What is good about the melon - the beneficial properties of the sun fruit on guard of health and a slim figure


Many people love juicy melon fruits, but how much do we know about how they are useful? Melon is an excellent natural healer with its own melon, but how much melon can you eat and when, so as not to harm

What is interesting in the melon fruit

Melon photography

Melon fruits contain many different vitamins, amino acids, trace elements. For a long time, they have been treating intestinal diseases, washing the kidneys with the liver. Melon juice has been used as a valuable set of enzymes and essential amino acids.

This melon culture contains vitamins A, all vitamins of group B, as well as vitamins C, E, PP. The yellow fruit carries a solid delegation of the periodic table: magnesium, potassium, calcium, sodium, iron, sulfur, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, cobalt, manganese, fluorine. There was also a place here for complex organic acids, folic, nicotinic, ascorbic.

All these substances are in easily digestible forms, which is why the consumption of melon cannot lead to oversaturation of the body with this or that microelement. It is extremely difficult to overeat a melon so that it all ends with hypervitaminosis, since it does not contain a single clearly dominant micronutrient leading to intoxication of the body.

Video about the beneficial properties of melon

How is melon useful for the consumer? Let's take a look at the importance and benefits of the individual micronutrients it contains:

  • vitamin C serves as a good prevention of colds;
  • vitamin A is extremely beneficial for the skin;
  • vitamin B group helps the body to better carry out metabolic processes, including fat metabolism. Very important for weight watchers;
  • vitamin PP is also involved in metabolism, but is mainly responsible for cholesterol levels. The optimal amount of vitamin PP intake leads to the prevention of vascular occlusion, the appearance of cholesterol plaques;
  • magnesium and potassium strengthen the nervous system and general intramuscular connections;
  • iron makes up for the lack of hemoglobin in the blood;
  • sulfur and phosphorus help to improve brain activity;
  • calcium and its compounds strengthen bones and cartilage tissues;
  • iodine is an active component of good thyroid function;
  • zinc is responsible for the excellent condition of the skin, mainly nails and hair.

Melon in the photo

As you can see, the extensive composition of vitamins and minerals makes melon a broad spectrum medicine. Add to all this the fact that it contains a large amount of complex sugars, while remaining low in calories. That is why this sunny fruit is valued among nutritionists as an excellent flavor variety for the dietary table.

Melon fruits are also useful for heart disease, rheumatism, nervous system disorders. This summer sweetness also perfectly normalizes blood pressure. Its benefits are highly valued by cosmetologists. With the systematic consumption of melon juice, as well as with the application of masks from the pulp of the fruit mixed with sour cream, the skin acquires a velvety, silky appearance. The complexion becomes healthy, the pores open.

In addition, folic acid from melon juice speeds up metabolism, leading to more intense fat burning. Nicotinic acid also plays an essential role in metabolism. Remember that melon actively flushes toxins from the body, helping to better absorb nutrients from other foods. All this makes it an indispensable fruit for those who monitor not only the health of the body as a whole, but also external beauty. But in addition to the useful qualities of this melon culture, some of its harmful factors should be taken into account.

Melon in the photo

Something about the dangers of melon

Unfortunately, melon not only has beneficial properties, but also contraindications. It is highly undesirable to consume its fruits on an empty stomach. This is due to the fact that, due to the high fiber content, when eaten on an empty stomach, it will provoke a disorder of the digestive tract, fiber fibers will begin to irritate the walls of the stomach and intestines, which can lead to functional disorder.

It is also not recommended to combine consumption of melon with dairy products. Actually the milk itself and any fermented milk: kefir, varenets, fermented baked milk, sour cream. Melon along with them can also provoke mild upset. Also, do not consume alcohol before or after eating a melon. As you can see, melon is very versatile. Its benefits and harms are manifested under various circumstances.

This melon culture is strictly contraindicated for nursing mothers, the enzymes contained in its juice can lead to severe indigestion in infants.

Photo of cut melon

Melon is also an unwanted guest on the table for people with diabetes. A well-ripened sweet fruit contains up to 13 percent of various sugars: glucose, fructose, sucrose. Melon has a fairly high glycemic index and can lead to a short-term rise in blood glucose levels.

