
For example, to attract buyers, it is said that the variety does not need pinching. We must constantly remember that in our area everything must be pinned, otherwise the harvest simply will not have time to ripen. Or even more "cool" advertising: they offer varieties that, they say, can withstand frosts down to minus 5 degrees. It also needs to be treated critically.
So, about the varieties:
In the Leningrad Region, only a few varieties can yield in the open field, and even then in its southern half and in hot summer. In general, under open ground, they often mean beds covered with one or another film, and in cold weather they also use additional insulation there.
Of the old varieties, the following varieties have proven themselves well here: White filling, Dubok, Gruntovy Gribovsky, Agata, Nevsky, Danna, Moskvich, Early 83 and many others. Newer ones are Boney M, Beta, Alaska. Snowdrop, Yamal, Taimyr, Snegurochka, Little Red Riding Hood are doing well. All of them give small fruits - 35-100 grams each. The super-early ripening varieties Milashka, Masquerade ultra-early, Alpha, Chinese early, as well as an ultra-early-ripening variety with original transparent yellow rounded fruits of 70-90 g each, Amber, early-ripening Far North SeDeK, have shown themselves well.
Gardeners also succeed in a variety with significantly larger Gin fruits - up to 300 g. There are many other varieties, however, they give less stable yields, and not all have been verified by sufficient experience.
This year, breeders offer new items that can be grown under temporary film shelters and in the open field, for example, some of them are the fastest ripening:
Atom - bush up to 60 cm tall, standard. Fruits are round, slightly flattened, dark red, weighing 80-100 g or more, dense.
Darling - unpretentious variety. Bushes are low, abundant fruiting, amicable and early ripening. Fruits weighing about 85 g, round, smooth, deep red, very dense, fleshy. Excellent taste, with a high content of lycopene.
Ballad - medium early variety, gives a lot of brushes. Tomatoes are round, smooth, bright red, weighing 130-180 g. The taste is sweet, fleshy, aromatic.
Maroussia - charming bushes 60-70 cm high, abundantly strewn with bright red fruits weighing 60-80 g plum-shaped. Fruits are dense with a strong skin, for whole-fruit canning. Medium early variety.
Pink souvenir - a variety with pink fruits, 70-80 g. Fruits are even, dense, sweet. The bush is low.
Khan - early ripening variety. The bush is low, the fruits are more than 110 g, round, slightly flattened, slightly ribbed, dense red. The juicy pulp is bright red.
F1 Batyr - early ripe hybrid, low plant, abundant fruiting, amicable ripening. Fruits are round, smooth, 85 g, excellent taste, high content of lycopene and sugars.
F1 Penguin - mid-early hybrid. Standard bush, up to 70 cm high. Fruits are round, slightly flattened, weighing up to 150-200 g. Deep pink in color, very tasty. Amicable return of the harvest.
F1 Ustinya - juicy-scarlet fruits, 70-90 g each, oval with a small "nose". Bushes are undersized.
F1 Nimble - an early ripe standard hybrid. Fruits are plum-shaped, dense, leveled, weighing 60-80 g each, perfect for all types of canning. It bears fruit abundantly, the harvest gives in unison.
Thus, there is a choice, although I have listed only a small part of the new products, choosing the best ones from them.
There are much more novelties for closed ground. Of course, first of all, in greenhouses it is necessary to plant varieties that have been well tested by you and other gardeners. For example, who can say a bad word about Verliok's famous old F1 hybrid? And there are a lot of such varieties and hybrids, professional and amateur. Every gardener always has his favorite variety. I will briefly introduce you to some of the latest innovations that, in my opinion, deserve attention.
F1 Semko 2005 - the expected hit of the season - intended for whole-fruit canning, the skin does not crack, fruits with a "nose", like ladies' fingers.
F1 Semko 2000.ru - fruits can be stored indoors for up to 70 days.
F1 Chukhloma - bright orange fruits, the best delicacy for children, there are 15-20 fruits in the bunch. The plant is tall.
