The picturesque appearance and intoxicating smell of honeysuckle during the flowering period makes this shrub a true decoration of the garden. The delicious taste and healing properties of the fruit add to its popularity. Simple care, easy reproduction, stable yields and the ability to withstand sudden changes in temperature make honeysuckle even more attractive for gardeners.
Honeysuckle is represented by a variety of species and varieties. Its decorative varieties are often used in landscape design, which is facilitated by a variety of forms and unusually beautiful flowering. Edible honeysuckle varieties produce elongated, blue, waxy fruits that are among the first to ripen in the garden. These berries have a pleasant taste, high content of vitamins and minerals.
Edible honeysuckle has very healthy berries.
All varieties of honeysuckle are extremely winter-hardy: they are able to withstand a complex of unfavorable factors during the winter and early spring periods (temperature changes, recurrent frosts, long thaws), tolerate frosts down to -50 ° C, and buds, flowers and young ovaries are not afraid of a drop in temperature to -8 ° C.
The bush of decorative honeysuckle looks very beautiful during the flowering period.
At present, in terms of the number of zoned varieties, honeysuckle is the second largest berry plant, second only to black currant. This shrub is easily adaptable to a variety of soil and climatic conditions.
The best time to plant honeysuckle in spring is between the snow melt and the bud swelling. As a rule, this interval is very short. Therefore, the most favorable time for planting a shrub is autumn, when the plant stops growing shoots and the resting phase begins. It is important that before the onset of frost, the honeysuckle seedlings have time to take root in a new place. They are planted from the last decade of September to the end of October.
The choice of time for planting honeysuckle is also influenced by the condition of the root system of the seedling:
Honeysuckle is a rather unpretentious plant, but it still requires attention. The shrub loves places that warm well in the sun and are protected from the wind, since young leaves suffer from strong gusts, berries break off. It is not recommended to plant honeysuckle in places where groundwater is closer than 1 m from the surface.
For planting honeysuckle, choose a well-lit and wind-protected place.
Honeysuckle is easily propagated by seed, as well as cuttings and cuttings, so its seedlings are often sold in spontaneous markets. But when buying untested planting material, you can grow a shrub with tasteless or bitter fruits.
It is recommended to purchase high-quality honeysuckle seedlings in proven specialized nurseries. In Moscow and the Moscow region, such centers are:
Planting material can also be purchased through specialized online stores.
It is better to purchase seedlings in proven specialized nurseries.
Choosing a quality seedling is a real art. In order for the bush to transfer planting as easily as possible, first of all, you need to pay attention to its appearance and the state of the root system:
All varieties of honeysuckle are self-fertile, that is, they do not form fruit ovaries without cross-pollination. To ensure stable fruiting, it is better to buy 3-4 varieties at once with the same flowering period.
Not all honeysuckle varieties are suitable for mutual pollination, therefore, in order to guarantee a good harvest of berries, it is worth purchasing pair varieties.
When preparing the soil for planting honeysuckle, weeds are carefully removed, especially perennials, as they can weaken the seedlings. The shrub is undemanding to the composition of soils, loves weakly acidic, well-fertilized sandy loam or loamy soils with an acidity of pH in the range of 5.5–6.5. More acidic soils are limed in the fall or a month before planting, adding 200 to 400 g of dolomite flour or lime for every 1 m for digging2 land.
Dry sandy soils are not suitable for planting honeysuckle.
Be sure to maintain a distance of at least 1.5 m between the plants. With age, the bushes form a wide crown, as a result of which the passages between them become narrow.
When planting ornamental species, the distance between the honeysuckle is increased to 3 m. For low-growing varieties, the distance between plants is 1.5–2 m, for tall ones - 2.5–3 m, the row spacing is about 2-3 m.
If the site has not been fertilized since the fall, then nutrients are applied directly during the preparation of the planting pit, which is dug 5-7 days before planting the honeysuckle. The optimum recess size is 0.6 m wide and 0.5 m deep. To plant several bushes, dig a trench, observing the same parameters. At the bottom of the pit (trench), a drainage layer of expanded clay, crushed stone or broken brick must be laid.
A drainage layer of crushed stone or large pebbles is laid out at the bottom of the planting pit
To fill the planting pit, a soil mixture is prepared, consisting of:
The enriched soil guarantees a good survival rate of the bushes, since during the first 5 years they quickly build up the root mass.
At the bottom of the pit, you need to form a mound of soil
In order for the seedling to easily take root and not get sick in a new place, when planting, you need to adhere to the following instructions:
Before planting, the root of the seedling is soaked for a few minutes in a bucket with an earthen mash
The seedling is placed in a hole, the roots are evenly distributed and covered with earth
After planting, a watering roller is formed around the honeysuckle so that the water does not spread
The surface of the planting circle is mulched to avoid cracking the ground
Honeysuckle with a closed root system tolerates planting much easier. For her, a planting pit is also prepared, which should be 20-30 cm larger in size than a clod of earth with roots:
Seedlings with a closed root system are easier to transplant
After planting, the bush is not cut off, as this can delay its growth and development. At first, young plants are shaded, protecting from direct sunlight and watered regularly, bringing at least 10 liters of water under each bush.