Patients with ulcerative exacerbations of the duodenum, together with patients with dysentery, are also recommended to exclude this fetus from their diet.

Useful properties of melon seeds

Melon seeds have long been used in folk medicine. The beneficial properties of their use are very high. They are needed in the treatment of various dermatological diseases. Poultices with lotion based on crushed melon seeds are recommended for external use, for example for acne. Decoctions and tinctures are internally consumed in the treatment of kidney stones.

Also, plasters made from crushed melon seeds have an effect similar to Vishnevsky's ointment. They draw out all inflammatory processes well, help the abscesses to ripen faster. The ancient Arabs highly appreciated this property of melon seeds and always took them with them on hikes as an emergency antiseptic.

Melon photo

Vegetable oil is also very good, which is used as raw material for melon seeds. Its useful properties can be listed for a very long time. Melon seed oil contains a large amount of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids. The systematic use of melon seed oil leads to an increase in the general tone of the body. normalization of metabolism, improvement of mood.

Melon oil promotes the production of serotonin, the hormone of joy

The composition of melon seed oil contains saturated and unsaturated fatty acids:

  • linolenic;
  • linoleic;
  • oleic;
  • palmitic;
  • stearic.

Melon benefits

Summing up the benefits and dangers of melon

Melon is useful:

  • with cardiovascular diseases;
  • with rheumatism;
  • during mental disorders;
  • for weight loss and general cosmetic purposes;
  • serves as the prevention of atherosclerosis;
  • to strengthen bone tissue;
  • to strengthen nails, hair.

melon is not recommended:

  • for those suffering from diabetes mellitus;
  • for nursing mothers;
  • when consumed with alcohol or fermented milk products;
  • on an empty stomach.

Rowan Pomegranate: description, useful properties, planting and care, reviews

Rowan Pomegranate is a useful berry, with the properties of which almost all gardeners and summer residents are familiar. She has beautiful ornamental plants, and her berries have a high level of nutrients... Therefore, it is imperative to plant this berry variety on your site so that it pleases not only with a beautiful view, but also with its high useful yields, and you can find a description of this berry below.


Cherry variety Malyshka: description with photos and reviews

Cherry is one of the favorite fruit and berry crops of summer residents. In the spring, during its short flowering period, it gives us a delightful sight. Its fruits are widely used in cooking.

But cherry-cherry hybrids are superior to their parents. In recent years, the Malyshka variety of duke (cherry) has become popular among gardeners.

It is a fast growing medium sized berry tree with slightly spreading branches, easy to grow.

The history of the emergence of the Malyshka cherry variety

Cherry Malyshka is a hybrid, the result of selection of Duke (a mixture of sweet and cherry) and Rannyaya variety. It was first developed in the 90s of the XX century by the authors E.E. Kaverin, G.I. Dymnova and A.P. Kruglova at the experimental breeding station in the city of Saratov. Therefore, it received the name - Saratov baby. But among gardeners, and then in literature, the name Malyshka stuck.

Table: description of the cherry variety Saratov baby

The fruits of the Saratov baby

Fruiting of the hybrid occurs at 3 or 4 years. The tree forms a small arched crown. Fruits are laid on bouquet clusters.

The variety is early maturing, blooms in early May.

Spring cherry blossoms Baby decorate the garden

The fruits ripen in the 1st decade of June. The harvest peaks at the end of the month. Large berries weigh 4–5 grams. The pulp of the fruit is dense, juicy, dark red in color, evenly colored. The stone is small, well separated from the pulp. The fruits contain:

  • 14.5% dry matter,
  • 7.5% sugar
  • 8 mg / 100 g of ascorbic acid,
  • 1.2% other acids.

The average yield per tree is 15 kilograms. Transportability is excellent. In cool conditions, the harvested fruits can be stored for up to two weeks. The species is winter-hardy, resistant to diseases (including coccomycosis and moniliosis). The main purpose of the variety is table.

The external attractiveness of the Malyshka variety has a mark of 5 points

The value of the Malyshka cherry variety:

  • early ripeness,
  • high yield,
  • practically does not freeze,
  • small roots do not reach the groundwater,
  • excellent taste properties of fruits,
  • resists diseases of various etymologies,
  • berries are easy to pick,
  • good transportability.

