Blackberries - varieties for every taste, choose the most suitable


Among summer cottages, you can more and more often find such a culture as blackberries. Its varieties are replenished with new products every year. But for the most part, gardeners grow old ones without even knowing how far selection has gone.

Old guard

Many summer residents grow the old Thornfrey, a thornless variety bred almost half a century ago. It is easy to grow, yielding, and ripens relatively early. In addition, Thornfree belongs to the so-called hybrid types. It simultaneously combines the features of a creeping and bushy form. Many farmers have already noted that this is one of the best blackberries for industrial cultivation. Thornfree is high-yielding, unpretentious, more winter-hardy in comparison with other types of cultivated blackberries.

The advantage of the old blackberry varieties is their long-term acclimatization. Now most of the fruit and berry nurseries from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok grow seedlings grown in local climatic conditions. They get sick a little after transplanting, and very quickly begin to bring full-fledged harvests.

Blackberry Thornfree Video

Such time-hardened representatives include the blackberry Agave, bred at the same time as Thornfrey. The popularity of Agaves was ensured by its record winter hardiness among black berries. In many areas, she practically does not need shelter. It is enough just to slightly bend the branches to the ground, so that later the snow will cover them.

Agave is mid-ripening, the berries begin to fill with color somewhere closer to the end of August. It grows in the form of a bush, branches can reach a length of 5 meters. Although the bush is studded, it is not as much as in some other old varieties, so it is quite convenient for pruning. If you live where winters are rather cold, then Agavam is perfect for you. It is somewhat less productive than other cultivated blackberries, the berries are a little smaller and ripen not so early, but with a winter shelter there will be much less trouble. Agaves are often used by landscape designers to create a hedge. She loves shaping, very quickly filling the allotted space of the trellis or fence.

Blackberry photography

Novelties of the world selection

Blackberry selection goes by leaps and bounds everywhere. Previously, the main research was carried out in the United States, but now a variety of countries have joined in the development of new forms of garden blackberry. For example, New Zealand, which gave the world such a miracle as Karaka Black.

Blackberry Karaka Black is revered by many masters as one of the most promising varieties of the latest selection. It is ultra early maturing, despite the fact that the ripening period is extended, right up to the coldest temperatures. It has truly enormous, even for this culture, fruits. Its elongated berries weigh 20-30 grams. Excellent taste, high sugar content. The berries are juicy and transportable at the same time.

Karaka Black is great for arid regions. It is generally one of the most drought-resistant varieties in the world. In addition, it is resistant to all known garden diseases. It is also worth noting the compactness of the bush. The scourges are small, about three meters long, and although the thorns are present, there are not so many of them. Perhaps the only significant drawback of Karak Black is its weak winter hardiness. But this is easily overcome with a winter shelter. It bends very well, the lashes are not brittle, they are convenient for laying in trenches.

In the photo blackberry Karaka Black

But the biggest berries are Natchez, one of the latest University of Arkansas breeds. It lacks thorns, has a bushy, but semi-erect shape, which makes it very convenient for a winter shelter. Natchez is ultrafast. We collect berries closer to the beginning of July. The fruits do not crumble for a long time, they are incredibly tasty, even unripe sweet. They have a pleasant cherry flavor. It is perfect for both a personal backyard and for sale. Buyers will be surprised, if not dumbfounded, by the size of the fruit, and the taste of this black berry will win their hearts.

There are a great many varieties, it is impossible to tell about all worthy ones at once. For cold winters, Polar, of Polish selection, is best suited. It does not need a winter shelter, is compact, brings excellent yields, mid-season, and large berries have a very pleasant taste.

Of the English selection, the most curious are Loch Tei and Valdo. Miniature Valdo is very compact, it can be planted thicker. It practically does not require pruning, it is high-yielding. Produces small, round fruits from mid-July. It tolerates our frosts relatively well. And Loch Tei requires neither good soil nor abundant constant watering. A very unpretentious variety. Blackberries are medium-sized, but extremely tasty. Ripening takes about three weeks. In a short time, you can collect a couple of buckets of excellent quality berries from one bush.

Photo of Blackberry Loch Tay

But most importantly, Loch Tei is one of the earliest representatives of the garden blackberry. We can enjoy delicious berries from mid-June.