If you decide to grow honeysuckle from seeds, then you should pay attention to the difficulties and disadvantages associated with this method of reproduction:
Seeds for planting are harvested from fruits that have reached full maturity.
Honeysuckle seeds are harvested from ripe fruits
Planting seed material is possible in three ways: in summer - in the first half of July, shortly after ripening of the fruits, in autumn - at the end of October and in early spring - at the beginning of March:
If seed needs to be stored prior to planting season, a small, wide box or food container is best suited for this:
The technology for planting honeysuckle seeds at home is as follows:
Honeysuckle seeds are sown in boxes with soil mixture to a depth of 3-4 cm
The germination period of honeysuckle seeds is about 3-4 weeks. After emergence, the film is removed. In the first years of life, it is better to grow sprouts in a greenhouse: this accelerates their growth and entry into fruiting.
When they reach a height of 2–3 cm and form 2–3 pairs of true leaves, they make a pick, seating them in separate cups. In the spring of the second year, seedlings are transplanted into open ground on beds, where they are placed according to a 20x20 cm scheme or in rows - 70x15 cm.
Honeysuckle seedlings dive when it reaches a height of 2-3 cm and forms 2-3 pairs of true leaves
For a long time the inhabitants of Siberia and the Far East collected wild fruits of honeysuckle in the taiga. They began to actively cultivate this plant only at the end of the last century. Nowadays, there are already more than a hundred varieties that feel great in various climatic zones.
In a late spring in the northern regions, honeysuckle berries ripen in the second decade of June, at a time when currants, strawberries and raspberries are just laying their buds. In order for the bushes to take root well and develop normally, a variety adapted to the growing conditions in a particular region is chosen for planting:
The main methods of planting honeysuckle seedlings in the middle lane and in the northern regions are the same, but there are also some peculiarities:
Follow-up care includes regular watering, weeding, and disease prevention. After a year, the plant begins to feed, fertilizers are applied in small doses after generous watering.
The roots of plants secrete a large amount of biologically active substances, therefore, if you plant nearby crops that interfere with each other, one of them will inhibit the growth of the other. Due to the fact that honeysuckle has not yet received sufficient distribution in our gardens and vegetable gardens, there is very little information about its compatibility with other plants. It is known that it feels great in the neighborhood of black currant and gooseberry, since the requirements for cultivation conditions in these plants are approximately the same, and diseases and pests are different. It is believed that honeysuckle is well compatible with pome and stone fruit crops.
If the honeysuckle bush grows too large and interferes with other plants, it must be transplanted to a new site. All actions during plant transplantation are similar to those performed when planting seedlings. Strict adherence to technology will allow honeysuckle to tolerate movement well at any age.
In the spring, shrubs are transplanted only by transshipment together with a large clod of earth (not transported) or planted out of a container. At the same time, the shrub still does not take root well and is sick, since it is characterized by a very early awakening of the kidneys.
The best time to transplant honeysuckle is autumn. The bush fades early, so it hibernates at the end of August. In a mature bush, the shoots turn brown. It is best to start the transplant at this time. The favorable time lasts until mid-November.
A new landing pit is being prepared in advance. It should be 20-30 cm larger than the one that remained after the dug out bush. The pit should be located at a distance of at least 1.5 m from neighboring plants.
Before transplanting, the soil around the bush is watered, then the plant is dug in
The dug out bush is laid out on a cloth or film
Further actions do not differ from planting a seedling with a closed root system. After transplanting, the direction of the honeysuckle branches relative to the cardinal points should remain the same as in the previous place. The root collar is left at ground level or buried 2-3 cm.
When transplanting honeysuckle, the root collar is buried 3-5 cm only on well-cultivated soils
After transplanting, pruning of the bush is not carried out, removing only branches broken during transportation. If done correctly, the plant will bear fruit in the same year.
Honeysuckle planted according to all the rules will easily take root and will not only decorate your site, but will delight you with delicious berries for many years. A bush transplant is also possible. If you follow the rules, then the bush will painlessly take root in a new place and will soon yield a harvest.
Honeysuckle is a shrub that is beneficial in all respects, but, unfortunately, it is little cultivated in personal plots. The bush itself is an excellent ornamental plant for creating a beautiful hedge. The berry for all its useful properties, and some varieties, even in appearance, are very similar to blueberries. If anyone has heard of such a culture, but never planted it, it's time to get down to business. How to plant honeysuckle correctly in the spring will be the subject of conversation. How does it all start?
