Baby: growing indoor pomegranate


Oranges and lemons on the windowsill are already a typical phenomenon. Therefore, amateur flower growers "domesticate" all new exotic crops - kiwi, pineapples, pomegranates, which not only bring tasty and healthy fruits, but also bloom very beautifully. Breeders have developed several dwarf varieties especially for growing in captivity. Among them is Baby, distinguished by its diminutiveness and unpretentiousness.

What does a baby pomegranate look like?

In nature, pomegranate is a short (2–2.5 m) tree or a spreading shrub. The fruits of the latter are not smaller in size, but they are distinguished by a very piquant sourness in taste.

"Natural" pomegranates are much larger than those that ripen at home

The Latin name for pomegranate (Punicia) is translated as "Punic" or "Carthaginian". It was this state, located on the territory of modern Tunisia, that was the main supplier of tasty fruits to the Roman Empire. The inhabitants quickly appreciated the pomegranates, they became a symbol of fertility and long passionate love. And in ancient Greece, the fruit was one of the attributes of the wife of Zeus, Hera, and meant happiness in marriage. The Russian “pomegranate” comes from another Latin word, granatus (translated as “grainy”).

Indoor or dwarf pomegranates are a recent achievement of breeders. The Baby variety is especially distinguished by its diminutiveness. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 50 cm, but this does not in any way affect the abundance of flowering or the ability to bear fruit.

The height of an adult Baby grenade does not exceed half a meter

Baby's fruits do not exceed 3-4 cm in diameter (about the size of a walnut). But they practically do not differ in taste from "real" pomegranates. The benefit does not suffer either. Any pomegranate contains a lot of anthocyanins, which help to increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood, have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, and have anti-inflammatory properties.

It takes about six months for the fruit of a room pomegranate to ripen.

Most often, the Baby pomegranate at home is a shrub, consisting of 5-7 main shoots. A tree in one trunk from it, if desired, can also be formed, but this does not in the best way affect the state of the plant, preventing its normal growth. Baby's branches are only 1.2–1.5 cm thick. Shoots are covered with smooth or slightly pubescent bark of light gray color (sometimes with a brownish undertone).

The tree is not the most natural configuration for indoor pomegranate, it is rather difficult to form due to the fragility of the shoots

Indoor pomegranate is a deciduous plant. If he “goes bald” in the fall, this is the norm, and not the first sign of some exotic disease. During the growing season, thanks to the shiny leaves of a rich dark green hue, it looks very attractive even without flowers and fruits.

Leaves are whole, have an elongated lanceolate shape and moderately "corrugated" edges. They are collected in "bundles" evenly distributed throughout the plant on the branches, and the two that are located on the opposite edges of each "bundle", opposite each other, are much larger than the rest. The central vein is very clearly expressed, but from the inside out. The newly emerged leaves have an unusual bronze tint.

Baby's flowers are up to 6-7 cm long and about 2.5-3 cm in diameter, six-petaled, located at the tops of the shoots. The petals are in the form of a wide oval, with a moderately "wrinkled" surface, the tips are slightly bent back. They are painted in a bright blood-scarlet, purple or crimson color. The first time the buds appear 3-4 years after planting the seeds. If this happens earlier, it is recommended to cut them off - flowering greatly depletes a young immature plant.

On a room pomegranate, you can see flowers and ripening fruits at the same time.

Flowers are either "masculine" or "feminine". The former play the role of pollinators, are devoid of a pistil and resemble bells in shape. The latter are more like water lilies, it is in them that the fruits are tied. On average, "female" flowers are formed from three to five per hundred. Flowering does not stop even during fruit ripening.

The plant can literally be strewn with ovaries, but it does not have enough strength to "feed" everything because of its miniature size. Therefore, it is recommended to leave 3–6 pieces, and delete the rest. The same is advised if the baby is grown only for the sake of flowering. Fruiting greatly depletes the plant; next season it will not be so abundant and effective. Pomegranates ripen closer to the middle of winter. This takes about six months.

The taste of baby pomegranate fruit depends on how much heat and light the plant received.

At home, Baby pomegranates are most often grown from seeds. They can be purchased without any problems at any specialized store. As practice shows, germination is good, at the level of 50-60%. Viable seeds can also be obtained from self-grown fruits.

Self-grown indoor pomegranate seeds are no worse than purchased ones, plants obtained by the generative method inherit the breeding characteristics of the "parent"

Experienced flower growers recommend, if an adult indoor pomegranate does not bear fruit and / or does not bloom for several years, graft on it a twig from another plant specimen from which fruits have already been obtained.

Optimal conditions for the plant

The homeland of natural pomegranate is North Africa, therefore, as you might guess, the plant is warm and light-loving. This feature was inherited from ancestors and the indoor variety Baby. It is imperative to listen to its requirements regarding the microclimate, because flowering is possible only under optimal conditions. It also depends on how sweet the fruits will be and whether they will turn red completely.

Baby pomegranate is placed on the south or southeast windowsill, there he will receive enough light

Baby's light is required a lot, but at the same time it must be diffused. Young plants should be especially carefully protected from direct sunlight. They are adapted to their permanent "place of residence" (the sill of the southern or southeastern window) gradually, starting from 2-3 hours a day. But for adult specimens in the hottest midday hours, shading is desirable. The pot can be covered with tulle, paper screen, gauze, blinds.

