The Syngonium plant is a representative of the Aroid family. This genus is a climbing vines that are held on supports with the help of air roots. They live in Brazil and other South American countries, as well as in Central America. Syngonium is relatively unpretentious, therefore it is quite widespread in indoor floriculture. At home, they are grown as an ampelous plant or as a liana.
It is believed that the syngonium, constantly changing as it grows, has a positive effect on the home atmosphere and helps to look to the future with optimism. The energy of the flower helps to eliminate depression, improves mood and quality of sleep, and also increases the degree of efficiency and stimulates action. In addition, thanks to the large leaves, the bushes help purify the air in the house, as well as saturate it with oxygen.
Syngonium has a fast growth rate. During the year, its shoots can elongate by about 30 cm, while forming about 6-7 fresh leaf plates. The size of adult specimens is rather large - about a meter. Under natural conditions, the length of vines can reach 20 m.
The shape of the syngonium leaves can be cordate, spear-shaped, arrow-like, or consist of several lobes. In this case, the lower and upper foliage has a different appearance. As the bush develops, the leaves may no longer become whole, but lobed. Different types of syngoniums can have leaves of different colors, often they are decorated with light or dark veins, as well as specks or strokes. The surface of the leaf is smooth, leathery or slightly pubescent.
In nature, there are about 33 varieties of syngonium. These plants are not among the flowering ones - all the decorativeness of the vines is provided by their unusual foliage. Sometimes on the bushes, cob inflorescences can appear, but in appearance they are rather inconspicuous. In this case, the fruits of some species of syngoniums in the homeland of plants are considered edible. The sap of the plant is considered poisonous.
For syngonium, a hanging planter or stand located in a semi-shaded place is suitable. In summer, you can also keep the flower in the garden or on the balcony.
SYNGONIUM at home. Care rules, signs, phytodesign
The table shows brief rules for caring for a syngonium at home.
|Lighting level||Plants prefer partial shade, bushes should be protected from direct sun.|
|Content temperature||In winter - about 17-18 degrees, in summer - 20-25 degrees. Too cool rooms should be avoided - the growth of syngonium in such conditions will slow down, and the color of the foliage will fade.|
|Watering mode||It is necessary to water the flower rarely, but abundantly, in the summer about a couple of times a week, in the winter - no more than once a week.|
|Air humidity||The plant needs an average moisture level of at least 60%. The leaves are sprayed at least once every couple of weeks. The flower pot is kept away from batteries.|
|The soil||For cultivation, light and loose soil that does not retain moisture is suitable.|
|Top dressing||During the growth period, complex mineral compositions are used.|
|Transfer||Young plants are transplanted annually, adult specimens are transplanted 2-3 times less often.|
|Pruning||Thanks to pruning, you can make the crown of the bush more accurate, as well as stimulate the growth of fresh shoots.|
|Bloom||At home, the syngonium does not bloom, this can be achieved by transplanting the bush for the summer in open ground.|
|Dormant period||The dormant period usually begins in winter.|
|Pests||Spider mites, scale insects, thrips.|
|Diseases||Various illnesses due to care errors.|
Caring for the syngonium is not particularly difficult, but it still has some features, thanks to which the plant will be able to develop correctly and maintain strong immunity.
Syngonium foliage reacts poorly to direct rays, so the bushes should be kept in partial shade. You can position them in the southwest or north direction. From the sun's rays, monophonic foliage can begin to fade and lose its attractiveness. The exception is variegated species - they require more light, so they are able to tolerate well and a more sunny location.
But in full shade, a syngonium with monochromatic foliage should not be kept. In such conditions, its leaves will also begin to fade, and their size will decrease. To avoid this, in the cold season, when the sun is less active, the bushes are moved closer to the windows.
The temperature regime for syngonium is quite important. In a too cold room, the bush will not be able to develop normally and may begin to shed leaves. The room temperature should not drop below 15 degrees. The plant does not like sudden changes, it should be protected from drafts. In summer, the vine prefers moderate heat - up to 20-25 degrees. In winter, the room can be a little cooler - about 17-18 degrees, but such a decrease in degrees is not considered mandatory.