Inedible decorative honeysuckle, which will "represent" a hedge on the site, can be planted anywhere, regardless of light and soil. If we are talking about an edible berry and its quantity, the conditions for planting a culture will have to be observed. What to look for?
The place is moderately dry, suitable without winds. With constantly moist soil in a draft - not suitable.
The sun - the bushes should always illuminate and warm. In the absence of completely open areas, seedlings are allowed to be planted in partial shade, but then the berries will grow less, and it will be smaller. In a completely shaded area, the crop may not be seen.
The soil is not that very important, but there are isolated restrictions, namely, sand. On a gerbil in relation to a good berry - it's as lucky. All other soils are suitable for honeysuckle. True, sour seedlings develop poorly, but everything can be corrected and more on that a little further.
Honeysuckle loves moisture in the air, but this does not mean that the crop should be planted only near the sea. It is quite possible to create comfortable conditions for the bushes in any area with the help of watering and irrigation of plantings.
It is unlikely that planting honeysuckle in spring with seedlings will lead to something good if you use low-quality planting material. This means purchased, since home, as a rule, is bad only with careless gardeners. What should be the correct seedling?
First. By age 2 years old, in extreme cases, 3 years old, in such people the first berry appears after 2 years.
Second. Approximately 30 centimeters to 1 meter high. Smaller ones with an underdeveloped root system, large ones do not take root well.
Third. With flexible branches that have buds. Some gardeners are afraid to buy seedlings with bark, as it were, disturbed in places. In this respect, it's okay, it's a harmless feature of honeysuckle.
Fourth. Well-developed roots. Moreover, seedlings, especially for novice gardeners, are best chosen with a closed bark system. There will be less work and the risk of damaging the roots, rooting in the open field will be faster and better.
Not that according to the instructions, more according to "physiology", for correct pollination, good flowering, and therefore a large harvest, honeysuckle bushes growing in the same area, that is, approximately nearby, must be of different varieties. Another point is tall and undersized varieties. As a matter of fact, there is no difference, but the former are usually used for arranging a fruiting hedge, the latter for planting on the site itself. Tall ones, say under the window, are unlikely to be in place.
Planting honeysuckle in the suburbs
The procedure is simple, it takes no more than an hour. In general, it consists of site preparation, soil preparation and the landing itself. In order to plant honeysuckle in spring with seedlings successfully, you need to understand what, how and in what sequence is done.
1. Digging holes. So as not to adapt to each variety - 50x50x50 cm.At a distance:
- between landings - not less than 1.5 m
- between the rows of tall - about 3 meters, undersized - within 2 m.
2. The excavated soil is fertilized:
- double superphosphate (50 g)
- potassium salt (30 g)
- humus (half a bucket) or compost (1 bucket), on sandstones an additional half a bucket of one or the other.
3. A layer of rubble (drainage) is poured into the pit with a layer of about 6 centimeters. Then a little prepared substrate with a mound, a seedling is placed on the mound, but so that the root collar is slightly below ground level. If the root system is closed, that is, with a lump of earth, no earth is poured onto the bottom of the pit, everything else follows the same rules.
4. The pit is filled up to half, watered, and the earth is filled up to the top.
5. Water and mulch again.
About 100 grams of lime is added to acidic soil per 1 m². Sandy, so that honeysuckle "please", improve with black soil, clay - with sand. By the time of planting, if the days are approximately the end of April, if more precisely so as not to ruin the seedlings - until the buds open.
Planting honeysuckle in the Urals and Siberia
Despite its "unheroic appearance", honeysuckle is a fairly hardy culture, calmly tolerates frosts up to 50 ° C. Therefore, planting seedlings in regions with a difficult climate in terms of location, soil preparation and the planting process itself is no different from planting in the middle lane. At the same time, certain subtleties that determine how to properly plant honeysuckle in spring with seedlings in Siberia and the Urals still exist. What is it about?
1. To obtain a more or less decent harvest of berries, seedlings choose 3-year-old, zoned, early varieties.
2. Unlike the middle zone, the planting time is shifted by about a month, it turns out the end of May - the beginning of summer.
3. Pits for planting are made larger - within 1 meter.
4. The planted seedling must be earthed up to the second tier of branches, that is, the lower branches must be covered with earth.
Since in the Urals and Siberia, seedlings are taken 3-year-old, which means that berries can appear in the year of planting, for better rooting of the plant, the emerging ovaries are removed. In the Urals, with a possible summer temperature of up to plus 50 ° C, it is recommended to plant honeysuckle not in the sun, as in the Moscow region, but in partial shade. In Siberia, watering should be 100% regular.
What else to note. Is it just that bushes of any type and variety of honeysuckle will really decorate the site, and if, among other things, the berry is edible, it will turn out to be beautiful, profitable, and tasty. It remains only to remember that such a culture exists and to start working on it closely.