F1 Khokhloma - variety, fruits are long, like peppers, up to 15 cm, tasty, hard, up to 15 fruits in a bunch, lying. From a bush, you can get up to 5 kg of fruit.
F1 Premier - an amazing hybrid of a new generation of German selection, indeterminate, early maturing. Differs in short internodes. Fruits are round-flat, red, dense, weighing 140-160 g.
F1 Venus - rounded fruits 80-120 g, smooth,
F1 Koenig - leveled, slightly flattened fruits up to 120 g, transportable, resistant to cracking,
F1 Darling - fruits of 200-250 g, slightly ribbed. These hybrids have bright red fruits, dense, tasty, determinate plants.
F1 Don Quixote - mid-season original hybrid. Fruits 80-120 g, cuboid, ribbed, deep yellow. High carotene content.
F1 Sancho Panza - tasty yellow fruits with juicy pulp, 200-250 g each, round, slightly flattened. The plant is indeterminate. The variety is purely salad.
F1 Fire - indeterminate hybrid with long and abundant fruiting. The fruits are impeccably smooth, round, and bright red.
F1 Octopus - can be grown in any container with a nutrient substrate, transferred to a winter garden for the winter, where there is lighting, and shaped like a tomato tree covered with bright fruits up to 160 g in weight. It is grown in greenhouses as a high-yielding indeterminate variety.
F1 Elton John - a sun-shining determinant hybrid. Fruits, like an orange, are bright, tasty, 100-150 g each. Gives the harvest together. Increased carotene content.
It should be noted such high-yielding early ripening novelties such as hybrids:
F1 Russian Troika, with flat-round smooth fruits weighing about 200 g, bush 50 - 60 cm high.
F1 Ace - plant up to 80 cm tall with fruits up to 300g, mid-season hybrid.
F1 Seven - very high-yielding, indeterminate bush, fruits 130 - 160 g.
Lovers of large-fruited tomatoes are offered a new hybrid F1 King - giant - with the largest fruits up to 1 kg.
Of the varieties, Floradeid can be noted - a high-yielding variety of Dutch selection. The bush is low - up to 1 m due to short internodes, the fruits are bright red, lined, fleshy, sweet and sour taste, 150-200 g. Tamina - brushes follow one another through the leaf, so there are many brushes. The plant is indeterminate, with potato-type leaves. Fruits are round, bright red, weighing 70 g. From my own experience, I was convinced of the high yield of these varieties.
Thus, there is a lot to choose from among the new products.
Read the next part: Preparing soil and seeds, growing tomato seedlings →
Of the shortcomings of this indeterminate (sometimes it grows up to 2 m) tomato - only the need for a bush in support and formation. The rest is a set of advantages! It is resistant to adverse conditions and can grow even in Siberia and the Far East. It bears fruit well not only in the greenhouse, but also in the open field. It is not afraid of the main diseases of the nightshade.
"In the greenhouse, I am always pleased with the variety Chio-chio-san from "Gavrish". Maria Dolzhikova.
According to the ripening period, the tomato belongs to medium early - from the appearance of the first shoots to the beginning of fruiting, 100-120 days pass. It will not fail with the harvest either - although the tomatoes are small (on average about 30-40 g), but they ripen up to 50 pieces. on the brush! So the harvest from a bush with proper care is 4 kg and can reach a record 6 kg. And the taste of this tomato is excellent! And in the blanks, it looks very presentable.
"Chio-chio-san - sweet, very productive, tall, in a brush up to 50 pieces of even thin-skinned sweet tomatoes! Universal for food and preservation. "Tatiana Vznuzdaeva. Tula region.
Tomato varieties for greenhouses and open ground
Conditions growing tomatoes in greenhouses, film shelters and in the open field very different. In greenhouses, there is high air humidity and high temperatures.
Usually plants tomato, intended for cultivation in the open field, lose their fruiting qualities in greenhouses. And vice versa, tomatothat do great in greenhouses, just wither away, growing in the open field.
However, there are exceptions. Exist tomato varietiesthat are adapted to different environmental conditions and feel great both outdoors and in glazed and film greenhouses.
Indeterminate type - plants of unlimited growth (tall).