Blackberry Ruben and other repair wonders

The history of the remontant blackberry begins with Ruben, bred by leading plant growers at the University of Arkansas.

Repaired varieties are useful where:

  • extremely cold or little snowy winter;
  • long autumn without severe cold snaps;
  • cool spring for more comfortable flowering;
  • there are many mice, hares that can damage wintering wood.

Such blackberries are more demanding for watering, less winter-hardy. But the fact that only the roots need to be covered for the winter, removing all the wood that has grown over the summer, makes it incomparably easier to care for than many much more winter-hardy blackberry varieties.

Photo of blackberry Ruben

The growth rate of remontant varieties, as a rule, significantly exceeds the ordinary ones - they bring the first significant harvest a year after planting.

The Ruben variety is rightfully considered the patriarch of the remontant blackberry. He ripened early - the first berries are already harvested from the end of July until the winter frosts. Ruben, in general, belongs to the most productive varieties of blackberries. Collecting three buckets of large berries weighing 10-15 grams from a bush is not an invention. It has a very powerful root, which is why it is quite drought-resistant. It is undemanding to soils. Best flowering in cool spring. Winters are not terrible. Almost the same applies to another remontant variety Prime Arc 45. This is a late-ripening novelty of American selection. You get juicy fruits when all other berries have long since departed.

One of the most interesting is the newest Amara from Arkansas, representing the world's first spike-free remontant blackberry. Amara has unusually tasty berries up to 15 grams, which ripen from the beginning of September. Tall, high-yielding. The absence of thorns makes summer bush care and fruit picking very convenient.

Blackberry Ruben video

Where should you choose?

There are a variety of types of garden blackberries. Some differ in shape, compactness of the bush, others in terms of ripening, size of berries, yield, third in terms of demanding conditions: moisture, soil, winter, fourth in taste of berries. While some of them have a classic blackberry flavor, others have an apple, cherry and even orange flavor. There is, after all, a remontant culture.

In the photo, a blackberry bush

Let's take a quick look at what varieties and why will fit in our backyards.

  • Harsh winters - we take any remontant variety or Agavam, Polar;
  • Dry Summer - Karaka Black, Loch Tei, Chief Joseph, Black Bute;
  • Poor soils - the same Loch Tei, Chief Joseph and French Jumbo;
  • There is little space on the site - baby Valdo will help you;
  • I would like to start picking berries early - Loch Tay, Natchez, Black Butte;
  • I would like to please myself with a fresh blackberry longer - Amara, Kamila, Prime Arc 45;
  • Do you want to amaze yourself or amaze others with huge berries - Natchez, Karaka Black.

Blackberry Natchez: description and characteristics of the variety

The Natchez blackberry is one of the latest developments of American breeders. Work on the breeding of the variety lasted more than 6 years, and only in 2007 it was patented at the University of Arkansas by the famous breeder and author of the best blackberry varieties, John Clark. The Natchez variety quickly won and has long retained its leading position among the Western and European assortment due to its amazing taste and presentation of the berries.

According to the ripening period, it is considered super early. The berries reach their removable ripeness by the beginning of July, a couple of weeks earlier than other blackberry varieties. The fruiting period is extended - it lasts 3-5 weeks from the beginning of the collection of the first berries. Both the shrub and its fruits have a very colorful description: the plant is tall and vigorous (up to 6 m), during fruiting it literally bends under the weight of blackberry brushes.

“Natchez” is a creeping variety. At the very beginning of growth, the seedlings take a vertical direction, but upon reaching 4–5 meters they begin to bend and acquire the position characteristic of creeping plants. Blackberry seedlings grow very quickly; in the first year, powerful shoots with multiple stepchildren up to 3-4 meters high are formed on the plant. The bush blooms in the second half of May with simple white flowers, consisting of 5-6 petals.

Blackberries have an equally spectacular appearance - they are large, black, with a barely noticeable blue drupe of an elongated cylindrical shape. The taste is very sweet, even tart, with a subtle hint of acid and slight bitterness in the aftertaste. In technical maturity, the surface of the berries is shiny, when overripe it becomes slightly dull. Drupes are located on fruit branches in large clusters of 10-30 berries. They can hang on the bush for a long time, remaining dense and not crumbling.