Planting honeysuckle on the site should be carried out during the dormant period, which begins at the end of July and lasts until the end of March. In central Russia, the optimal time for planting plants with open roots is the end of the season, from August to November. Spring planting is undesirable here, since honeysuckle begins to grow early and it is difficult for it to adapt to a new place.
Honeysuckle bushes planted at the optimal time will successfully grow and bear fruit
In southern regions, where the ground does not freeze, planting can be carried out immediately after the snow melts - in March, before bud break. A later spring planting is undesirable, since sap flow begins in early April, damage to branches and roots during planting will result in stress for honeysuckle. Therefore, planting work in the spring should be carried out as early as possible, before the start of the growing season.
Future yields and longevity of the shrub depend on the quality of the planting material, correct placement on the site and further care.
High-quality honeysuckle seedlings can be purchased at nurseries. Usually they offer plants in pots, which are necessarily supplied with a certificate, which indicates the variety, age, brief recommendations for growing.
It is preferable to choose two-year-old bushes about 40 cm in height, with 2-3 flexible branches.
You should not buy undersized weakened plants or too tall, more than one and a half meters, which painfully take root and later bear fruit.
It is best to purchase two-year-old honeysuckle seedlings with a closed root system - there is less risk that the plant will not take root due to root damage
If the seedlings are purchased after the onset of the autumn cold, they should be properly preserved until the spring planting. The remaining leaves must be torn off - they speed up the drying of the plants.
Until spring, honeysuckle seedlings can be dug in the garden, covering them on top with prickly spruce branches or juniper twigs
So that during the thaw the snow on the dug-in seedlings does not melt, experienced gardeners cover the snowdrift on the ditch with sawdust with a layer of at least 10 cm.
Honeysuckle bushes are well preserved in a cool room at temperatures from 0 to +2 ° C.
The roots of honeysuckle seedlings are wrapped in plastic wrap with holes for ventilation and the plants are placed in the basement
If in the middle of winter buds of more than 2 cm appeared on the honeysuckle, it means that it woke up, the vegetation process began. It urgently needs to be planted, but since it is still cold outside, the plant is transferred to a larger pot.
A pot of honeysuckle is placed in a bright room, watered and monitored
Transfer to a new container should be carried out very carefully, trying to keep the earthen ball intact so as not to injure the young roots.
It is necessary to regularly moisten the soil, maintain the temperature + 5–12 ° С - in a hot room the plant will begin to develop intensively.Once the snow melts, the honeysuckle can be transplanted into the garden.
Before planting the bushes on the site, you should decide on the choice of location. Honeysuckle loves to grow in the sun, productivity drops significantly in the shade, the berries lose their sweetness.
Resistance to unfavorable conditions allows you to grow shrubs in open areas not protected from the wind by a hedge or outbuildings - there it grows better, blooms more abundantly and bears fruit.
In an open, sunny area, honeysuckle will bear fruit more abundantly.
Honeysuckle is an unpretentious crop, but it feels most comfortable on fertile sandy loam or loamy soil with a low level of acidity.
In areas with acidic soil, the plants wither, the color of the foliage will fade, and there are much fewer berries.
Swampy lowlands with a close location of groundwater are not suitable for the berry field - water layers should lie no higher than 1.5 m from the earth's surface.
The best predecessors of honeysuckle are potatoes, cucumbers, radishes. It will get along well next to berry bushes such as dogwood, black currant, barberry.
A cross-pollinated crop for the formation of fruit ovaries requires other varieties of edible honeysuckle, which are planted at a distance of 1.5 m from each other, leaving 2 m between the rows.
Shrubs that are too close, growing over time, will cast a shadow on each other.
In addition, fragile shoots can be easily broken when picking berries in narrow passages between overgrown bushes.
Enough space should be left between the bushes so that they, growing, do not interfere with each other and are evenly illuminated by the sun.
Berry bushes can be planted in groups or arranged in a row along the edge of the plot as a hedge. Honeysuckle is also used for garden zoning to delimit and decorate the territory.
The composition of the soil can be improved by applying the fertilizer AVA (15 g / m2) - a concentrated complex of minerals and trace elements. Top dressing dissolves in the ground slowly, saturating the plants with nutrients over 2–3 years. As a result, the seedlings quickly gain strength and are easier to adapt to the new environment.
Complex fertilizer AVA dissolves slowly in the soil, saturating plants with nutrients
Instead of mineral fertilizer, biohumus is often used - vermicompost, which improves and reclaims the soil. Add 1.5 kg of dry fertilizer or 3 liters of solution to the pit and mix with the ground.
Before planting, the roots of the seedlings are immersed in water for several hours with the addition of a growth stimulant.
The honeysuckle seedling is placed in the center of the pit
Honeysuckle bushes, unlike other berry crops, are not shortened after planting, so as not to cause a delay in their growth and development.
