Sweet peas: sowing, care and varieties


How to grow Lathyrus odoratus in the garden and on the balcony

Overview of Sweet Peas

An openwork gray-green wall with a cloud of multi-colored moths on it. These are sweet peas.

Now, when everyone is trying to fence their gardens with metal mesh, sweet peas have found their place in the garden - they climb the mesh, clinging to it with their antennae. Here he shows all his charms. The flowers are exquisitely shaped and often look like adorable butterflies.

Their colors are very diverse - from white and cream to pink of various shades, from the most delicate blue to dark purple and maroon. They have a subtle scent. Each variety has its own shade of aroma and its own color of flowers. Peas bloom from July to frost.


Sweet peas or fragrant rank Is an annual herb of the legume family. Its origin is unknown. Sicily is considered the homeland, because it was from Sicily that this plant was brought to England in the 17th century. For a long time, sweet pea flowers were outwardly of little interest. However, at the very end of the 19th century, large-flowered mutants were discovered in the thickets of sweet peas.

They laid the foundation for breeding work with this extraordinary flower. The direction of selection was in the direction of increasing the size of the flower, enhancing the pleasantness of the aroma, and also searching for combinations of color and shape of the petals. To date, more than 10 thousand varieties have been created, of which a dozen and a half varieties can be found on our market. Plant height, depending on the variety, ranges from 30 to 250 cm.

The wide variety in the kingdom of sweet peas allows you to grow it in different flower beds. They are used to decorate walls, gazebos, pergolas, verandas. Low varieties are planted on beds and in mixborders, the smallest plants feel good on the balcony or in a flowerpot. Sweet peas are also grown for cutting in open and protected ground. Varieties with a large peduncle length - up to 50 cm are valued here.

They make very beautiful bouquets, delicate and unusual, suitable even for weddings. And this is despite the fact that in the “language of flowers” ​​the symbolic meaning of sweet peas is “I don’t believe you”! Flowers cut for a bouquet are very sensitive to dehydration; you need to change the water in the vase where they stand more often. The flowers are sensitive to ethylene, so they should not be placed near a vase with ripe fruit.

Sweet pea is a light-loving and cold-resistant plant. Seedlings tolerate frosts down to -5 ° С, and hardened seedlings - up to –3 ... –4 ° С. Peas bloom profusely in cool and even cold rainy summers. In hot weather, planting needs to be watered vigorously, otherwise the flowers become smaller, flowering may stop altogether. And in general, in a hot dry summer, the buds often fall off, and the flowers look unattractive. Excess moisture in the soil is even more harmful: plants grow poorly and may die.

Sweet pea agricultural technology

Sowing
Sweet peas are propagated by seeds. They can be sown directly into the soil as soon as the soil warms up. This usually happens in early May, throw 2-3 seeds per hole.

However, in this case, it blooms late - only in August, because its growing season is quite long - 50–80 days. Therefore, it is better to grow sweet peas through seedlings. Seeds are sown in late March - early April in pots, 2-3 seeds per pot. If the seeds are your own, and their good germination is guaranteed, then you can sow one seed per pot or glass. Before sowing, seeds must be poured with hot water - up to 60 ° C - and left for a day.

Then drain the water, cover the container with seeds with a lid or foil so that they are wet and at the same time do not suffocate without air. You need to keep them like this until they bite. Then carefully, trying not to break the shoots, plant them in the ground to a depth of 2–2.5 cm. You can sow without waiting for the seeds to hatch. The sprouts will appear in a few days.

You can expect seedlings for two weeks. This is normal. If the seeds are completely fresh, then they are soaked for 2 hours, or they may not be soaked at all. When sowing, you need to pay attention to the acidity of the substrate in which the sowing is done: it must be non-acidic. In an acidic substrate, even with good care, seedlings grow extremely slowly.