The lighting requirements for a pomegranate do not change during the year, therefore, in order to provide a day of light lasting 10-12 hours, in autumn and winter (and in cloudy weather and in summer) additional lighting will be needed. You can use special phytolamps or ordinary fluorescent lamps.

Phytolamps help to extend daylight hours for a houseplant to the required 10-12 hours

Baby has a very positive attitude to the fresh air. If the temperature outside is suitable (25–30 ° C), you can safely take it out to the loggia, balcony, veranda or terrace. In the presence of a garden plot, the plant for the summer is sometimes even transplanted into open ground or buried in a pot. It is advisable to place it so that from the west and north the pomegranates are covered by a natural or artificial barrier to protect against cold drafts. And the crown of a tree growing nearby will create the necessary partial shade.

Baby's indoor pomegranate feels great outdoors if the weather is right for it

Baby loves warmth, but not extreme heat. At temperatures above 35 ° C, especially in combination with low air humidity, it activates a “defense mechanism”: the pomegranate partially sheds its leaves and practically stops growing.

In nature, pomegranate blooms and bears fruit all year round, but at home it needs "rest". The dormant period lasts about four months, from November to February. The minimum time for which it is necessary to ensure the change in conditions of detention is 6 weeks.

The beginning of the dormant period is easy to notice - the plant sheds leaves in whole or in part. In this case, the fruits, if any, remain on the branches. During wintering, it is provided with a cool content (8–10 ° C), no additional fertilizing is applied, and the number of waterings is reduced to once every 3–6 weeks (this depends on the age of the plant and the size of the bush). If the fruits are ripe, the temperature should be slightly higher - 12-14 ° C. A suitable place for wintering pomegranates is a glazed loggia. The critical minimum for Baby is 5–6 ° C.

In winter, Baby's indoor pomegranate looks like this, it is completely normal for a plant.

A room grenade does not need high humidity. In spraying, it only needs extreme heat. The rest of the time, the standard 50-60% will be fine with him. You can also place a special device for humidifying the air next to the plant or arrange containers with cool water. But Baby does not like stuffiness, like cold drafts. Therefore, the room must be ventilated regularly, but carefully.

Spraying for indoor pomegranate is a useful and pleasant, but not strictly necessary procedure.

Planting and transplanting procedure

Most often, at home, Baby pomegranates are grown from seeds. They are purchased in any specialty store or obtained from fruits ripened on an adult plant. In the latter case, they must be thoroughly cleaned of pulp (the remaining scraps can become a source of rot development). Seeds that are greenish or soft to the touch are not suitable for planting. The best time for the procedure is April or May.

The seeds can also be extracted from regular store-bought pomegranates. But such a plant will bloom at least seven to eight years after planting, and possibly even later. In addition, in terms of dimensions, it will not fit into most modern apartments.

Baby does not have any special requirements for the substrate. Its main conditions are neutral acid-base balance (pH 7.0) and good aeration. Nevertheless, flowering and fruiting always takes a lot of energy from the plant, so the soil must also be nutritious. You can mix the soil yourself from equally divided humus, black soil or sod land, peat crumbs and coarse sand, but a store-bought substrate, for example, for roses, begonias, is also quite suitable. Also a good option is citrus soil mixed with expanded clay and sand (3: 1: 1).

Special soil for roses is quite suitable for growing indoor pomegranates.

The root system, even in adult plants, is superficial, so you do not need to purchase a voluminous wide pot. The correct container for a pomegranate is like a salad bowl or deep plate. The pomegranate pot should be tight - this contributes to the abundance of flowering. In a container that is too spacious, all the plant's strength goes to the development of the surrounding space.

A deep volumetric pot is not needed for the Baby pomegranate: it blooms better when the roots are a little cramped

In the very procedure of planting and further care there is nothing complicated:

  1. The seeds are soaked for 8-10 hours in a solution of any biostimulant (Epin, Zircon, potassium humate) so that it does not cover them entirely. Succinic acid and aloe juice are also suitable.
  2. Small plastic cups are filled with freshly prepared sterilized substrate (a mixture of peat and coarse sand in approximately equal proportions). Previously, drainage holes must be made in them. A drainage layer 2-3 cm thick is required. The soil is watered moderately. For disinfection, it is held over steam, left in the freezer or ignited in the oven.
  3. Seeds are planted in containers, deepening by 4–5 mm. The soil is sprayed from a spray bottle, the pots are covered with glass or transparent film, creating a "greenhouse". Condensation often accumulates there, so it will need to be ventilated daily by opening it for 5-7 minutes. Optimal conditions for seeds are a dark place, temperature about 25 ° C, bottom heating.
  4. Seedlings appear in about 12-16 days. Once this has happened, the cover can be removed. The containers are rearranged, providing a day of light with a duration of 10-12 hours, as for adult plants. As it dries, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle.
  5. Seedlings with three pairs of true leaves are transplanted into pots 7–8 cm in diameter, filled with soil suitable for adult pomegranates. During the first two years of life, they must be especially carefully protected from direct sunlight. When they grow up to 12-15 cm, the pomegranates are pinched, stimulating branching.