In the early days, young bushes need to be shaded from bright sunlight and regularly moisten the soil by adding at least 10 liters of water under the plant.
The most favorable time for transplanting honeysuckle in spring is after the snow melts before bud break.
Since the roots of the dug bush quickly dry up and wither, the planting hole is prepared in advance:
Pits for transplanting honeysuckle bushes are filled with humus
Do not use fresh manure as fertilizer when planting honeysuckle - it can burn the roots and cause viral infections.
Before transplanting, in bushes older than 5 years, the branches are shortened by one third of the length, the damaged shoots are completely cut off. Young shrubs do not need pruning, only broken or dry branches are removed from them.
A honeysuckle bush with a clod of earth is removed from the pit and transferred to a tarp
Honeysuckle is planted in a new planting pit in cloudy weather.
Organic mulch is the best fertilizer for honeysuckle in the spring
A layer of organic mulch is an excellent fertilizer in the spring, good protection against dry roots in summer and freezing in winter.
Honeysuckle bushes transplanted to a new location before the start of the growing season will take root well
For reproduction of honeysuckle when transplanting a young bush, it can be divided into parts. Strong wood is cut with a saw or cut with an ax, and each bush with roots and 2-3 branches is planted separately.
If you transplant the honeysuckle bush correctly and on time, it will quickly and painlessly take root in a new place and will begin to bear fruit in June.
Honeysuckle is the earliest berry in our gardens
Honeysuckle is an unpretentious berry bush, characterized by early ripening of fruits and high winter hardiness. It can grow in one place for up to 20 years, while it quickly takes root after transplantation at almost any age. It should only be remembered that the planting and transplanting of honeysuckle can only be carried out during the rest period, before the beginning of the growing season.
Even a novice gardener will be able to plant honeysuckle in the open ground in spring if he chooses the right seedlings, a place for plants and prepares planting holes. In this article, you will learn how to care for honeysuckle for a good harvest.
Both seasons are suitable for the procedure, but each has its own nuances. Among the advantages of autumn planting are the following:
If you are engaged in planting in the spring, there will be an opportunity to observe the development of seedlings... And when the slightest problems appear, they can be eliminated by applying fertilizers, establishing an irrigation regime and treating pests. But at the same time, there is a risk of not meeting the deadlines and harming the plants.
Before starting work, you need to choose the right planting material. and decide on the scheme of its placement so that the shrubs do not interfere with each other.
It is advisable to do this in early spring, while the culture is still dormant.... Once the snow melts, it's time to start planting the honeysuckle. Young shrubs are planted before bud break. If the plant enters the vegetative stage, it will be difficult for it to root.
Healthy planting material is selected according to certain criteria:
It is advisable to take young growth in containers so that the root system is protected. earthen coma. This will help the crop adapt more quickly to the planting site.
Important! Honeysuckle is a cross-pollinated shrub. You need to buy 3-4 seedlings of different varieties with the same flowering time to guarantee fruiting.
For culture, it is better to choose a slightly shaded place with diffused lighting.... The best option is near the trees.
When planting, observe a distance of 1.5-2 m between bushes and 2-3 m between rows... Adult plants grow in breadth and take up a lot of space, so they cannot be placed close to each other. Further, it all depends on the type of root system - for each of them the instructions will be different.
How to plant a seedling:
Honeysuckle with a closed type of root system can be planted at any time of the year... With proper care, the plant will happily take root in a new place.
The shrub adapts easily to low temperatures... But the climatic conditions of Siberia and the Urals are too harsh for him. Therefore, scientists have developed hybrids that are adapted not only to winter cold, but also to frost during flowering.
They have early flowering and increased disease resistance. The usual varieties of honeysuckle are not suitable for this area. And the landing technology in northern latitudes is slightly different.
Healthy seedlings 3 years old are chosen for planting.... They endure the harsh winter more easily and take root faster.
The planting holes are dug in advance - in the spring, so that the earth has time to warm up and settle. It is advisable to plant young plants in the fall - 3-4 weeks before the first frost.
The optimal period for planting in the ground depends on the type of root system... If it is open, it is done in May - June. Young bushes with closed roots are planted a month before the onset of winter. The varieties are chosen for winter-hardy and early ripening.
First, the crown is thinned out, if it was not possible to do this in the fall... In the process of snow melting, nitrogen fertilization is introduced into the root zone. Then they will be absorbed into the ground along with the melt water.
At the time of flowering and the formation of ovaries, weeding and loosening are required... If the spring is dry, the bushes need watering at the rate of 30-50 liters per square meter. In case of a lack of water, the fruits become smaller and lose their juiciness.
Seedlings require regular irrigation - at least once a week. At the same time, weather conditions are taken into account: after rain, watering is not needed, and in windy weather the moisture evaporates faster.
The soil is mulched and loosened to retain moisture in it. Weeds are removed as they emerge.