Determinant type - low tomato plants (up to 50 cm tall). Plants are stocky, with a strong erect stem.
Semi-determinant type - medium-sized tomato plants, occupying an intermediate position between the indeterminate and determinant type.
Ripening period- is considered from the day of emergence to the day of technical maturity of the fruit.
! It is interesting. The important Señor Tomato comes from the Pacific coast of South America, where it was cultivated by the Indian tribes, who gave the name to the genus - tomato.
It was brought to Europe by Columbus at the end of the 15th - beginning of the 16th century under the Latin name "company amoris", which means "apple of love", and "company d'oro -" golden apple ", where our native" tomatoes "came from.
And if the name "golden apple" is easy to decipher, since the first tomatoes were yellow-fruited, then the "apple of love" sounds intriguing: why would it be? It turns out that everything is simple: the attractive beginning, which awakens wonderful feelings, is the juicy bright red color of the fruit, due to the content of lycopene, which belongs to the well-known group of carotenoids.
The fiery "pigment of passion" has pronounced antioxidant properties, strengthens the immune system, increases vitality and even, as recent studies say, serves as a good tool for the prevention of cancer.
Hybrid variety "Holiday" F1 (improved) is just that. We highly recommend having a few bushes of this hybrid on your site, below you will see why.
First, it is extremely resistant to extreme climatic conditions and a complex of diseases. Secondly, the hybrid is early and very productive, the brushes are laid in 1-2 leaves. But the most important thing is its rare taste. Good "Festive" fresh, and yet it was born for whole-fruit canning.
During a feast, we all faced an awkward situation more than once, when a canned tomato bursts under a fork and its contents fly in different directions, staining neighbors and the tablecloth. So with "Festive" this will never happen, its fruit is so dense and at the same time very juicy that it can be cut with a knife in canned form, but it is much tastier and more pleasant to eat it whole - since the size allows it. During a good feast, the dish with these tomatoes has to be replenished several times. Men unanimously claim that under a misted glass of vodka "Festive" Is the best snack. Planting pattern 60 x 50 cm.
Variety "Amur" - mid-season variety for open and protected ground. Fruit ripening period is 115-120 days. The plant is compact, medium-sized, 0.45-0.6 m high. Fruits are medium-sized, flattened, weighing 120-130 g. Perfect for canning. Resistant to fruit cracking, fusarium and verticillary wilt.
Variety "Antey" F1 - a high-yielding, early maturing hybrid, suitable for growing in open ground and film greenhouses. Fruit ripening period is 100-103 days. The plant is determinate, powerful, up to 1.3 m high. Fruits are large, round, bright red, without a green spot at the stalk, fruit weighing up to 250 g, good taste. Designed for salads and processing. The variety is resistant to Fusarium and Verticillium. Unpretentious variety, hardy to unfavorable growing conditions.
Variety "White filling 241" - determinant, early ripening variety for greenhouses, film shelters and open ground. Low, medium leafy, slightly branched plant, 0.35-0.4 m high. Fruits are round, slightly ribbed, resistant to cracking. Ripe red fruit, weighing 90-130 g. The variety is resistant to late blight. Differs in amicable and early ripening of fruits (100-115 days).
Variety "White filling" — ultra early ripening variety, ripening period 83-110 days. Plant of determinant type, medium-sized, 0.4-0.5 m high. Fruits weighing 80-100 g. A very popular variety for universal use.
Variety "Budenovka" - semi-determinant, 1.3-1.5 m high, grade, for open ground and unheated film greenhouses. Fruits are large with a pronounced spout at the tip of the fruit, fleshy, pink in color, very tasty, for salad purposes. Fruit weight 200-400 g. Fruit ripening period 120-140 days.
Variety "Bull heart" - indeterminate variety, 1.5-1.7 m high, medium late, ripening period 125-132 days. Fruits are elongated-oval, cone-shaped, dark crimson in color, beautiful, large, fleshy, very tasty, weighing 300-400 g. Ideal for salads and processing.
