The hot pepper, like all the other varieties of chili peppers, can boast an exclusively tropical and equatorial origin, given that the temperatures and climate present in these places is the only possible way to favor the correct development and maintenance of this plant. .
Within all those European-style climates, however, the hot pepper it is grown essentially as an annual plant, given that the hot and sultry season has a particularly limited duration.
Obviously the time it takes to ripen the fruits can differ considerably according to the variety that is taken into consideration and goes from a minimum period of two months up to a maximum of four in the case of the white Habanero.
The fruit of the hot pepper it is represented by a berry, as you can easily guess, which can boast of dimensions, a shape and a color that vary considerably in relation to the variety of chilli that is taken into consideration.
There chili plant spicy undoubtedly needs to have a particularly sunny place and plenty of water for its correct development.
In any case, at least until the moment in which the plant has not reached an important degree of strength and robustness, it is better to avoid any type of exposure during the hottest hours of the day, but also to try to avoid night frosts, protecting the plant adequately, perhaps inserting it inside a mini-soil or in a closed environment, with temperatures suitable for its correct development, which should be between 28-30 degrees throughout the day.
One of the main things to be careful about when deciding to grow hot peppers is to respect the best period for sowing, which essentially coincides with the initial part of the year, i.e. in the period between January and January. of April.
Obviously the best period can be established in more detail in relation to the variety of hot peppers to be cultivated.
Just to give an example, the species that is defined capsicum chinense needs to respect well-defined and very long fruiting times and this explains the reason why it will have to be sown during the hot season.
The spicy pepper seed can be safely planted inside jars filled with not too humid earth, which must always have at least half a centimeter of peat on the surface.
It is important to be very careful to avoid planting the chili seed more than an inch deep.
A little trick regarding sowing is also to insert the seeds inside an always damp absorbent paper: when the radicle emerges, then the seeds must be transported in a soil that must be prepared as we said in precedence.
The hot pepper can be grown with excellent results all over the territory of the Italian peninsula, although some rules must be respected: first of all, it must be sown during the period between January and February (in the case where you live in the southern part of Italy) or in March (if you live in the northern part of Italy).
In any case, the advice is to sow the chili at least a month and a half before the last seasonal frost occurs.
One of the most important varieties of hot pepper is, without a shadow of a doubt, represented by Paprika, which is formed by a typically conical fruit.
The length of this particular fruit reaches a maximum of seven centimeters, while the cultivation takes place mainly within the old continent and, in particular, in the central belt.
One of the varieties that can boast the title of "super spicy" is undoubtedly represented by the Indian Cayenne of the Assam type: these are fruits that always have a typical conical shape and dimensions practically similar to Paprika, but are really very spicy.
The latter fruits are frequently used even when they have not yet reached complete ripeness.
Another particularly interesting variety of hot pepper is represented by the Bulgarian Carrot: it is, also on this occasion, a fruit with a typically conical shape, which can boast a length of 8 cm and a diameter of about 3 cm.
Also in the latter case, it is a very spicy fruit, which is frequently used for making spicy sauces or, on other occasions, for pickling.
After the chili plant spicy has reached a good development, it could soon be attacked by a whole series of parasites, especially during the spring season, when temperatures become higher and unfortunately lend themselves very well to the attack of aphids, fungi and other parasites.
The main dangers for hot peppers are brought by aphids, small insects that have a variable color and feed on the sap, injecting harmful substances into the plant.
The most important remedies to counteract the attack of diseases and parasites are undoubtedly represented by plant insecticides and phytotherapeutic agents.