The commercial characteristics of the variety are very high. In addition to its delicious multifaceted taste, Natchez blackberries are distinguished by impressive fruit sizes.

Berries from the first harvest are 3-4 cm long and weigh 9-15 g, but with each subsequent harvest the size and weight of the fruits increases, and can reach 5-6 cm with a weight of 20-22 g. This is a record weight indicator among the entire range of varieties blackberries.

The shrub bears fruit twice a season, so the total yield of the variety is high - 15–20 kg per bush. Despite their juiciness, the berries are well transported, and in a cool place they can be stored for up to 14 days.


What are the conditions for potatoes in the middle lane?

The peculiarities of the climate of this area are characterized by high humidity. In winter, there are practically no severe frosts, there is a lot of snow, the average temperature is between -8 and -12 degrees. The range of summer temperatures is from +17 to +23 degrees. The summer period is established from the third decade of May and lasts until September 20. Therefore, potato varieties are grown that have time to ripen before the onset of cold weather.

A large amount of spring waters and summer precipitation give local farmers a lot of trouble. Vegetable growers in this area are often busy fighting excess moisture in order to prevent their own plots from turning into swamps.

High air humidity, sufficient rainfall, soil fertility and adherence to agricultural practices create the prerequisites for obtaining excellent yields of tubers. For cultivation, late blight-resistant early potato varieties are often chosen.


Varieties

According to some estimates, more than 200 varieties of blackberries have been created, according to others, there are half of them. The selection of this berry crop has been going on for at least 150 years. The first hybrids were obtained by American gardeners in the 19th century. The most famous Soviet biologist I.V. Michurin.

At first, the selection of blackberries was aimed at creating large-fruited fruitful plants that are adapted to frosty winters. In recent years, breeders have taken a great interest in breeding thornless varieties, experimenting with the timing of ripening of berries. Now gardeners can choose a blackberry that fully meets their conditions, bears fruit twice a season. The classification of varieties is very arbitrary. The same species has the right to enter 2-3 groups.

For example, the time-tested Agavam variety is an early, winter-hardy, and shade-tolerant blackberry.

Early blackberry

Early blackberries begin to ripen in early summer: in the southern regions - at the end of June, in July in the north. The berries turn black not at once, but consistently, harvesting usually takes up to 6 weeks. Among the early varieties there are prickly and thornless, erect and creeping blackberries. Their common disadvantage is low frost resistance.

Natchez

Natchez was developed 10 years ago in the state of Arkansas. This is a large-fruited blackberry (the average weight of berries is up to 10 g), devoid of thorns. Semi-erect shoots, 2-3 m high. The first berries ripen in June. They have a sweet, slightly astringent taste. The crop fully ripens in 30-40 days. It is possible to collect about 18 kg of fruits from one bush. The plant's frost resistance is low (withstands up to -15 o C), in winter it needs shelter.

Ouachita

This is a very generous American variety. The bushes are powerful, vertical (height no more than 3 m), without thorns. Fruits are medium in size (6-7 g), ripen in June-July. The yield, according to the authors of the variety, is up to 30 kg from one bush. The disadvantage is that it can hardly withstand low temperatures (maximum up to -17 ° C). It is difficult to cover the bushes, they do not bend well.

Giant (Bedford Giant)

Blackberry varieties Gigant are grown on an industrial scale. This is a semi-shrub with climbing stems, densely covered with thorns. Dense and very tasty berries of medium or large size (7-12 g) begin to ripen by July. This variety is distinguished by medium frost resistance, winters well under light shelter.

Columbia Star

It is one of the newest American varieties that has not yet gained popularity. Columbia Star is an early thornless blackberry with long (about 5 m) shoots, which make it somewhat difficult to care for the plant. The creators of the hybrid promise high yields and very large fruits (up to 15 g). This blackberry patiently tolerates heat and drought, but is afraid of severe (below -15 o C) frosts. Experts note the delicate taste of the berries.