Variety "Benefis" F1 - a tall, early ripe hybrid, 1.8 m high, a powerful, slightly leafy plant. Ripening period 95-105 days. The plant is stepson into one stem, the top is cut off, leaving two leaves above the brush. Fruits weighing 300 g, fleshy, round, beautiful, excellent taste. It is used fresh and for processing.
Variety "Ladies fingers" - the variety is intended for open ground, with the use of temporary film shelters or film greenhouses with constant ventilation. The variety is early ripening, ripening period 110 days, medium-sized, plant height 1 m. Fruits are elongated, very dense, retain their presentation for a long time, mature, weighing 70-100 g. Ideal for pickling!
Variety "Dubok" - grade for open ground and all types of greenhouses. Highly productive variety. The plant is compact, 0.4-0.5 m high. Fruits are round, dense, weighing 90-130 g, suitable for both salads and canning. Fruit ripening period is 100-115 days. The variety is highly resistant to fusarium.
Sort "Salting" - a universal, high-yielding, mid-ripening variety with a ripening period of 110-120 days. The plant is determinate, 0.7 m high, well-leafed. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, with a small toe at the tip, dense, even in size and color. Fruit weight 80 g. Ideal for whole fruit preservation! Delicious fruits both fresh and canned. The variety is resistant to Fusarium and Vercillosis. The fruits are stable, tolerate transportation well, and are resistant to mechanical damage.
Variety "Klusha" - mid-early, undersized variety, ideal for outdoor cultivation, it also feels great in greenhouse conditions. An excellent variety for novice summer residents! The plant is standard, resistant, 0.5 m high. The variety does not require pinching! Does not stretch in seedlings. Fruits are round in shape, weighing 150 g, for universal use. The fruits develop in the depths of the bush, under the leaves. The variety responds well to watering and feeding with complex mineral fertilizers.
Variety "Superklusha" - analogue of the variety "Broody". An unpretentious, high-yielding variety for growing in open and closed ground. The plant is undersized, pink-fruited, standard. The variety does not require shelter, formation and pinching, it is adapted to the harsh conditions of Siberia! Medium early variety, fruits ripen on 101-105 days. The bush is standard, the stem is thick, stable, 0.3-0.4 m high. It does not stretch in seedlings. Fruits for universal purposes, round, pink, weighing 150-250 g, hidden under the leaves. The fruits ripen on the bush both indoors and outdoors. Disease resistant.
Variety "Superbomb" - mid-season, highly productive, large-fruited variety for growing in open ground and in film shelters. Adapted to the harsh conditions of Siberia! Plant of determinant type, compact, 0.8-1.5 m high. Fruits are flat-rounded, even, beautiful, weighing 300-600 g, fleshy, very tasty. A multi-purpose variety, suitable for fresh consumption, preparation of salads, juices, homemade dishes, winter preparations. The variety is responsive to regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers, sensitive to the lack of boron and potassium in the soil. Resistant to disease.
Variety "Prince Borghese" - indeterminate, 2 m high, early maturing variety for open and protected ground. Fruit ripening period is 105-110 days. The fruits are even in size, small, plum-shaped, dense, weighing 25-30 g. Ideal for whole fruit preservation! Fruits are very easy to keep, tolerate transportation well. The variety is valued for its amicable fruit formation and disease resistance.
Variety "Columbus" - medium early variety (110-115 days), indeterminate type, plant height 1.5-1.6 m. Fruits are large, flattened, orange in color, tasty, fruit weight 240-250 g. Resistance to diseases is average. Ideal for salads and sauces!
Campbell variety - early ripening variety, ripening period of 105-110 days, determinant type, 0.6-0.8 m high, for open ground and greenhouses. Fruits are round, medium-sized, tasty, red in color, weighing 100-150 g. Suitable for fresh consumption and canning. The variety is resistant to most diseases.
Variety "Marmande" - mid-season variety, ripening period 115-120 days. Mid-early variety, semi-determinant type, 1.2-1.4 m high. Fruits are large, flattened, ribbed, very tasty, for salad purposes, weighing 170 g. Well tolerated transportation, resistant to fusarium.