Seedlings of baby pomegranate seeds give quickly and amicably

Baby pomegranate grows fast enough. At the first transplant, a pot with a volume of 0.5–0.7 liters is enough for him. Then it is increased by another 0.5 liters annually. Plants that are six years old are considered adults and do not need to further increase the pot. A container with a volume of 4–5 liters is enough for them. You don't need to increase it anymore, but you will have to change the substrate every 2-3 years. The transplant is carried out by the transshipment method, trying to disturb fragile roots as little as possible.

The volume of the pot for baby pomegranate seedlings is increased gradually, it is not recommended to acquire the capacity "for growth"

Indoor pomegranates need regular pruning. Therefore, it can be propagated not only by seeds, but also vegetatively. A stalk is the tip of a fruiting shoot about 10 cm long with five to six growth buds. The procedure for their rooting is almost no different from germinating seeds, the only difference being that they are soaked in a solution of a biostimulator for 4–6 hours.

Planting material for propagation of indoor pomegranate by cuttings can be obtained in abundance in the process of pruning the plant

Video: planting pomegranate seeds

Important nuances of plant care

The baby pomegranate variety is deservedly considered an unpretentious plant. Even a novice florist can take care of him.

Despite the fact that the homeland of the plant is northern Africa, its main requirement is abundant watering. But it is also impossible to overmoisten the soil, so as not to rot the roots. To avoid stagnation of moisture in the pot, a drainage layer must be placed on the bottom, and about half an hour after each watering, excess water is drained from the pan. Before the procedure, it is advisable to slightly loosen the soil.

The soil in the pot should be allowed to dry 1.5–2 cm deep, no more.

Most often, the fruits of indoor pomegranate crack due to excessive watering.

This can be easily checked with a wooden stick or toothpick. In extreme heat, the soil is moistened every day or every other day, in cooler weather 2-3 times a week is enough. The frequency is adjusted depending on the phase of plant development. Pomegranates that have just come out of hibernation are watered abundantly, flowering - moderately (this helps to set fruit). Those on which the fruits were formed - as the soil dries. It is important not to overdo it so that they do not crack. The faded plant is again watered abundantly - in the fall it forms flower buds for the next year.

In nature, pomegranate blooms in the midst of the dry season. Therefore, abundant watering at this time will lead to the fact that the plant will drop all the buds.

Water for irrigation and spraying (in the heat, you can also wipe the leaves) should be soft and warmed up to room temperature. The tap must be defended for at least a day and a few granules of citric acid or 2-3 drops of apple cider vinegar per 10 liters are added to it. In general, the ideal option is rain, melt or spring water. About once a month, it is replaced with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Potassium permanganate is an effective and popular disinfectant that kills many disease-causing fungi

During the active growing season, Baby is fed every 12-14 days.Flowering and the formation of fruit ovaries take a lot of energy from the pomegranate, so fertilization is necessary, especially if the weather is cloudy and cool for a long time. Any chlorine-free complex remedy for flowering indoor plants is suitable. This microelement greatly weakens the root system, which is already not very powerful in pomegranates.

Baby pomegranate needs regular feeding - abundant flowering greatly depletes the plant

In the spring, before flowering, pomegranates must be watered with a solution of nitrogen-containing fertilizer 2-3 times. This macronutrient stimulates the formation of green mass. You can use those dressings that are usually used for garden plants - urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate (2-3 g / l). At the same time, it is advisable to protect the plant by wrapping the lower part with plastic wrap: fertilizer that gets on the bark often causes burns that look like sunburn. A flowering plant needs most of all phosphorus, a fruiting plant - potassium. Any top dressing is applied only to wet soil about an hour after watering.

Urea, like any other nitrogen-containing fertilizer, stimulates indoor pomegranate to build up green mass

Baby also reacts well to organic fertilizers. Some growers generally recommend using only them so that the fruits do not contain nitrates. In this case, you can water the plant with infusions of fresh cow dung or bird droppings, nettle or dandelion leaves, wood ash.

Baby suffers pruning, including radical pruning, very easily, as if not noticing the "stress". You cannot neglect it - during the season the bush can more than double in volume. Thin shoots are intertwined so that it is almost impossible to separate them. Crohn turns out to be very untidy, "chaotic". This worsens its aeration, creating favorable conditions for the development of many pathogenic fungi, pest attacks.

Pruning, including radical, indoor pomegranate tolerates without problems

But you shouldn't be too zealous either - Baby's buds are formed only on annual shoots. A room pomegranate can be given any shape, here the florist is limited only by his own imagination. The most common option is a spherical bush. To do this, you need to stimulate the branching of young plants, pinching each shoot 3-5 cm (2-3 upper buds).

Baby pomegranate is good for bonsai formation

The procedure is carried out at the end of winter or at the beginning of spring, simultaneously with the return of the Baby pomegranate to the "place of residence". In adult specimens, no more than five growth points are left on each of the shoots, the branch is cut directly above the last bud.

Then they get rid of all root growth. On skeletal shoots (there should be no more than five to seven), branches of the second and third order are gradually formed in the same amount. Shoots over the age of five are cut to the point of growth and replaced with new ones.