Chachanska Bestrna

A variety of Polish selection, which gives up to 15 kg of yield per bush. It is convenient to pick berries from half-creeping shoots, there are no thorns on them. Juicy fruits are large, sweet and sour to taste. Their disadvantage is their short shelf life. Blackberry Chachanska Bestna is unpretentious, tolerates heat, drought and cold up to -26 o C without any problems, rarely gets sick.

Osage

Gardeners celebrate Osage as the most exquisite blackberry. However, its yield is not very high; 3-4 kg of berries are harvested from one plant. The bushes grow vertically, their height is up to 2 m, the shoots are thornless. Berries are oval-round, medium in size. Resistance to frost is weak (it cannot withstand below -15 ° C), therefore, one cannot do without shelter even in the south.

Karaka Black

This is a new variety of early climbing blackberries, developed by New Zealand biologists. Elongated fruits (their weight is 8-10 g) look original and have a characteristic sweet and sour taste. Karaka Black bears fruit for a long time, up to 2 months, each bush yields up to 15 kg. The disadvantages of this blackberry are thorny shoots and low frost resistance.

Read more about the variety in our article: Blackberry Karaka black - champion in large-fruited.

Video: fruiting blackberries Karaka Black

Medium ripening varieties

These berry bushes produce crops in mid to late summer. Fruit flavor is often weather dependent. In a rainy summer, they will be more acidic, in the heat they can lose moisture and shrink.

Loch Ness

Loch Ness is considered one of the best in taste among the undemanding varieties of care. This half-growing blackberry is devoid of thorns, the bushes are compact. Loch Ness is harvested from the end of July. It is consistently high, with good care, about 30 kg of delicious berries with a slight sour taste are obtained from one plant.

Loch Tay

This thornless hybrid is distinguished by sweet, large (up to 15 g) berries with a dense skin, which are almost not damaged during transportation. But the yield of the variety is not the highest, about 12 kg per plant. The flexible shoots of the Loch Tei blackberry are long, about 5 m, so they need support. And before winter, the whips will have to be removed to cover. Frosts below -20 o C are destructive for this variety.

Waldo

This variety of blackberries is time-tested and has received the best recommendations from gardeners. Shrub without thorns, creeping, compact, very convenient for small areas. Medium-sized (up to 8 g) berries ripen in July. Each bush is harvested about 17 kg. Frost resistance is average; shelter is required in cold climates.

Kiova

The variety is distinguished by its huge berries. The weight of some reaches 25 g, and the harvest, ripening in July-August, reaches 30 kg per bush. But the straight shoots of this blackberry are covered with sharp thorns. This plant can withstand frost down to -25 o C, but in a northern climate, on the eve of winter, it needs shelter.

Video: Kiova large-fruited blackberry variety

Late varieties

Blackberry varieties, the berries of which ripen late, are usually unpretentious and do not require significant efforts from the gardener. They are good because the harvest ripens by the end of summer, and sometimes at the beginning of autumn, when other berry crops are already resting. But in the northern regions it is not always convenient. Sometimes blackberries do not have time to gain ripeness before the first snowfall.

Texas

The author of the variety is the Soviet natural scientist I.V. Michurin. He himself called his creation "blackberry raspberry". Crops are similar in structure of leaves, ripening period of berries and their taste.

It is a strong creeping bush. The shoots are flexible, like those of melons, covered with large thorns, the leaves and stalks are also prickly. It is more convenient to grow the variety on a trellis. The berries are dark crimson with a slight bluish bloom at ripeness. The taste is a cross between raspberries and blackberries. The maximum yield in Texas is 13 kg per plant, the bush bears fruit for up to 15 years. The disadvantage of the variety is its low resistance to frost. Without protection, this blackberry will not overwinter.

Oregon Thornless

Variety of American origin. It has thornless creeping stems, growing up to 4 m, beautiful leaves. This blackberry is grown on a support, and sometimes used to decorate garden buildings. Berries of medium size (7-9 g) ripen at the end of summer. About 10 kg of the crop is harvested from one bush. Oregon Thornless can withstand temperatures as low as -20 ° C, but it will be safer to shelter it on the eve of winter.