When the plants reach a height of 5–7 cm, tall varieties need to make a support to which they can cling to so as not to fall. At a height of 10 cm, plants are supposed to be pinched so that they branch better.

In mid-May, sweet peas, after hardening, are planted in a permanent place. They do this carefully, trying not to disturb the earthen lump, because if the roots are damaged, it is difficult for plants to take root and may even die. Even with an intact lump, they survive the transplant for two weeks, stopping their growth during this time.

But all the same, plants grown through seedlings bloom earlier than when they are directly sown into the ground. When planted in a permanent place, the distance between two plants is 20-40 cm, depending on the variety. Tall varieties that occupy large volumes, when they grow, are planted so that 1 m? accounted for four plants.

Place and soil
Sweet peas require a sunny place protected from the wind, only very light shading is permissible. He prefers moderate humidity in the air and soil. It blooms well if the soil is fertile, breathable and deeply cultivated - at least on a shovel's bayonet. It is better to choose light, neutral soils - pH = 7.0–7.5. On acidic and heavy clay soils, the appearance of the plant will be unattractive. Do not add fresh manure to the soil before planting. In this case, fungal diseases are provided to the plant.

It is better to choose a place for planting sweet peas in the fall. They bring in half a bucket of compost or humus, superphosphate, potassium salt for digging. If necessary, the soil is limed.


Care
With dry-frying weather, regular watering is needed. Water the plants at a distance of 20 cm around the stem so that the soil near it does not compact. After watering, be sure to loosen the soil.

During the period of active growth, pea seedlings are fed with organic (chicken or cow) or nitrogen (urea, ammonium nitrate) fertilizers. Before flowering, they give top dressing with full mineral fertilizer. The very first buds are removed. A very important point in care is the regular removal of wilted flowers so that flowering does not stop. A few beans of your favorite varieties can then be left for seeds.

In order for these clouds of scent to amaze with their beauty, you need to put supports for them - a grid, slats or something else, for which they could cling to with their strong antennae. The support must be placed two weeks after the emergence of seedlings or planting of seedlings so that the stems do not fall to the ground. Plants need to be guided along the grid as they grow in the direction we need. They dutifully follow the directions indicated.

In the fall, when everything has bloomed, and a wall of sluggish stems remains, you need to remove it all in a compost heap or, crushing it, bury it in the beds under vegetables.

Varieties and groups of sweet peas

The varieties are combined into several garden groups, depending on the height of the plants and the beginning of flowering. The most common group we have is Spencer... Strong stems up to 200 cm long. The flowers are large, with a wavy edge, 3-5 in the brush. Peduncles are long - up to 25 cm. This pea blooms in early July, even at the end of June. The flowers are pure tones, from white to dark purple up to 4 cm in diameter. A lot of varieties of this group are known. A mixture of colors is often on sale.

Group Galaxy - Plants with many stems up to 180-200 cm tall, leaves are large. Flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, pale cream, blue, fragrant, sometimes double. Peduncles - up to 40 cm, this pea blooms later than the previous group.

Group Ruffled - vigorous plants 130–150 cm high. The flowers are large, beautifully shaped, 6–10 per inflorescence. Blooms early. The flowers are, depending on the variety, soft lilac with dark veins or bright carmine with a white tongue at the base, with a delicate aroma.

Group Cupid - plants are undersized, strongly branched with pubescent stems. The flowers are large, the peduncles are strong, long.

There are also other groups with flowers that are original in shape and color. New varieties are also appearing. For example, a new variety has recently appeared Nimbus with very large flowers of an unusual silvery-striped color with a purple-chestnut shade - this is a breakthrough in the selection of sweet peas.

In recent years, perennial sweet pea seeds have been on the market. These are tall plants, their flowers are smaller than those of the annual species, they are almost without aroma. Plants suffer from our changeable winters, so they do not live with us for more than 2-3 years.