The disadvantages of the variety include self-infertility - for pollination, the Baby is planted next to other varieties of cherries, and insufficiently strong fastening of ripe fruits - during a strong and gusty wind, some berries fall off.

Features of growing and caring for Malyshka cherries

To get a good harvest, you need to choose a bright space for a cherry orchard, as well as good planting material.

Sapling selection

To purchase a seedling of the desired variety, contact your nursery or specialty store. It is desirable that it was an annual plant, since their survival rate is better. The height of such a seedling is about one meter with a crown of 8-10 branches.

Before buying a plant you like, pay attention to the grafting site (5–8 cm above the root collar): here the stem is slightly thickened. In general, it should be flat and smooth. The twigs are strong and easy to bend.

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If you lightly scratch the twig, then there should be a green cambium under the bark, not dry wood. Check the roots of the seedling. In a promising plant, they are light in color, well developed, and have a length of about 40 cm.

If the seedling is in a container, take it out: the roots should firmly entangle with an earthen ball, not allowing it to crumble.

Before planting, in order to avoid the development of diseases and pests, it is advisable to soak the plant in water for 7-8 hours with the addition of a small amount of manganese.

Planting a seedling

For planting cherries Baby, as for any duke, try choose a place protected from flooding and strong winds... Dig up the soil, remove the weeds. The baby's bush is small, so place the planting holes at a distance of 2 to 3 meters. But consider the location of pollinating cherries at a distance of no more than 30-40 meters.

The roots of the tree should spread evenly to the sides and not rest against the walls of the planting pit

Place the seedling in the center of the planting hole and gently straighten the roots. Place the grafting site above the soil.

Correct placement of the seedling in the planting pit

For better survival of the seedling, make sure that the soil around it does not dry out.... In the future, four waterings will be enough per season:

  • during the flowering period,
  • during fruit ripening,
  • after the end of the harvest,
  • in the first half of October (water-charging irrigation).

As a rule, an annual tree requires about 10 liters of water, an adult - from 20 to 30. In dry summers, spend additional watering, and in rainy ones - give them up altogether. The next day after watering, do not loosen the soil very deeply and cover it with any material (for example, dried cut grass).

Spread dry grass around the trunk in a layer of about 10 cm

Fertilization

Saratov baby has been bearing fruit for over 15 years. For stable and high yields, feed the plant correctly and in the right amount. Remember that nitrogen must be present in the top dressing in the spring.

Table: dosage and composition of fertilizers

Subsequently fertilize the trees after a year.

Pruning and shaping the crown

In order to save space and ease of harvesting, form the Malyshka cherry with a bush 2–2.5 m high with 4–5 skeletal branches. To limit the vertical growth of the seedling, cut off the top of the seedling on the day of planting.

The optimal light regime inside the crown will allow you to get an earlier high quality harvest. To do this, shorten the lateral strong branches by about 1/3, and remove the weak ones by a ring. The main part of the fruits of the dukes is laid on bouquet branches located on older wood.

Therefore, the annual shortening of annual shoots is the way to increase the yield..

Prune cherries following this pattern.

Every spring, preferably before the first leaves appear, carry out formative pruning. Your task is to direct the branches outward from the trunk, spread the approaching branches and, if necessary, reduce their exposure.

Video: how to form a cherry crown

Prevention of diseases and pests

The Malyshka variety can withstand many diseases, but for their prevention, it is recommended to carry out the following measures:

  • loosen the soil regularly,
  • destroy root growth, weeds,
  • remove fallen leaves,
  • cover up cracks in the plant,
  • remove the volunteers,
  • carry out sanitary pruning.

Among garden pests, the main enemies of cherries, like other horticultural crops, are:

  • aphid,
  • mucous sawflies,
  • moths,
  • weevils,
  • caterpillars.

Therefore, inspect your plantings about once every 10 days.