Young pomegranates of the Baby variety differ in their growth rate, so pruning for them is a mandatory procedure.

Video: trimming a room grenade correctly

Baby rarely suffers from diseases and pests. The main danger that threatens him is root rot, the development of which is often provoked by the florist himself, too often and / or abundantly watering the plant. If, at the same time, it is also cool in the room, the pathogenic fungus will not keep itself waiting.

The pomegranate, affected by rot, practically stops growing, the leaves turn yellow. The bases of the shoots turn black, become slimy to the touch. There is an unpleasant odor from the soil, it is often covered with mold.

Root rot is a dangerous disease, in the appearance of which the owner of the indoor pomegranate is often to blame

It is impossible to save the plant if the disease has gone far. It remains only to throw it away. When rot is noticed in the early stages, radical pruning and replanting with a complete replacement of the soil with a disinfected one and sterilization of the pot can help.

All parts of the plant, on which the slightest traces of rot are visible, are removed, capturing 3-4 mm of healthy tissue. The roots are washed in a bright pink potassium permanganate solution. Trichodermin or Glyocladin is added to the soil during transplantation.

Video: tips for caring for indoor pomegranates

Gardeners reviews

Indoor pomegranate is an exotic and attractive, yet useful plant. With its striking appearance, it pleases the owner all year round. The Baby variety is distinguished by its undemanding care, it tolerates pruning very well. The plant can be given any desired shape, mastering the art of bonsai on its example.

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The fact that the Spetsnaz tomato adapts well to any soil is the merit of its author, Novosibirsk breeder V. Dederko. The scientist tested his brainchild in a greenhouse and in open beds in different climatic conditions for several years before the variety got into the State Register. Since 2017, the tomato has been included in the official list of crops that have received the approval of the State Sort Commission. The originator recommends planting the plant in any regions of the Russian Federation: in warm - in an open type of ground, in cool - under a film. The seeds are produced by the Siberian Garden company.

The bush turns out to be quite high, about 1.5 m, but not spreading. Tomato leaves are medium in size, dark green. The inflorescences are simple. The first is formed above 7-9 leaflets, the subsequent ones - every 3 leaf plates.

On the brushes, 3-5 fruits are tied. They are large in size, ripen in 2 waves: from July to August, and then the bush continues to bear fruit until September. The first tomatoes reach a mass of 0.5-0.6 kg and more. The record was set by a vegetable grower from Altai, Lyubov Dronova, who grew a tomato weighing 1.2 kg. In the future, the fruits are almost halved.

By maturity
By type of growth
By type of use
By cultivation method
Fruit weight (g)
Productivity (kg / m2)
Characteristics of the fetus

Varieties by ripening period

All varieties of melons have different ripening periods. Therefore, they are grown both in the southern regions and in the northern ones. All kinds of berries are grown in the south, and early crops are suitable for Siberia.

The best varieties of watermelons for outdoor cultivation:

  • Early varieties ripen very quickly in 60-80 days: Sugar Baby, Lunny, Ogonyok, Zenith, Prince Hamlet F1, Regus F1, Sagi F1, SandaySpeach, Winner 395 "," Elow Buttercup F1 "," Charleston Gray "
  • Mid-season varieties ripen in 80-90 days. These include varieties: "Black Prince", "Astrakhansky", "Volzhanin", "Bykovsky-22", "Imbar F1", "Delikates F1", "Crimson Sweet" - are among the mid-season sotrov
  • Late varieties of watermelons ripen in 90 days. Varieties: "Ikar", "Chill", "Chervonny king", "Favorite farm of Pyatigorsk 286", "Melitopolsky 60".


The best varieties of sweet peppers

To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right variety. Some varieties of sweet peppers are cold-resistant, which allows them to be grown in regions with cold climates, while some yield high yields in warm regions. Consider the characteristics of the most popular varieties in our country.

The best varieties of sweet peppers

Giganto Rossa F1

It is a thermophilic hybrid. It is grown in the central and southern regions and is harvested 105 days after sowing. This vegetable crop is valued for its high yield rates. According to the description, from 1 sq. m collect about 9-10 kg of sweet pepper fruits.

Ripe fruits of deep red color reach a length of 20-25 cm, wall thickness - 8 mm. They resemble an elongated cube in shape. The average weight of fruits is 380 g. There are specimens weighing 500-600 g. Ripe fruits have no bitterness.

The Giganto Ross F1 pepper has a universal purpose. The fruits are equally well suited both for fresh consumption and for preparing preparations for the winter. They can also be frozen. After defrosting, the vegetable does not lose its taste.

Growing

Giganto Rossa F1 sweet bell peppers are recommended to be grown in seedlings. Sowing seeds are carried out from February 25 to March 10. After sowing, the containers are covered with foil. Landing in open ground takes place no earlier than June 10. Plants are planted in a permanent place at a distance of 80 cm from each other. Row spacing - 45 cm.

Giganto Rossa needs fertile land. It is formed into two stems.

Dolce de Spain

This ultra-early sweet pepper variety ripens in 95-97 days. Tall plant is not prone to excessive formation of side shoots. Accordingly, sunshine is enough for all fruits. Attention is drawn to the fruits of the Dolce de Spain pepper, the length of which is 23 cm.The largest ones are up to 30 cm long.