Navaho

Another variety from American breeders. Straight shoots (average height - 1.5 m) grow without support and are devoid of thorns. Small sweet-sour berries (5–7 g), ripen in August-September. Up to 15 kg of fruits are harvested from each bush. The plant is undemanding to care, but its winter hardiness is low.

Triple Crown Thornless

The variety was created by gardeners from Oregon. This is a semi-creeping blackberry, its flexible shoots extend up to 3 m. There are no thorns. Berries of medium size, yield - about 10 kg per bush. Blackberry Triple Crown tolerates heat and drought well, but needs protection from frost.

Read more about the variety in our article - Triple Crown Blackberry: Triple Crown of Plenty.

Chester (Chester Thornless)

This variety has semi-peeling compact and thornless bushes. The berries are relatively small (5–8 g), but the yield is above average. One plant produces up to 20 kg of fruits. Chester can be attributed to frost-resistant varieties, it can withstand temperatures down to -25 o C. But still, it will not hurt to cover this blackberry. In addition, the plant does not develop well in the shade and on low swampy soils.

Thornfree

One of the most productive blackberry varieties without thorns. According to gardeners, about 35 kg of berries can be harvested from an adult plant. They ripen in August-September. Sour-sweet fruits are elongated, of medium size (up to 7 g). Thornfrey blackberry bush is semi-growing, strong shoots, about 5 m in length. The plant resists disease, but does not tolerate cold weather. Hibernates under cover.

Blackberry Black Satin

Black Satin is a variety familiar to many gardeners. This blackberry has drooping, hardish shoots, free of thorns. Sweet, rounded berries of medium size, their weight is about 8 g. In a good summer and with careful care, it is possible to collect 20-25 kg of fruits from a plant, ripening lasts from August to October. Frosts below -20 o C the variety does not withstand without protection. Also does not like stagnant moisture.

Read more about the variety in our article - Blackberry Black Satin: a record harvest is easy and simple.

Doyle

This blackberry is still little known among our gardeners. It is a new thornless variety that produces high yields at the end of the season. From each plant, you can remove 25 kg of large (weighing about 9 g) berries. The shoots are semi-creeping, long, so supports will be needed for cultivation. Doyle is tolerant of drought and sultry weather; the plant must be protected from frost.

Shade-tolerant varieties

Most blackberries are not capricious in their choice of soil and adapt to any conditions. But the taste of many varieties depends on the location of the plant. The lack of light and rainy summers make the berries sour. Although there are varieties that ripen equally well in the sun and in the shade. True, such a blackberry will not please with the size of the berries.

Thornless Evergreen

This old variety, bred over 100 years ago, at first glance, loses to the newest. On the half-growing shoots of the Thornless Evergreen blackberry, small, 3-5 g, fragrant berries ripen. But in each brush there are up to 70 of them.... Therefore, the yield does not suffer. In addition, Thornless Evergreen is one of the first thornless varieties and can retain foliage even under snow, and the plant grows quickly in spring.

Agave

This blackberry variety has proven itself to be shade-tolerant and frost-resistant. Its prickly straight stems grow up to 3 m. The berries are smallish, up to 5 g, ripen in July-August. Experienced gardeners collect about 10 kg of fruit from each bush. Blackberry Agavam does without shelter in winter and does not freeze even in strong (up to -40 o C) frosts. The disadvantage of the variety is the abundant root growth, which causes a lot of trouble for gardeners.

Frost-resistant blackberry

Erect and transitional varieties of blackberries tolerate low temperatures better than creeping ones. Among frost-resistant varieties there are thorny and thornless, early and late varieties.

Abundant

This blackberry is the result of the work of the legendary breeder I.V. Michurin. Variety with strong compact bushes, no suckers. Semi-creeping shoots, covered with curved thorns. The berries are oblong, medium in size (6–7 g), sweet and sour on the palate. Blackberry Izobilnaya is one of the most frost-resistant varieties of domestic selection. But in the northwestern regions of Russia, it is better to cover the bushes with snow.

Ufa

Obtained from the Agavam variety. From the ancestor, she took over the main characteristics, but differs in higher winter hardiness. Ufa blackberry is successfully cultivated in central Russia. The berries of this variety are smallish (weight 3 g), but tasty. The yield is decent, up to 12 kg per plant.