Photo gallery: signs of pests on cherries

Aphids appear on young leaves of a plant The larva of a slimy sawfly is similar to a leech and a slug The larvae of a moth moth can destroy the entire crop The henbore feeds on buds, flowers, young foliage, ovaries and cherry fruits, laying up to 120 eggs

For pest control, try simple methods first. At the beginning of the cherry orchard bloom, arrange or hang containers with jam diluted in water. Many pest butterflies, attracted by the fermentation odor, will die in the prepared solution. Change the contents of the bait every 7-10 days. Sometimes it is enough to spray the plants with green soap (200–300 grams per bucket of warm water). In extreme cases, use insecticides: for example, Inta-vir (1 tablet per 5 liters of water) or Actellic (2 ml per 2 liters of water).

Preparing for winter

The Malyshka variety does not need special preparation for winter. But in order to avoid damage from the sun's rays and rodents, you can wrap its trunk in burlap.

In autumn, wrap the trunk and lower branches of the cherry with burlap

Dwarf rootstock for cherries Baby

Small and very easy to grow variety Malyshka, which yields like a whole tree, was bred using antipka rootstock.(What is grafted, a stalk or bud of the desired variety, is called a scion, and the one where it is grafted is called a stock.) Thanks to this stock, the cherry plant has become more winter-hardy and adapted to Russian weather conditions.

Video: grafting cherries on cherries

If desired, novice gardeners will be able to master the technique of plant grafting.

Video: stock for cherries and cherries

Testimonials

Cherry Baby is an unpretentious tree. The correct choice of planting material and little care will allow you to fully enjoy the delicious and juicy fruits.


Useful properties of dried figs


Dried fruit has a lot of fiber, the beneficial properties of which are necessary for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Its caloric content is 214 kcal / 100 g. One dried fig provides 2 g of fiber, which is 20% of the daily value. In terms of its composition, the amount of dietary fiber, it occupies an honorable first place, helping to work the gastrointestinal tract.

The high pectin content makes dried figs the most useful product. It speeds up the healing of connective tissue after bone or joint injuries. Fruits are rich in calcium, which is one of the most important components for strengthening bones, reducing the risk of osteoporosis.

Dried figs contain up to 70% sugar. Interestingly, people who want to lose weight are advised to consume figs daily. However, the high calorie content it contains can lead to weight gain, especially when consumed with milk. A few are enough to get the recommended amount of nutrients, so don't overdo it!

Dried figs contain phenol, omega-3, omega-6 fatty acids. These fatty acids reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. In addition, the beneficial substances that fig leaves contain have a significant effect on the level of triglycerides in the human body, which are one of the main reasons for the development of various heart diseases. These fatty acids are not produced by our body - we must get them from food. They are needed for the normal functioning of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.


50 Interesting Facts About Sea Buckthorn

2. Sea buckthorn was first mentioned in Tibetan medical texts in the eighth century, and was used as a medicine in ancient China.

3. Sea buckthorn is a record holder among all plants known in Russia in terms of the amount of vitamins, microelements, acids and other useful substances.

4. The genus of sea buckthorn includes two types - sea buckthorn and willow buckthorn.

5. Willow sea buckthorn is widespread in the middle and eastern Himalayas, in China, India, Bhutan, Nepal. It does not grow on the territory of Russia.

CRUISE SEA BUCKTHORN

6. When we say "sea buckthorn", we mean sea buckthorn.

7. Everything is useful in it: from the smallest leaf to the tips of the roots. Therefore, the people call it either the “golden berry” or the “treasure of the sun”.

8. Sea buckthorn contains more than 190 nutrients, therefore sea buckthorn fruits are called "holy fruits".

9. Sea buckthorn found the widest application in medicine. It improves metabolism, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, making them less permeable, has antioxidant properties.

10. Sea buckthorn was the first remedy, along with the root of White Cinquefoil, which was used to treat victims of the Chernobyl disaster.

SEA BUCKTHORN FRUIT

11. Sea buckthorn fruits contain 10 times more vitamin C than lemon.

12. But this is not the most important thing, because there are quite a lot of other rich sources of vitamin C in nature. Much more important is the fact that sea buckthorn lacks an enzyme, due to which this vitamin, essential for health and beauty, is destroyed during heat treatment. Therefore, compote or jam from this berry is just as useful as if this valuable berry was eaten straight from the branch.

