Phoenix palm the date palm is called in another way. This genus unites more than 15 types of palm trees. In nature, these plants are found in the subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, as well as Asia.
Such a plant is dioecious, and its trunk reaches a height of 12 to 30 meters. Its feathery leaves are quite large and can be up to 45 centimeters long. The inhabitants of Africa use them for weaving, and sometimes as a roofing material. Paniculate inflorescences grow from the leaf sinuses. The fruits are oblong in shape and reach 6 centimeters in length. Inside the fruit is a fairly hard seed with a longitudinal stripe, which is surrounded by sweet nutritious pulp.
The first fruits appear on the palm at the age of 10-15. And it can bear fruit for 100-200 years. For 12 months, such a plant gives up to 100 kilograms. In some areas of West Asia and North Africa, dates are one of the staple foods. Dried and dried fruits are exported to many countries around the world. There are many types of such palms that are grown as an ornamental plant.
The most common species is Phoenix dactylifera. These date palms have long been cultivated in North Africa. At the top of its straight trunk is the crown, which consists of greenish-gray foliage with spectacularly curved tips. The feathers of the leaves are linear-lanceolate and in the upper part they are divided into 2 parts.
He loves light very much, but at the same time the phoenix palm tree feels good in the shade. To enhance the growth of this plant, it is recommended to systematically turn the tree with one or the other side to the light source.
This plant is very fond of warmth. Throughout the year, the palm must be kept warm (20 to 25 degrees).
From the beginning of the spring period to almost the end of the autumn watering should be rare, but abundant. The foliage should be systematically moistened from a sprayer with lukewarm water or wiped with a damp sponge. In winter, watering should be quite scanty, but overdrying the earthy coma is unacceptable.
The palm tree does not need high humidity.
The frequency of replanting depends on the age of the palm and the size of the pot. Young plants are transplanted annually, while a fairly spacious container is used for planting. Adult plants are transplanted 1 time in 2 or 3 years, and large specimens - about 1 time in 6 years.
To prepare a suitable soil mixture, it is necessary to combine humus and leafy soil, sand and sod in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2. As the palm grows, you need to increase the proportion of turf. So, for plants up to 15 years old, it is necessary to increase the proportion of sod to 3 parts, and older than this age - up to 5 parts.
You can propagate such a palm tree by seeds. Sowing is carried out in a lukewarm mixture consisting of sand, peat and sphagnum moss.
Due to violations of the rules of care, the phoenix palm tree can get sick. The tops of the leaves begin to dry out. To prevent this, it is necessary to cut the foliage so that a thin dried strip remains above its living tissue. A completely dried sheet is removed only when the one that is next to it begins to dry out.
How to grow a DATE PALM from a stone
Livistona is a plant from the palm family, which is considered to be home to the countries of Eastern Australia and New Guinea, Polynesia and South Asia. This exotic plant is widespread in places with high levels of humidity - in swampy areas and near the sea, in fields and in humid forest areas. This fan palm grows very quickly and does not require much maintenance. The unpretentious Livistona has thirty-six different species and varieties in its genus - South, Chinese, Deceiving, Round-leaved, Beautiful and others.
Areca yellowing - a palm tree of medium height with large arcuate leaves from one to one and a half meters long. The trunk diameter can reach 1 m, and the plant height is about 10 m.
Areca catechu or Bethel palm - a tall plant, reaching a height of twenty meters, with a trunk diameter of about half a meter and two-meter segmental leaves.
Areca three-stalked - a low-growing (two or three meter) palm tree with a thin trunk (no more than 5 cm) and straight meter or one and a half meter leaves with drooping segments.
How much to grow a palm tree from seed? If you decide to grow a date palm at home, then you should know that it will grow for a long time. The first two years she will have enough space on the windowsill.
The seed for planting should be chosen one that has not undergone heat treatment. Just by sticking it into the ground, you can wait up to six months for germination. To speed up this process, you should resort to some tricks:
Thanks to this soaking, the first sprouts can be obtained in one to three months. In any case, it is best to soak several seeds at once as a safety net in order to germinate them.
How to plant a bone correctly? The swollen bone is placed in a container with a soil mixture, which should consist of peat, sand and raw sawdust (1: 1: 1). The seed is immersed in the mixture vertically and sprinkled with one centimeter of the same soil.
The containers are placed in a warm place with an air temperature of at least +25 degrees. The top of the container can be covered with glass or polyethylene. The glass must be lifted daily and the soil moisture checked. It should not dry out, but it is also not desirable for the soil to be too wet.
As soon as the sprout hatches, the container is exposed in a well-lit place without direct sunlight. A small sprout that has grown to ten to fifteen centimeters is transplanted into a more spacious container with a diameter of ten centimeters. Date palms have long roots, so the pot should not be low.
Drainage from pebbles, charcoal or ceramite is laid at the bottom of the prepared container. A potting soil mixture is prepared, which can be purchased at the store or prepared by yourself. Date soil should consist of the following components:
The transplanted sprout is well watered and placed on the east or west windowsill. It will need to be transplanted every year into a new container, which should be slightly larger than the previous one. Since the palm tree has delicate roots, it is recommended to do a transshipment so that the plant does not hurt and quickly takes root in a new pot.
In no case should it be possible to form or cut a small tree, since its growth point is at the top of the trunk. Date leaves will give only after three to five years of growth at home. For uniform formation of the crown, it is necessary to rotate the pot from time to time around its axis. The new leaf arrow should be facing the shadow.