Polar

The variety, created by Polish breeders, produces tall and strong stems without thorns. Large berries (10–12 g) ripen early. Polar can winter without protection at -30 o C. In this case, the yield will be up to 6 kg per plant. Gardeners have noticed that more significant crops are being harvested from bushes that have wintered under cover.

Arapaho

This American variety, which appeared in the 90s of the last century, has already conquered gardeners around the world. Arapaho is a thornless blackberry with an early ripening period. Very juicy, medium-sized berries (7–8 g) have a wide cone shape. The yield of the variety is above average. Blackberry Arapaho resists disease well and can withstand temperatures down to -25 ° C without protection.

Apaches (Apache)

Another variety from the USA entered the market in 1999. This blackberry combines the characteristics of the best representatives of different species. Powerful vertical shoots are devoid of thorns. Elongated cylindrical berries are large, 10 g each, sweet, well stored. The yield is so high that the variety is often grown commercially. Apaches perfectly resist diseases, winters without problems.

Darrow

A variety from America can withstand frosts down to -35 o C. The length of thorny shoots is about 2.5 m. The berries are small, weighing up to 4 g. Their taste is sweet and sour at first. Overripe fruits become more sweet. The yield of the Darrow variety is average, an adult plant gives up to 10 kg of berries.

Repaired varieties

This blackberry gives two harvests per season. The first ripens on overwintered shoots in June-July, the second - at the end of summer on young shoots. However, in regions with a harsh climate, it is unprofitable to grow remontant varieties. The early berries may die from frost, and the later ones will not have time to ripen before the onset of cold weather.

Prime Arc Freedom

A new, upright, thornless blackberry variety. Berries with a high sugar content and very large, from 15 to 20 g. The crop, as the creators of the variety promise, should be abundant. The disadvantages of the variety include low frost resistance. This blackberry does not hibernate without protection.

Video: fruiting remontant blackberries by Prime-Arc Freedom

Black Magic (Black Magic)

Low (up to 1.5 m) remontant blackberry ripens in two waves: at the end of June and August. Berries of medium and large size, very sweet. The yield is low, from 5 kg per bush. The disadvantages of the Black Magic variety are the presence of thorns and poor winter hardiness.

Reuben

This upright hybrid with powerful thorny bushes can be grown without support. The first crop is harvested in July, the second may be delayed until October. The berries are large, from 10 to 16 g, the yield is high. But Ruben blackberry does not tolerate heat more than 30 ° C and frost is stronger -16 ° C.


Growing blackberries

It should be noted right away that this variety in terms of characteristics is the most resistant to negative temperatures among all varieties of American blackberries.

It is important that the maximum frost resistance of a blackberry variety like Chester reaches -26 degrees Celsius.

Only the blackberry variety Agavam, which has a long history, can boast of such frost resistance. Despite the fact that the plant freely tolerates frost, you still have to cover the shoots.

With young shoots, everything is somewhat more complicated, namely:

  • when a young shoot reaches 40 centimeters long, it must be tilted and secured in this position with a bracket. It is worth noting that in this position it will grow noticeably faster.
  • after the shoot increases in size and will reach the lower level of the garter, the brace is removed and the process is tied in an upright position.

During the ripening period, after the berries are picked, it is recommended to carefully lay young shoots.

In the autumn, well in advance, before the air temperature drops significantly, cover the plant with a suitable material... As a blanket, you can use materials such as agrofibre or mulch or other products.

Blackberries of the Chester variety are frost-resistant, but they need to be covered for the winter.

This berry variety grows best in loose, nutritious soil, where there is free air permeability.

Like most other related varieties, Chester is highly resistant to pests or some diseases. However, some gardeners still carry out preventive treatment of shrubs.

It is also worth noting that the plant loves freedom, therefore, with the industrial use of this blackberry variety, leave a distance of at least 1.25 meters between the bushes.

As for amateur cultivation, it is recommended to use a distance between individual bushes of about two and a half meters.


The best pear varieties: the most productive and delicious

Do you want to feast on delicious, juicy, aromatic pears all year round? By planting trees of early, medium and late varieties on the site, you will provide yourself with ripe sweet pears for the entire summer season.