Inna Emelyanova, florist


Sweet peas - growing from seeds, planting in open ground and care

Sweet pea is a plant belonging to the genus Chin, the legume family. It can be annual and perennial. It is unassuming to fit and care for. Perennial grades of rank have a faint pleasant smell and can grow in one place for up to 10 years. Sweet pea has angular stems and pink or purple flowers that are clustered in inflorescences.

The sweet pea flower has a highly branched root system that can penetrate into the soil to a depth of 1.5 m. The plant, like most legumes, can enter into symbiosis with nodule bacteria that assimilate nitrogen from the air. Pea stems are climbing and weakly branched, capable of climbing a support with the help of modified leaves - branched antennae.

The plant begins to bloom in July, and it lasts, with proper care, until the very frost. The shape of the flowers resembles exotic colored butterflies. Pea fruits are small bivalve beans with spherical seeds of greenish, yellow or black-brown color.

Sweet pea flower varieties are:

  • tall
  • medium-sized
  • undersized.

Tall varieties (up to 3 m) include specimens that have large bright flower stalks that can reach a length of 30 cm. They are used both for cutting and for vertical gardening. These include:

  • Alice is a variety with a delicate pink-creamy-lilac color of flowers, which are collected in 4-5 pieces on long peduncles
  • Selektsvet - a variety with a burgundy-chestnut color
  • Cremona - corrugated fragrant flowers have a cream color and are collected in 6-7 pieces on a peduncle.

Medium-sized varieties (up to 1 m):

  • Lummer is a profusely flowering variety, the flowers of which are white-pink in color.
  • 850th anniversary of Moscow - a variety that does not have a mustache, with pink double flowers on a strong peduncle.

Low-growing varieties (up to 60 cm):

  • Vera - has bright red flowers
  • Floriada - differs in scarlet inflorescences
  • Galina - has lilac-purple flowers.

Like other plants cultivated in front gardens, it is advisable to plant sweet peas in seedlings. Climate plays an important role. If the soil does not freeze in the region, then the seeds can be planted directly into the ground.

Severe frosts can destroy young shoots, so they use the seedling method.

Growing a flower from seed begins with the fact that it is sown for seedlings in mid-March. Since pea seeds germinate very difficult, they are soaked in water for 10-12 hours or kept in a 50-degree solution of the Bud preparation. Then for 2-4 days they should be germinated in wet sand or gauze. When the seeds are baked, they must be planted immediately.

Store soil for roses and Saintpaulias is used as a substrate, or they make a soil mixture on their own. To do this, take sod land, peat and humus in a ratio of 1: 2: 2. These components must be disinfected with a strong solution of potassium permanganate.

Sowing is carried out in moist soil to a depth of 2-3 cm, planting 2-3 seeds in each cup. If a common container is used for seedlings, then the distance between the seeds should be 8 cm. After sowing, the soil is watered, the pot or box is covered with foil and placed on a sunny windowsill at a temperature of 18-22 degrees.

When, after a week or two, the seeds begin to grow actively, the film is removed from the container and taken to a room with a temperature of 15-16 degrees. The substrate should always be kept slightly damp and the seedlings should be provided with good lighting. If it is not possible to grow seedlings on the southern window, then artificial lighting is organized for it for 2-3 hours daily, using a fluorescent lamp or phytolamp.

When the seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, they pinch it. This stimulates the development of side shoots. After the procedure, the seedlings are fed with Kemira's solution.

Seedlings are planted in open ground at the end of spring. At this time, the soil is already warming up well and there is no threat of frost return. If the seedlings have already formed buds or flowers, then they need to be cut off so that the plant directs its energy to the formation of the root system. Hardening procedures are carried out 10 days before planting the seedlings. To do this, the pot with seedlings is taken out into the open air every day and the duration of stay is gradually increased until the seedlings can be outside for a whole day.

Sweet peas prefer bright, warm places and moist, drained soil enriched with fertilizers. Before planting, the site is dug to the depth of a shovel bayonet with humus, compost, potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Fresh manure should not be used because it promotes fusarium wilting.