Syngonium bushes need abundant watering, but they should be carried out so that the liquid does not stagnate in the soil - as the soil dries out. Otherwise, the roots of the plant may start to rot. For irrigation, use moderately warm and well-settled water. If the vine spends the winter in a cooler place, the number of waterings during this period should be reduced.
Syngonium also needs an average level of humidity. The leaves are systematically sprayed using lukewarm water. It is especially important to carry out such humidification in hot and dry weather, as well as in winter, if the flower is located near a hot battery.
In addition to spraying, you can also use special humidifiers, as well as periodically place a container with water next to the plant. Another way is to place wet sand next to the pot, for example, by pouring it into a wide pan. It is important that the sand is not too wet and does not lead to stagnation of water in the sump.
Once a month, you can rinse the syngonium leaves under the shower by placing the pot in the tub. All excess water from the pan after such water procedures must be poured out. It is also recommended to wipe the creeper foliage with a soft, damp cloth.
The shape of the pot for growing syngonium can be any, only its volume, as well as sufficient height, is of decisive importance. There must be drain holes at the bottom. The preferred pot material is clay.
Syngonium transplants into more spacious containers are carried out when the root system ceases to fit in the old pot, and the roots begin to be seen in the drainage holes.
Loose and light substrates are suitable for growing syngonium. You can use ready-made store mixes for indoor species with a weakly acidic or neutral reaction. To prepare the substrate yourself, you can take a mixture of sand with turf and peat and add 3 parts of leafy soil to it. Bone meal can be added as fertilizer.
Lack of nutrients can adversely affect the decorative effect of the bush. Its foliage will begin to fade, and sometimes become covered with brownish specks. Syngonium should be fertilized only during the period of its active growth - from spring to late autumn. Top dressing is applied about 2-3 times a month. Usually, complex formulations that practically do not contain calcium are used for this. In winter, the bushes are not fertilized.
Syngonium / Transplant / Houseplants
Transplanting syngonium allows you to update the depleted substrate with a fresh one, as well as move the bush to a more spacious container. Young plants need replanting more often. They change their pots every season - you can do it in spring or summer. Older plants develop less actively, they are transplanted every 2-3 years.
Taking syngonium out of the pot, you need to examine its root system. Decayed and damaged areas are removed. The transplanted bush is watered. The next time, the soil in this pot can be moistened when the top layer is about 2.5 cm dry.
If the vine will be grown not as an ampelous plant, a suitable support should be provided for it. It is installed during transplantation, trying to place it closer to the center of the tank immediately after laying the drainage layer. Having filled up about a third of the soil into the pot, a bush is placed there, and then the rest of the earth is poured.
Thanks to the correct pruning of the syngonium, you can not only make the crown of the bush more neat, but also stimulate the growth of fresh shoots. A sharp tool is used for trimming. The branches are shortened at the level of 6-8 leaves. In addition, old branches that interfere with the growth of young growth are also subject to removal.
When pruning, it must be remembered that syngonium juice can cause irritation, therefore, all manipulations with the flower must be carried out with gloves.
At home, the syngonium does not bloom, this can be achieved by transplanting the bush for the summer in open ground. Only adult plants are capable of blooming. During this period, medium-sized light or pinkish inflorescences in the form of an ear appear on them. After flowering, the bush will "rest" for at least 3 or 4 years, and only after this period it will be able to bloom again.
In winter, a dormant period begins at the syngonium. This practically does not affect the appearance of the plant, but the rate of its growth temporarily slows down or completely stops until the beginning of spring. At this time, the bush is not fed and watered a little less often - about once a week.
Syngonium is easy enough to propagate. Usually, cuttings or plant seeds are used for this. Another possible method is dividing the bush, but the root system of the syngonium includes many thin roots that are easily damaged during this procedure.
To obtain a new syngonium, cuttings of adult specimens with 2-3 leaves are used, taken from the tops of the shoots or from the stem itself. The length of the segments should be about 14 cm. It is desirable that they have air roots. If the cutting is not taken from the top, the upper cut should be sprinkled with crushed coal.