Surprisingly, very often, truly delicious pears are not very beautiful in appearance. Conversely, the fruits of most varieties, which look like they can be sent directly from the branches to the shelves, often do not differ in special taste.

The most popular pear varieties

Pear varieties, depending on the ripening period, are winter, autumn and summer. They also differ in shelf life and taste. But several species can be distinguished into a separate category, which are very popular among gardeners and lovers of this fruit according to different criteria.

Lemon

This variety is undemanding to care for. Such a plant does not require a special soil composition and certain conditions for growing. It is also undemanding for watering. The pears themselves are small and have a slightly watery taste. The pulp is watery and very juicy. When choosing a place for a seedling, it is necessary to take into account the fact that this plant grows quite strongly.

This pear variety is quite popular among gardeners. It is high-yielding, while not very large pears have high taste. Also, this variety is frost-resistant, therefore it is recommended to grow it in more severe climatic conditions. But even such a pear tree has a drawback - the fruits are not stored for long.

Whiteleaf

Yellow scented pears have a juicy flesh. They are eaten not only raw, but also canned. Fruit ripening occurs around mid-August. The pears are thin-skinned and have a slightly sweet flesh. Such a plant is highly resistant to fungal infections and parasites. It must be watered systematically.

Autumn Yakovleva

A versatile, highly productive variety, bred by the famous Russian scientist P.N. Yakovlev. Zoned in Belgorod, Voronezh and Kursk regions.

The Autumn Yakovlev tree is tall, wide-pyramidal. Rhomboid, ribbed pears are painted in light green color with a carmine tan. Sweet and sour, juicy pulp has a pronounced nutmeg flavor and light aroma. It includes:

  • 9.0% sugars
  • 0.08% acids
  • 12.0 mg / 100g ascorbic acid
  • 38.8 mg / 100 catechins.

The first fruiting of Autumn Yakovlev usually falls on the 5th year of cultivation. Its pears reach harvest maturity in August. In a cool place, they do not deteriorate until October.

In the Chernozem region, the variety has an average resistance to cold and practically does not react to a lack of moisture. Among its disadvantages can be noted the frequent susceptibility to scab.

Simply Maria

Pears ripen in autumn: in October-November. They keep well at low temperatures for several months. Fruiting after 3-4 years of cultivation. The yield is high - 40-50 kg per plant.

Fruits grow large, weighing up to 190-240 g. The peel is smooth, without roughness, thin and tender. Fruits are yellow-green with a slight blush. The pulp is juicy, fine-grained, yellowish.

It has a light aroma, sweet and sour taste, mostly sweetish.

The species has a high resistance to frost down to -40 degrees. Even if frozen branches appear, trees are quickly rehabilitated. It is also immune to scab, bacterial cancer and septoria.

Pear Severyanka

Early maturing culture with not large fruits. Ripens in early August. Average weight can be from 90-130 g. Fruits are yellow-green in color with a slight "tan".The rind is firm, matte, but not hard.

The pulp is juicy, yellowish, dense with a slight crunch. The taste is wine-sweet, not tart with a light aroma. Fruiting for 3 years after planting. The yield is high, up to 20-30 kg per tree.

After ripening, they begin to crumble, so they are usually harvested a week before.

The sooner the harvest is harvested, the longer it will be stored in the refrigerator.
The variety is quite winter-hardy, quickly recovers after freezing of shoots in frosts. But with severe drought, abundant watering is required. Good immunity to scab and gall mites.

Pear Duchess

The species grows well on different types of soil, unpretentious in care. The fruits are large, sweet and juicy, weighing up to 210 g. The culture is known for its bright aroma and excellent taste. Fruiting begins 5 years after planting. Harvested in mid-August. Duchesse has the following growing advantages:

  • high resistance to diseases
  • stored for up to 2 weeks after harvest
  • pest resistance
  • growth on any soil.

Clapp's Favorite

Pear Klapp's favorite. The tree is endowed with gorgeous foliage, this fact is of decisive importance when choosing a variety. Luscious, shiny foliage that can beautify any garden area. Klapp's favorite is considered one of the best summer varieties, ideal for private households.