Variety "Michigan" F1 - mid-ripening hybrid, ripening period 120-130 days, medium-sized, determinant type, plant height 1-1.2 m. Fruits are large, rounded-flattened, weighing 230-250 g. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, Fusarium, Alternaria.
Variety "New Transnistria" - Yielding, mid-season variety, ripening period 110-125 days. The plant is a determinant type, compact, 0.6-0.8 m high.Fruits are cylindrical, dense, red in color, tasty, weighing 40-60 g. Great for whole fruit canning and salads. Resistant to transportation.
Variety "Perun" - mid-early variety, indeterminate type. The fruits are beautiful, decorative pear-shaped, yellow in color. Fruit weight 15-20 g. Beautiful and tasty in salads and canning.
Variety "Rio Grant" - mid-season variety, determinant type. The ripening period of the fruits is 120-128 days, the plant height is 0.8-1 m. The fruits are barrel-shaped, dense, lying, weighing 110-120 g. Ideal for canning.
Variety "Rio-Fuero" - plant of determinant type, height 0.8-1 m., Medium-early ripening period 110-115 days. Fruits are barrel-shaped, medium-sized, dense, fleshy, lying, weighing 100-110 g. The variety is recommended for canning.
Variety "Roma-Usadba" - mid-early variety, ripening period of 105-120 days. Plant of determinant type, 0.4-0.6 m high. Suitable for both open and closed ground. Fruits are pear-shaped, medium-sized, weighing 40-80 g, dense, ideal for processing and canning.
Variety "Rubin" - mid-ripening variety, ripening period of 117-125 days. The plant is compact, well-leafed, determinant type, 0.6-0.8 m high. Fruits are round, slightly flattened, of medium size, weighing 140-150 g. Resistant to verticillium and fusarium wilt.
Variety "San Marzano Manor"- mid-early variety, fruit ripening period 115-120 days. Plant of indeterminate type, 1-1.2 m high. Fruits are elongated, dense, red in color, tasty, stable, transportable. Fruit weight 90-100 g. The variety is resistant to many diseases. Ideal for canning.
Variety "Rock Castle" — high yielding, mid-ripening variety, fruit ripening period 115-120 days. The plant is determinate, 0.8-1.1 m high. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 100-110 g, elongated, lying, recommended for canning... The variety is resistant to verticillary and fusarium wilt.
Variety "Skatalone" — unique high-yielding variety, mid-ripening, ripening period 120-125 days, indeterminate type, plant height 1.5-1.8 m. Fruits are rectangular-elongated, dense, leveled in size, lying, transportable, weighing 150-170 g. Ideal for canning. The variety is resistant to a number of diseases.
Sagittarius variety - mid-season variety, ripening period 120-125 days. High-yielding. Plant of determinant type, 0.8-1 m high, well-leafed. Fruit medium size, weighing 150 g, rounded, very smooth, beautiful, tasty, sweet... Disease resistance is high.
Variety "Gray Ural" - mid-ripening variety, ripening period 120-125 days. The plant is of a determinant type, 0.8-1.1 m high. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 140-160 g, rounded. The variety is suitable for salads and canning. Ideal for hobby gardeners!
Variety "Taganay" — high-yielding variety, mid-season, ripening period 115-120 days. A plant of determinant type, 0.6-0.8 m high.Fruits are elongated, dense, lying, weighing 100-120 g. The variety is ideal for canning.
Variety "Titano super" - a universal, medium-early variety, ripening period of 105-115 days. Plants are low, compact, determinate type, 0.6-0.8 m high. Fruits are prism-shaped, elongated, very dense, tasty, weighing 60-70 g. Fruits are stable, transportable, retain marketable qualities for a long time. The variety is great for whole-fruit canning, tomato paste and ketchup.
Variety "Trinity" F1 – highly productive hybrid. Medium early, fruit ripening period 115-120 days. Plant of medium size, determinant type, 0.6-0.8 m high. Fruit elongated, pear-shaped, dense, delicious salted, lying, transportable, weighing 100-120 g. The variety is resistant to diseases.