In the event of a threat of pest infestation or infection, plants are treated insecticides or using folk remedies. This must be done before flowering, when the temperature rises to + 5 ° C.
For the purpose of prevention, the bushes are regularly examined and thinned out.... Dry and damaged leaves and shoots are removed.
If the plants are planted in fertile soil, they are not fertilized for the first 2-3 years. Further feeding is needed every year to replenish the supply of nutrients. Used as fertilizers:
Top dressing is applied to the root zone, being careful not to hit the leaves and the center of the bush. In order for the nutrients to be absorbed faster, the procedure is combined with watering.
For the first 15 days after disembarkation, drip irrigation is preferredproviding uniform and deep soil moistening. At the same time, the top layer of the earth is not washed out and excess water is not consumed.
Grown plants in the spring have enough moisture, which enters the soil after rain once every 1-1.5 weeks.
Attention! Do not water the honeysuckle too often. This causes deformation of the root system. A shrub can more easily withstand a lack of moisture than an excess of it.
It is carried out in early spring, until the growing season begins. Features of the procedure:
As a result, the shading of the central part of the crown decreases and the quality of berries improves.... At the same time, the risk of fungal development is reduced and the growth of new branches is activated.
Experienced gardeners recommend adhering to the following rules:
Proper care of the plant makes it hardy. and contributes to a good harvest.
Honeysuckle is a long-lived bush. If you create favorable conditions for the plant and pay due attention to it, it will bear fruit in one place for 20 years or more. To do this, it is enough to study the features of growing a crop and follow the recommendations.
The plant feels comfortable in all regions of Russia, but is less common in the northern part. This is explained by the features of the harsh climate. At low temperatures, honeysuckle needs special care, it can freeze out.
Choose the right time to plant the plant, do not disrupt the sequence of actions, provide reliable care for seedlings and young shoots.
Plant honeysuckle outdoors only in early spring, before that, keep in a greenhouse (greenhouse).The plant blooms in May, which is a favorable period for the root system and fruits.
When Caprifol is planted in early summer, the bush grows in early autumn, and its fruits are pleasantly pleasing to the eye with a rich red color. During this period, the plant fades quickly.
Before planting seedlings, decide on a permanent place. Honeysuckle does not like transferring from place to place. In this case, shoots slow down their growth, and flowers appear less often and in smaller quantities.
For the growth of Caprifoli, vertical support is needed, so honeysuckle takes root better against the walls of the house, pillars and fences. It is important to take into account all these nuances, including illumination, composition and moisture content of the soil.
When choosing a soil, remember that honeysuckle lives for more than 10 years, therefore, fertile soil is needed. Make sure there is no deep underwater water in the area, and if present, use drainage. Otherwise, the root system rots, the plant dies.
Loosen the ground so that it receives enough light and oxygen. To increase soil fertility, use these ingredients:
When preparing the soil, evaluate its environment. The best option is neutral, with an indicator of 7.5-8.5. Pre-treat acidic soil with slaked lime. On clay soil, honeysuckle develops poorly.
Honeysuckle needs support. It can be any vertical surface on a personal plot: a fence, a shed, a fence, a wall of a house or a gazebo. If desired, make a support yourself from scrap materials (wood, metal, nylon mesh).
More often, a mesh with large cells, cords, trellises are used for support. First, the plant makes its way up, and after trimming the tops, it gives side shoots and spreads out to the sides. With a high support, 5 years after planting, honeysuckle grows up to 4-5 m in length.
The growth of the plant depends on the health and strength of the seedlings. Choose 2-year-old seedlings with 2-3 branches and a length of 30 cm.Other recommendations when buying planting material:
When planting honeysuckle, keep the distance between adjacent seedlings - 1.5 m, otherwise the growth of Caprifoli slows down.
Young honeysuckle leaves will appear within a week. To make the plant stronger faster, water it, loosen the soil and remove weeds in a timely manner, especially if they are perennial.
Honeysuckle is an original, beautifully flowering plant. It produces delicious fruits and is used for decorative purposes. In order to properly plant a bush in the spring, you should adhere to some features for planting, selecting a seedling, choosing a place for rooting a bush. Therefore, you, dear readers, below are waiting for step-by-step instructions on how to plant honeysuckle in spring!
Not all gardeners know when to plant honeysuckle in spring. And you can plant bushes almost throughout the spring. The main thing, do not plant honeysuckle in open ground in May... At this moment, the bush is actively increasing its green mass, forming its own crown.
Fruit buds are developing, if you touch them, they will crumble. Therefore, you should not replant the plant when there is a need to harvest this year.
Attention! It is recommended to plant a young seedling of edible honeysuckle in the first months of spring after the snow has already melted, but the buds on the shoots have not yet blossomed.
The peculiarity of transplanting in the months when the plant is subject to development when the buds are released is that the immune system of the plant is significantly undermined. The shrub becomes open to the invasion of pests and attacks of pathogenic bacteria.