At a young age, pears are characterized by rapid growth rates and form a thin crown of a pyramidal shape. With age, the crown becomes sparse, slightly "weeping" (hanging branches) and acquires a wide-rounded shape. Removable ripeness of fruits begins in early August, consumer - in the middle of the second half of August. Designed for fresh consumption and canning.

Chizhevsky variety

Chizhovskaya pear, description: the variety gives medium-sized fruits of an obovate or classic pear shape, the weight of which can vary from 110 to 140 grams.

The smooth surface of pears with small dots is covered with a thin matte skin, dry to the touch. This variety bears fruit regularly, yielding 50-60 kg of fruits annually from an adult tree.

Pears are not inclined to crumble, and falling on the rubbish cover, they are able to lie for about a week without losing their properties.

This plant is of medium height, its maximum height is limited to 2.5 meters. In young trees, the crown has a narrow shape, and by the time the crop appears, with proper care, it becomes conical or pyramidal. This late summer variety was bred by the outstanding breeder S. T. Chizhov and is very popular among summer residents.


Description and varietal characteristics of Ruben blackberries

A couple of centuries ago, blackberries played an exclusively decorative role in the garden. Only in the last century, Europeans began to grow it as a horticultural crop.

Repaired blackberry Ruben (lat. Rauben) is a unique variety that is known to gardeners all over the world, as it is one of the first that gave a yield on young shoots. In 2012 it was patented and named after its inventor John Ruben Clark.

The plant is not whimsical. It tolerates dry summers very well. Grows well in the shade and on the sunny side. It bears fruit twice a season: in June and September. The shrubs of the variety are erect, similar to raspberries.

Ruben blackberry bushes are difficult to distinguish from raspberries

Under natural conditions, it grows in any climatic zone, ripening by autumn. The first time after planting, or after complete pruning for the winter, bears fruit once, around mid-August.

The remontant blackberry of the Rauben variety grows up to 180 centimeters in height. The shoots are thick and strong, do without support. They grow vertically.

The plant blooms in mid-April with large flowers. They are collected in a kind of panicles of 10-15 colors. Up to 8 large berries are harvested from one branch.

Blackberry Ruben during the flowering period

The shoots are light green in color, by autumn they become burgundy. The leaves of the plant are similar to currant and raspberry ones, have jagged edges at the edges. New shoots grow from the roots every year, giving a good harvest. It can grow in a wide variety of soils. The main thing is that there is good drainage.

Characteristics

  • Annual shoots give a good harvest of berries.
  • Early ripening on young shoots
  • Large white flowers
  • The thorns fall off after harvesting the fruit.

Early maturation allows the cultivar to be grown in different climatic conditions.

Characteristics of berries

Aromatic and tasty, with a rich vitamin composition, easy to grow, perfectly preserved during transportation - the main advantages of the Ruben variety. To improve the process of collecting berries in large areas, a variety of thornless shrubs was developed.

Juicy, large fruits have an elongated rounded shape, black with gloss. The taste is sweet and sour. Weigh from 10 to 14 grams. Length up to 4.5 centimeters. From one bush, you can harvest up to 4 kg. The fruits do not deteriorate during transportation, they are stored for a long time in a cool place.


Ouachito or Ouachito

Mid-season frost-resistant variety. The plants are strong, with long (2.5-3 m) plastic shoots that do not break or crack when bending, which is good if you want to cover the plant for the winter. The berry has a very bright taste, full-bodied with subtle fruity notes. Fruits are large, 4-6 g, blue-black glossy black color. Up to 30 kg of harvest can be harvested from a bush. The plant is resistant to diseases such as rust and anthracnose.

Blackberries have many benefits, their roots are deep, so they are drought tolerant. Late flowering allows the plant not to be afraid of spring frosts. The ripening of berries lasts a whole month, and blackberries are also an extremely productive crop and give 3-4 times more fruits than raspberries. Moreover, they contain useful elements such as iron, sulfur, phosphorus and potassium.

Garden blackberry is not inferior to, and in many respects even surpasses, raspberries in taste, ease of care and useful properties. If you plant one of the proven, thornless varieties of this berry on your site, you can even assume that it has no shortcomings!


Watch the video: Primacane or Floracane Picking The Right Variety


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