Variety "Ace" - mid-season variety, ripening period 120-125 days. A plant of determinant type, 0.8-1.2 m high. Fruits are medium and large in size, round-flat, weighing 150-170 g. The variety is consistently productive, resistant to fusarium, gray leaf spot. A variety of universal use.
Variety "Turgoyak" - mid-ripening variety, fruit ripening period 110-115 days. The plant is determinate, medium leafy, 0.7-0.8 m high. Fruits are large, weighing 200 g, flat-round, fleshy, tasty. The variety is suitable for making salads, pasta, ketchup. The variety is valued for its large fruit size, with relatively early ripening periods and stable yield. Resistant to fusarium and verticillium.
Variety "Urenga" - high-yielding, medium-early variety, fruit ripening period of 110-115 days, superdeterminant, 0.35-0.6 m high. Plants are short, do not require a garter. Fruits are elongated, with a small toe at the tip, weighing 70-80 g. The fruits have excellent salting qualities, are well transportable, with excellent keeping quality.
Variety "French Grozdovoy" - a variety of medium ripening, determinant, up to 1 m high. Designed for cultivation in open and closed ground with binding, without pinching. Fruits ripen at the end of summer, in clusters of 6-10 pieces. Fruits weighing 80-100 g, lying, tasty, finger-shaped, exquisitely even and smooth. Great for canning. Responsive to regular watering and feeding during the growing season.
Variety "Fiorentino" - mid-early, fruit ripening period 110-115 days, large-fruited, fruit weight 200-250 g, indeterminate, 1.5-1.8 m high. The fruits are large in size, very tasty, ideal for making salads and sauces. Fruits are flattened, ribbed, orange-red in color. The variety is relatively resistant to disease.
Variety "Floradade" - mid-early variety, ripening period 110-115 days. A powerful plant of determinant type, 0.8-1.2 m high. Fruits are round, flattened, of medium size, weighing 120-140 g. Fruit color is red. Great for canning! It is resistant to Alternaria, Fusarium and Verticillium wilt.
Variety "Heinz" - mid-season, high-yielding, determinant variety. The fruit ripens 120-125 days. Plant height 0.8-1 m. Fruit weight 150 g. Fruits are rounded, even, tasty, stable. Good disease resistance.
Variety "Druzhok" F1 - an early ripe hybrid. The plant is superdeterminate. The fruits are round, smooth. Fruit weight 80-90g.
Variety "Mars" F1 - universal, early maturing, for cold and damp places. Fruit ripening begins 95-96 days after germination. The plant is determinate. Fruit weight 90 - 100 g. Simple brush of 5-7 fruits.
Resistant to late blight and tobacco mosaic virus. Recommended for early production of tomatoes in open field and greenhouses. Especially suitable for growing in areas where other varieties cannot be grown due to Fusarium disease (cold, damp places).
Variety "Carrot" - large-fruited variety, does not require pinching. The variety is early maturing. Plant height up to 0.6 m. The leaf is very strongly dissected, similar to a carrot leaf. The 1st brush is laid over the 6-7 leaves, the subsequent ones through the 1-2 leaves. Simple brush with 3 - 7 large fruits weighing 200 - 220 g. Suitable for areas with short and cool summers.
Variety "Novogogoshary" — original hollow variety for stuffing. Mid-season, fruitful. Standard bush, 0.6-0.8 m high. Does not require pinning. Fruits are large, hollow, similar in shape to pepper, weighing 100-150 g. The first brush is laid over the 7th leaf, the next - after 2-3. Landing scheme 70 × 40. Designed for stuffing.
Variety "Siberian early ripening" - determinant variety, 0.3-0.5 m high.Fruit weight 60 - 140 g.
Variety "Yablonka Rossii" - early ripe variety, standard plant, does not require pinching. Fruits weighing 70-80 g, resistant to cracking and mechanical damage. The fruits are tasty, dense, versatile. Differs in amicable ripening of fruits.
Flamenco variety - early ripening variety, ripening period 100-110 days. Plant height 1.5 m. Fruits of increased density and transportability... Fruit weight 90-110 g. Yielding variety. Recommended for open ground and plastic greenhouses.