Light red fruits are slightly narrowed downwards, have a conical shape. The width of an average fruit does not exceed 7 cm at the base. Wall thickness - 6 cm.

Growing

Spanish peppers do not need shaping, which greatly simplifies their cultivation. In regions with cold climates, it is better to grow vegetables in seedlings. In the central and southern regions of the country, you can sow seeds in open ground.

When grown in seedlings, 7 days before planting in the ground, the plants are fed with a complex fertilizer, which contains phosphorus and potassium.

Flamenco F1

The homeland of the Flamenco F1 hybrid is America, but it also gives a high yield in the cold regions of our country.

According to the characteristics, the Flamenco hybrid belongs to early maturing peppers and is a high-yielding one. Farmers involved in the cultivation of this vegetable crop note that it has large fruits with excellent taste. Ripe fruits have thick walls (about 9 mm). On a medium-sized bush, fruits weighing 200 g grow. They are rather compact and not elongated downward, resembling a cube in shape. The width of the deep red fruit is almost the same along its entire length. From 1 sq. m collect 8-10 kg of fruit suitable for transportation.

Flamenco has a universal purpose. The plant has good keeping characteristics, therefore it is advisable to leave it for the preparation of fresh salads. In addition, Flamenco has a distinctive peppery aroma that spices up fresh salads.

Growing

In regions with cold climates, seedlings should be planted in open ground no earlier than June 7-8. In the southern regions, seedlings are planted in the ground as soon as the air temperature reaches 18-19 ° C and the threat of frost has passed. Flamenco does not belong to the moisture-loving varieties of vegetables, so it is watered moderately.

High-yielding bushes only grow from quality seed material, so the seeds should be purchased from specialized stores.

Fisht F1

Fisht F1 is another early hybrid. It matures in 95 days. From planting seedlings in the ground to the mass ripening of a vegetable crop, no more than 70 days pass. This is a medium-sized sweet pepper. The bush stretches up, accordingly, it turns out to be closed and does not take up much space in the garden.

Ripe peppers are colored deep red and have a glossy surface. In shape, they resemble hot peppers, they do not have pronounced ribs. The average weight of ripe peppers with a wall thickness not exceeding 6 mm is 95 g. From 1 sq. M. m are harvested 4 kg of fruits with high taste.

Growing

This sweet pepper variety needs light, fertile soils. Bushes grow in loamy soils, but you need to constantly loosen the top layer. It is best to add rotted manure to the soil. In warm regions of Russia, seedlings are planted in the ground from May 10 to 20. In cold regions, Fisht F1 is grown in well-equipped greenhouses. The distance between the plants should be 55 cm, the row spacing should be 40 cm.

Fisht is resistant to verticillium.

Bon Appetite F1

Bon Appetite F1 is a hybrid that is prized for its taste. It belongs to mid-season varieties. The crop is harvested 110 days after the first shoots appear. The average yield is 1.5 kg per 1 sq. m. Compared with the description of the yield indicators of other varieties, the Bon Appetit hybrid has a low one. It is difficult to find a hybrid that produces the same sweet fruit as Bon Appetite. The weight of ripe fruits is 200 g, which allows Bon Appetit F1 to be attributed to large-fruited varieties. The length of the cylindrical peppers, painted in a deep red color, is 18 cm.

Growing

Tall bushes need tying and shaping. Seeds are sown in the second half of February and early March. In the Moscow region and regions with a similar climate, seedlings are transplanted into the ground in mid-May. In cold regions, it is worthwhile to postpone planting plants in the ground, or to build a film covering for them.

Nugget

Nugget is a mid-season variety that is valued for its high taste. It takes 115 days for a vegetable crop to ripen. Ripe peppers are very sweet and juicy. The average weight of 1 fleshy pepper is 270 g. The weight of large specimens is 450-500 g, while the wall thickness of red fruits with glossy peel reaches 8 mm. Productivity - 5 kg per 1 sq. m. Peppers are used for fresh consumption and as freezing.

Growing

The bush is tall and spreading. According to the description, pepper easily tolerates a lack of light, therefore, despite the spreading of the bush, the planting scheme is the same as the scheme of closed bushes (50 x 40).

Orange

This medium-sized pepper is prized for its high yield and unusual taste. Fruits, colored either yellow or orange, weigh no more than 40 g. They have a conical shape and are narrowed downwards. The length of yellow peppers is 8-10 cm. More than 10 fruits are formed on each bush during the fruiting period. Average yield - 5-7 kg per 1 sq. m.

The yellow color indicates that the vegetable is rich in carotene. The fruits are used mainly for preparing fresh salads.

Growing

Before sowing, the seeds of the Orange peppers are germinated. During the cultivation of seedlings, 2-3 fertilizing of plants with complex fertilizers is performed. In regions with a warm climate, the grown seedlings are planted in open ground in late May and early June. In regions with a cold climate, seedlings are planted only in greenhouses and no earlier than June 5.

New varieties

The relatively new hybrid Siesta deserves attention. When buying the seeds of this sweet pepper, it is impossible to predict what color the fruits will appear on the bushes. The hybrid is bred on the basis of various varieties, has a high yield and a long fruiting period.