To plant seedlings, holes are made at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other and 2-3 plants are planted in each. If the variety is tall, then you must immediately install the supports. You need to know that in the fall, annual sweet peas are disposed of and it will be possible to plant them again in this area only after 4–5 years.

Caring for sweet peas is not a very laborious process. To grow a plant, you need it:

  • to water
  • weed
  • fertilize
  • protect against diseases and pests.

You need to water the plant regularly and with enough water, otherwise, due to a lack of moisture, buds and flowers will fall off, and the flowering will be short-lived. In dry summers, it is recommended to water sweet peas every day, spending 30–35 liters of water per m2 of planting. To prolong flowering, you need to get rid of wilted flowers in time.

Tall varieties are tied to supports using a net or twine. As the plant grows, its stems should be directed in the right direction, after which they are tied up.

Feeding sweet peas is optional, but desirable. At the very beginning of growth, 1 tbsp is used as fertilizer. l. urea and 1 tbsp. l. nitrofosks, which are stirred in 10 liters of water. At the beginning of flowering, peas are fed with a solution of Agricola and potassium sulfate, for the preparation of which 10 liters of water are stirred in a tablespoon of these components. In the midst of flowering, the plant is fertilized with Agricola and Rossa, dissolving one tablespoon of fertilizers in a bucket of water.

Sweet peas can attack pests and fungal diseases. Of the pests, the most dangerous is the nodule weevil and various types of aphids. At the beginning of the growing season, the weevil gnaws semicircles at the edges of the leaves, and its larvae feed on the roots of the plant. As a preventive measure against a pest when planting seedlings, it is necessary to pour 100 ml of a 0.1% chlorophos solution into each hole. The plants themselves are sprayed with the same solution.

Sweet peas are most often affected by pea, chin and bean aphids. These small pests are able to suck sap from plants, deforming their organs and infecting them with viral diseases. To destroy aphids, peas should be treated 2-3 times with Tsiram and Tsineb preparations during the growing season.

Of the diseases, the plant affects:

  • ascochitis
  • viral mosaic
  • root rot
  • fusarium
  • peronosporosis
  • powdery mildew.

With ascochitis, brown spots with clear boundaries appear on the stems, beans and leaves of peas. To cure the plant, it is treated with a solution of the Rogor preparation.

Peronosporosis and powdery mildew appear as a loose whitish bloom on the stems and leaves of plants. Gradually, they begin to turn yellow, turn brown and fall off. To destroy the causative agents of the disease, a 5% solution of colloidal sulfur is used, with which the leaves are washed.

Signs of fusarium are yellowing and withering leaves of sweet peas. The affected plant cannot be treated, therefore it is destroyed, and healthy bushes are treated with a solution of the Tilt preparation. For prophylaxis purposes, crop rotation must be observed on the site.

From root rot and black legs, the roots and root collar of the peas darken, as a result of which the plant dies. Infected plants cannot be saved, so they are destroyed, and healthy ones are transplanted to another place, after disinfecting the soil and roots.

If a viral mosaic infects peas, then it appears as a line pattern on the leaves, and the tops of the infected plants twist and deform. All plants that are sick with viral diseases should be removed and burned, because they cannot be cured.

Sweet pea is a climbing plant with many tendrils. It blooms for a long time and has a pleasant aroma. Due to this, it is widely used in the landscape design of the site and garden.

Tall curly varieties are used to decorate fences, verandas, arches. With the help of artificial plantations and pea supports, you can well mask the most unsightly areas of the garden. It also looks good in the background of the flower garden.

Low varieties are grown in balcony boxes, on the edge of a curb or flower bed. Peas can go well with other annuals and coexist well with perennials. It makes a tangible contribution to the ecology of the garden, enriching the soil with nitrogen and giving nectar to beneficial insects.