To form new roots, you can put the segments in water or immediately plant them in light sandy soil or in sphagnum moss. The stalk is covered with a bag or jar and placed in a warm (about 25 degrees) place, periodically ventilating and checking the degree of soil moisture. It usually takes 3 or 4 weeks to root. If desired, the rooted seedling can be transplanted into a new pot.
Young syngoniums can be grown both in their own pots, and in one, larger one, placing them in several pieces. This will create the effect of a single, spreading bush.
How and what cuttings do I cut for propagation of non-bush syngonium
Syngonium seeds very quickly lose their germination, so only fresh material can be used for sowing. Such seeds are placed in a pot filled with light soil, sprinkled with soil a little and placed in a greenhouse environment.
Due to mistakes in care or non-observance of the conditions necessary for the plant, the syngonium can weaken or get sick. In order not to start the problem and, as a result, not to lose the plant, you need to pay attention to the signals that it gives:
Syngoniums can be affected by many pests of indoor plants - spider mites, scale insects, thrips, etc. If such insects appear on the bush, it is treated with insecticidal preparations. Sometimes, as part of the struggle, the bush has to be transplanted into fresh soil, after having washed the roots in a pale solution of potassium permanganate.
To prevent the appearance of pests, it is important to comply with all plant requirements. Most often, the cause of their occurrence is excessively dry air in hot weather, as well as waterlogging of the soil.
The foliage color of this species can be either light green or variegated. Syngonium podophyllum has heart-shaped leaf plates of accrete lobes. Their length ranges from 7 to 13 cm. This species does not bloom.
The name of the species is associated with the shape of its foliage. In Syngonium auritum, it has the shape of an arrow, while in the upper part of the plate there are peculiar “ears”. The foliage of an adult specimen can have 3 to 5 segments. In variegated species, the pattern becomes brighter over time. The bush forms rather long shoots, their annual growth can be up to 1 m.
The most popular varieties of syngonium:
Review of syngoniums. Care rules.
In the wild, a tropical vine with a herbaceous stem is found in Central and South America, Cuba, Jamaica. In indoor conditions, the syngonium climbs on a support to a height of up to 2 m.
It can also be grown hydroponically, by nature, syngonium is an epiphyte. Below the internodes, additional aerial roots are formed to keep the plant on a support and feed. The shape of the leaf changes with age, the venation of the leaves is reticulate, well noticeable. Does not bloom at home.
|Spring Summer||Syngonium prefers high humidity. In summer, it is recommended to often spray the flower with warm water, and wipe the leaf blades with a damp cloth or sponge to prevent the appearance of pests.||The most comfortable temperature is + 18-24 ° C.||The plant is shade-tolerant and does not like direct sunlight, the syngonium needs soft diffused lighting. The best location for the flower would be an east-facing window. It can also be placed inside a room, placed on a shelf or table.|
|Autumn winter||It is not required to spray syngonium. It is enough to put it in a pallet with wet expanded clay or peat if the flower is located near the radiator.||The temperature of the syngonium content should be at least + 17-18 ° C, however, the plant can tolerate a short-term drop to 10 ° C, but you should not expose the flower to hypothermia for too long.||Additional lighting is required in the morning and evening hours so that the shoots do not stretch too much and do not become fragile and brittle.|
There is only one syngonium in my plant collection. Because to be honest, I am somewhat indifferent to Singoshi. Yes, beautiful and interesting (especially modern foreign species - mmmm :)) but somehow I didn't have a desire to make one.
But before that I could not resist) Because I love variegated colors.
Meet my old pet - Syngonium Imperial White with its own motley person)
After the next haircut, we grow up again.
So, is this plant so comfortable? In care, yes, unpretentious. And by nature he is still capricious! I have not yet seen a plant that has been cultivated like this.
It bares the trunk, then twists it in a spiral so that the leaves are all poking in different directions, then it will put black curved aerial roots along the trunk. If you cut it off in the hope of branching, a single shoot spitefully grows 1 cm from the cut. Climbs into pots to neighbors, gets confused in their hair - next to two fluffy ficuses. And while you get it out - it will twist again, catch on and once - the leaf has torn off the edge. You put one - it starts to fall on the wall, you put a support - it hides behind it. In general, it is bad.