You should also pay attention to the following varieties:

  • Big Mom
  • California miracle
  • Madonna (Dutch selection)
  • Orange miracle.

Californian and orange wonder - cold hardy peppers.

Unusual varieties

  • Collectors will be pleased with the Bulgarian Romeo peppers, which yield 2 kg of harvest from 1 bush.
  • The highlight of the infield will be very sweet and super-early Khalifa peppers, painted in lemon color.
  • The Tevere variety is colored yellow, or rather, gold. Each meaty golden vegetable weighs up to 500g.
  • Pompeo peppers look interesting on the garden bed, on the red peel of which there are dark green wide stripes.
  • Greenhouse owners should pay attention to the Miracle Tree variety. Indeterminate bushes grow up to 2 m in height. This is not only the earliest, but also a high-yielding sweet hybrid. 5 kg of peppers weighing 60-100 g are collected from one bush.
  • Round peppers also attract attention. The Dutch varieties Alma Paprika and Tepin have high yield characteristics. The peppers grow small but unusually fragrant. White pepper also looks unusual, the color of the peel of which varies from white to light red.

Conclusion

Lovers of early harvests should pay attention to the varieties Anetta, Bugay, Mishka in the North, Chardash, Krasny Kulak, Latino, Pharaoh, Marconi, Megaton, Boneta, Mustang, Olga. Orange peppers Megaton not only ripen early, but also have high commercial quality. All these early ripening varieties are unpretentious to care for.



How to care for indoor pomegranate at home?

The popular pomegranate tree, oddly enough, can be grown at home. But in such a situation, there is no need to hope for full-fledged fruits, since the plant will primarily perform decorative functions. For the purpose of growing at home, plants of the dwarf variety are better suited.

The dwarf variety of the grant is an exotic plant, but unpretentious and therefore perfect for growing at home. In the open field, the shrub plant can grow in tropics or subtropics. On the territory of our state, the plant is grown on window sills and in greenhouses in special containers or flower pots.

According to the legends, pomegranate was brought to us from Carthage and was called the "Punic apple". The wife of the sun god, the Hero, presented the fruit as an emblem of marriage. The Greeks believed that pomegranate fruits symbolized fertility, and the ancient Persians personified it with passionate love. But whatever the pomegranate is associated with in different countries, its beneficial properties are familiar to everyone.

How to grow pomegranate at home?

If a home grower decided to grow pomegranates on his windowsill, then he will be very pleased with the ease of care and planting of an ornamental plant.

The only important thing to understand is that if you want to get tasty fruits in addition to enjoying the decorative beauty of the plant, then it is not recommended to grow an edible fruit from the seed.

In such a situation, it is advisable to plant dwarf pomegranate cuttings.

A convenient material for planting is a stalk on which there is 6-8 buds and mature wood... The sprout is cut at an oblique angle and must have a smooth surface, for which the cut is made with a sharp blade or scalpel.

Such a cutting takes root easily and quickly, especially if it is placed in water in which the agent for stimulating root growth is diluted for 6 hours. From the first days after planting, the plant does not require special care measures.

The main thing is to prepare a fertile soil composition.

Temperature indicators, soil and feeding

Indoor pomegranate is demanding on temperature conditions, especially at the time of flowering. The plant thrives when the indoor temperature slightly exceeds +20 ° C.

If the temperature in the room is higher than +25 ° C, foliage may fallcausing inhibition in the development of the grant.

In order to reduce the temperature, spraying the foliage with cool water is suitable.

In order for the fruits of the plant to ripen qualitatively in the autumn, the pomegranate must be taken out to the balcony where the temperature will be + 14-16 ° C.

During the period when the plant is at rest - from November to March, it is better to put the pomegranate pot on an unheated windowsill, where the temperature will not be higher than + 10-12 ° C.

The minimum temperature that a houseplant can withstand is -5 ° C. A further decrease in temperature can lead to the death of the shrub.

Despite the fact that a dwarf plant grows in its usual environment in poor soil without moisture, at home, he will need high-quality enriched drained soil. To create favorable conditions for growing decorative pomegranates, it is better to use the following soil mixtures:

  • ½ part of sod land, diluted with 25% leaf humus and the same amount of sand
  • by ¼ part of loam and peat, supplemented by sand
  • clay-sod soil composition in the volume of 2 parts, 1 part of leafy soil and in the same volumes of humus and sand.

Indoor pomegranate needs to be fed at least 2 times a month. In the spring, it is better to use fertilizers containing nitrogen.

At the time when pomegranate flowers appear on the plant, phosphorus fertilizer is used, and with the onset of autumn - potassium fertilizer. Fertilizer is applied to wet soil in cloudy weather.

With the onset of autumn, the frequency of dressing decreases significantly, as does the temperature in the room where the home pomegranate is located. This allows the plant to be prepared for winter.