13. It is enough to consume 2-4 tablespoons of sea buckthorn juice daily, and the daily requirement for this vitamin will be fully satisfied.

14. For best results, Chinese athletes were given sea buckthorn drinks during the 1988 Seoul Olympics.

15. Sea buckthorn bark contains a lot of serotonin (the hormone of happiness) - a thousand times more than bananas and chocolate. Therefore, a decoction of the bark is the best remedy for a depressed mood.

16. Sea buckthorn is a dioecious plant. These are shrubs or trees, for the most part thorny, up to 3 - 6 meters tall, their leaves are alternate, long and narrow, on the lower side they are grayish-white, silvery or rusty-golden from densely covering them with stellate scales.

17. Unisexual flowers appear before leaves, they are inconspicuous and small. Flowers are pollinated by the wind, less often by insects.

18. False fruit (drupe), consisting of a nut, dressed with an overgrown, fleshy, juicy, smooth and shiny receptacle.

19.Orange or reddish fruits are spherical or elongated. There are many of them, they are densely arranged and, as it were, "stick around" the branches.

20. Sea buckthorn reproduces by seeds and vegetatively.

21. Sea buckthorn is mentioned in the works of philosophers of ancient Greece. According to Greek mythology, sea buckthorn was the favorite food of Pegasus, the winged horse.


Physalis vegetable and berry physalis: useful properties and contraindications

Physalis is known to many only as a beautiful ornamental plant with bright "lanterns". But the fact that there is vegetable physalis, and even more so - berry, is not known to everyone. However, these physalis species are quite edible, and keen gardeners often grow them in their gardens. By the way, physalis belongs to the same nightshade family as tomatoes. But in Russia, physalis in the form of a widespread agricultural crop did not take root, remaining a plant that is grown by rare enthusiasts.

Vegetable physalis


Physalis vegetable is a native of Central America, but no special difficulties with its cultivation in Russia have been noted. It is unpretentious, ripens early and keeps well. Sometimes vegetable physalis is called Mexican tomato and ground cherry. This is a fairly productive crop, which is not afraid of late blight. The fruits of the vegetable physalis are large, can reach 150 g, and when mature they are yellow in color. The only pity is that fresh fruits of the vegetable physalis are tasteless. But they make a good vegetable stew. In Mexico, spicy sauces are made from vegetable physalis, put raw in salads. In our country, most often the fruits of vegetable physalis are pickled. Pickled physalis tastes very much like a regular pickled tomato. Some people make jam from vegetable physalis and claim that it resembles fig jam. However, berry physalis is more suitable for sweet preparations.

Berry physalis


Physalis berry has a more modest size than vegetable. But it is exceptionally aromatic and the taste of physalis berry varieties resembles strawberries, grapes and pineapple. The most famous varieties of berry physalis are Confectioner and Strawberry. Physalis berry also comes from Central and South America, but it is more capricious than vegetable physalis. But unlike vegetable, berry physalis can be eaten fresh. Berry physalis makes good jam, preserves and jams. It can be put in compotes and jelly. And there are also varieties of berry physalis, the fruits of which are dried in the sun or in the oven, and they get almost real raisins. Berry physalis is good as a filling for pies. Be careful: unripe physalis fruits cannot be eaten, they are poisonous.

Physalis is quite rich in vitamin C and beta-carotene, contains 18 types of amino acids and polysaccharides. Nevertheless, physalis does not enjoy special love among the population. Some restaurants offer physalis as an original exotic side dish or as a decoration for desserts. So physalis is not a competitor to either berries or real tomatoes.


Reviews about the benefits and harms

There are only positive reviews about natural honey, there are especially many of them from women. The fair sex most often uses the product for cosmetic purposes. The positive effect is not long in coming. With the help of honey, you can get rid of obvious signs of cellulite, cleanse pores from impurities, improve hair structure and carry out lifting procedures at home.

Reviews on the fight against respiratory diseases deserve special attention. Honey has few contraindications for children and adults. It is added to the composition of fortified drinks based on lemon, milk or ginger.

A small number of negative reviews are due to the fact that people bought fake honey. They spent time and money hoping to get results.


Watch the video: Science Cafe presents The Science of Colorful Foods and Whole Body Health


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