Therefore, it is more often cut short. Then he is handsome. If the lighting is good - near the south window, he indulgently grows leaves with a lot of white. He stood a little further from the window - the leaves went pure green, and when rearranged in the sun, this branch remained green: (I had to cut it.
But despite all this, I love him very much. I have it for about 7 years, moved several times with me, was a little dry, once frostbitten - but still pleases me with its beauty :) During this time my capricious became a relative.
Recommend. For beauty, unpretentiousness, bright variegation, easy survival (even if you cut and plant, it will definitely take root). Besides, who knows, suddenly it's just my harmful one))
Another curly handsome man from my collection - Epipremnum Marble Queen
Syngonium (lat. Syngonium) - genus of perennial evergreen
plants of the aroid family.
Syngonium appeared with me a long time ago. The scion was given by a friend. I will not say that it was love at first sight. Not. But gradually I realized that it is unlike any other plant: with interesting carved leaves, graceful curved and strong stem and unique leaf color.
So I became the owner of the variety syngonium White butterfly (White Butterfly).
It is very interesting to observe how a leaf opens up in a plant:
And recently on one of the sites I found out that this plant is under the sign of Virgo... I don’t know how they figured it out, and is it possible.
But. I am a Virgo myself according to the horoscope, and I feel that this is my plant, it suits me, I really like it.
Moreover, syngonium - from the aroid family, whose representatives I love very much.
I have more at home anthurium, caladium, spathiphyllum, zamioculcas.
And at work was alocasia and dieffenbachia.
Now I'll tell you in what pots are best to grow syngonium.
At first he grew up in my hanging planter in the kitchen.
But, due to the fact that there was still a loggia outside the kitchen window, he constantly reached for the light.
Such elongated plant didn't look very pretty, so after moving to a new apartment, I his transplanted in a regular pot.
But I didn’t like itb that as it grew, the stems of the plant became too long, exposing aerial roots.
It looked sloppy and not aesthetically pleasing:
Well, what did I want ?! Syngonium is originally from South America, climbing vine.
Could buy support with coconut fiber, which I did according to the advice from the Internet. But then she changed her mind, deciding that it would look ugly.
AND just cut off the stemdeciding will rootb it.
Here detailed steps and Photo:
After pruning, place the rooting in water. It is better to choose an elongated vase with a narrow neck for this. Here's one like mine, for example:
The roots grow back quickly, and in a week or two it is already possible transplant a plant in a pot.
Droot i always use purchased: for ficuses or universal.
Mandatory on the bottom - drainage from pre-washed expanded clay.
I also put a few pieces in all indoor flowers. charcoal and sand.
In addition, I sprinkle sand on top of the soil. So it is more beautiful, and when watering, the water is better absorbed.
Let's continue. But even this seemed to me not enough. and I bought tall floor planter, and decided to transplant syngonium there.
BUT in the summer I took him out to the loggia, where he felt great and grew until the terrible happened.
Some pests liked my synonym. Its leaves were deformed, became "torn", turned yellow and dried up:
I have healed his with this drug. And made a decision transplant into a new land, and at the same time reduce its amount, as it is easier to treat.
Now mine syngonium looks like that:
I spray it with this drug, and I really hope that he will be cured and will again delight me every day, beautifying himself and bringing joy into my life.
Thanks for attention!
My other reviews of indoor plants (and pots) can be read here.
Syngoniums are propagated in late spring or early summer. They take apical cuttings 8-10 cm long.Make a cut just below the node, remove the bottom sheet, and, after treating the cut with a root formation stimulator (Kornevin, Heteroauxin), plant one or several pieces in a slightly moist soil consisting of equal parts of peat and coarse sand or perlite in small (8-10 cm) pots or disposable cups. A plastic bag is put on top or placed in a greenhouse in diffused light or under artificial lighting. After rooting (usually four to six weeks), gradually begin to accustom to open air. A month after rooting, young syngoniums are transplanted into a mixture for adult plants. After another month, they begin to feed them monthly with half doses of standard liquid fertilizers.