If there is a need for a procedure, then it is recommended to transplant the honeysuckle to another place by transshipment... You should dig out the seedling as deep as possible. Pull it out of the soil, taking care not to damage the root system. Do not shake off the earth, but immediately place it on a new site.
If the planting of honeysuckle (both edible and decorative) is carried out in the spring at the right time, then it has many advantages. They are all based on the fact that a young seedling is planted in a favorable period between the awakening of the plant and the release of young leaves.
There are the following advantages of planting honeysuckle bushes in spring:
Important! The disadvantage is the problematic planting. If you do not determine in time the moment for a favorable planting of a seedling or transplanting a bush, then you will have to plant at the time of bud break. This procedure negatively affects the further development and rooting of the plant.
Many gardeners who decide to grow a crop on their site are interested in when it is better to plant honeysuckle - in spring or autumn. But the answer is very simple! You can plant a plant both in spring and autumn.
However, if you choose from the time of year, then all the same the best moment for planting honeysuckle is autumn... In the spring, there are many positive aspects for rooting in a new place, as well as negative ones.
Attention! If you plant a seedling in open ground in the fall, it will undergo a hardening procedure (stratification), it will have time to grow young roots and prepare for hibernation.
When honeysuckle is planted in the fall, then in the spring such a bush wakes up faster than the one planted in late March - early April. Therefore, it is worth replanting in the fall. In this case, the shrub will be much better protected from external influences and more developed than seedlings rooted in spring.
Video: features of planting honeysuckle in spring and autumn.
In order to properly plant honeysuckle seedlings in the spring, it is necessary to take into account the rules for choosing a planting site, the depth of the dug hole, as well as the characteristics of the soil. When planting, you should follow the recommendations for purchasing a high-quality seedling and be guided by planting methods. For a detailed step-by-step guide on how to plant a plant in spring, read on!
Video: how to properly plant honeysuckle in the spring.
It is recommended to purchase young seedlings in specialized stores. You can buy the wrong variety from your hands, and its growth quality will leave much to be desired. Therefore, it is recommended to trust professionals when choosing a particular type of shrub.
Overgrown plants with a height of more than 1.5 meters should not be purchased. They will take root and hurt for a long period.
In addition, such a long acclimatization will lead to a long absence of crops. It is also not recommended to purchase too miniature seedlings - up to 25 cm.
Such seedlings of honeysuckle are not sufficiently developed for planting in open ground in spring.
Important! 2 years is the ideal age for a honeysuckle seedling for a normal spring planting.
Only one variety of honeysuckle seedlings should not be planted in the garden in the spring. For better pollination, plant at least 3 different plants... Only in this case is it possible to get a good harvest.
Some summer residents do not know where it is better to plant honeysuckle - in the shade or in the sun. It is best to plant the plant in open areas with lots of sunlight.... But if there is no other place, then honeysuckle can feel comfortable in an area with a predominance of shade.
There are no special requirements for the soil substrate. But if the bush is planted on nutritious, loose soil with an average acidity of pH - 7.5, then the honeysuckle will respond with active growth and chic branching.
Attention! You should not plant honeysuckle in the spring in the following places - in closed lowlands and deep pits. Also, excessively dry soils are not suitable for the shrub.
When choosing a place to plant honeysuckle (edible or decorative) in spring, try to adhere to general recommendations. Thanks to this, you can get a successfully developing plant.
It is not recommended to plant honeysuckle where plants grow, blocking sunlight... These crops include fruit trees and tall ornamental plants.
The closest neighbors can draw all the nutrients and applied top dressing from the ground. Such a place, chosen for planting honeysuckle, will not allow the plant to develop normally and give a rich harvest.
Important! It is recommended to set aside a separate area or small area where you are going to plant only honeysuckle varieties.
Before carrying out the procedure, it is important to know at what distance to plant honeysuckle from each other. Shrubs are placed at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other.
Such a distance between the bushes when planting honeysuckle is necessary due to the fact that, growing, the young seedling fills a large space.
By the age of 6, the occupied territory is up to 1.2-1.5 m in width, and in height it reaches 1.6-1.8 m.
If you plant honeysuckle at a tighter distance, it will be inconvenient to harvest and process the plant. Loosening will be inconvenient - young branches, when exposed to them, quickly break. Due to such a planting, part of the bush will break off during the care of the honeysuckle.
Attention! If you do not take into account the recommended distance between the honeysuckle bushes when planting, then the sun's rays will not be able to penetrate all parts of the plant, which will provoke the appearance of pathogenic bacteria and the colonization of parasitic insects in the depths of the bush.
For planting in spring and further cultivation, honeysuckle does not require special soil. It can be located on loamy, fertile forest substrates, as well as on sandy loam soils.
Note! It is not recommended to plant on a slope or hills, but at the same time, the plant has a negative attitude towards the location in the lowlands.