Popular varieties

Sweet peas are divided into classes: tall, medium-sized and low-growing. Consider which varieties belong to each class.

  1. Spencer. "Aristocrat" with a sugary sweet aroma and white - pink flowers, "Sir Charles" with flowers of scarlet shades, "Sir Arthur" with delicate lilac petals, "Formula of love", dazzling with various flowers.
  2. Galaxy. Milky Way, Alice, Cremona, Neptune. All of them are distinguished by large inflorescences with corrugated flowers up to 5 cm in diameter.

Medium-sized varieties include: "Lummer", "Continent", "Jet Set", "To the 850th anniversary of Moscow."

The undersized group includes varieties: "Mammut", "Cupid", "Biyo", "Fantasy" (dwarf pot). Multi-colored rugs are formed from this group.

It is better to cut the flowers of the peas at dawn, while the air is cool. After cutting, the flower buds do not open, so you should wait until all the inflorescences gain color. A sweet pea bouquet can last up to 2 weeks. The plant is perfect for decorating gazebos, hedges, and decorating the walls of buildings.


Sweet peas in landscape design

Sweet pea is a climbing plant that forms many tendrils, blooms for a long time and has a pleasant aroma. These properties make it possible to widely use the annual in garden and plot design.

Tall curly varieties are well suited for decorating arches, verandas, fences. With the help of artificial supports and plantings of peas, you can mask unsightly areas of the garden. Looks great in the background of a flower garden.

Small varieties can be grown in balcony boxes, on the edge of a flower bed or border. Peas go well with other annuals and are pleasantly adjacent to perennials. In the ecology of the garden, it brings tangible benefits - it enriches the soil with nitrogen, gives nectar to beneficial insects.

As you can see, if you provide this most fragrant annual with good drainage and timely watering, it will delight you with its flowering for a long time. Feel free to plant sweet peas in your area, growing from seeds is easily possible both in the open field and on balconies and terraces.

(8 estimates, average: 4,38 out of 5)

Sweet peas: what varieties to choose, how to sow and care

Sweet peas are charming and, at first glance, completely unnecessary plants for the garden. It is impossible to grow them without supports, it is difficult to attach them to the composition, but you cannot do without them, so dear to your heart.


Sweet Pea (Lathyrus odoratus) 'Blue Monthy'

In culture, peas are uncomplicated and require little - just a warm, sunny location and fertile, loose, non-acidic soil. It would seem that everything is simple: sow and enjoy their variegation and aroma all summer long. Unfortunately, disappointment cannot be avoided - beautiful pictures on bags with seeds turn out to be fiction, and often instead of the coveted large corrugated flowers you get something that looks like fruit peas. Unfortunately, this statement is not unfounded and is confirmed by my many years of experience in collecting a collection of sweet pea varieties.


Interesting notes on sweet peas

In the course of medical research, it was found that sweet pea seeds contain b-aminopropionitrile, a substance that prevents the cross-linking of fibrillar protein (collagen). In this case, lysyl oxidase is inhibited, which contributes to the appearance of skin flabbiness. Recent experiments have been aimed at obtaining this drug in order to use it for medicinal purposes. It helps to strengthen the elasticity of the skin after skin transplant operations.


Features of scented tobacco

A herbaceous flowering plant, scented tobacco is a member of the Solanaceae family. The height of the bush can vary from 0.2 to 0.9 m. The shoots are erect, the leaf plates are large, and the small flowers are star-shaped. There are glandular hairs on the surface of the entire bush. The color of the flowers depends on the species and variety and can be white, red, yellow, crimson or pink. It is noteworthy that the flowers with a pale color are more smelling. As a rule, the opening of the flowers of such a plant is observed immediately after sunset in the evening. This plant blooms in June, and fades in September. In the evening, the aroma of flowers becomes even stronger. Cultivated since 1867.


Watch the video: Autumn u0026 Winter Sown Sweet Peas


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