Plant care at home

Home-grown decorative pomegranate is already after 2 years it releases the first flowers, and with proper care it can bear fruit. And despite the fact that the plant is unpretentious in terms of care, you need to know some of the nuances of growing pomegranate on the windowsill:

  • For planting a decorative tree, it is better to choose a narrow flowerpot. This allows for abundant fruiting.
  • Since the natural habitat of the pomegranate is rocky slopes, there is no need to use too fertile soil in the conditions of an apartment.
  • It is important to regularly and abundantly water the dwarf pomegranate, but highly waterlogged soil is not suitable for the plant. Therefore, the plant is watered only when the upper layers of the soil are well dried. And in the spring and summer, it is advisable to use liquid top dressing.
  • Only young pomegranates need to be replanted annually. A transplant once every four years is quite enough for an adult plant.
  • Since the plant is a deciduous crop, after the leaves have fallen, it is moved to a cool room.

Such completely unpretentious plantgrown at home, during the growing season must travel to different rooms with different temperature regimes.

How is the crown of a bush formed?

When growing a tree on your own, its crown can be easily formed, embodying your most bizarre fantasies. To this end, home-grown pomegranates are regularly pruned from the first year of growth.

Shearing the plant forms a rather lush crown with a large number of skeletal branches. Pruning is best done in February, which allows with the onset of spring to get new shoots that can bloom and even bear fruit.

When shaping the crown, it is important to take into account that it is advisable to completely remove the weakened shoots, and cut the rest in half.

Nuances of reproduction of pomegranate seeds

A houseplant such as pomegranate can propagate both by cuttings and by seeds. For seed propagation, it is better to use seed from specialized stores. Growing a houseplant from seeds purchased from a gardening store - the first flowers may appear in the first year, and fruiting 2-3 years after planting the pomegranate.

Naturally, as seed you can use seeds from a fresh fruit, which do not lose germination quality within six months. Seeds are suitable only from large and fully ripe fruits. Sowing of the plant is carried out in April under glass, to a depth of half a centimeter.

For fast germination of seeds, it is important to maintain a temperature regime within + 25-27 ° C. With the onset of the growth phase, when 2-3 leaves appear, the strongest shoots are transplanted into a separate container.

During the growth of seedlings, they require proper care, which means maintaining a comfortable temperature and regular watering.

Houseplant propagation by cuttings

When propagating an exotic plant, it is important observe the following simple rules.

  1. The stalk is taken from an adult houseplant that has borne fruit several times.
  2. In the summer season, it is advisable to use semi-lignified shoots, and with the onset of winter, completely lignified shoots.
  3. Cuttings are prepared with 4-6 buds, and the lower part is planted at a certain angle in moist soil, consisting of sand and peat, mixed in equal proportions, to a depth of no more than 3 centimeters.
  4. The cuttings are covered with a cut-necked plastic bottle or glass jar.
  5. Shoots are kept in a humid environment and ventilated regularly.
  6. Before direct planting, the cutting is processed by the rooting machine.

After 3 months, the matured seedlings are transplanted into separate pots. Flowering occurs very quickly, but in the first year, it is recommended to completely cut off the flowers.

Diseases encountered in the cultivation of pomegranate

Despite all the unpretentiousness of the plant, even in an apartment, it is susceptible to the development of various diseases, the most common of which is the spider mite. To combat the pest, the pomegranate is periodically sprayed with garlic tincture. But it is important during the procedure to protect the soil with a film.

If during the growing season yellowing and foliage is observed, then most likely the plant is affected by the whitefly, which is fed by pomegranate juice. To combat the pest, you can use shop agent "Derris", which is applied several times for the best effect.

Abundant flowering - a guarantee of fruiting

A properly grown plant at home, both from the seed and from the cuttings, has flowers of different types - male predominant on pomegranate and female, most often found in inflorescences.

They differ in their shape, which makes the plant outwardly even more attractive and exotic, because at this moment the shrub is covered with beautiful flowers of bright purple color with many stamens.

The ease of caring for decorative pomegranates is also due to the absence of the need for additional pollination.

Those who want to get the maximum number of fruits from a plant should understand one minor subtlety that experienced specialists use when growing pomegranates.

The trick is due to the fact that for watering during flowering you need to use cool water, the temperature of which must be within the range of + 18–20 ° C.

Also, so that the plant does not grow fat and does not release a huge number of male flowers, you need to use a small and narrow flower pot.

Many growers use another minor trick - reducing the amount of watering. But it is important to exercise the utmost care and not overdo it so that the grenade does not die. It is better to sacrifice several ovaries than to let the plant wither.

Professional advice

If the plant throws out a very large number of flowers, practically without forming fruit, you should pay attention to the pot in which it grows.

It is necessary, as already mentioned many times, to use narrow container of small size... Also, during the wintering of the grant, you need to keep the tree in a fairly cool place.

During fruiting, props are used to avoid breaking off branches under the weight of the crop.

If brown spots appear on the leaves, then the plant does not have enough moisture. Therefore, it is necessary to reconsider the frequency or amount of watering. But at the time of fruit ripening, watering should be moderate to prevent cracking of the peel. The crown of the plant is formed only before the beginning of the growing season.

If the plant is planted not by cuttings, but by seeds, it is important choose bones with pulp... Dried seed loses its ability to germinate well. According to the advice of many experienced gardeners, before planting pomegranate directly, it is advisable to soak the seeds for several hours in warm milk or water with the addition of growth stimulants.