The bush will not grow on poor soils, it should be specifically prepared before planting and allowed to brew for 1.5 months. The last action is necessary so that all nutrients are completely absorbed into the soil substrate and, when planting, begin to be quickly absorbed by the root system of the seedling.
Shrub rhizomes are represented by a rod system with densely branched adventitious root processes, therefore it is recommended to prepare a hole in the ground at least 40-50 cm deep, and at least 40 cm wide.
Before planting honeysuckle in spring with seedlings, you must pre-apply organic and mineral fertilizers into the dug hole... This is necessary so that the shrub grows faster and begins to develop. For this, the following components are introduced into the soil substrate:
These amounts for application are calculated for 1 shrub. If the garden soil is highly acidic, then it is recommended to add dolomite flour, lime or crushed chalk to the ground.
All nutrients are mixed with simple garden soil. After that, a batch is poured into the pit in such a volume that it covers the half-dug hole, and there is a small mound in the center.
Attention! If a shrub is transplanted in a transshipment way, and its roots have long been planted in the ground, then the embankment must be leveled and the soil should not be knocked down from the seedling. Then the seedling is completely set in the hole and sprinkled with the remaining earth.
When a seedling with an open root system, then the central part is set on an elevation, the adventitious roots are straightened and covered with the remaining garden soil. The seedling should be slightly raised so that the earth wakes up between the roots, leaving no empty cavities.
Be sure to check that the root collar is buried 1.5-2.5 cm into the ground. After that, you need to compact the soil from above.
Video: planting honeysuckle in the spring.
As for caring for honeysuckle after planting in the spring, the advice of seasoned gardeners comes down to a consensus. After the seedling has been rooted, a small depression should be built from the ground near the base so that there are sides. Such care of the plant after planting is necessary so that during irrigation the water does not spread over the site, but gets to its intended purpose.
Caring for honeysuckle after planting in the spring consists of the following steps:
Important! Further care for honeysuckle after planting in the open field in spring depends on the plant and its growth. In subsequent years, additional pruning and feeding is carried out. Fertilization in the first year is not recommended due to the rich composition of trace elements introduced during planting.
After planting in the spring, it is necessary to take proper care of the honeysuckle, whether it is an edible variety or a decorative curly honeysuckle.
Summer residents and amateur gardeners live in different parts of our country, so each of them needs to know how to properly plant honeysuckle in spring in different regions of Russia. Honeysuckle is characterized by increased frost resistance, which is why it should be grown both in the central parts and in the northern regions.
Spring planting of honeysuckle in the Volga region can be carried out immediately after the snow melts, when the temperature regime is set at +5 .. + 100C.
The main thing is to follow the return frosts and guess the time when they are gone for good, and the kidneys have not yet had time to open.
The optimal period to plant honeysuckle in the spring in the Volga region will be the end of March or mid-April. It is at this moment that the landing in this region is most favorable.
The best period for planting decorative or edible honeysuckle in the Moscow region is not spring, but late August - early September. At this point, the development of the root system slows down, which favorably affects the transplant. In the spring, you should plant honeysuckle in the Moscow region only when necessary. The execution period is mid to late March.
The northern regions are distinguished by the late onset of spring. It comes into force only at the beginning of June. It is at this point that young plants should be rooted. The later dates of planting honeysuckle in the spring can be an unfavorable period, because the honeysuckle will not have time to take root in a new place.
If it is wrong to plant honeysuckle in the spring, then such a planting will negatively affect the growth and development of the young plant. Therefore, experienced and seasoned gardeners highlight several mistakes that are usually made when rooting a plant:
Fulfillment of all the rules for planting a bush leads to an elegant growth and development of the plant. Abstaining from mistakes will allow the seedling to take root well, to be nourished with useful elements and to please the first harvest next year.
Thus, the planting of honeysuckle in the spring is carried out according to certain parameters, as well as according to the rules. The main thing is to take good care of the plant after rooting and try not to make the most common mistakes. And remember, it is important not only how you plant the crop, but also how you look after it after planting.
Video: step by step instructions for planting honeysuckle in the spring.
In floriculture, several varieties of honeysuckle, honeysuckle, are grown:
Quite often, in botanical reference books and selling catalogs, honeysuckle (Brown) and curly honeysuckle (German) are called honeysuckle as honeysuckle (German), but this information is incorrect. The first variety is a hybrid form obtained by crossing rough honeysuckle and evergreen honeysuckle, and the second is an independent species of the honeysuckle family.
The best partners on the site for honeysuckle honeysuckle will be decorative conifers and flowering shrubs (weigela, holly mahonia, scumpia, deytsia, mock-orange, climbing roses). If you want to confess to someone of loyalty and constancy, collect a small bunch of fragrant flowers and donate to the object of your adoration, as medieval court ladies and gentlemen used to do.