According to the data of the 2018 season and reviews of gardeners, the TOP-5 of the best varieties for Siberia was created.
Gina is a reliable hybrid that produces crops in all weather conditions. The bush is determinate, does not need pinning and support. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 150 g, ideal for harvesting and fresh consumption.
Marina: “There are a lot of tomatoes, they are very tasty: there is much more aromatic pulp than seeds and juice”
Raketa is an early-maturing variety for open ground, fruiting with medium-sized oblong tomatoes weighing 70 g. Ideal for conservation. Bushes do not require garter and pinching.
Elizaveta: “During heat treatment, the peel of the tomatoes The rocket does not burst, it can be easily removed. The fruits are even and ripen in the same size. "
The sweet bunch is an early ripening variety, which is one of the first to please with its harvest. The fruits are small but very sweet. Suitable for fresh consumption and conservation.
Irina: “Tomatoes are very tasty, fruitful variety. But the struggle with stepchildren was carried on all summer - they grow up just instantly, and if you forget about pinching for a while, the greenhouse is overgrown with a dense forest. "
Shalun is an early high-yielding variety with smooth, beautiful fruits, distinguished by high taste and marketability. Refers to new Siberian varieties.
Lilia: „Excellent variety, grown in open and protected ground. He showed good results everywhere. "
Sevruga is a relatively new large-fruited variety, the fruits of which, with official care, can reach 1.5 kg. Heart-shaped, red color. The taste is great, sugary. You can remove 5 kg of delicious tomatoes from one bush.
Zalida: “The variety is very good, despite the low growth of the bush, the tomatoes are large and tasty. Doesn't get sick at all. "
The choice of a suitable variety of tomato seeds for growing in Siberia is a responsible business. The final result depends on the right choice.
We offer some early ripe tomato varieties for your review:
Alpatieva 905 A. Early ripe. Determinant shrub, standard, 32–44 cm high. Fruits are flat and round, smooth, red, average weight 55–75 g, number of chambers 4–6. The palatability of the fruit is good and satisfactory. They are used for fresh consumption and for whole-fruit preservation.
White filling 241. The variety is early maturing (95 - 102 days). Determinant bush, medium-sized. The brush is simple or semi-complex. Fruits are round, smooth or slightly ribbed, red. Fruit weight 84–96 g, taste assessment 3.5–4.1 points. The degree of susceptibility to late blight is from low to medium. The variety can be grown in film shelters.
Buyan. Early ripe. The bush is determinate, semi-spreading, 56 cm high. The brush is semi-complex. Fruits are plum-shaped, smooth, with a spout, red color. Fruits are small-chambered with dense pulp and thick skin, palatability score 4.8 points, fruit weight 54 g. Poorly affected by late blight. The fruits are stored for a long time. They are also good for canning.
Lagidny. The variety is early maturing. Determinant bush, medium-branched, 52 cm high. Brush once branched. The fruit is plum-shaped, smooth, red, small-chambered (2-3), fruit weight 70 g, taste 4.8 points. Resistant to late blight. The variety is good for salads and canning.
Even 10 years ago, only a few varieties of black tomatoes could be found on the domestic market. Today, gardeners can choose from a huge number of varieties that differ in their characteristics. These varieties have a common property - the indeterminate type of bush. Because of this, such tomatoes can be grown in central Russia, the Leningrad region, Siberia, the Urals and other regions of the Russian Federation exclusively in greenhouses, since the tomatoes will not have time to ripen in a cool open field.
Black tomato varieties can have a brown, purple or burgundy skin color, although from the outside they appear to be black.
Feature of black-fruited tomatoes:
Indoors, the advantage of hybrids (in all respects, except for the taste and weight of the fruit) is more obvious. For open ground, breeders also offer resistant varieties of tomatoes of hybrid origin, they are resistant to diseases and temperature contrasts.
But numerous reviews indicate that amateur gardeners still prefer non-hybrid forms - they are considered more tasty and aromatic, and besides, you can get your own seeds from them (this is free, plus a guarantee of germination and varietal purity).