As you can see, it is not difficult to grow a decorative pomegranate at home. The main thing is to adhere to the advice of experts and an exotic tree will delight the grower for many years.


Bird lifestyle

The Humenniki arrive at the nesting territory in early spring. "Married" couples are formed at the place of stay in winter, therefore, upon arrival, they immediately build nests. A place for them is selected on dry heights.

The goose, like the goose, takes an active part in the construction. Birds lay out the nest with moss, dry grass, down. The number of eggs in a clutch is from 3 to 9 pieces. After 25 days, offspring appear. Goose is always on the alert. If danger is approaching, the "father of the family" gives a signal and takes the predator away from the location of the kids, while making certain maneuvers. The goslings are hiding in the grass at this time until the alarm is cleared.

Already at 1.5 months, chicks differ little from adults. After the youngsters learn to fly, the family breaks up. In early autumn, wild geese gather in flocks and head south. Gray birds become semi-mature at 2-3 years of age.

Attention! Once a year, while the offspring are growing up, the goose molts and cannot fly. This makes the bean goose vulnerable.

Bean goose feeds on green parts of the surrounding vegetation, seeds and berries. Young animals are happy to eat mollusks, worms, and cobwebs. During the flights, the flock stops in cereal fields and feeds on grains. In each flock there are old, experienced birds who keep order and protect the territory.


Properties of pomegranate: harm and benefit

Useful properties of pomegranate

Pomegranate is one of the healthiest fruits. The fruit contains vitamins P, C, B12, B6, fiber, sodium, iodine, phosphorus, iron, potassium, manganese, calcium and magnesium. The composition of pomegranate juice includes sugars - fructose and glucose, apple, tartaric, citric, oxalic, succinic, boric and other organic acids, sulfate and chloride salts, phytoncides, tannin, tannins and nitrogenous substances.

Due to the fact that pomegranates contain all these substances that are very useful and necessary for the human body, they also have medicinal properties. Such fruits help to quench thirst, strengthen the nervous system, vascular walls and immunity, as well as the formation of red blood cells in the blood and the production of hemoglobin. For a long time, an infusion of flowers and fruits of this plant has been used as a hemostatic agent. People who have undergone surgery are advised to eat pomegranate for quick recovery. It contains a lot of vitamin K, which is needed for normal metabolism in connective tissues and bones, and in particular for the absorption of calcium.

Such a plant helps to slow down the development of osteoarthritis, while it eliminates swelling and inflammation of the cartilage tissue. Pomegranate juice, among other things, normalizes blood pressure, and it is recommended to drink it as a hematopoietic agent for diseases of the heart, kidneys, liver, circulatory organs or lungs. The composition of this juice also contains estrogens, which help to alleviate the condition with menopause, as well as fight insomnia. It is very important to include pomegranate in their diet for vegetarians, since its juice contains 15 amino acids, and almost half of them can be found mainly in meat. Due to the fact that a vegetarian will regularly eat pomegranate, he will not feel a lack of animal proteins. The juice also has a choleretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and diuretic effect on the body. Still, such a plant is rightfully considered an excellent remedy for scurvy, uric acid diathesis, atherosclerosis, headaches and gastrointestinal disorders. Experts recommend that the juice of such a plant be drunk regularly for people who live in a zone of increased radiation, who have undergone irradiation or who work with radioactive isotopes. It is also recommended to drink it for anemia, hypertension, malaria, bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus.The peel of the fruit contains alkaloids, so it is used as a powerful antihelminthic agent. A decoction of the peel is used for inflammation of the kidneys, eyes, liver and joints. It is also used for bowel disorders and for gargling a sore throat. Powder prepared from the peel is slightly fried in cow or olive oil, the resulting mixture is used for burns, abrasions and cracks, as well as a mask for oily skin.

Pomegranate seeds are a powerful agent that increases intestinal motility. They also contain a very valuable oil, which contains fat-soluble vitamins E and F, which contribute to rapid wound healing, rejuvenation, protection of the human body from cancer and regeneration of skin cells. Pomegranate extract contributes to the rapid recovery of the epidermis, which has been exposed to prolonged exposure to sunlight. The dried white films inside the pomegranate are added to tea, as they contribute to the normalization of the nervous system, eliminate anxiety and agitation, and fight insomnia.

In official medicine, decoctions and tinctures made from flowers, bark, fruits, peels and seeds of such a plant are used, which help with stomatitis, burns, anemia, diarrhea, conjunctivitis and other diseases.

Contraindications

Pomegranate juice should not be drunk with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as with gastritis with high acidity. If necessary, the juice can be strongly diluted with water. Since pomegranate contains a lot of acids, it can cause the destruction of tooth enamel. In this regard, when the pomegranate is eaten or the juice is drunk, the teeth should be thoroughly brushed and rinsed. Since this fruit has a fixing effect, it can cause constipation in people with digestive problems. Remember that the peel contains poisonous substances, so a decoction from it can only be taken after consulting a doctor. In case of an overdose of a decoction, there is a significant increase in blood pressure, vertigo, a sharp deterioration in vision, weakness, convulsions and irritation of the mucous membrane.


Watch the video: Export oriented Pomegranate Cultivation


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